Russell T Graham
1221 South Main
Moscow, ID 83843
Contact Russell T Graham
My principle research involves understanding long-term forest productivity and landscape processes. My research studies include understanding the interaction of forest composition, structure, and disturbances of both dry (e.g., ponderosa pine) and moist forests (cedar/hemlock), determining fuel treatment efficacy for decreasing wildfire intensity and burn severity for cold (e.g., lodgepole), moist, and dry forests of the Rocky Mountains applicable from sites (stand) to landscapes, and determining the relations among snowshoe hare use, lynx presence, and forest composition and structure in cooperation with John Squires (RMRS). My research studies examine fuel treatment effectiveness during the Cascade Wildfires of central Idaho-2007: a 100-year fire event. I am also involved with research determining the relations among goshawk nest success, goshawk use (e.g., foraging), and forest structure and composition in cooperation with Rich Reynolds (RMRS) and Ron Rodriguez (R4).
Forests are dynamic and living constructs disturbed by a wide variety of native and introduced disturbances (e.g., fire, weather, insects, diseases) that result in highly heterogonous vegetative mosaics dispersed across an infinite number of biophysical settings. These forests also provide many goods and services that people of the world often depend on and cherish. As such my research interests are to produce understanding to this complexity and develop and package treatment alternatives (silvicultural systems) that can be used to sustain forests in the face of climate change while provide for the values that society demand.
My research embraces the theoretical, methodological, and holistic attributes of forest management. I have integrated and synthesized disparate studies and assessments covering a wide number of disciplines including silviculture, forest ecology, soil organic materials, and wildfire to name a few into systems and provided understanding that is useful to land management actions, policies, and/or laws locally, regionally, nationally, and internationally. The breadth of my work is not limited to one forest type or locale but transcends the dry (e.g., ponderosa pine), moist (e.g., western hemlock) and cold (e.g., boreal-subalpine fir) forests located throughout western North America. My innovative ways of characterizing dynamic forest landscapes and uniquely relating them to northern goshawk habitat are widely used throughout the western United States, Western Europe, and western Canada to inform forest management. I lead the Interior Columbia Basin Science Team in completing the largest natural resource assessment of this detail ever attempted in the World. I went on to lead the Utah goshawk, Hayman Fire, Warm Lake Fire, Fourmile Canyon Fire, and Black Hills goshawk assessments and a national team that synthesized the science applicable to treating forest fuels. I led the development of the coarse woody debris (CWD) recommendations that used ectomycorrhizae as a bio-indicator and integrated microbiology, decomposition, biophysical setting, and forest development to provide recommended amounts of CWD to maintain forest productivity after disturbance for forests extending from Mexico through southern British Colombia and Alberta, Canada. I have encouraged the field of silviculture, which tends to be timber management centric, to explore new areas and provide silvicultural solutions for a wide variety of management objectives. In particular, I refined the concept of irregular (free) selection. These systems maintain high forest cover and heterogeneous forest conditions that are relevant to many contemporary forest management issues such as Canadian lynx, northern goshawks, old-growth, and sense-of-place.
Why This Research is Important
Water, wildlife, fiber, sense-of-place, home sites, and many other forest values are important to US and World citizens. Wildfire is a common threat to both property and life and costs billions of dollars each year. The results and impacts of this line of research will have local to international relevance in providing knowledge to inform management decisions and policy actions that influence forest sustainability and the inherent values forests contain. The establishment and development of forests are long-term propositions and providing suggestions as to how they will develop along with disclosing the risks and uncertainties of their development is valuable to both present and future generations.
- University of Montana, Missoula, BS Silviculture, 1972
- University of Idaho, Moscow, MS Silviculture, 1977
- University of Idaho, Moscow, Ph.D. Silviculture, 1981
- Research Forester, Intermountain and now Rocky Mountain Research Station
1975 - Current
- Forester, Bitterroot National Forest, Darby, Montana
1972 - 1975
- Forest History Society, Full Member (2003 - Current)
- National Smokejumper Association, Full Member (2000 - Current)
- Soil Science Society of America, Full Member (1984 - Current)
- University Of Idaho, Adjunct Faculty (1979 - Current)
I give frequent lectures, field trips, and laboratory exercises in silviculture, assessments, interaction of science, policy, management, planning, and related classes. Serve on Masters and PhD committees
- Society of American Foresters, Full Member (1970 - Current)
- Society Of American Foresters, Co-Chair Program (2012 - 2012)
- Society Of American Foresters, Chair (2004 - 2006)
- Northwest Scientific Association, Full Member (1976 - 2004)
- Michigan Technological University, Adjunct Faculty (1984 - 1994)
I give frequent lectures, field trips, and laboratory exercises in silviculture, assessments, interaction of science, policy, management, planning, and related classes. Serve on Masters and PhD committees.
