Johnny M. Grace, III
Florida A & M University - USDA Forest Service
Tallahassee, FL 32307
The core research program of work aims to improve the current understanding of the influence of forest operations and management (forest biomass, harvesting, thinning, site preparation, and road operations) on forest soil and water quality. Forest watershed science research focuses on understanding the influence of management, climate change, and disturbances on forest watersheds, water resources, and hydrology. This is accomplished by conducting research and development (R&D) to better understand the effects of roads, land-use change, and unmanaged recreation on water resources with a changing climate and exploring methods to adapt best management practices (BMPs) in forest watersheds to changing conditions. Forest biomass related research includes evaluating recovery efficiency and residue distribution with state-of-the-art recovery systems, sustainability, nutrient dynamics within biomass harvests, and soil and water resource conservation issues. Forest BMP related research investigates the influence of BMPs on water resource load reductions, soil erosion, and sediment control from forest watersheds. Forest road related research concentrates on evaluating the environmental effects of road management in the southern United States, understanding the effect of various forest road treatment techniques, advancing the understanding of the fate of sediment from road drainage structures, and understanding the mechanisms driving soil erosion and sediment transport in Southern Appalachian watersheds. Agroforestry related research aims to gain a more adept understanding of nutrient, water resource, and BMP issues in agroforestry systems.
The sustainability of the southern forests, as we now know it, will depend on how we address economic opportunities of emerging markets and environmental challenges related to climate change, land use patterns, forest fragmentation, and water resources in general. My research interests lie within four primary areas which include water resource quality and quantity under changing conditions, forest roads, understanding effectiveness and adapting forest best management practices (BMPs), and evaluating agroforestry alternatives. The forest watershed research that I have interest in exploring relate to quantifying the impacts of land use and climate change on water resources, quantify the factors (both natural and anthropogenic) influencing water resources (water quality and quantity), assessing how influencers impact benefits provided by forests, and providing management options and tools to forecast and/or mitigate negative impacts in the context of changing conditions. Research interests within the forest roads area focus on evaluating the environmental effects of road management in the southern United States. Research interests in the forest BMP area aim to quantify the influence of BMPs on water resource load reductions and to access the benefits of BMPs at the watershed scale. Research interests in the agroforestry area focuses on exploring nutrient, water resource, and BMP issues within agroforestry systems and development of alternative systems to satisfy the nation's food, fuel, fiber, and feed demands.
The forest road research that I led originally focused on reducing soil erosion from forest road surfaces. However, the research focus expanded to evaluate benefits of existing forest BMPs and explore new alternatives for sediment control from forest roads. In this research on low-volume forest road systems, critical information was discovered and provided related on filtering associated with alternative sediment control practices. This work on sediment control has received application throughout the South, particularly on the National Forests of Alabama and Georgia. Additionally, research has been undertaken to evaluating the effects of forest operations and management on hydrology, water quality, and soil physical properties from poorly drained watersheds. In this research, my team participated with a team of scientist to lead research to gain a more adept understanding of the effects of forest operations on soil and water resources in these sensitive systems. Through this research, my team provided critical information required to modify a hydrological and water management model developed for agriculture (DRAINMOD) to be used as a planning tool (hydrologic model) for forest management on drained forestlands with deep organic surface soils.
Why This Research is Important
The research that has been undertaken, and that is a focus in my research program, covers four primary areas but concentrates on water resources (quantity and quality) within forest watersheds which remain some of the healthiest watersheds in the nation. The research explored in these areas of interest aims to maintain or improve on the health of these critical forest watersheds under the changing conditions presented by climate, disturbances, and land-use. In many ways, forest watersheds serve as natural filters of most other land-use categories since these watersheds are most closely associated with drinking water in the majority of the nation’s watersheds. Maintaining the quality of waters flowing from the public forest lands is one of the primary emphasis areas for the USDA Forest Service and perpetuates a goal that links back to the creation of the agency. In addition, the research proposed under the alternative cropping / bioenergy area links to the Agencies commitment on hazardous fuels by exploring issues related to quantification of biomass availability, recovery, energy content of bioenergy species, and assessing benefits/consequences of residual biomass in forested systems.
- North Carolina State University, Ph.D. Biological and Agricultural Engineering, 2004
- Auburn University, M.S. Agricultural Engineering, 1996
- Auburn University, B.S. Agricultural Engineering, 1994
- International Erosion Control Association, Full Member (1998 - Current)
- American Society of Agricultural Engineers, Full Member (1994 - Current)
Featured Publications & Products
- Grace, J. McFero, III.; Skaggs, R.W. 2013. Determination of field-effective soil properties in the tidewater region of North Carolina.
- Grace, Johnny M., III.; Zarnoch, Stanley J. 2013. Influence of forest road buffer zones on sediment transport in the Southern Appalachian Region.
- Grace, J.M. III; Davis, E. 2010. Efficacy of buffer zones in disconnecting roads and streams in the coastal plain.
- Grace, Johnny M., III. 2005. Forest operations and water quality in the south.
- Grace, Johnny M., III.; Skaggs, R.W.; Cassel, D.K. 2006. Soil physical changes associated with forest harvesting operations on a organic soil.
