Research Plant Physiologist
1221 South Main Street
Moscow, ID 83843
Contact Kasten Dumroese
My current research focuses adaptive management strategies that support restoration toward improving the resiliency and function of ecosystems. Specific research includes (1) assessing assisted migration as a potential adaptation to climate change; (2) helping land managers initiate functional restoration on their landscapes; (3) evaluating biochar, the by-product of converting woody biomass to bioenergy, as an amendment to substrates used to grow native plants; (4) understanding carbon allocation by plants under different nursery scenarios; (6) optimum fertilization of longleaf pine seedlings grown in containers; and (7) understanding carbon and nitrogen pools under different land management scenarios; and (8) completion of volume 2 of Agriculture Handbook 730.
My research interests include all aspects of propagating and outplanting native plants. From the nursery perspective, my research includes nursery production systems, specifically propagation, plant-disease interactions, and plant nutrition and water management. From the outplanting perspective, my research includes assisted migration as a management adaptation to climate change and functional restoration of plant communities.
My past research solved many complex nursery management and establishment problems faced by nursery managers and land managers throughout the world. Templates I devised for plant propagation protocols are routinely followed in the Native Plants Journal and on the Native Plant Network. I have provided nursery managers with techniques for propagating native plants. I defined new methods to avoid or mitigate pitfalls of confounding factors in nursery research and in deploying stocktype trials. My plant–disease relationship work with Fusarium root disease led to new best management plans (BMPs) for mitigating disease; key to those BMPs was development of a container-cleaning protocol used worldwide. My finding that the fungus Fusarium commune, rather than Fusarium oxysporum, is the more virulent pathogen has markedly changed the paradigm of future research endeavors concerning this nursery pathogen. I provided nursery managers with creative, science-based methods to improve nutrient and water management and was the first to demonstrate the scope of the problem of errant discharge of nutrients from container nurseries producing native plants. I did this by devising techniques to measure leachate and irrigation system spray patterns and subsequently developed fertilization and irrigation techniques that nursery managers are using to mitigate the problem. I have synthesized and delivered my personal research, along with that of other scientists, and subsequently provided nursery managers and field restorationists holistic tools; my Agriculture Handbook 674, Volume 7 is being translated into Spanish and Chinese, and my Afghan nursery manual was translated into Dari. To improve science delivery, I initiated a new journal that prints both refereed research and general technical articles to encourage "cross pollination" among researchers and field professionals. My Internet database, and the 2500+ native plant propagation protocols in it, was accessed more than 32,000 times during 2010.
Why This Research is Important
In the US, more than 1200 native plant nurseries, operated by federal, tribal, state, private, and not-for-profit entitiies, annually produce more than a billion seedlings for reforestation and restoration. Ensuring seedlings are produced efficiently and with high quality reduces costs and improves seedling performance (survival and growth) after outplanting. The end result is that restoration work to maintain ecosystem function is done in the most efficient and economic ways possible. In addition, my research with assisted migration and functional restoration in light of changes in climate will help ensure the appropriate plant materials, in terms of adaptation, are applied to the landscape.
- Michigan Technological University, Houghton, BS Forest Management, 1984
- University of Idaho, Moscow, MS Forest Resources, 1986
- University of Idaho, Moscow, Ph.D. Forestry, 1996
- National Nursery Specialist, USDA Forest Service
2002 - Current
- Research Plant Physiologist, USDA Forest Service
2001 - Current
- Research Scientist, University of Idaho (Moscow), College of Forestry, Wildlife, and Range Sciences, Department of Forest Resources, Forest Research Nursery
2000 - 2001
- Research Associate, University of Idaho (Moscow), College of Forestry, Wildlife, and Range Sciences, Department of Forest Resources, Forest Research Nursery
1986 - 2000
- Assistant Manager, University of Idaho (Moscow) Forest Research Nursery
1984 - 1986
Awards & Recognition
- National Technology Transfer Award, 2013
From the Society of American Foresters, the scientific and educational organization representing the forestry profession in the United States.
- Civil Rights Award , 2011
From G. Sam Foster, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Director, for “innovative, high performance professionalism to their tribal constituents in support of the Station’s program of service to tribal communities.”
