US Forest Service Research & Development
Contact Information
  • US Forest Service Research & Development
  • 1400 Independence Ave., SW
  • Washington, D.C. 20250-0003
  • 800-832-1355
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Carol B. Raish

Archeologist/Research Social Scientist
333 Broadway Boulevard Southeast
New Mexico
United States

Phone: 505-724-3666
Contact Carol B. Raish

Current Research

I am examining cultural and ethnic variations in fire use and management practices. I am also studying homeowner attitudes toward fire threat mitigation. I am conducting research to determine management practices favored by communities and users of Valles Caldera National Preserve and continue my work with understanding the role and importance of ranching to families and communites. Results of my studies will help the Forest Service to understand the importance of ranching in rural Hispanic cultures as well as to better manage Forest Service relations with communities and individuals. A newly initiated project is examining the needs of tribal groups in New Mexico and Arizona concerning climate change adaptation, mitigation, and monitoring with formation of the Southwest Tribal Climate Change Initiative and plans for a workshop in September, 2011.

Research Interests

My research interests include understanding the roots of land-use conflict on public lands and the role of traditional economic practices, such as ranching, in maintaining cultural identification, traditional life ways, and non-fragmented landscapes among American Indians, Hispanic Americans, and Anglo Americans. I am also conducting research on community beliefs and preferences concerning both managed fire and wildfire among national forest users in the Southwest and on the Valles Caldera National Preserve, New Mexico, with a special interest in examining cultural/ethnic variations in fire use and management practices. The effects of climate change on Southwestern Native American groups are a growing area of interest for me.

Past Research

Understanding the role and importance of livestock ranching on public land to the rural communities of northern New Mexico assists the Forest Service to better manage relations with these communities, decreasing the potential for land-use conflict. Providing this information to the public encourages understanding of the importance of agriculture and the rural way of life to maintaining heritage, tradition, and open space in the region. Understanding community and homeowner preferences concerning fire and fuels management on Forest Service lands helps the agency to plan and execute desireable projects that will be accepted by stakeholders and the public. Because Native American communities may be disproportionately impacted by the effects of climate change in the coming years, working with them to identify research needs concerning monitoring, adapting to, and mitigating climate change effects takes on considerable importance.

Why This Research is Important

1. Two GTRs (one in press) and two journal papers on the social, cultural, and economic aspects of livestock ranching on the Santa Fe and Carson National Forests.2. Invited symposium presentation and journal article on Land Grants and the Forest Service in New Mexico. 3. Two edited volumes and two journal papers on community and homeowner preferences related to fire and fuels management and homeowner risk mitigation activities.4. Development of Southwestern Tribal Climate Change Initiative and Workshop on adaptation, mitigation, and monitoring of climate change effects on tribal lands.


  • Washburn University, Spanish , 1968
  • University of Nebraska, Anthropology/Archeology , 1979
  • University of New Mexico, Anthropology/Archeology , 1988

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Research Highlights


New collaborative project focuses on tribal climate change issues in the Southwest

This southwestern project is helping Native American tribes identify how climate change is affecting them and how to address these issues.


Last updated on : 05/08/2015