- Society Of American Foresters, Chair (1981 - 1982)
Awards & Recognition
- Society of American Foresters Award in Forest Science , 2011
The Society of American Foresters Award in Forest Science recognizes distinguished individual research in any branch of the quantitative, managerial, and/or social sciences that has resulted in substantial advances in forestry.
- University of Idaho College of Natural Resources Honor Alumni Award. , 2010
This award is given to an alumnus who has a distinguished career in natural resources and is known regionally, nationally, and internationally for their work.
- Wings Across Americas, 2006 Conservation Award. , 2006
The Research and Management Partnership award, Ecology and Management of the Northern Goshawk in the American Southwest
- Elected Fellow in the Society of American Foresters., 2006
Society of American Foresters honors those members who have provided outstanding contributions to the Society and to the forestry profession with the title of Fellow
- National Certificate of Merit, 2003
Recognition of my role in the Healthy Forests Initiative during 2002-2003. In particular this award was given for my dedication and ability to operate on tight timeframes in a complex environment that made major contributions to the initiative.
- Chief's Stewardship Award , 1991
Iin recognition of outstanding stewardship accomplishments leading to the conservation of the soil, water, and air resources. Organics Research Team of the Intermountain Research Station, presented by Forest Service Chief F. Dale Robertson.
- National Silviculture Award, 1991
National award from National Forest Systems for outstanding research contributions to timber management.
- International , 1988
Outstanding contributions to, Simposo Cientifico Norteamerico, North American Science Symposium, Guadalajara, Mexico, presented by Hague Vaughan, Environment Canada, Denver Burns, U.S. Forest Service, and Ing. Jorge L., Mexico Environment.
Featured Publications & Products
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B.; Kingery, James L. 2010. Ameliorating conflicts among deer, elk, cattle and/or other ungulates and other forest uses: a synthesis.
- Graham, Russell; Finney, Mark; McHugh, Chuck; Cohen, Jack; Calkin, Dave; Stratton, Rick; Bradshaw, Larry; Nikolov, Ned. 2012. Fourmile Canyon Fire Findings.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B.; Matthews, Susan. 2010. Fuel management in forests of the Inland West.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B.; Loseke, Mark. 2009. Fuel treatments, fire suppression, and their interaction with wildfire and its impacts: the Warm Lake experience during the Cascade Complex of wildfires in central Idaho, 2007.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B.; Sandquist, Jonathan. 2007. Free selection: a silvicultural option.
- Graham, Russell T.; McCaffrey, Sarah; Jain, Theresa B. 2004. Science basis for changing forest structure to modify wildfire behavior and severity.
- Graham, Russell T. 2003. Hayman Fire Case Study.
- Graham, Russell T.; Harvey, Alan E.; Jain, Theresa B.; Tonn, Jonalea R. 1999. The effects of thinning and similar stand treatments on fire behavior in Western forests..
- Graham, Russell T.; Rodriguez, Ronald L.; Paulin, Kathleen M.; Player, Rodney L.; Heap, Arlene P.; Williams, Richard. 1999. The northern goshawk in Utah: Habitat assessment and management recommendations.
- Reynolds, Richard T.; Graham, Russell T.; Reiser, M. Hildegard. 1992. Management recommendations for the northern goshawk in the southwestern United States.
Publications & Products
- Jain, Theresa B.; Battaglia, Mike A.; Han, Han-Sup; Graham, Russell T.; Keyes, Christopher R.; Fried, Jeremy S.; Sandquist, Jonathan E. 2012. A comprehensive guide to fuel management practices for dry mixed conifer forests in the northwestern United States.
