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Highlight IDTitleStrategic Program Area(s)YearStation
Photo of Mountain pine beetle damage. Daniel Miller, USDA Forest Service
ID: 693
A 25-Year History of Forest Disturbance and Cause in the United States

Understanding trends in forest disturbance caused by fire, harvest, stress, weather, and conversion is important for many forest management deci ...

Principal Investigator : Gretchen Moisen

Inventory and Monitoring2014RMRS
Photo of Loblolly pine is frequently harvested for use as a biofuel. Erich Vallery, USDA Forest Service
ID: 727
A Simple Technique to Improve Woody Biomass Quality

The commercial markets for biofuels and bio-based products will require cost-competitive raw materials to compete with rival energy sources. The ...

Principal Investigator : John Klepac

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of The change in forest industry employment (NAICS 113, 321, 322, 337) from 2005 to 2010 compared to each state's total manufacturing employment in 2005.   Each state's circle is scaled to its total timberland growing stock volume in 2010 (northern region). Forest Service
ID: 40
Analysis Reveals Cyclical and Structural Changes in Forest Products Industry

Structural changes may be difficult to reverse but prospects for growth exist in forest product exports and wood-based biorefining

Principal Investigator : Christopher W. Woodall

Inventory and Monitoring2012NRS
Photo of Wood and Timber Condition Assessment Manual. Tivoli Gough, USDA Forest Service
ID: 583
Assessment Manual for Timber Structures Helps Building Inspectors

The Wood and Timber Condition Assessment Manual is an extremely valuable resource for wood design professionals. Forest Service scientists are ...

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Ross

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of Loblolly pine is an economically significant species in the southern U.S. David Stephens
ID: 720
Best Map Yet of the Pine Genome

Southern pine plantations supply 60 percent of wood products in the United States and 18 percent worldwide. These percentages can increase with ...

Principal Investigator : C. Dana Nelson

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of Map of downed and dead woody material. Grant Domke, USDA Forest Service
ID: 461
Better Estimates of Carbon Inventory in Dead Wood Now Available

Researchers with the Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program have sampled downed and dead woody material (DWM) since 2002 so most U.S. state ...

Principal Investigator : Grant M. Domke

Inventory and Monitoring2013NRS
Photo of Industrial poplar farm. Forest Service
ID: 50
Biomass Potential of Poplar Energy Crops in Minnesota and Wisconsin Assessed

Scientists develop methods to map sites for poplar tree energy crops to enhance productivity and ecosystem services

Principal Investigator : Ronald S. Zalesny, Jr.

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2012NRS
Photo of On the leaf is a normal tree compared to a tree with a chromosomal break that leads to altered wood development and growth habit. On the right is a diagram showing the precise location of the chromosome break. The genes responsible for the wood and growth habit changes reside in this region, and can now be studied in detail. Andrew Groover, USDA Forest Service
ID: 689
Breakthroughs in Poplar Genomics Improve Bioenergy Feedstock Options

Developing fast growing poplar cultivars for biofuels production is a major step towards renewable, tree-based energy. Optimal properties of sho ...

Principal Investigator : Andrew T. Groover

Resource Management and Use2014PSW
Photo of Hybrid aspen leaves showing bronze leaf disease. Mike Ostry, USDA Forest Service
ID: 489
Bronze Leaf Disease Poses a Threat to Aspen Breeding

Bronze leaf of hybrid aspen is a systemic disease that results in a characteristic dark purple to brown pigmentation of infected aspen leaves in ...

Principal Investigator : Michael E. Ostry

Invasive Species2013NRS
Photo of Three dimensional model of the Button Mushroom enzyme that metabolizes degraded leaf litter. Daniel Cullen, USDA Forest Service
ID: 445
Common Button Mushroom Studied for Key Role in Recycling Carbon

Recent genome studies of Agaricus reveal specialized adaptations to litter- and soil-rich environments which may be used to remediate contaminat ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel Cullen

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Screen shot of the wood energy fiancial application. USDA Forest Service
ID: 667
Community Biomass Handbook Guides Businesses Seeking to Replace Fossil Fuels with Wood Energy

Available as an eBook, this biomass handbook containes a wood energy financial application that allows users to quickly assess whether wood ener ...