- Tribal Relations Professional Excellence Award, 2011
From the Office of Tribal Relations, Washington Office, for the Reforestation, Nurseries, and Genetics Resources Tribal Nursery Emphasis.
- Outstanding Technology Transfer Publication, 2009
From G. Sam Foster, Director, Rocky Mountain Research Station, for “Nursery Manual for Native Plants – A Guide for Tribal Nurseries, USDA Forest Service Agriculture Handbook 730.”
- Karl Urban Celebrating Wildflowers Award – Excellence in Native Plant Materials Management, 2007
From National Forest System, Washington Office, for “initiating the Native Plants Journal, the Native Plants Propagation Protocol Database, and developing native plant work with American Indians.”
- Two Chiefs’ Partnership Award, 2006
From Dale Bosworth, Chief of the Forest Service, and Arlen Lancaster Chief of the Natural Resources Conservation Service for “restoring riparian forests on the Hopi reservation,” a collaborative effort involving these two USDA agencies.
- Director’s Award for Excellence in Technology Transfer, 2005
From Peter Roussopoulos, Director, Southern Research Station, for “work hosting meetings and training sessions to increase participation of American Indian tribal members in nursery work to help restore native plant communities.”
- Director’s Partnership Award, 2005
From Peter Roussopoulos, Director, Southern Research Station, for “partnerships between the Forest Service (Research and Development and Cooperative Forestry), Natural Resources Conservation Service, and Native American tribes."
- Director’s Natural Resource Stewardship Award, 2004
From Peter Roussopoulos, Director, Southern Research Station, to employees of RWU-4111 “for their work in restoration of longleaf pine ecosystems, long-term forest sustainability, and national nursery and reforestation technology transfer.”
Featured Publications & Products
- Williams, Mary I.; Dumroese, R. Kasten. 2013. Preparing for climate change: Forestry and assisted migration.
- Davis, Anthony S.; Jacobs, Douglass F.; Dumroese, R. Kasten. 2012. Challenging a paradigm: Toward integrating indigenous species into tropical plantation forestry [Chapter 15].
- Pinto, Jeremiah R.; Dumroese, R. Kasten; Davis, Anthony S.; Landis, Thomas D. 2011. Conducting seedling stock type trials: A new approach to an old question.
- Pinto, Jeremiah R.; Marshall, John D.; Dumroese, R. Kasten; Davis, Anthony S.; Cobos, Douglas R. 2011. Establishment and growth of container seedlings for reforestation: A function of stocktype and edaphic conditions.
- Dumroese, R. Kasten; Page-Dumroese, Deborah S.; Brown, Robert E. 2011. Allometry, nitrogen status, and carbon stable isotope composition of Pinus ponderosa seedlings in two growing media with contrasting nursery irrigation regimes.
- Dumroese, R. Kasten; Heiskanen, Juha; Englund, Karl; Tervahauta, Arja. 2011. Pelleted biochar: chemical and physical properties show potential use as a substrate in container nurseries.
Publications & Products
- Dumroese, R. Kasten; Barnett, James P.; Jackson, D. Paul; Hainds, Mark J. 2013. 2008 interim guidelines for growing longleaf pine seedlings in container nurseries.
- Kildisheva, Olga A.; Dumroese, R. Kasten; Davis, Anthony S. 2013. Boiled, tumbled, burned, and heated: Seed scarification techniques for Munro's globemallow appropriate for large-scale application.
- Williams, Mary I.; Dumroese, R. Kasten. 2013. Climatic change and assisted migration: Strategic options for forest and conservation nurseries.
- Williams, Mary I.; Dumroese, R. Kasten. 2013. Growing assisted migration: Synthesis of a climate change adaptation strategy.
- Heiskanen, J.; Tammeorg, P.; Dumroese, R. K. 2013. Growth of Norway spruce seedlings after transplanting into silty soil amended with biochar: A bioassay in a growth chamber.
- Landis, Thomas D.; Pinto, Jeremiah R.; Dumroese, R. Kasten. 2013. Light emitting diodes (LED): applications in forest and native plant nurseries.
