US Forest Service Research & Development
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Research Highlights

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Highlight IDTitleResearch Topic(s)YearStation

ID: 396
A practical approach to using fire simulations for operational planning and ecological research

Station scientists have developed a simulation system designed to estimate the probabilistic components of wildfire risk for Fire Planning Units ...

Principal Investigator : Mark Finney

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS

ID: 284
America's Historic Covered Timber Bridges

Covered wooden bridges proliferated in the United States in the mid-nineteenth century. Today an estimated 800 covered bridge structures remain ...

Principal Investigator : James Wacker

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 403
An herbicide solution to knapweed

Station researchers evaluated the effects of a common herbicide treatment on grassland plants in western Montana to determine if and when suppre ...

Principal Investigator : Yvette Ortega

Invasive Species2011RMRS

ID: 397
Applying and delivering National Fire Plan research

Finding innovative ways to help natural resource managers learn and apply new technology.

Principal Investigator : Todd Mowrer

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS

ID: 383
Assessing wildfire risk to communities and natural and cultural resources

Station scientists affiliated with the National Fire Decision Support Center are working closely with the Agency's Western and Eastern Threat Ce ...

Principal Investigator : Dave Calkin

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS

ID: 393
Biological control of invasive plants

Scientists are studying chemical ecology regarding the biocontrol of weeds and discovering that biocontrol insects affect weed chemistry in very ...

Principal Investigator : Justin Runyon

Invasive Species2011RMRS

ID: 386
Black Fingers of Death - the Bane of Cheatgrass

Scientists have identified a promising biocontrol organism that can kill dormant cheatgrass seeds and sometimes a high proportion of germinable ...

Principal Investigator : Susan Meyer

Invasive Species2011RMRS

ID: 345
California golden trout and future climate warming

The California golden trout is imperiled due to exotic trout, genetic introgression, and degraded habitat, and faces further stress from climate ...

Principal Investigator : Kathleen Matthews

Wildlife and Fish2011PSW

ID: 352
Cascade volcanoes may be at greater risk for debris flows as climate warms

Scientists with the Pacific Northwest Research Station discovered previously unreported links between receding glaciers, areas of stagnant and d ...

Principal Investigator : Gordon Grant

Resource Management and Use2011PNW

ID: 314
Chloride Concentrations in Recovered Hydraulic Fracturing Fluid Increase With Depth of Tank

The hydraulic fracturing fluid used in natural gas extraction in the northeastern Appalachians raises concerns about safe disposal. Forest Servi ...

Principal Investigator : Pamela Edwards

Water, Air, and Soil2011NRS

ID: 353
Conservation priorities identified for Northwest amphibians and reptiles

At a reptile conservation conference, scientists and natural resource managers synthesized conservation concerns and priorities for 105 species ...

Principal Investigator : Deanna Olson

Wildlife and Fish2011PNW

ID: 408
Consortium of Appalachian Fire Managers and Scientists (CAFMS)

The Center for Forest Disturbance Science, SRS-4156 and The Nature Conservancy are among 8 groups from across the country to receive funding fro ...

Principal Investigator : Tom Waldrop

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011SRS

ID: 278
Corrosion of metals in wood

Corrosion data are necessary for the safe design and construction of wood decks and patios. Previous research was unable to calculate corrosion ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel Zelinka

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 326
Determining What Levels of Air Pollution Harm U.S. Ecosystems

An international team led by a Forest Service scientist has determined the level of nitrogen (N) deposited from air pollution that harms ecosyst ...

Principal Investigator : Linda Pardo

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels

ID: 279
Develop thermal verification guidelines for firewood heat treatment

To stop further spread of the Emerald Ash Borer (EAB), the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has enforced a heat treatment ...

Principal Investigator : Xiping Wang

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 373
Development of Interactive Web Based Maps for Predicting Expected Numbers of Large Fires on US federal Lands

A new tool for fire managers, allows anticipation of significant fire events and suppression costs

Principal Investigator : Haiganoush Preisler

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PSW

ID: 280
Elucidating Covalent Bond Formation and Cleavage in Wood

A new technique has been developed to monitor structural changes in the polymers present in wood cell walls. This allows researchers, for exampl ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel Yelle

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 356
Evaluating Management Risks Using Landscape Trajectory Analysis

Ecosystem management requires an understanding of how landscapes vary in space and time and how this variation can be affected by management dec ...

