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Highlight IDTitleStrategic Program Area(s)YearStation
Photo of Burn probability map for the conterminous United States generated for risk assessment and other applications. Forest Service
ID: 396
A practical approach to using fire simulations for operational planning and ecological research

Station scientists have developed a simulation system designed to estimate the probabilistic components of wildfire risk for Fire Planning Units ...

Principal Investigator : Mark A. Finney

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS
Photo of Students measuring vegetation structure in urban socio-ecosystem. Forest Service
ID: 324
A socioecological network for a tropical city

Traditional urban research involves tree inventories, census activities, water quality sampling, or socioeconomic studies, all conducted by sepa ...

Principal Investigator : Ariel Lugo

Water, Air, and Soil
Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
Inventory and Monitoring
2011IITF
Photo of The Comparative Risk Assessment Framework and Tools (CRAFT) is a user-friendly, Web-based support system that helps natural resource managers address uncertainties inherent in land management decisions. Forest Service
ID: 416
advancing the Comparative Risk Assessment Framework and Tools (CRAFT)

The Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center and the University of North Carolina Asheville's National Environmental Modeling and A ...

Principal Investigator : Steve Norman

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Invasive Species
Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2011SRS
Photo of Composite critical load exceedance map for seven major vegetation types in California. The figure indicates areas where and by how much atmospheric nitrogen deposition is higher than the critical load (e.g., threshold) for risk of harmful ecological effects.  Forest Service
ID: 96
Air-Pollution Thresholds Protect Ecosystems

Research benefits air-quality specialists, land managers, scientists, and policymakers

Principal Investigator : Mark E. Fenn

Water, Air, and Soil2012PSW
Photo of The Portland Mills Covered Bridge in Parke County, Indiana, has a Burr-Archtruss design. James Wacker, Forest Service
ID: 284
America's Historic Covered Timber Bridges

Covered wooden bridges proliferated in the United States in the mid-nineteenth century. Today an estimated 800 covered bridge structures remain ...

Principal Investigator : James P. Wacker

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Sampling a grassland site invaded by spotted knapweed in western Montana. Forest Service
ID: 403
An herbicide solution to knapweed

Station researchers evaluated the effects of a common herbicide treatment on grassland plants in western Montana to determine if and when suppre ...

Principal Investigator : Yvette K. Ortega

Invasive Species2011RMRS
Photo of In Fiscal Year 2011, an initial series of 10 briefing papers were produced for the four Fire Science Knowledge Exchange Consortia in the Rocky Mountain Research Station territory. Forest Service
ID: 397
Applying and delivering National Fire Plan research

Finding innovative ways to help natural resource managers learn and apply new technology.

Principal Investigator : Hobart T. Mowrer

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS
Photo of Climate change risk matrix capturing the likelihood and consequence of potential habitat change for sugar maple in northern Wisconsin. Forest Service
ID: 46
Assessing Climate Change Risk to Eastern Forests Using Climate Change Tree Atlas Data

New tool makes for better informed forest management decisions

Principal Investigator : Stephen Matthews

Water, Air, and Soil2012NRS
Photo of Block and plot structure in El Verde research area.  Inferred area covered by each block is 40,000 m2 and the complete study area covers around 106 m2.  Forest Service
ID: 16
Assessing Litterfall Trap Bias

Are traps preferentially representing certain kinds of leaf litter

Principal Investigator : Grizelle Gonzalez

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2012IITF
Photo of Assessing vulnerability of northern Wisconsin's Forests_Northern Wisconsin's ecosystems are vulnerable to climate change; the assessment provides important information to land managers. Tom Matthiae, Forest Service
ID: 319
Assessing the Vulnerability of Northern Wisconsin's Forests to Climate Change

A team of scientists and managers from the Forest Service and other organizations assessed the vulnerability of northern Wisconsin forests to cl ...

Principal Investigator : Chris Swanston

Resource Management and Use2011NRS
Photo of Key components of risk assessment are exposure analysis and effects analysis.  This framework, employed by researchers, systematically portrays how fire likelihood and intensity influence risk to social, economic and ecological resources. Forest Service
ID: 383
Assessing wildfire risk to communities and natural and cultural resources

Station scientists affiliated with the National Fire Decision Support Center are working closely with the Agency's Western and Eastern Threat Ce ...