Principal Investigator : Eini C. Lowell

Resource Management and Use2014PNW
Photo of House under construction in the framing stage. Michael Luckado
ID: 646
Construction-Sector Developments in Europe, 2012-2013

A Forest Service scientist has analyzed the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe area's housing construction market.

Principal Investigator : Delton Alderman

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of A fire growth model for homeowner-sized plats is being developed with state-of-the-art testing of realistic objects. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 289
Developing a fire model for homeowner-sized plats - Protecting lives and properties through proper selection of building and landscape materials

This research is directed to development of fire growth model for the homeowner sized plat that would guide the user on better and aesthetic sel ...

Principal Investigator : Mark A. Dietenberger

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011FPL
Photo of
ID: 411
Developing a simple rearing method for Emerald ash borer biological control agents

The emerald ash borer, a buprestid beetle native to Asia, is one of the most ecologically and economically significant invasive forest pests in ...

Principal Investigator : Michael Ulyshen

Invasive Species2011SRS
Photo of Hoary bats (Lasiurus cinereus) are the most frequent fatalities at wind energy facilites. Forest Service
ID: 105
Echolocation Monitoring Models Bat Occupancy Near Wind Energy Facilities

Model could mitigate the effects of wind energy development on populations of migratory bats

Principal Investigator : Ted Weller

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
Inventory and Monitoring
2012PSW
Photo of Book cover
ID: 458
Ecological Gradient Analyses in Tropical Ecosystems

Forest Service scientists recently published a book that contains a comprehensive analysis of ecological gradients in the Luquillo Mountains of ...

Principal Investigator : Grizelle Gonzalez

Inventory and Monitoring
Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2013IITF
Photo of Harvest for woody biofuels. Anthony D'Amato, University of Minnesota
ID: 622
Ecological Limits to Biomass Harvesting

Removing forest biomass for fuel can provide an alternative to fossil fuels and may mitigate atmospheric carbon dioxide increases, but it may ch ...

Principal Investigator : Brian J. Palik

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of Historical data on real prices of softwood sawtimber in the U.S. South and overlapping 2012 baseline projections of prices to 2060 (in 2006 dollars per cubic meter). Peter Ince, Forest Service
ID: 26
Economic Model Predicts U.S. Forest Product Markets and Timber Demand Trends

Model provides insights on how U.S. competition and trade in forest products could be affected by expanded global use of wood for energy in futu ...

Principal Investigator : Peter J. Ince

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of An energy-wood harvest on Potlatch Lands in Minnesota. Anthony D'Amato, University of Minnesota
ID: 467
Ecosystem Impacts of Wood Harvests For Biofuel

Current interest in harvesting typically non-merchantable material for biofuel warrants a closer look at the ecosystem impacts of intensive harv ...

Principal Investigator : Brian J. Palik

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2013NRS
Photo of Fine woody biomass (tops and limbs) of northern hardwoods removed post-harvest and stacked for processing, Chequemegon-Nicolet National Forest, Wisconsin. Deahn Donner, Forest Service
ID: 49
Effect of Woody Biomass Removal on Forest Biodiversity and Nutrient Cycling

Findings represent short-term effects and give a baseline for long-term study

Principal Investigator : Deahn Donner

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2012NRS
Photo of
ID: 112
Effects of Rising Temperature on Carbon Cycling and Storage in Ecosystems

Scientists find that as ecosystems warm, they store more carbon, not less

Principal Investigator : Christian P. Giardina

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2012PSW
Photo of Dr. Felix Ponder standing at one of his LTSP sites. Forest Service
ID: 52
Effects of Timber Harvesting and Biomass Removal on Forest Health Studied

A 10-year study shows that forest sites are able to experience high levels of soil compaction and biomass removal with little negative effects o ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel C. Dey

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2012NRS
Photo of The process elements for the biomass gasification concept that are incorporated into the spreadsheet model. Edward M. (Ted) Bilek, Forest Service
ID: 303
Engineering and Economic Modeling of Biofuels Production

FPL researchers developed a flexible and customizable computer model that allows users to do a preliminary evaluation of the feasibility of inco ...