- Jain, Theresa B.; Pilliod, David S.; Graham, Russell T.; Lentile, Leigh B.; Sandquist, Jonathan E. 2012. Index for characterizing post-fire soil environments in temperate coniferous forests.
- Reynolds, Richard T.; Boyce, Douglas A.; Graham, Russell T. 2012. Ponderosa pine forest structure and northern goshawk reproduction: Response to Beier et al.
- Jain, Theresa B.; Graham, Russell T.; Adams, David. 2010. Carbon concentrations and carbon pool distributions in dry, moist, and cold mid-aged forests of the Rocky Mountains.
- Jain, Theresa B.; Graham, Russell T.; Sandquist, Jonathan. 2010. Integrated management of carbon sequestration and biomass utilization opportunities in a changing climate: Proceedings of the 2009 National Silviculture Workshop; 2009 June 15-18; Boise, ID..
- Peterson, David L.; Agee, James K.; Aplet, Gregory H.; Dykstra, Dennis P.; Graham, Russell T.; Lehmkuhl, John F.; Pilliod, David S.; Potts, Donald F.; Powers, Robert F.; Stuart, John D. 2009. Effects of timber harvest following wildfire in western North America.
- Schnepf, Chris; Graham, Russell T.; Kegley, Sandy; Jain, Theresa B. 2009. Managing organic debris for forest health: Reconciling fire hazard, bark beetles, wildlife, and forest nutrition needs.
- Jain, Theresa B.; Gould, William A.; Graham, Russell T.; Pilliod, David S.; Lentile, Leigh B.; Gonzalez, Grizelle. 2008. A soil burn severity index for understanding soil-fire relations in tropical forests.
- Jain, Theresa B.; Gould, William A.; Graham, Russell T.; Pilliod, David S.; Lentile, Leigh B.; Gonzalez, Grizelle. 2008. A soil burn severity index for understanding soil-fire relations in tropical forests [Chinese version].
- Dumm, Gabriel; Fins, Lauren; Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 2008. Distribution of fine roots of ponderosa pine and Douglas-fir in a central Idaho forest.
- Youtz, James A.; Graham, Russell T.; Reynolds, Richard T.; Simon, Jerry. 2008. Implementing northern goshawk habitat management in Southwestern forests: a template for restoring fire-adapted forest ecosystems..
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 2008. Learning, connecting, reconnecting: Summary of the 2007 National Silviculture Workshop.
- Reynolds, Richard T.; Graham, Russell T.; Boyce, Douglas A. 2008. Northern goshawk habitat: an intersection of science, management, and conservation.
- Jain, Theresa B.; Graham, Russell T.; Sandquist, Jonathan; Butler, Matthew; Brockus, Karen; Frigard, Daniel; Cobb, David; Sup-Han, Han; Halbrook, Jeff; Denner, Robert; Evans, Jeffrey S. 2008. Restoration of northern Rocky Mountain moist forests: Integrating fuel treatments from the site to the landscape.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 2007. Changes in forest soils as the result of exotic diseases, timber harvest, and fire exclusion and their implications on forest restoration.
- McCaffrey, Sarah; Graham, Russell. 2007. Science information for informing forest fuel management in dry forests of the western United States.
- Guldin, James M.; Graham, Russell T. 2007. Silviculture for the 21st century--objective and subjective standards to guide successful practice.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 2007. Stand and fuel treatments for restoring old-growth ponderosa pine forests in the interior west (Boise Basin Experimental Forest).
- Jain, Theresa B.; Graham, Russell T. 2007. The relation between tree burn severity and forest structure in the Rocky Mountains.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 2007. Treatments that enhance the decomposition of forest fuels for use in partially harvested stands in the moist forests of the northern Rocky Mountains (Priest River Experimental Forest).
- Jain, Theresa B.; Graham, Russell T.; Pilliod, David S. 2006. The relation between forest structure and soil burn severity.
- Boyce, Douglas A.; Reynolds, Richard T.; Graham, Russell T. 2006. Goshawk status and management: What do we know, what have we done, where are we going?.