Principal Investigator : Dave E. Calkin

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS
Photo of Researcher applying pheromone-releasing flakes to a whitebark pine bole. <i>Forest Service</i>
ID: 86
Beetle Pheromones Save Endangered Pines From Bark Beetles

High-elevation pines protected by turning beetles' own pheromones against them

Principal Investigator : Nancy E. Gillette

Resource Management and Use2012PSW
Photo of
ID: 100
Biocontrol of Strawberry Guava

First field release of biocontrol agent for managing invasive strawberry guava

Principal Investigator : Tracy Johnson

Invasive Species
Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2012PSW
Photo of When tansy ragwort flea beetles feed on invasive tansy ragwort leaves, at least 11 defensive plant chemicals are triggered after only four days (each peak equals one chemical). These chemicals are costly for the plant to produce and likely contribute to the success of this biocontrol insect. Forest Service
ID: 393
Biological control of invasive plants

Scientists are studying chemical ecology regarding the biocontrol of weeds and discovering that biocontrol insects affect weed chemistry in very ...

Principal Investigator : Justin B. Runyon

Invasive Species2011RMRS
Photo of Black Fingers of Death field study in northwestern Arizona. Forest Service
ID: 386
Black Fingers of Death - the Bane of Cheatgrass

Scientists have identified a promising biocontrol organism that can kill dormant cheatgrass seeds and sometimes a high proportion of germinable ...

Principal Investigator : Susan E. Meyer

Invasive Species2011RMRS
Photo of Dry forest restoration in Hawai'i. Forest Service
ID: 103
Breaking the Grass-Fire Cycle in Dryland Ecosystems in Hawai'i

Scientists develop practical tools to manage and restore tropical dry forest landscapes on military lands in the Pacific

Principal Investigator : Susan Cordell

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
Invasive Species
2012PSW
Photo of
ID: 345
California golden trout and future climate warming

The California golden trout is imperiled due to exotic trout, genetic introgression, and degraded habitat, and faces further stress from climate ...

Principal Investigator : Kathleen R. Matthews

Wildlife and Fish2011PSW
Photo of Distribution of forest inventory observations of seedlings (blue) and trees (red) for eastern red cedar in eastern U.S. forests:  (A) Time 1: all forest sites, (B) Time 2: non-disturbed forest sites, and (C) Time 2: disturbed forest sites. Christopher Woodall, USDA Forest Service
ID: 462
Can Tree Species Rapidly Adapt to Climate Change by Migrating?

New techniques to monitor tree ranges in forests of the eatern U.S. suggest that current ranges may not be shifting along their range margins in ...

Principal Investigator : Christopher W. Woodall

Inventory and Monitoring2013NRS
Photo of Caption: Retreating glaciers leave loose sediment exposed, increasing risk of large debris flows following heavy rain. Gordon Grant, Forest Service
ID: 352
Cascade volcanoes may be at greater risk for debris flows as climate warms

Scientists with the Pacific Northwest Research Station discovered previously unreported links between receding glaciers, areas of stagnant and d ...

Principal Investigator : Gordon Grant

Resource Management and Use2011PNW
Photo of Changing Climate, Changing Forests: The Impacts of Climate Change on Forests of Northeastern United States and Eastern Canada. Forest Service
ID: 35
Changing Climate, Changing Forests

Effects of climate change on forests of the Northeastern United States and Eastern Canada

Principal Investigator : Lindsey Rustad

Inventory and Monitoring
Invasive Species
2012NRS
Photo of Passive samplers for monitoring ozone and nitrogenous air pollutants at the White Mountains Summit. Andrzej Bytnerowicz, Forest Service
ID: 362
Characterizing high altitude surface ozone in the White Mountains of California

We present surface ozone data for high-elevation sites in the White Mountains. At 4342 and 3783 m, our measurements are higher in elevation than ...