Principal Investigator : Peter J. Ince

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Nanocellulose (upper left), an engineering plastic (upper right), and compound made from them (center). Test specimens made from the compound (bottom). Craig Clemons, USDA Forest Service
ID: 580
Enhancing High-Performance Plastics with Nanocellulose

Forest Service scientists are using nanocellulose to improve the performance of engineering plastics. By applying advanced processing methods, t ...

Principal Investigator : Craig M. Clemons

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of Eight-year-old poplars ready to be harvested. R. Zalesny, Forest Service
ID: 349
Environmental and Economic Benefits of Short-Rotation Poplar Energy Crops

Woody production systems and conversion technologies help maintain healthy forests and ecosystems, create high-paying manufacturing jobs, and me ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald S. Zalesny, Jr.

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2011NRS
Photo of FPL researchers developed a new method for producing a suitable component of bioplastics from glucose, which can be derived from wood and other forms of biomass. Thinkstock
ID: 437
Enzyme Combo Results in Bioplastics Composite

Developing bioplastics as a means of moving away from non-renewable, petroleum-based products has many economic and environmental benefits. Rese ...

Principal Investigator : Philip J. Kersten

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Fire damaged logs from the Fernow Experimental Forest in West Virginia were transported to the mill for processing and analysis of potential losses in volume and quality. Jan Wiedenbeck, USDA Forest Service.
ID: 619
Fire in my hardwood forest... is my investment in my family's future lost

Does the idea "What doesn't kill you makes you stronger" apply when a low- to medium-intensity wildfire or prescribed fire has run through a har ...

Principal Investigator : Jan Wiedenbeck

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2014NRS
Photo of National standing dead biomass (Mg/ha) Forest Service
ID: 44
First Inventory of Standing Dead Trees Across the United States Developed

Study compares differences between previously modeled estimates and new empirical estimates

Principal Investigator : Christopher W. Woodall

Inventory and Monitoring2012NRS
Photo of Comparison of vegetation change tracker output products without (left) and with (right) snow-covered winter satellite imagery. Kirk Stueve, Forest Service
ID: 318
Forest Land Estimates Improved by Novel Automated Mapping Technique Using Winter Satellite Imagery

Most automated satellite-based approaches for mapping forest lands rely on summer satellite imagery and are usually inconsistent with FIA plot-b ...

Principal Investigator : Northern Research Station

Inventory and Monitoring2011NRS
Photo of U.S. forest ownership map. Jake Hewes, USDA Forest Service
ID: 628
Forest Ownership Map of the Conterminous United States

Nearly two-thirds of the forests of the conterminous U.S. are privately owned, not publicly owned, as many assume. To help clear up this underst ...

Principal Investigator : Brett Butler

Inventory and Monitoring2014NRS
Photo of
ID: 405
Giving forest-fringe communities a stake in restoring and conserving rainforests in Africa

Restoring, conserving and protecting forests depends on the action of local communities. Community members can be given incentives to conserve f ...

Principal Investigator : John A. Stanturf

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2011SRS
Photo of
ID: 431
Global Bioenergy Partnership Sustainability Indictators for Bioenergy

The Global Bioenergy Partnership (GBEP) agreed on a set of science-based, voluntary, practical sustainability indicators with the aim of helping ...

Principal Investigator : Marilyn Buford

Resource Management and Use2011WO
Photo of How much forest biomass to leave behind or remove Shawn Grushesky, West Virginia University Appalachian Hardwood Center
ID: 55
Guidelines for Forest Biomass Utilization

Online resource offers environmentally and economically sound biomass utilization in the Appalachian Mountains

Principal Investigator : Mary Beth Adams

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2012NRS
Photo of Log bucking in Buckhannon, West Virginia. Iris Montague, USDA Forest Service.
ID: 617
Hardwood Log Procurement and the Role of Log Brokers

Forest Service researchers analyzed hardwood log procurement practices and the effects of log brokers on the hardwood distribution system. They ...