- Luna, Tara; Dumroese, R. Kasten. 2013. Monarchs (Danaus plexippus) and milkweeds (Asclepias species): The current situation and methods for propagating milkweeds.
- Sung, Shi-Jean Susana; Dumroese, R. Kasten. 2013. Root system architecture: The invisible trait in container longleaf pine seedlings.
- Potvin, Lynette R.; Richter, Dana L.; Jurgensen, Martin F.; Dumroese, R. Kasten. 2012. Association of Pinus banksiana Lamb. and Populus tremuloides Michx. seedling fine roots with Sistotrema brinkmannii (Bres.) J. Erikss. (Basidiomycotina).
- Himanen, Katri; Nygren, Markku; Dumroese, R. Kasten. 2012. Boiling water scarification plus stratification improves germination of Iliamna rivularis (Malvaceae) seeds.
- Friggens, Megan M.; Pinto, Jeremiah R.; Dumroese, R. Kasten; Shaw, Nancy L. 2012. Decision support: Vulnerability, conservation, and restoration (Chapter 8).
- Li, Guolei; Liu, Yong; Zhu, Yan; Li, Qingmei; Dumroese, R. Kasten. 2012. Effect of fall-applied nitrogen on growth, nitrogen storage, and frost hardiness of bareroot Larix olgensis seedlings.
- Dumroese, R. Kasten; Kim, Mee-Sook; James, Robert L. 2012. Fusarium oxysporum protects Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) seedlings from root disease caused by Fusarium commune.
- Dumroese, R. Kasten. 2012. Integrated nursery pest management.
- Cram, Michelle M.; Dumroese, R. Kasten. 2012. Mycorrhizae in forest tree nurseries.
- Jackson, D. Paul; Dumroese, R. Kasten; Barnett, James P. 2012. Nursery response of container Pinus palustris seedlings to nitrogen supply and subsequent effects on outplanting performance.
- Kim, Mee-Sook; Stewart, Jane E.; Dumroese, R. Kasten; Klopfenstein, Ned B. 2012. Occurrence of the root-rot pathogen, Fusarium commune, in forest nurseries of the midwestern and western United States.
- Stewart, J. E.; Dumroese, R. K.; Klopfenstein, N. B.; Kim, M. -S. 2012. Occurrence of the root-rot pathogen, Fusarium commune, in midwestern and western United States.
- Pinto, Jeremiah R.; Marshall, John D.; Dumroese, R. Kasten; Davis, Anthony S.; Cobos, Douglas R. 2012. Photosynthetic response, survival, and growth of three ponderosa pine stocktypes under water stress enhanced by vegetative competition.
- Dumroese, R. Kasten; Landis, Thomas D.; Luna, Tara. 2012. Raising native plants in nurseries: basic concepts.
- Landis, Thomas D.; Dumroese, R. Kasten. 2012. Using organic fertilizers in forest and native plant nurseries.
- Stewart, J. E.; Abdo, Z.; Dumroese, R. K.; Klopfenstein, N. B.; Kim, M. -S. 2012. Virulence of Fusarium oxysporum and F. commune to Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menzeisii) seedlings.
- Landis, Thomas D.; Dumroese, R. Kasten. 2011. Care and handling of container plants from storage to outplanting.
- Davis, Anthony S.; Ross-Davis, Amy L.; Dumroese, R. Kasten. 2011. Nursery culture impacts cold hardiness in longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) seedlings.
- Dumroese, R. Kasten; Davis, Anthony S.; Jacobs, Douglass F. 2011. Nursery response of Acacia koa seedlings to container size, irrigation method, and fertilization rate.
- Kildisheva, Olga A.; Dumroese, R. Kasten; Davis, Anthony S. 2011. Overcoming dormancy and enhancing germination of Sphaeralcea munroana seeds.
- Haase, Diane L.; Pinto, Jeremiah R.; Dumroese, R. Kasten; Hernandez, George; Karrfalt, Bob; Overton, Ron. 2011. RNGR: A national resource for reforestation, restoration, and nursery professionals.
- Schmal, Justin L.; Dumroese, Kas; Davis, Anthony S.; Pinto, Jeremy; Jacobs, Douglass F. 2011. Subirrigation for production of native plants in nurseries - concepts, current knowledge, and implementation.