Principal Investigator : Andrzej Bytnerowicz

Water, Air, and Soil2011PSW
Photo of Sampling tank-stored fracing fluids. Pam Edwards, Forest Service
ID: 314
Chloride Concentrations in Recovered Hydraulic Fracturing Fluid Increase With Depth of Tank

The hydraulic fracturing fluid used in natural gas extraction in the northeastern Appalachians raises concerns about safe disposal. Forest Servi ...

Principal Investigator : Pamela Edwards

Water, Air, and Soil2011NRS
Photo of Bacterial infection in termites experiencing colony collapse. The red coloration in the termite's head is from a colored pigment produced by the bacteria. Rachel Arango, Forest Service
ID: 302
Colony collapse of Eastern subterranean termites

Termite colonies in laboratory and field tests were rapidly eliminated using a trap, treat and release method with commercial termite toxicants ...

Principal Investigator : Frederick Green

Invasive Species2011FPL
Photo of The panel at upper left shows the extent of the project, specified by a green outline. * Forest Service
ID: 387
Combating wildlife habitat loss to human development

Scientists are investigating ways to lessen the impact of humans on wildlife and their travel corridors.

Principal Investigator : Samuel A. Cushman

Wildlife and Fish2011RMRS
Photo of Cone calorimeter testing simulates realistic fire scenarios. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 13
Cone Calorimetry Takes Center Stage in Evaluating Fire Retardancy of Wood Products

Evaluations of cone calorimeter tests are now documented in handbook

Principal Investigator : Mark A. Dietenberger

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of
ID: 353
Conservation priorities identified for Northwest amphibians and reptiles

At a reptile conservation conference, scientists and natural resource managers synthesized conservation concerns and priorities for 105 species ...

Principal Investigator : Deanna ("Dede") H. Olson

Wildlife and Fish2011PNW
Photo of Pine marten. Michael Mengak, Bugwood.org
ID: 94
Conserving Martens, Sables, and Fishers

New book provides the first comprehensive synthesis of knowledge about these species in nearly 20 years

Principal Investigator : Keith Aubry

Wildlife and Fish2012PNW
Photo of
ID: 408
Consortium of Appalachian Fire Managers and Scientists (CAFMS)

The Center for Forest Disturbance Science, SRS-4156 and The Nature Conservancy are among 8 groups from across the country to receive funding fro ...

Principal Investigator : Tom Waldrop

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011SRS
Photo of Serious wood/metal corrosion of a fastener under a deck in Branson, MO. Samuel L. Zelinka, Forest Service
ID: 278
Corrosion of metals in wood

Corrosion data are necessary for the safe design and construction of wood decks and patios. Previous research was unable to calculate corrosion ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel L. Zelinka

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of A galvanized joist hanger corrodes on a wood deck. Forest Service researchers developed a desk reference to help people select the appropriate construction materials to prevent these failures. Samuel Zelinka, USDA Forest Service
ID: 438
Desk Reference on Fastener Corrosion Created for Engineers

Fastener corrosion is a design consideration when building exterior wood structures. Forest Products Laboratory researchers recently developed a ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel L. Zelinka

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of Heterobasidion root rot in red pine. Jessie Glaeser, USDA Forest Service
ID: 471
Detection of Heterbasidion Root Disease Using Genetic Fingerprinting

Heterobasidion root rot is a significant pathogen in the red pine plantations of the midwestern U.S. Little is known about its distribution. For ...

Principal Investigator : Jessie A. Glaeser

Invasive Species2013NRS
Photo of Forested ecosystem in the White Mountains of New Hampshire. Ken Dudzik, Forest Service
ID: 326
Determining What Levels of Air Pollution Harm U.S. Ecosystems

An international team led by a Forest Service scientist has determined the level of nitrogen (N) deposited from air pollution that harms ecosyst ...

Principal Investigator : Linda Pardo

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2011NRS
Photo of Commercial dry kiln is used to heat treat freshly cut hardwood firewood for interstate commerce. Forest Service
ID: 279
Develop thermal verification guidelines for firewood heat treatment

To stop further spread of the Emerald Ash Borer (EAB), the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has enforced a heat treatment ...