Principal Investigator : Iris Montague

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of Firewood for home heating.  Forest Service
ID: 71
Heating with Wood in Alaska

Converting oil heating systems in residential and commercial buildings in Alaska to renewable wood energy would require 1.3 to 1.7 million cords ...

Principal Investigator : Allen M. M. Brackley

Resource Management and Use2012PNW
Photo of Wood decay fungus Ceriporiopsis subvermispora colonizing wood vessels. Robert Blanchette, University of Minnesota
ID: 9
Hidden Lives of Wood Decay Fungi Uncovered by Genome Sequencing

The decoded genomes of 12 species reveal a complex repertoire of proteins involved in the deconstruction of key polymers within wood cell walls

Principal Investigator : Daniel Cullen

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Forest Service employee Robert Eaton stands beside an eight year old Eucalyptus benthamii growing near Ravenel, S.C. Chris Maier,  USDA Forest Service
ID: 718
I Water Use of Intensively Managed Eucalyptus Plantations Studied

In parts of the southern U.S., short-rotation Eucalyptus plantations have the potential to substantially increase forest productivity for biomas ...

Principal Investigator : Chris A. Maier

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2014SRS
Photo of Mushroom on piece of downed dead wood. Fungal communities are a critical driver of dead wood residence times.  Christopher Woodall, USDA Forest Service
ID: 599
If a Tree Falls in a Forest, How Long Does It Lie There

Dead wood is critical to nutrient cycling, carbon dynamics, tree regeneration, wildlife habitat, and wildfire behavior in forests. Forest Servi ...

Principal Investigator : Christopher W. Woodall

Inventory and Monitoring2014NRS
Photo of Biomass receiving gate for a Burlington Electric power station. Dennis Becker, University of Minnesota
ID: 327
Impediments to Woody Biomass Utilization on Federal Lands

Efforts to increase woody biomass utilization have met with limited succes

Principal Investigator : Sarah M. McCaffrey

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011NRS
Photo of High-resolution point cloud image of a scanned red oak log. Ed Thomas, USDA Forest Service
ID: 635
Improved Automated Detection of Surface Defects on Hardwood Logs

In less than one second, a new parallel computer algorithm processes more than a million surface data points on a hardwood log to find the defec ...

Principal Investigator : Ed Thomas

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of Local children playing in an agricultural area converted from forest in northern Thailand. Linda S. Heath, USDA Forest Service
ID: 493
Improving Forest Inventory and Monitoring Capacity in Countries of the World

Efficient national and subnational level inventory and monitoring systems are needed to characterize carbon and other attributes of forests so t ...

Principal Investigator : Charles Scott

Inventory and Monitoring2013NRS
Photo of Researchers evaluated the Ming Dynasty Tombs and the Palace Museum located in the Forbidden City, Beijing, China. Thinkstock
ID: 586
Inspection Protocols Help Preserve Ancient Chinese Structures

Forest Service scientists worked with Chinese scientists and engineers to develop inspection procedures to aid in the preservation and restorati ...

Principal Investigator : Xiping Wang

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of
ID: 304
Integrating the Production of Nanofibrillated Cellulose and Biofuels

FPL researchers have demonstrated a method of integrating the production of cellulose nanofibers and biofuels. Such a strategy is expected to im ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald C. Sabo

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of The endangered red-cockaded woodpecker (Picoides borealis). Jerry Payne, USDA Agricultural Research Serivce, Bugwood.org
ID: 73
Mapping Hardwood and Softwood Vegetation Types with LiDAR

Study informs forest management activities and assesses woodpecker habitat

Principal Investigator : Robert McGaughey

Inventory and Monitoring2012PNW
Photo of An unidentified waxy substance in honey mesquite cells creates a physical barrier against fungal hyphae. Tom Kuster, Forest Service
ID: 7
Natural Wood Durability Studied to Estimate Wood's Performance