Principal Investigator : Craig Thompson

Wildlife and Fish2011PSW

ID: 410
Exploring the views and perspectives of different groups of people about the ecosystem services provided by Puerto Rico's El Yunque National Forest (El Yunque)

Interface South, the University of Puerto Rico, El Yunque National Forest and the International Institute of Tropical Forestry surveyed stakehol ...

Principal Investigator : Annie Hermansen

Resource Management and Use2011SRS

ID: 333
FIA 5-year report summarizes forest conditions in Washington

This report highlights forest conditions and trends from 2002 to 2006 for all forest lands in Washington State. This information establishes a b ...

Principal Investigator : Karen Waddell

Inventory and Monitoring2011PNW

ID: 313
Finding Synergistic Approaches for Complex Forest Issues through Global Forest Governance

Despite significant efforts to develop governmental and nongovernmental institutions to address the world's forest problems, there is a sense th ...

Principal Investigator : Kathleen McGinley

Resource Management and Use2011IITF

ID: 320
Fireflux Experiments Improve Safety of Prescribed Burns in the New Jersey Pine Barrens

Predicting the effects of smoke from low-intensity prescribed fires on local air-quality is being made easier by new tools developed by Forest S ...

Principal Investigator : Ken Clark

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Water, Air, and Soil

ID: 414
First ever detailed images of the structure the southern pine beetle uses to carry the fungi that helps kill trees.

Highly detailed images from advanced microscopy provide researchers with new visual insight into the interactions between bark beetles and their ...

Principal Investigator : Kier Klepzig

Invasive Species2011SRS

ID: 334
Forest Inventory and Analysis begins work on Hawaiian Islands

Policymakers and natural resource managers need up-to-date, consistent, and credible information on the status and trends of forests in Hawaii a ...

Principal Investigator : Robert Pattison

Inventory and Monitoring2011PNW

ID: 335
Genetic studies reveal population structure of fisher predate management

This research is being used to aid management decisions about whether these populations warrant protection under the Endangered Species Act. Sci ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Cronn

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PNW

ID: 388
Good decisions for good fire management

The Station's Wildland Fire Management Research, Development and Application program is developing the Wildland Fire Decision Support System (WF ...

Principal Investigator : Tom Zimmerman

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS

ID: 359
Hawaii Vegetation Fire Risk Web Tool

Fires in Hawai'i are fueled mainly by invasive, perennial grasses, since they maintain aboveground live and senescent biomass throughout the yea ...

Principal Investigator : Susan Cordell

Invasive Species
Wildland Fire and Fuels

ID: 282
Heat treating wooden ammunition pallets for invasive species

Wood pallets serve as support for munitions loads and other military supplies transported within the continental U.S. and internationally. Despi ...

Principal Investigator : Robert Ross

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 413
Helping federal agencies manage fire budgets

Budgeting for wildfire suppression is increasingly difficult for federal for the Forest Service and Department of the Interior. In the past, fir ...

Principal Investigator : Jeff Prestemon

Resource Management and Use2011SRS

ID: 360
High Resolution Weather for Fire Risk Assessment

High speed computing has opened the door to quantifying fire risk through numerous fire simulations under different weather/vegetation/ignition ...

Principal Investigator : Francis Fujioka

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PSW

ID: 399
How to measure, describe and map wildland fuels

Results from a new study have profound implications for fire management and may render many conventional fuel products and analyses inappropriat ...

Principal Investigator : Robert Keane

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS

ID: 376
How well will mastication reduce fire hazard

Mechanical mastication of standing shrubs and small trees is widely used as a method to reduce fire hazard. The resulting fuelbeds are poorly r ...

Principal Investigator : Eric E. Knapp

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PSW

ID: 417
International Partnership to combat Sirex woodwasp

Southern Research Station and the Forest Agriculture and Biotechnology Institute (FABI) work together to help combat the Sirex woodwasp, a known ...