- Halbrook, Jeff; Han, Han-Sup; Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B.; Denner, Robert. 2006. Mastication: A fuel reduction and site preparation alternative.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 2005. Application of free selection in mixed forests of the inland northwestern United States.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 2005. Ponderosa pine ecosystems.
- Jain, Theresa B.; Graham, Russell T. 2005. Restoring dry and moist forests of the inland northwestern U.S..
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 2005. Silvicultural tools applicable in forests burned by a mixed severity fire regime.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B.; Cannon, Phil. 2005. Stand establishment and tending in the Inland Northwest.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 2004. Boise Basin Experimental Forest (Idaho).
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 2004. Deception Creek Experimental Forest (Idaho).
- Jain, Theresa Benavidez; Graham, Russell T. 2004. Enhancing moist forest restoration opportunities in riparian systems.
- Jain, Theresa Benavidez; Graham, Russell T. 2004. Is forest structure related to fire severity? Yes, no, and maybe: Methods and insights in quantifying the answer.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa Benavidez. 2004. Past, present, and future role of silviculture in forest management.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 2004. Priest River Experimental Forest (Idaho).
- Lhotka, John M.; Zaczek, James J.; Graham, Russell T. 2004. The Influence of Soil Scarification on Oak Reproduction: Review and Management Considerations.
- Jain, Theresa B.; Graham, Russell T.; Pilliod, David S. 2004. Tongue-tied: Confused meanings for common fire terminology can lead to fuels mismanagement.
- Jain, Theresa B.; Graham, Russell T.; Morgan, Penelope. 2004. Western white pine growth relative to forest openings.
- Jain, Theresa B.; Graham, Russell T. 2003. Fire severity classification: Uses and abuses.
- Graham, Russell T. 2003. Hayman Fire Case Study: Summary [RMRS-GTR-115].
- Graham, Russell T. 2003. Hayman Fire case study: Summary [RMRS-GTR-114].
- Guldin, James M.; Cawrse, David; Graham, Russell; Hemstrom, Miles; Joyce, Linda; Kessler, Steve; McNair, Ranotta; Peterson, George; Shaw, Charles G.; Stine, Peter; Twery, Mark; Walter, Jeffrey. 2003. Science Consistency Reviews A Primer for Application.
- Guldin, James M.; Cawrse, David; Graham, Russell; Hemstrom, Miles; Joyce, Linda; Kessler, Steve; McNair, Ranotta; Peterson, George; Shaw, Charles G.; Stine, Peter; Twery, Mark; Walter, Jeffrey. 2003. The Science Consistency Review A Tool To Evaluate the Use of Scientific Information in Land Management Decisionmaking.
- Graham, Russell T.; Bollenbacher, Barry. 2001. The role of the silviculturist at multiple scales.
- Ferguson, Dennis E.; Applegate, Victor J.; Aune, Philip S.; Carlson, Clinton E.; Geier-Hayes, Kathleen; Graham, Russell T.; Jacobsen, Glenn L.; Jain, Theresa B.; Powell, David C.; Shepperd, Wayne D.; Sloan, John P.; Youngblood, Andrew. 1997. Communicating the role of silviculture and Forest Service silviculture research in the interior West.
- Haynes, Richard W.; Graham, Russell T.; Quigley, Thomas M. 1996. A framework for ecosystem management in the Interior Columbia Basin including portions of the Klamath and Great Basins..
- Quigley, Thomas M.; Haynes, Richard W; Graham, Russell T. 1996. Integrated scientific assessment for ecosystem management in the interior Columbia Basin and portions of the Klamath and Great Basins..
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 1995. Closing remarks: A visit to Dr. Stout's and Dr. Murphy's forest health clinic.
- Graham, Russell T.; Harvey, Alan E.; Jurgensen, Martin F.; Jain, Theresa B.; Tonn, Jonalea R.; Page-Dumroese, Deborah S. 1994. Managing coarse woody debris in forests of the Rocky Mountains.
- Reinhardt, Elizabeth D.; Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B.; Simmerman, Dennis G. 1994. Short-term effects of prescribed fire in grand fir-white pine-western hemlock slash fuels.
- Harvey, Alan E.; Jurgensen, Martin F.; Larsen, Michael J.; Graham, Russell T. 1987. Decaying organic materials and soil quality in the Inland Northwest: A management opportunity.