Naturally occurring chemicals in some wood species make them more durable against deterioration

Principal Investigator : Grant T. Kirker

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2012FPL
Photo of The acoustic measurement system developed by Forest Service scientists and their collaborators has been integrated into the harvesting processor head, enabling tree quality evaluation during the harvesting operation. Peter Carter, Fibre-gen
ID: 436
New Acoustic Technology Evaluates Wood Quality of Standing Trees

Lack of techniques to assess the quality of standing trees results in inefficient allocation of timber resources and also limits the ability of ...

Principal Investigator : Xiping Wang

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Book cover. USDA Forest Service
ID: 653
New Book Documents Contributions from Forest Service's Long-Term Research Sites

From the role of fire in forests to responses to clearcutting controversies, from the discovery of acid rain to the development of biogeochemica ...

Principal Investigator : Susan Stout

Invasive Species
Inventory and Monitoring
Outdoor Recreation
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2014NRS
Photo of
ID: 3
New SPORL Process Efficiently Converts Biomass to Sugars and Ferment

Preliminary laboratory evaluation confirms the high performance of the SPORL process for pretreatment of Douglas fir

Principal Investigator : J.Y. Zhu

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Mean difference in tree-level carbon stocks between the Component Ratio Method and Jenkins' approach for tree species in the conterminous U.S. Forest Service
ID: 38
New Tree Volume and Biomass Estimation Procedures Implemented for the Yearly U.S. National Greenhouse Gas Inventory

New procedures have improved the accuracy, reliability, and transparency of the U.S. National Greenhouse Gas Inventory of U.S. forests and bioma ...

Principal Investigator : Christopher W. Woodall

Inventory and Monitoring2012NRS
Photo of Long term soil productivity plot in Missouri. Forest Service
ID: 136
North American Forest Soils are Remarkably Resistant

Ten years of data on 45 locations in the United States and Canada illustrate exactly how much disturbance forest soils can undergo and still rem ...

Principal Investigator : Andy Scott

Water, Air, and Soil2012SRS
Photo of The Tucker Renewable Natural Gas unit is a new bioenergy technology that uses wood such as forest biomass as its fuel source. Richard Bergman, USDA Forest Service
ID: 577
Novel Technology Uses Waste Wood to Make Bioenergy while Sequestering Carbon

Wood companies need high-value uses for wood residues. A new technology developed by Forest Service researchers and their partners converts wood ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Bergman, PhD

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of A highly unusual yeast, Spathaspora passalidarum, is benefitting biofuels production. Tom Kuster, Forest Service
ID: 11
Novel Yeast Makes Bioconversion Faster and Less Expensive

Faster, cheaper biofuel production is possible for commercial use

Principal Investigator : Thomas W. Jeffries

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Portable ozone monitor at Trout Creek Pass, Colorado.  Forest Service
ID: 124
Ozone Air Pollution Threatens Remote National Forest Mountain Areas

Scientists are using a portable battery-powered monitor to evaluate O3 at several high-elevation, remote locations in the Rocky Mountain West

Principal Investigator : Robert (Bob) C. Musselman

Water, Air, and Soil2012RMRS
Photo of Woody biomass, such as wood chips, can be converted into synthetic gas. USDA Forest Service
ID: 728
Pilot Scale Gasification of Woody Biomass

Silvicultural management regimes are designed to generate many societal products in an environmentally healthy and sustainable manner. The wood ...

Principal Investigator : Leslie Groom

Resource Management and Use2014SRS
Photo of Computer-based simulation tools allow designers to gauge the risk of moisture problems in building design. Tivoli Gough, USDA Forest Service
ID: 581
Possibilities and Pitfalls of Computer Simulation for Building Moisture Analysis

Moisture problems are much less expensive to correct in the building design phase than after the building is constructed. Computer-based simulat ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel V. Glass

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of
ID: 421
Posting of 2010 Southern Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) annual data

Decision-makers such as Congress, government agencies, and industry managers require current data on the state of the Nation's forests for effec ...

