Carol L. Miller
790 East Beckwith Avenue
Missoula, MT 59801
Primary responsibilities are to develop the understanding necessary to guide the stewardship of fire as a natural process in wilderness. This includes: 1) studying natural fire regimes and how they have been altered by management, 2) evaluating options for the stewardship of fire as a natural process and the consequences of these management alternatives, and 3) seeking to understand the social and institutional factors that influence the evaluation of tradeoffs by fire managers and members of the public.
Agents of landscape pattern formation. Interactions among fire regimes, climate, and vegetation pattern. Implications of fire suppression and our ability to restore fire as an ecosystem process. Effects of global climatic change on disturbance regimes.
*Integration of fuel dynamics and fire processes into a forest succession model for the Sierra Nevada in California so that climate-fire-forest interactions could be better studied and understood. *Development, use, and evaluation of spatially explicit models to map the likelihood of burning across heterogeneous landscapes. *Retrospective modeling for quantifying the impacts of past suppression decisions. *Co-editor of a book on the Landscape Ecology of Fire.
Why This Research is Important
Managers of protected areas, such as wilderness, have the challenge of restoring or maintaining the disturbance process of fire while considering a suite of other social and ecological values inside and outside the boundaries of these areas. Their decisions can have long lasting consequences that are difficult to predict. Fire suppression is the dominant fire management strategy across all land designations, and in many areas, suppression has contributed to increasing hazardous fuel accumulations, increasing probability of extreme fire behavior and effects, and altered ecosystem structure and function. These results run counter to protected area management goals, and continue to increase the vulnerability of nearby human communities to wildland fire. Fire suppression also has helped to distort human perceptions of natural systems. The orientations toward fire management held by the public and government agencies need to shift away from suppression as the dominant strategy and toward a stewardship of the process of fire that includes natural and prescribed fire.
- Penn State University, BS Electrical Engineering, 1985
- Colorado State University, MS Forest Sciences, 1994
- Colorado State University, Ph.D. Ecology, 1998
- Society For Wilderness Stewardship, Member (2011 - Current)
- Association for Fire Ecology, Member (2005 - Current)
- International Association of Wildland Fire, Member (2001 - Current)
- International Association for Landscape Ecology (U.S. Chapter), Member (1998 - Current)
Featured Publications & Products
- Davis, Brett H.; Miller, Carol; Parks, Sean A. 2010. Retrospective fire modeling: Quantifying the impacts of fire suppression.
- Parks, Sean A.; Parisien, Marc-Andre; Miller, Carol. 2012. Spatial bottom-up controls on fire likelihood vary across western North America.
- Miller, Carol. 2012. The hidden consequences of fire suppression.
- Falk, Donald A.; Miller, Carol; McKenzie, Donald; Black, Anne E. 2007. Cross-scale analysis of fire regimes.
- Miller, Carol. 2007. Simulation of the consequences of different fire regimes to support wildland fire use decisions.
Publications & Products
- Parks, Sean A.; Dillon, Gregory K.; Miller, Carol. 2014. A new metric for quantifying burn severity: The Relativized Burn Ratio.
- Parks, Sean A.; Parisien, Marc-Andre; Miller, Carol; Dobrowski, Solomon Z. 2014. Fire activity and severity in the western US vary along proxy gradients representing fuel amount and fuel moisture.
- Morgan, Penelope; Heyerdahl, Emily K.; Miller, Carol; Wilson, Aaron M.; Gibson, Carly E. 2014. Northern Rockies pyrogeography: An example of fire atlas utility.
- Miller, Carol. 2014. The contribution of natural fire management to wilderness fire science.
- Parks, Sean A.; Miller, Carol; Nelson, Cara R.; Holden, Zachary A. 2013. Previous fires moderate burn severity of subsequent wildland fires in two large western US wilderness areas.
- Haire, Sandra L.; McGarigal, Kevin; Miller, Carol. 2013. Wilderness shapes contemporary fire size distributions across landscapes of the western United States.