Principal Investigator : Kier Klepzig

Invasive Species2011SRS

ID: 339
Learning more about the role of salmon-derived nutrients in Southeast Alaska watersheds

This research tested a common assumption and found that, contrary to conventional wisdom, younger soil closest to the stream had lower concentra ...

Principal Investigator : David D'Amore

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil

ID: 375
Long Range Prediction for Fire Danger and Fire Severity

Predicting the influence of weather on fire ignition and spread is an operational requirement for national fire planning by the National Interag ...

Principal Investigator : Shyh-Chin Chen

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PSW

ID: 315
Long-Term Differences in Forests With Different Deer Densities

Thirty years after a study on the effects of deer on forest ecosystems established new forest stands at deer densities ranging from 10 to 64 dee ...

Principal Investigator : Scott Stoleson

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use

ID: 336
Majority of surveyed family forest owners in eastern Oregon treat land to reduce wildfire risk

This study identified the different types of landowners who might benefit from policies and programs for wildfire risk reduction. It also reveal ...

Principal Investigator : Paige Fischer

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PNW

ID: 340
Maps of biomass dynamics support North American Carbon Program

Forest Service scientists and collaborators modeled live, aboveground tree biomass by using Forest Inventory and Analysis field data and applied ...

Principal Investigator : Warren Cohen

Resource Management and Use2011PNW

ID: 377
Monitoring Tool for the Insect Vector of Thousand Cankers Disease of Walnut

A newly discovered pheromone can be used to detect the insect vector of thousand cankers disease of walnut. Intermediate and low population den ...

Principal Investigator : Steve Seybold

Invasive Species2011PSW

ID: 341
More Scotch broom found where logging debris was removed

Scotch broom, a nonnative, invasive species, is a severe competitor of young Douglas-fir.

Principal Investigator : Timothy Harrington

Resource Management and Use2011PNW

ID: 395
Mountain pine beetle effects on fire behavior

Studies are shining light on how pine beetles affect wildfire.

Principal Investigator : Matt Jolly

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS

ID: 337
Multiple fuel treatments likely needed to restore resiliency in fire-adapted ecosystems

Fuel reduction and restoration treatments can be used to begin restoring late-successional stand structure, but single treatments are insufficie ...

Principal Investigator : Andy Youngblood

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PNW

ID: 419
Natural Lands and Future Rural Migration

People of the U.S. move frequently, and they move for many reasons. One reason of growing importance is to live in places with natural landscape ...

Principal Investigator : Ken Cordell

Outdoor Recreation2011SRS

ID: 391
New protocols help understand changing soils

Forest Service scientists have met the challenge of developing meaningful soil quality standards that can evaluate the full range of variability ...

Principal Investigator : Deborah Page-Dumroese

Water, Air, and Soil2011RMRS

ID: 330
Non-native Forest Pathogens Cost Homeowners Millions of Dollars Annually

Two big killers of residential trees--the oak wilt pathogen in the East and the sudden oak death (SOD) pathogen in the West cost homeowners mill ...

Principal Investigator : Robert G. Haight

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use

ID: 287
Nonresidential Building Construction in the United States,

The construction of low-rise nonresidential buildings is an important market for lumber, structural and nonstructural wood panels, and engineere ...

Principal Investigator : David McKeever

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 317
Novel Ectomycorrhizal Fungus Beneficial for Restoration of the American Chestnut in Reclaimed Mined Sites

A major problem in reforestation efforts on nutrient-poor abandoned mined lands are the survival and establishment of planted seedlings in the h ...

Principal Investigator : Shivanand Hiremath

Invasive Species2011NRS

ID: 378
Novel fungal genotypes drive the success of an invasive bark beetle/fungus complex

In the mid-1980s, the red turpentine beetle was inadvertently sent from the U.S. Pacific Northwest to China, where it acquired novel fungal symb ...