Principal Investigator : Ali Conner

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2011SRS
Photo of Aqueous extract solutions under different pretreatments. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 306
Pretreating Wood Chips for Manufacturing Medium Density Fiberboard

FPL researchers studied how pretreating wood chips before manufacturing medium density fiberboard affected both the end product and the amount o ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of The beetle-killed to biochar process. Forest Service
ID: 385
Producing biochar from forest biomass

All that dead wood in our forests can be used to make charcoal, synthetic gas, and even fuel for our vehicles.

Principal Investigator : Dan W. McCollum

Resource Management and Use2011RMRS
Photo of Typical aspen slash wood (left) and flakes (right) sliced from the slash wood. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 307
Producing Value-Added Composite Panels from Aspen Slash Wood

The disposal of forest thinning residue is a concern when looking at sustainable forest management. Researchers found this material could be a ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Industrial poplar farm. Wisconsin Ron Zalesny, USDA Forest Service
ID: 656
Production Costs of Poplar Energy Crops in the Great Lake States

Short-rotation woody crops have historically been used as feedstocks for energy and fiber, yet their relevance for environmental remediation tec ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald S. Zalesny, Jr.

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2014NRS
Photo of Repeat prescribed fire intended to reduce fire hazard and restore historical forest conditions in a Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest. Brandon Collins, Forest Service
ID: 364
Re-sampling historical inventory plots indicates degree of forest changes over the last 100 years

A 100 years of forest change is documented. Contemporary forests are compared to their historical counterparts. The findings presented here ca ...

Principal Investigator : Brandon M. Collins

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2011PSW
Photo of
ID: 422
Recovery of Carbon and Nutrient Pools in a Northern Forested Wetland

There has been long-standing concern about the effects of silvicultural practices on the functions of forested wetlands. This work shows that th ...

Principal Investigator : Carl C. Trettin

Resource Management and Use2011SRS
Photo of Life-cycle assessments help compares the environmental impacts of using wood decking versus non-traditional products. Tivoli Gough, USDA Forest Service
ID: 441
Redwood Decking is a Good Choice for the Environment

Building products produce emissions throughout their lifespan, from harvest and manufacturing to use and final disposal. Using building products ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Bergman, PhD

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Normally tree stems make a single layer of wood (blue cells, bottom of left panel). Changing expression of a single regulatory gene results in the formation of a second wood forming layer (right panel). Dr. Juan Du, Forest Service
ID: 365
Regulation of bark and wood growth in trees

The dividing cells of the cambium meristem provide cells that differentiate in either wood or bark. Although fundamental to how trees grow, regu ...

Principal Investigator : Andrew T. Groover

Resource Management and Use2011PSW
Photo of Forests of the Northern United States uses more than 100 maps, graphs, and tables to summarize current conditions and recent trends for the 172 million acres of forest land in the 20 States that comprise the U.S. North. Forest Service
ID: 53
Report Details Trends and Current Conditions for Northern Forests

Overarching issues include the interaction of forests and people, managing invasive species, sustaining biodiversity, and sustaining capacity fo ...

Principal Investigator : Stephen R. Shifley

Inventory and Monitoring
Outdoor Recreation
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Wildlife and Fish
2012NRS
Photo of Fruit bodies of sequenced wood decay fungi Bjerkandera adusta (right image) and Ganoderma species (left image). Robert Blanchette, University of Minnesota
ID: 446
Research Demystifies Wood Decaying Fungi

Newly sequenced fungal genomes provide insight into the enzymatic conversion of wood into high value products.

Principal Investigator : Daniel Cullen

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance is determining the feasibility of producing jet fuel from woody biomass in Oregon and Washington. Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance
ID: 523
Research Station Helps National Renewable Biofuels Project Engage Community and Industry Leaders

The Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance is working to form regional alliances and find communities that might fit into a sustainable biofuels ...

