Peter B. Landres
790 East Beckwith Avenue
Missoula, MT 59801
My work currently focuses on three main topics. First, I'm leading efforts to integrate the concept of wilderness character into wilderness stewardship natinowide. I'm doing this by co-chairing a national team of National Park Service staff to integrate wilderness character throughout park planning, management processes, and monitoring. I'm also chairing a Fish and Wildlife Service team chartered to develop nation-wide monitoring of wilderness character in FWS wildernesses. Second, I'm leading the effort to develop methods to spatially model wilderness character. These models will provide management staff clear and explicit outcomes of alternative planning scenarios on wilderness character, and provide a baseline for assessisng change in wilderness character over time. Third, I'm developing several decision-making frameworks, including one for evaluating proposals for scientific activities inside wilderness, and another for whether restoration actions should be taken in wilderness to mitigate, for example, the effects of climate change.
My research is broadly aimed at developing the knowledge needed to protect and sustain ecological conditions in wilderness, and to develop the strategies and tools for improving the ecological-based management of wilderness nationwide. Wilderness management decisions are based on scientific information as well as on agency policies and social values, and my research reaches into all of these topics.
Congress established wilderness areas for ecological and societal purposes, and my work on wilderness character is the first direct assessment of the outcomes of wilderness stewardship on these purposes. My work on decision-making frameworks provides the first clear and explicit means for taking into account the mixture of scientific information, law and policy, and personal and public values in making difficult wilderness stewardship decisions.
Why This Research is Important
I have done a wide variety of research in the past, all directed at improving wilderness stewardship in general and the ecological management of wilderness in particular. This past work includes:-- Clarifying the basis for federal actions affecting the management of wildlife in wilderness--The first book on the effects of administrative boundaries on management planning across landscapes--The impact of fire and fire management activities on the influx of nonnative invasive plants in wilderness--The first book on monitoring stream ecosystems in wilderness using wilderness-appropriate methods-- Describing wilderness character in tangible and practical terms that directly link on-the-ground management to the statutory language of the Wilderness Act and management policies
- Lewis and Clark College, BS Natural Science, 1972
- Utah State University, Ph.D. Ecology and Biology, 1981
Featured Publications & Products
- Landres, Peter. 2010. Let it be: A hands-off approach to preserving wildness in protected areas [chapter 6].
- Craig, David R.; Landres, Peter; Yung, Laurie. 2010. Improving wilderness stewardship through searchable databases of U.S. legislative history and legislated special provisions.
- Landres, Peter. 2010. A framework to evaluate proposals for scientific activities in wilderness.
- Keane, Robert E.; Hessburg, Paul F.; Landres, Peter B.; Swanson, Fred J. 2009. The use of historical range and variability (HRV) in landscape management.
- Landres, Peter. 2009. Book review: The Wilderness Debate Rages On: Continuing the Great New Wilderness Debate.
Publications & Products
- Landres, Peter; Stutzman, Suzy; Vagias, Wade; Cook, Carol; Mills, Christina; Devine, Tim; Dingman, Sandee; Lindholm, Adrienne; Stuebe, Miki; Memory, Melissa; Scott, Ruth; Bilecki, Michael; O'Neil, Ray; Holbeck, Chris; Turina, Frank; Haynie, Michael; Craighead, Sarah; Jenkins, Chip; Curtis, Jeremy; Trevino, Karen. 2014. Keeping it wild in the National Park Service: A user guide to integrating wilderness character into park planning, management, and monitoring.
- Tricker, James; Landres, Peter; Fauth, Gregg; Hardwick, Paul; Eddy, Alex. 2014. Mapping wilderness character in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks.
- Carver, Steve; Tricker, James; Landres, Peter. 2013. Keeping it wild: Mapping wilderness character in the United States.
- Tricker, James; Landres, Peter; Chenoweth, Jennifer; Hoffman, Roger; Ruth, Scott. 2013. Mapping wilderness character in Olympic National Park.
- Adams, Ashley; Landres, Peter; Kingston, Simon. 2012. A database application for wilderness character monitoring.
- Hourdequin, Marion; Landres, Peter; Hanson, Mark J.; Craig, David R. 2012. Ethical implications of democratic theory for U.S. public participation in environmental impact assessment.
- Cowley, Jill; Landres, Peter; Memory, Melissa; Scott, Doug; Lindholm, Adrienne. 2012. Integrating cultural resources and wilderness character.
- Tricker, James; Landres, Peter; Dingman, Sandee; Callagan, Charlie; Stark, John; Bonstead, Leah; Fuhrmann, Kelly; Carver, Steve. 2012. Mapping wilderness character in Death Valley National Park.
- Black, Anne E.; Landres, Peter. 2012. Understanding the effects of fire management practices on forest health: implications for weeds and vegetation structure.
- Landres, Peter; Vagias, Wade M.; Stutzman, Suzy. 2012. Using wilderness character to improve wilderness stewardship.
- Black, Anne E.; Landres, Peter. 2011. Understanding the effects of fire management practices on forest health: Implications for weeds and vegetation structure (Project INT-F-04-01) [Chapter 14].
- Schwartz, Michael K.; Landres, Peter B.; Parsons, David J. 2011. Wildlife scientists and wilderness managers finding common ground with noninvasive and nonintrusive sampling of wildlife.