Principal Investigator : Xiping Wang

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of
ID: 411
Developing a simple rearing method for Emerald ash borer biological control agents

The emerald ash borer, a buprestid beetle native to Asia, is one of the most ecologically and economically significant invasive forest pests in ...

Principal Investigator : Michael Ulyshen

Invasive Species2011SRS
Photo of
ID: 373
Development of Interactive Web Based Maps for Predicting Expected Numbers of Large Fires on US federal Lands

A new tool for fire managers, allows anticipation of significant fire events and suppression costs

Principal Investigator : Haiganoush K. Preisler

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PSW
Photo of A structurally complex and diverse red pine forest. Christel Kern, USDA Forest Service
ID: 468
Diversity is Key to Restoring Resilience of Iconic Great Lakes Pine Forests

Mixed-pine forests of the western Great Lakes region contain fewer tree species and fewer age classes than their historical equivalents. Forest ...

Principal Investigator : Brian J. Palik

Resource Management and Use2013NRS
Photo of Stake plots in the Harrison Experimental Forest, Saucier, Mississippi, evaluate the durability of wood products. Stan Lebow, Forest Service
ID: 291
Durable wood product evaluations

In an effort to reduce the amount of time required to obtain meaningful durability data for wood products, it has become widely accepted to use ...

Principal Investigator : Stan Lebow

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Book cover
ID: 458
Ecological Gradient Analyses in Tropical Ecosystems

Forest Service scientists recently published a book that contains a comprehensive analysis of ecological gradients in the Luquillo Mountains of ...

Principal Investigator : Grizelle Gonzalez

Inventory and Monitoring
Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2013IITF
Photo of Historical data on real prices of softwood sawtimber in the U.S. South and overlapping 2012 baseline projections of prices to 2060 (in 2006 dollars per cubic meter). Peter Ince, Forest Service
ID: 26
Economic Model Predicts U.S. Forest Product Markets and Timber Demand Trends

Model provides insights on how U.S. competition and trade in forest products could be affected by expanded global use of wood for energy in futu ...

Principal Investigator : Peter J. Ince

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of An energy-wood harvest on Potlatch Lands in Minnesota. Anthony D'Amato, University of Minnesota
ID: 467
Ecosystem Impacts of Wood Harvests For Biofuel

Current interest in harvesting typically non-merchantable material for biofuel warrants a closer look at the ecosystem impacts of intensive harv ...

Principal Investigator : Brian J. Palik

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2013NRS
Photo of Contributions of elevated CO2 concentration, N deposition, climate variability, and regrowth + disturbances to regional accumulated net biome productivity (NBP). Forest Service
ID: 41
Effects of Disturbance, Climate, and Management on U.S. Forest Carbon

Forest response to fire, insects, harvesting, etc., is responsible for nearly one-half of the U.S. forest carbon sink, offsetting about 12 perce ...

Principal Investigator : Yude Pan

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2012NRS
Photo of
ID: 112
Effects of Rising Temperature on Carbon Cycling and Storage in Ecosystems

Scientists find that as ecosystems warm, they store more carbon, not less

Principal Investigator : Christian P. Giardina

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2012PSW
Photo of
ID: 280
Elucidating Covalent Bond Formation and Cleavage in Wood

A new technique has been developed to monitor structural changes in the polymers present in wood cell walls. This allows researchers, for exampl ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel Yelle

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Eight-year-old poplars ready to be harvested. R. Zalesny, Forest Service
ID: 349
Environmental and Economic Benefits of Short-Rotation Poplar Energy Crops

Woody production systems and conversion technologies help maintain healthy forests and ecosystems, create high-paying manufacturing jobs, and me ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald S. Zalesny, Jr.

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2011NRS
Photo of Environmental Futures Word Cloud. David Bengston, USDA Forest Service
ID: 501
Environmental Futures Research: Experiences, Approaches, and Opportunities

A Forest Service scientist organized a conference session that explored the trans-disciplinary field of futures research and its application to ...

Principal Investigator : David N. Bengston

Resource Management and Use2013NRS
Photo of
ID: 356
Evaluating Management Risks Using Landscape Trajectory Analysis

Ecosystem management requires an understanding of how landscapes vary in space and time and how this variation can be affected by management dec ...