- Grace, Johnny M., III.; Skaggs, R. W.; Chescheir, G. M. 2006. Hydrologic and water quality effects of thinning Loblolly Pine.
- Grace, Johnny M. III. 2008. Determining the range of acceptable forest road erosion.
- Grace, Johnny M., III.; Skaggs, R. W. 2006. Water balance of drained plantation watersheds in North Carolina.
Publications & Products
- Bryant-Mason, April; Xu, Y. Jun; Grace, Johnny M., III. 2013. Stream carbon dynamics in low-gradient headwaters of a forested watershed.
- Carter, E.A.; Grace, John M. III. 2011. Assessing soil impacts related to forest harvest operations.
- Grace, J. McFero, III.; Elliot, William J. 2011. Influence of forest roads and BMPs on soil erosion.
- Nettles, J.; Youssef, M.; Cacho, J.; Grace, J., III.; Leggett, Z.; Sucre, E. 2011. The water quality and quantity effects of biofuel operations in pine plantations of the southeastern US.
- Dougherty, M.; Baharanyi, A.; Guertal, B.; Grace, J. , III. 2010. Techniques for establishing vegetation for long-term erosion control on disturbed slopes in Alabama.
- Grace, Johnny M., III.; Clinton, Barton D. 2009.
Protecting soil and water in forest road management..
- Woodrow, R. J.; Shelton, T. G.; Oshiro, R. J.; Grace, J. K., III.; Wagner, T. L. 2008. Effects of Disturbance-induced trauma on foraging by subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae).
- Grace, Johnny M. III. 2008. Influence of storm characteristics on soil erosion and storm runoff.
- Mason, April; Xu, Y. Jun; Grace, Johnny M., III. 2007. Comparison of stream nutrient conditions in a subtropical lowland watershed to EPA suggested criteria.
- Grace, Johnny M. III; Clinton, Barton D. 2007. Protecting soil and water in forest road management.
- Mason, April; Xu, Y. Jun; Saksa, Philip; Viosca, Adrienne; Grace, Johnny M., III.; Beebe, John; Stich, Richard. 2007. Streamflow and nutrient dependence of temperature effects on dissolved oxygen in low-order forest streams.
- Grace, Johnny M., III. 2006. A new design to evaluate erosion and sediment control.
- Grace, Johnny M., III.; Skaggs, R. W.; Cassel, D. Keith. 2006. Influence of thinning Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda L.) on hydraulic properties of an organic soil.
- Grace, Johnny M., III. 2005. Application of WEPP to a Southern Appalachian Forest road.
- Grace, Johnny M., III. 2005. Factors influencing sediment plume development from forest roads.
- Grace, Johnny M., III. 2004. NPS pollution related to forest management activities in southern states.
- Grace, Johnny M., III. 2004. Sediment plume development from forest roads: How are they related to filter strip recommendations.
- Grace, Johnny M., III. 2004. Soil erosion following forest operations in the Southern Piedmont of central Alabama.
- Grace, Johnny M., III.; Skaggs, R.W.; Malcom, H.R.; Chescheir, G.M.; Cassel, D.K. 2003. Increased water yields following harvesting operations on a drained coastal watershed.
- Grace, Johnny M., III.; Skaggs, R.W.; Malcom, H.R.; Chescheir, G.M.; Cassel, D.K. 2003. Influence of thinning operations on the hydrology of a drained coastal plantation watershed.
- Grace, Johnny M., III. 2003. Minimizing the Impacts of the Forest Road System.
- Grace, Johnny M., III. 2002. Control of Sediment Export From The Forest Road Prism.
- Grace, Johnny M., III. 2002. Effectiveness of Vegetation in Erosion Control From Forest Road Sideslopes.
- Grace, Johnny M., III. 2002. Overview of best management practices related to forest roads: The southern states.
- Grace, Johnny M., III. 2002. Sediment Transport Investigations on the National Forests of Alabama.
- Grace, Johnny M., III. 2002. Sediment movement from forest road systems-roads: a major contributor to erosion and stream sedimentation.
- Grace, Johnny M. III; Carter, Emily A. 2001. Sediment and Runoff Losses following Harvesting/Site Prep Operations on a Piedmont Soil in Alabama.
- Grace, Johnny M., III. 2000. Forest road sideslopes and soil conservation techniques.
- Grace, Johnny M., III.; Carter, Emily A. 2000. Impact of Harvesting on Sediment and Runoff Production on a Piedmont Site in Alabama.
- Grace, Johnny M., III. 1999. Erosion Control Techniques on Forest Road Cutslopes and Fillslopes in North Alabama.
- Grace, Johnny M., III.; Wilhoit, John; Rummer, Robert; Stokes, Bryce. 1999. Surface Erosion Control Techniques on Newly Constructed Forest Roads.
- Grace, Johnny M., III.; Rummer, Bob; Stokes, Bryce J.; Wilhoit, J. 1998. Evaluation of erosion control techniques on forest roads.
- Grace, Johnny M., III. 1998. Sediment Export from Forest Road Turn-outs: A Study Design and Preliminary Results.
- Grace, Johnny M., III.; Rummer, Robert; Stokes, Bryce J. 1997. Sediment production and runoff from forest road sideslopes.