- Miller, Carol; Ager, Alan A. 2012. A review of recent advances in risk analysis for wildfire management.
- Scott, Joe H.; Helmbrecht, Donald J.; Parks, Sean A.; Miller, Carol. 2012. Quantifying the threat of unsuppressed wildfires reaching the adjacent wildland-urban interface on the Bridger-Teton National Forest, Wyoming.
- Parisien, Marc-Andre; Parks, Sean A.; Miller, Carol; Krawchuck, Meg A.; Heathcott, Mark; Moritz, Max A. 2011. Contributions of ignitions, fuels, and weather to the spatial patterns of burn probability of a boreal landscape.
- Parks, Sean A.; Parisien, Marc-Andre; Miller, Carol. 2011. Multi-scale evaluation of the environmental controls on burn probability in a southern Sierra Nevada landscape.
- Miller, Carol. 2010. Living with fire: Fire ecology and policy for the twenty-first century [book review].
- Parisien, Marc-Andre; Miller, Carol; Ager, Alan A.; Finney, Mark A. 2010. Use of artificial landscapes to isolate controls on burn probability.
- Miller, Carol; Davis, Brett. 2009. Quantifying the consequences of fire suppression in two California national parks.
- Stewart, Susan I.; Wilmer, Bo; Hammer, Roger B.; Aplet, Gregory H.; Hawbaker, Todd J.; Miller, Carol; Radeloff, Volker C. 2009. Wildland-urban interface maps vary with purpose and context.
- Connor, Kristina F.; Rodgers, Jane E.; Miller, Carol. 2008. Parkinsonia L..
- Miller, Carol. 2008. Changing research needs in wilderness fire.
- Alexander III, Jack D.; Findley, Jean; Kury, Brenda K.; Beyers, Jan L.; Cram, Douglas S.; Baker, Terrell T.; Boren, Jon C.; Edminster, Carl; Ferguson, Sue A.; McKay, Steven; Nagel, David; Piepho, Trent; Rorig, Miriam; Anderson, Casey; Hoadley, Jeanne; Ford, Paulette L.; Andersen, Mark C.; Fredrickson, Ed L.; Truett, Joe; Roemer, Gary W.; Kury, Brenda K.; Vollmer, Jennifer; May, Christine L.; Lee, Danny C.; Menakis, James P.; Keane, Robert E.; Zhu, Zhi-Liang; Miller, Carol; Davis, Brett; Gray, Katharine; Mix, Ken; Kuvlesky Jr., William P.; Drawe, D. Lynn; Narog, Marcia G.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert E.; Wright, Clinton S.; Paysen, Timothy E.; Pendleton, Burton K.; Pendleton, Rosemary L.; White, Carleton S.; Rogan, John; Stow, Doug; Franklin, Janet; Miller, Jennifer; Levien, Lisa; Fischer, Chris; Underwood, Emma; Klinger, Robert; Moore, Peggy; Wright, Clinton S. 2008. Poster Session- Extended Abstracts.
- Doane, Dustin L.; O'Laughlin, Jay; Morgan, Penelope; Miller, Carol. 2006. Barriers to wildland fire use: A preliminary problem analysis.
- Miller, Carol. 2006. Wilderness fire management in a changing world.
- Miller, Carol; Landres, Peter. 2004. Exploring information needs for wildland fire and fuels management.
- Parsons, David J.; Landres, Peter B.; Miller, Carol. 2003. Wildland fire use: the dilemma of managing and restoring natural fire and fuels in United States wilderness.
- Miller, Carol; Landres, Peter B.; Alaback, Paul B. 2000. Evaluating risks and benefits of wildland fire at landscape scales.
|The Effectiveness of Wildfire as a Fuel Treatment|
New research results provide crucial information to land managers as they assess trade-offs associated with wildfire suppression and appropriate ...
|The hidden consequences of fire suppression|
Researchers are investigating the true costs of suppressing wildfires and finding results that will have broad national applicability. Their me ...