- Hobbs, Richard J.; Cole, David N.; Yung, Laurie; Zavaleta, Erika S.; Aplet, Gregory H.; Chapin, F. Stuart, III.; Landres, Peter B.; Parsons, David J.; Stephenson, Nathan L.; White, Peter S.; Graber, David M.; Higgs, Eric S.; Millar, Connie; Randall, John M.; Tonnessen, Kathy A.; Woodley, Stephen. 2010. Guiding concepts for park and wilderness stewardship in an era of global environmental change.
- Landres, Peter. 2009. A new tool to evaluate proposals for climate change research in U.S. wilderness.
- Landres, Peter; Boutcher, Steve; Dean, Liese; Hall, Troy; Blett, Tamara; Carlson, Terry; Mebane, Ann; Hardy, Carol; Rinehart, Susan; Merigliano, Linda; Cole, David N.; Leach, Andy; Wright, Pam; Bumpus, Deb. 2009. Technical guide for monitoring selected conditions related to wilderness character.
- Landres, Peter; Hennessy, Mary Beth; Schlenker, Kimberly; Cole, David N.; Boutcher, Steve. 2008. Applying the concept of wilderness character to national forest planning, monitoring, and management.
- Landres, Peter; Barns, Chris; Dennis, John G.; Devine, Tim; Geissler, Paul; McCasland, Curtis S.; Merigliano, Linda; Seastrand, Justin; Swain, Ralph. 2008. Keeping it wild: an interagency strategy to monitor trends in wilderness character across the National Wilderness Preservation System.
- Cole, David N.; Yung, Laurie; Zavaleta, Erika S.; Aplet, Gregory H.; Chaplin, F. Stuart III; Graber, David M.; Higgs, Eric S.; Hobbs, Richard J.; Landres, Peter B.; Millar, Constance I.; Parsons, David J.; Randall, John M.; Stephenson, Nathan L.; Tonnessen, Kathy A.; White, Peter S.; Woodley, Stephen. 2008. Naturalness and beyond: Protected area stewardship in an era of global environmental change.
- Landres, Peter; Barr, Brad; Kormos, Cyril F. 2008. The matrix: A comparison of international wilderness laws.
- Sharman, Lewis C.; Landres, Peter; Boudreau, Susan. 2007. Developing a framework for evaluating proposals for research in wilderness: Science to protect and learn from parks.
- Landres, Peter. 2006. Developing wilderness character monitoring: A personal reflection.
- Roeper, Nancy; Landres, Peter; Fisher, Don. 2006. The global wilderness seminar for government agencies: a meeting at the crossroads of wildlands stewardship.
- Thelen, Giles C.; Vivanco, Jorge M.; Newingham, Beth; Good, William; Bais, Harsh P.; Landres, Peter; Caesar, Anthony; Callaway, Ragan M. 2005. Insect herbivory stimulates allelopathic exudation by an invasive plant and the suppression of natives.
- Landres, Peter; Boutcher, Steve; Merigliano, Linda; Barns, Chris; Davis, Denis; Hall, Troy; Henry, Steve; Hunter, Brad; Janiga, Patrice; Laker, Mark; McPherson, Al; Powell, Douglas S.; Rowan, Mike; Sater, Susan. 2005. Monitoring selected conditions related to wilderness character: a national framework.
- Landres, Peter. 2004. Developing indicators to monitor the "outstanding opportunities" quality of wilderness character.
- Miller, Carol; Landres, Peter. 2004. Exploring information needs for wildland fire and fuels management.
- Alpert, Peter; Western, David; Noon, Barry R.; Dickson, Brett G.; Bobiec, Andrzej; Landres, Peter; Nickas, George. 2004. Managing the wild: should stewards be pilots?.
- Landres, Peter; Alderson, Judy; Parsons, David J. 2003. The challenge of doing science in wilderness: historical, legal, and policy context.
- Parsons, David J.; Landres, Peter B.; Miller, Carol. 2003. Wildland fire use: the dilemma of managing and restoring natural fire and fuels in United States wilderness.
- Landres, Peter; Spildie, David R.; Queen, Lloyd P. 2001. GIS applications to wilderness management: potential uses and limitations.
- Landres, Peter; Meyer, Shannon; Matthews, Sue. 2001. The Wilderness Act and fish stocking: an overview of legislation, judicial interpretation, and agency implementation.
- Landres, Peter. 2000. A framework for evaluating proposals for scientific activities in wilderness.
- Miller, Carol; Landres, Peter B.; Alaback, Paul B. 2000. Evaluating risks and benefits of wildland fire at landscape scales.
- Landres, Peter; Meyer, Shannon. 2000. National Wilderness Preservation System database: key attributes and trends, 1964 through 1999.
- Landres, Peter B.; Brunson, Mark W.; Merigliano, Linda; Sydoriak, Charisse; Morton, Steve. 2000. Naturalness and wilderness: the dilemma and irony of managing wilderness.
- Watson, Alan; Cole, David N.; Friese, Gregory T.; Hendee, John C.; Landres, Peter; Geary, Thoms F.; Stokes, Gerald L.; Jarvis, Jeff; Henry, Wes. 1999. Wilderness uses, users, values, and management.
- Cole, David N.; Landres, Peter B. 1996. Threats to wilderness ecosystems: impacts and research needs.
- Cole, David N.; Landres, Peter B. 1995. Indirect effects of recreation on wildlife.
- Landres, Peter B. 1995. The role of ecological monitoring in managing wilderness.
- Landres, Peter B.; Cole, David N.; Watson, Alan E. 1994. A monitoring strategy for the national wilderness preservation system.
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