Principal Investigator : Eini C. Lowell

Resource Management and Use2013PNW
Photo of Image 1: A picture of PbXynA1 (an xylanases enzyme) with the a xylooligosaccharide (sugar polymer) bound into the active site. Image 2: A close up revealing a large pocket not previously observed in other xylanases (enzymes) of this family. Franz St John, USDA Forest Service
ID: 452
Researchers Determine the Structure of Bacterial Protein Involved in Biomass Conversion

Researchers structurally characterized a bacterial protein involved in biomass degradation. The knowledge obtained from this novel protein sugge ...

Principal Investigator : Franz St. John

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Rice straw appears to be a promising agricultural residue for manufacturing composite panels. William M. Brown Jr., Bugwood.org
ID: 308
Rice Straw Particleboard

There has recently been a revival of interest in using agriculture residues to produce particleboards and other composite panels due to competit ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of A spatial, quantitative wildfire risk assessment framework based on characterizing exposure of highly valued resources and assets to risk factors, as well as their response to varying levels of exposure. Forest Service
ID: 127
Risk Analysis Prioritizes Investments in Hazardous Fuels Reduction

Scientists mitigate the adverse impacts of wildland fires

Principal Investigator : Matthew P. Thompson

Outdoor Recreation
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2012RMRS
Photo of Northwoods Environmental Scholars group. Forest Service
ID: 56
Scholars Program Welcomes Youth into the World of Nature

Alleviating nature deficit disorder in the youth of Wisconsin's Northwoods

Principal Investigator : Ronald S. Zalesny, Jr.

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Outdoor Recreation
2012NRS
Photo of Forest floor litter and duff measurements for eight forest types along elevation gradient in northeastern Puerto Rico. Asterisks indicate significant difference between litter and duff biomass within forest type. Grizelle Gonz´┐Żlez, USDA Forest Service
ID: 457
Scientists Characterize Woody Debris to Assess Fuel Loads in Northeastern Puerto Rico

Forest Service scientists characterized the amounts of woody debris (coarse woody debris, fine woody debris, duff, and litter) for eight differe ...

Principal Investigator : Grizelle Gonzalez

Inventory and Monitoring
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2013IITF
Photo of Contemplating the future of forests, Illinois, USA. International Society of Arboriculture
ID: 603
Scientists Examine the Future of Forests in the Anthropocene

Forest Service researchers analyzed the major issues and factors affecting forests in the decades ahead: deforestation, mega-fires, urban forest ...

Principal Investigator : David N. Bengston

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2014NRS
Photo of Hardwood logs at a harvest site in northern Wisconsin. Bumgardner, Matthew, USDA Forest Service
ID: 480
Scientists Investigate the Influence of Markets and Forest Management on Small-diameter Hardwood

Despite the potential silvicultural advantages of removing some small-diameter trees during timber harvests, activities such as diameter-limit c ...

Principal Investigator : Matt Bumgardner

Resource Management and Use2013NRS
Photo of Short cellulose nanofibrils isolated from wood. DSimaging, LLC
ID: 587
Short Cellulose Nanofibrils Reinforce Aligned Polyvinyl Alcohol Fibers

Cellulose nanomaterials have recently gained much attention for their potential use for reinforcing polymers and for use in functional materials ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald C. Sabo

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of Researchers are investigating the softening behavior of difficult-to-pelletize biomass and its effect on pelletizing. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 288
Softening of Biomass and Its Effect on Fuel Pellet Production

Biomass such as torrefied wood or wheat straw are of increasing interest as fuel but are difficult to pelletize. Researchers are investigating t ...

Principal Investigator : Craig M. Clemons

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Word cloud of North Kenwood-Oakland residents' responses to the question What three words come to mind when you hear climate change Field Museum
ID: 328
Street-Level Views of Climate Change

Forest Service researchers and partners interviewed residents of two Chicago neighborhoods about their awareness of climate change and their own ...