Principal Investigator : Craig M. Thompson

Wildlife and Fish2011PSW
Photo of Modeled flow metric datasets are organized by six major river basins in the western United States. Forest Service
ID: 381
Evaluating the Effects of Climate Change on Streamflow

Scientists have developed a database of flow metrics for streams in the western U.S. under historical conditions and climate change scenarios.

Principal Investigator : Charles H. Luce

Water, Air, and Soil2011RMRS
Photo of Flooring made of old-growth Douglas-fir salvaged from deconstructed military barracks. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 281
Evaluating the environmental impact of building material recovery and reuse

Within the green building and sustainable construction fields, there is a growing movement to recover and reuse building materials in lieu of de ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Bergman, PhD

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Andrena perplexa. This genus of bees tends to be solitary, nest in the ground, and was found in 6 Experimental Forest sites in the western half of the US. Graham Snodgrass for Sam Droege of USGS
ID: 323
Experimental Forest Network Hosts Nationwide Bee Monitoring Project

There is a widespread perception that populations of pollinating insects in North America are in decline.

Principal Investigator : International Institute of Tropical Forestry

Wildlife and Fish2011IITF
Photo of El Yunque - Participatory mapping individual. Forest Service
ID: 410
Exploring the views and perspectives of different groups of people about the ecosystem services provided by Puerto Rico's El Yunque National Forest (El Yunque)

Interface South, the University of Puerto Rico, El Yunque National Forest and the International Institute of Tropical Forestry surveyed stakehol ...

Principal Investigator : Annie Hermansen-Baez

Resource Management and Use2011SRS
Photo of
ID: 333
FIA 5-year report summarizes forest conditions in Washington

This report highlights forest conditions and trends from 2002 to 2006 for all forest lands in Washington State. This information establishes a b ...

Principal Investigator : Karen Waddell

Inventory and Monitoring2011PNW
Photo of Shifting agriculture and forest fragmentation in Nicaragua demonstrate some of the complex challenges addressed by the international forest governance regime. Forest Service
ID: 313
Finding Synergistic Approaches for Complex Forest Issues through Global Forest Governance

Despite significant efforts to develop governmental and nongovernmental institutions to address the world's forest problems, there is a sense th ...

Principal Investigator : Kathleen McGinley

Resource Management and Use2011IITF
Photo of Male bull trout in the East Fork Bitterroot River Basin. Aubree Benson, Forest Service
ID: 390
Fire and fish dynamics in a changing climate

Forest Service scientists are seeking a better understanding how climate change and fire affect native trout.

Principal Investigator : Michael K. Young

Wildlife and Fish2011RMRS
Photo of Instrumented towers set up within and in the vicinity of prescribed fires in the New Jersey Pine Barrens provide critical meteorological and air quality data for validating smoke prediction tools.  Nicholas Skowronski, Forest Service
ID: 320
Fireflux Experiments Improve Safety of Prescribed Burns in the New Jersey Pine Barrens

Predicting the effects of smoke from low-intensity prescribed fires on local air-quality is being made easier by new tools developed by Forest S ...

Principal Investigator : Ken Clark

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Water, Air, and Soil
2011NRS
Photo of
ID: 414
First ever detailed images of the structure the southern pine beetle uses to carry the fungi that helps kill trees.

Highly detailed images from advanced microscopy provide researchers with new visual insight into the interactions between bark beetles and their ...

Principal Investigator : Kier D. Klepzig

Invasive Species2011SRS
Photo of World Bank/Global Environment Facility personnel learn about Forest Service efforts in climate change mitigation and adaptation in Baltimore. Forest Service
ID: 45
Forest Carbon Estimates for Climate Benefits Projects Around the World

Science on forest carbon benefits developed by the Forest Service contributes to a reduction in deforestation and degradation in forests through ...