- Jackson, D. Paul; Dumroese, R. Kasten; Barnett, James P.; Patterson, William B. 2010. Effects of liquid fertilizer application on the morphology and outplanting success of container longleaf pine seedlings.
- Koll, Paul; Jurgensen, Martin F.; Dumroese, R. Kasten. 2010. Effects of pine sawdust, hardwood sawdust, and peat on bareroot soil properties.
- Dumroese, R. Kasten; Landis, Tom D. 2010. Forest Nursery Notes, Volume 30, Issue 1.
- Potvin, Lynette; Dumroese, R. Kasten; Jurgensen, Martin F.; Richter, Dana. 2010. Mosaic Stunting in jack pine seedlings in a northern Michigan bareroot nursery.
- Riley, L. E.; Pinto, J. R.; Dumroese, R. K. 2010. National Proceedings: Forest and Conservation Nursery Associations-2009.
- Landis, Thomas D.; Steinfeld, David E.; Dumroese, R. Kasten. 2010. Native plant containers for restoration projects.
- Landis, Thomas D.; Dumroese, R. Kasten; Haase, Diane L. 2010. The Container Tree Nursery Manual: Volume 7, Seedling processing, storage, and outplanting.
- Dumroese, R. Kasten; Barnett, James P.; Jackson, D. Paul; Hainds, Mark J. 2009. 2008 interim guidelines for growing longleaf pine seedlings in container nurseries.
- Islam, M. Anisul; Apostol, Kent G.; Jacobs, Douglass F.; Dumroese, R. Kasten. 2009. Fall fertilization of Pinus resinosa seedlings: nutrient uptake, cold hardiness, and morphological development.
- Dumroese, R. K.; Riley, L. E. 2009. National Proceedings: Forest and Conservation Nursery Associations-2008.
- Gettys, Lyn A.; Dumroese, R. Kasten. 2009. Optimum storage and germination conditions for seeds of pickerelweed (Pontetieria cordata L.) from Florida.
- Bai, Shu-Lan; Li, Guo-Lei; Liu, Yong; Dumroese, R. Kasten; Lv, Rui-Heng. 2009. Ostryopsis davidiana seedlings inoculated with ectomycorrhizal fungi facilitate formation of mycorrhizae on Pinus tabulaeformis seedlings.
- Page-Dumroese, Deborah; Coleman, Mark; Jones, Greg; Venn, Tyron; Dumroese, R. Kasten; Anderson, Nathanial; Chung, Woodam; Loeffler, Dan; Archuleta, Jim; Kimsey, Mark; Badger, Phil; Shaw, Terry; McElligott, Kristin. 2009. Portable in-woods pyrolysis: Using forest biomass to reduce forest fuels, increase soil productivity, and sequester carbon.
- Landis, Thomas D.; Dumroese, R. Kasten. 2009. Using polymer-coated controlled-release fertilizers in the nursery and after outplanting.
- Page-Dumroese, Deborah S.; Dumroese, R. Kasten; Jurgensen, Martin F.; Abbott, Ann; Henseik, Jennifer J. 2008. Effect of nursery storage and site preparation techniques on field performance of high-elevation Pinus contorta seedlings.
- Stewart, Jane E.; Kim, Mee-Sook; James, Robert L.; Dumroese, R. Kasten; Klopfenstein, Ned B. 2006. Molecular characterization of Fusarium oxysporum and fusarium commune isolates from a conifer nursery.
- Parks, Noreen; Dumroese, R. Kasten; Marshall, John D. 2006. Run for Cover! What's Covering Your Greenhouse and How Is It Affecting Seedling Growth?.
- Dumroese, R. Kasten; Page-Dumroese, Deborah S.; Salifu, K. Francis; Jacobs, Douglass F. 2005. Exponential fertilization of Pinus monticola seedlings: nutrient uptake efficiency, leaching fractions, and early outplanting performance.
- Dumroese, R. Kasten; Thompson, Gale; Wenny, David L. 1990. Lime-amended growing medium causes seedling growth distortions.
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