Principal Investigator : Nancy Gillette

Invasive Species2011PSW

ID: 338
Oregon white oak regeneration enhanced through proper seed and seedling management

Planting Native Oak in the Pacific Northwest is the first comprehensive study of Oregon white oak planting technique. Without post-planting man ...

Principal Investigator : Connie Harrington

Resource Management and Use2011PNW

ID: 420
Partnering to Support Better Recreation Policy and Management Analysis

For over 30 years the Forest Service and the Recreation Research Unit in Athens, Georgia have been recognized leaders in partnering to address n ...

Principal Investigator : Ken Cordell

Outdoor Recreation2011SRS

ID: 342
Presence of tanoak reduces Douglas-fir mortality from black-stain root disease

Black-stain root disease is a native pathogen of conifers in the Pacific Northwest. The disease reduces growth and ultimately kills the infected ...

Principal Investigator : Timothy Harrington

Resource Management and Use2011PNW

ID: 316
Reducing Negative Cultural Impacts of Emerald Ash Borer: Saving Black Ash Wood for Native American Basketmakers

Black ash has great cultural and economic importance in the northeastern United States, especially for Native Americans. The widespread destruc ...

Principal Investigator : Therese M. Poland

Invasive Species2011NRS

ID: 425
Riparian zone width, pine plantation age, and status of conservation priority birds

Selecting 16 different bird species of conservation importance in the Ouachita Mountains of Arkansas, we used models to look at the likelihood o ...

Principal Investigator : Roger Perry

Wildlife and Fish2011SRS

ID: 426
RxCADRE: Prescribed Fire Combustion-Atmospheric Dynamics Research Experiments

21st Century wildfires are increasing in frequency, intensity and complexity. These trends seem likely to continue in the face of climate change ...

Principal Investigator : Joseph O'Brien

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011SRS

ID: 367
Sequencing the transcriptome of tanoak seedlings infected with Phytophthora ramorum

We have sequenced and assembled the transcriptome of Notholithocarpus densiflorus (tanoak) as well as the pathogen that causes Sudden Oak Death ...

Principal Investigator : Jessica Wright

Invasive Species2011PSW

ID: 427
Study Forecasts Changes in Southern Forests Between 2010 and 2060

In May 2011, the Forest Service and the Southern Group of State Foresters unveiled the SFFP, a multi-year research effort that among other thing ...

Principal Investigator : Dave Wear

Resource Management and Use2011SRS

ID: 358
Synthesis of firebrand knowledge and research

Firebrands are an important fire spread mechanism in wildland and urban fires. While known since at least the Great London Fire of 1666, the fi ...

Principal Investigator : David Weise

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PSW

ID: 322
Technology Transfer in Action

FPL-developed panels made from forest residuals, recycled fiber, and agricultural by-products are being commercialized by two start-up companies ...

Principal Investigator : John Hunt

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 400
The hidden consequences of fire suppression

Researchers are investigating the true costs of suppressing wildfires and finding results that will have broad national applicability. Their me ...

Principal Investigator : Carol Miller

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS

ID: 401
The Intersection of Science and Technology Transfer

Growers and users of the approximately one billion native plants produced each year in the United States now have the best information available ...

Principal Investigator : Kas Dumroese

Resource Management and Use2011RMRS

ID: 392
Understanding the physical processes of fire spread

The latest research suggests a completely new approach to understanding and modeling the spread of forest fires - creating new opportunities for ...

Principal Investigator : Mark Finney

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS

ID: 344
Use of insects tested to control invasive riparian weed

Leafy spurge is an invasive weed that has appeared along streams throughout much of the country. Resource managers need way to control leafy spu ...

Principal Investigator : Robert Progar

Invasive Species2011PNW

ID: 404
Using Escaped Fire Reviews to Improve Organizational Learning

Through data collection and workshops, researchers are shedding light on who learns what from reviewing information on escaped fires.

Principal Investigator : Anne Black

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS

ID: 382
Visualizing carbon storage of harvested and burned forests

New research at the Rocky Mountain Research Station has developed a process to visualize how harvested and burned stands contribute to overall c ...

Principal Investigator : Sean Healey

Resource Management and Use2011RMRS