Principal Investigator : Linda S. Heath

Inventory and Monitoring2012NRS
Photo of Hemlock wooly adelgid covers the leaves of a hemlock tree. Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station
ID: 131
Forest Community Dynamics After Widespread Die-Off From an Invasive Insect

Understanding how microclimate and forest community respond to eastern hemlock die-off

Principal Investigator : Chelcy F. Miniat

Water, Air, and Soil
Invasive Species
2012SRS
Photo of Eighteeen educators, administrators and community members participated in Wisconsin's first replication of Forest For Every Classroom. Barbara McGuinness, Forest Service
ID: 51
Forest For Every Classroom Engages Students in Environmental Topics

Building a network for place-based environmental education in Wisconsin

Principal Investigator : Barbara McGuinness

Invasive Species
Outdoor Recreation
Resource Management and Use
2012NRS
Photo of A field technician installs a potential study plot on the island of O'ahu. Natalie Tangalin, Forest Service
ID: 334
Forest Inventory and Analysis begins work on Hawaiian Islands

Policymakers and natural resource managers need up-to-date, consistent, and credible information on the status and trends of forests in Hawaii a ...

Principal Investigator : Robert Pattison

Inventory and Monitoring2011PNW
Photo of Comparison of vegetation change tracker output products without (left) and with (right) snow-covered winter satellite imagery. Kirk Stueve, Forest Service
ID: 318
Forest Land Estimates Improved by Novel Automated Mapping Technique Using Winter Satellite Imagery

Most automated satellite-based approaches for mapping forest lands rely on summer satellite imagery and are usually inconsistent with FIA plot-b ...

Principal Investigator : Northern Research Station

Inventory and Monitoring2011NRS
Photo of ForWarn forest change image: blue indicates normal forest conditions compared to the previous year and green to red indicates moderate to extreme vegetative change. Forest Service
ID: 132
ForWarn Monitors Forests Coast-to-Coast

Web-based tool provides a weekly snapshot of U.S. forest conditions to aid forest managers

Principal Investigator : William Hargrove

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2012SRS
Photo of New technologies enable researchers to identify genetic differences within a species, for example, identifying populations from different regions. This diagram of the fisher mitochondrial genome shows the location of genes (blue, red, purple), and variable nucleotide positions (tick marks, inner circle). Richard Cronn, Forest Service
ID: 335
Genetic studies reveal population structure of fisher predate management

This research is being used to aid management decisions about whether these populations warrant protection under the Endangered Species Act. Sci ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Cronn

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PNW
Photo of
ID: 405
Giving forest-fringe communities a stake in restoring and conserving rainforests in Africa

Restoring, conserving and protecting forests depends on the action of local communities. Community members can be given incentives to conserve f ...

Principal Investigator : John A. Stanturf

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2011SRS
Photo of Forest interior in a permanent plot in Amazonian Peru; note the buttressed tree being measured at 5m with the help of a ladder. Abel Monteagudo-Mendoza, University of Leeds, UK
ID: 321
Global Forests Sequester One-third of Annual Fossil Fuel Emissions, Much More Than Previously Thought

Forested land plays a much larger role in removing carbon from the atmosphere than was previously thought, according to Forest Service scientist ...

Principal Investigator : Yude Pan

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2011NRS
Photo of A number of factors interact to affect sound decision making in wildland fire management which influence broad program goals and ultimate outcomes. Forest Service
ID: 388
Good decisions for good fire management

The Station's Wildland Fire Management Research, Development and Application program is developing the Wildland Fire Decision Support System (WF ...

Principal Investigator : Tom Zimmerman

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS
Photo of The Interior West Climate Change Working Group addresses the impacts of changing climates throughout the Interior West and Great Plains. Forest Service
ID: 394
Group Addresses Climate Change Impacts

New Forest Service group addresses the impacts of changing climates across the diverse landscapes of the Intermountain West and Great Plains.

Principal Investigator : Jan M. Engert

Resource Management and Use2011RMRS
Photo of
ID: 359
Hawaii Vegetation Fire Risk Web Tool

Fires in Hawai'i are fueled mainly by invasive, perennial grasses, since they maintain aboveground live and senescent biomass throughout the yea ...