Principal Investigator : Lynne M. Westphal

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Invasive Species
Outdoor Recreation
2011NRS
Photo of
ID: 418
The National Harvest and Utilization Program

The U.S. forest industry is a multibillion dollar business, providing jobs and economic value to local communities across the Nation. With incre ...

Principal Investigator : James Bentley

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2011SRS
Photo of The Xylotron uses machine-visioning technology to identify wood species. John Hermanson, USDA Forest Service
ID: 585
The Xylotron: A Field-Deployable Machine-Vision Wood Identification System

The Xylotron is a machine-vision-based wood identification system that uses a custom-designed wood imaging device (the Xyloscope), image analysi ...

Principal Investigator : Alex C. Wiedenhoeft

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
Inventory and Monitoring
2014FPL
Photo of Forest Service researcher conducts an in-grade bending test on Southern pine. David Kretschmann, USDA Forest Service
ID: 440
Traditional Grading System Updated for Structural Lumber

The Forest Products Laboratory has traditionally provided unbiased information on the properties, characteristics, design, and use of structural ...

Principal Investigator : David E. Kretschmann

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Chaining a pinyon tree to a crane scale. Forest Service
ID: 148
Understanding Effects of Bioenergy Harvesting in Southern Forests



Principal Investigator : Robert Rummer

Resource Management and Use2012SRS
Photo of Compartment 8C on the Fernow Experimental Forest has been harvested seven times since 1948 using uneven-aged management  and continues to be a productive stand. Richard Hovatter, USDA Forest Service
ID: 627
Uneven-Aged Management: Is It Sustainable

A century ago, after almost all of the old-growth forests in the eastern United States had been harvested, forest managers turned to Europe for ...

Principal Investigator : Thomas Schuler

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of U.S. Imports and Exports of Hardwood Lumber and Logs, 1990-2013 (Data Source: USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service). Matt Bumgardner,  USDA Forest Service
ID: 623
United States Maintains Positive Trade Balances for Hardwood Logs and Lumber

Exports have become a vital lumber market for hardwood sawmills in the United States because of the loss of domestic furniture manufacturing and ...

Principal Investigator : Matt Bumgardner

Resource Management and Use2014NRS
Photo of
ID: 430
USDA Agroforestry Strategic Framework Provides Roadmap to Sustainable Agriculture

On June 6, 2011, the USDA Agroforestry Strategic Framework, Fiscal Year 2011-2016 was officially released by USDA Deputy Secretary Kathleen Merr ...

Principal Investigator : Andy Mason

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2011WO
Photo of Researchers are studying the freezing and melting of water in solid wood to learn about wood decay and faster corrosion processes. Tatiana Morozova, shutterstock.com
ID: 15
Water Freezing in Wood: How Low Can It Go

The freezing and melting of water in wood gives clues about how water bonds to wood during processes such as wood decay and fastener corrosion

Principal Investigator : Samuel L. Zelinka

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Installation of a cross-laminated timber panel for Promega building in Fitchburg, Wisconsin. Steve Schmieding, USDA Forest Service
ID: 439
Wood Construction Goes Beyond Its Traditional Roots

As interest in sustainable building options continues to grow. Wood construction is going beyond its traditional roots in housing and expanding ...

Principal Investigator : David E. Kretschmann

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of This research will improve the durability of wood-plastic composite deckboards such as the one shown here being evaluated for color. Nicole Stark, USDA Forest Service
ID: 584
Wood Flour Extraction Improves Moisture Performance of Wood-Plastic Composites

Improving the moisture performance of wood-plastic composites provides a potential avenue toward improving the product's overall durability. For ...

Principal Investigator : Nicole M. Stark

Resource Management and Use2014FPL
Photo of Beetle-killed lodgepole pine fiber treated with potassium methyl siliconate. Cheng Piao, Louisiana State University
ID: 453
Wood-Plastic Composites Improved with Fiber Pre-Treatment

Scientists determine the dimensional stability of wood-plastic composites can be improved by treating wood sawdust and particles derived from be ...

Principal Investigator : Nicole M. Stark

Resource Management and Use2013FPL