Principal Investigator : Susan Cordell

Invasive Species
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2011PSW
Photo of Wooden ammunition pallets are placed in a laboratory kiln to be heat treated for ISPM-15 standard. Xiping Wang, Forest Service
ID: 282
Heat treating wooden ammunition pallets for invasive species

Wood pallets serve as support for munitions loads and other military supplies transported within the continental U.S. and internationally. Despi ...

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Ross

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of
ID: 413
Helping federal agencies manage fire budgets

Budgeting for wildfire suppression is increasingly difficult for federal for the Forest Service and Department of the Interior. In the past, fir ...

Principal Investigator : Jeffrey Prestemon

Resource Management and Use2011SRS
Photo of
ID: 360
High Resolution Weather for Fire Risk Assessment

High speed computing has opened the door to quantifying fire risk through numerous fire simulations under different weather/vegetation/ignition ...

Principal Investigator : Francis M. Fujioka

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PSW
Photo of Adult goshawk in northern hardwood stand in Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest, Wisconsin. Forest Service
ID: 350
How Large-scale Forest Conditions Influence Northern Goshawk Nesting

Efforts to better understand nesting habitat requirements of the northern goshawk, a forest-sensitive species in northern Wisconsin, were enhanc ...

Principal Investigator : Deahn Donner

Wildlife and Fish
Inventory and Monitoring
2011NRS
Photo of
ID: 415
How much does a woodpecker cost

Using simulations to predict the value of timber production lost due to conserving an endangered species

Principal Investigator : James M. Guldin

Resource Management and Use2011SRS
Photo of The six sites selected for this study include: 1) Lubrecht Forest, Montana; 2) Tenderfoot Forest, Montana; 3) Ninemile, Montana; 4) Bighole Valley, Montana; 5) Silver Mountain, Utah; and 6) Colville Forest, Washington., RMRS19b.jpg: The sample grid installed in the center of each study area with the four areas that received additional sampling to intensify the grid.  A set of nested plots were installed at each of the sample points shown. Forest Service
ID: 399
How to measure, describe and map wildland fuels

Results from a new study have profound implications for fire management and may render many conventional fuel products and analyses inappropriat ...

Principal Investigator : Robert E. Keane II

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS
Photo of
ID: 376
How well will mastication reduce fire hazard

Mechanical mastication of standing shrubs and small trees is widely used as a method to reduce fire hazard. The resulting fuelbeds are poorly r ...

Principal Investigator : Eric E. Knapp

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PSW
Photo of Educators can now use Hubbard Brooks long-term data sets to teach inquiry in their classrooms. J. Wilson, Hubbard Brook Research Foundation
ID: 347
Hubbard Brook Environmental Literacy Program

One of the Northern Research Station's primary partnerships supporting environmental literacy is with the Hubbard Brook Research Foundation, whi ...

Principal Investigator : Barbara McGuinness

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2011NRS
Photo of Local children playing in an agricultural area converted from forest in northern Thailand. Linda S. Heath, USDA Forest Service
ID: 493
Improving Forest Inventory and Monitoring Capacity in Countries of the World

Efficient national and subnational level inventory and monitoring systems are needed to characterize carbon and other attributes of forests so t ...

Principal Investigator : Charles Scott

Inventory and Monitoring2013NRS
Photo of Passive samplers for air pollution in Athabasca Oil Sands Region. Forest Service
ID: 87
Industrial Air Pollution May Have Ecological Consequences

Elevated concentrations of ammonia can negatively impact lichen communities and elevated levels of nitrogen and sulfur deposition can potentiall ...

Principal Investigator : Andrzej Bytnerowicz

Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2012PSW
Photo of The arctic field ecology youth-elder-science camp observing microscopic soil invertebrates. Forest Service
ID: 325
Integrating Research, Education, and Traditional Knowledge in Ecology

Integrating research and education is a fundamental goal of research institutions and agencies but specific approaches not widely published in e ...

Principal Investigator : William A. Gould

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2011IITF
Photo of
ID: 417
International Partnership to combat Sirex woodwasp

Southern Research Station and the Forest Agriculture and Biotechnology Institute (FABI) work together to help combat the Sirex woodwasp, a known ...

Principal Investigator : Kier D. Klepzig

Invasive Species2011SRS
Photo of A chorus frog threatened by invasive Chinese Tallow. Taylor Cotten, Forest Service
ID: 134
Invasive Chinese Tallow Reduces Hatching of Frog Eggs

Decomposing leaf litter reduces hatching of southern leopard frog eggs by lowering the pH and concentration of dissolved oxygen in the water

Principal Investigator : Daniel Saenz

Invasive Species
Wildlife and Fish
2012SRS
Photo of An excerpt from a Business to Consumer EPD for western redcedar decking. Jennifer O'Connor, FPInnovations
ID: 285
Labeling Wood Products Based on Environmental Impacts - Helping consumers make sustainable choices

Environmental product declaration (EPD) is a summary of the environmental impacts associated with producing and using a product or service. An E ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Bergman, PhD

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Afforestation is one means of increasing carbon storage on family forest lands. Stephanie Snyder, USDA Forest Service
ID: 503
Landowners Interested in Managing Family Forest Lands for Carbon

The nation's family forest lands have the potential to be an important contributor to carbon sequestration efforts, but only if their owners are ...

Principal Investigator : Stephanie Snyder

Resource Management and Use2013NRS
Photo of Field crew collecting soil samples on the banks of Rio Roberts creek on Prince of Wales Island, Alaska. Dave D'Amore, Forest Service
ID: 339
Learning more about the role of salmon-derived nutrients in Southeast Alaska watersheds

This research tested a common assumption and found that, contrary to conventional wisdom, younger soil closest to the stream had lower concentra ...

Principal Investigator : David V. D'Amore

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2011PNW
Photo of
ID: 375
Long Range Prediction for Fire Danger and Fire Severity

Predicting the influence of weather on fire ignition and spread is an operational requirement for national fire planning by the National Interag ...

Principal Investigator : Shyh-Chin Chen

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PSW
Photo of Deer browsing exerts top-down selection on plant communities, which over time ricochets back up the trophic web to affect insects and birds. Forestry Sciences Laboratory, Irvine, PA
ID: 315
Long-Term Differences in Forests With Different Deer Densities

Thirty years after a study on the effects of deer on forest ecosystems established new forest stands at deer densities ranging from 10 to 64 dee ...

Principal Investigator : Scott H. Stoleson

Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2011NRS
Photo of
ID: 336
Majority of surveyed family forest owners in eastern Oregon treat land to reduce wildfire risk

This study identified the different types of landowners who might benefit from policies and programs for wildfire risk reduction. It also reveal ...

Principal Investigator : Paige Fischer

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PNW
Photo of Tropical Montane Cloud forest from the Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico. van Vicens, Forest Service
ID: 310
Managing Tropical Montane Cloud Forests

Over the course of a decade, USFS researchers have collaborated with international researchers to complete research needed to better manage and ...

Principal Investigator : International Institute of Tropical Forestry

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2011IITF
Photo of Understanding rates of biomass accumulation is critical to understanding how forest disturbance and regrowth influence carbon dynamics. Connie Harrington, Forest Service
ID: 340
Maps of biomass dynamics support North American Carbon Program

Forest Service scientists and collaborators modeled live, aboveground tree biomass by using Forest Inventory and Analysis field data and applied ...

Principal Investigator : Warren Cohen

Resource Management and Use2011PNW
Photo of Fire spread and radiant-energy flux of a prescribed fire in tropical savanna near Brasilia, Brazil, as measured by six overflights by airborne remote sensing. Forest Service
ID: 369
Measuring Prescribed Burns in Tropical Savannas

A remote-sensing based model has been developed that produces heat flux estimates that are highly consistent with in situ fire plume measurement ...

Principal Investigator : Philip J. Riggan

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PSW
Photo of Daily prediction of atmospheric black carbon originating in the United States transported to the Arctic. Forest Service
ID: 74
Mitigating Arctic Black Carbon Deposition

Scientists identify meteorological conditions when black carbon does not travel to the Arctic

Principal Investigator : Sim Larkin

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012PNW
Photo of Leaf scorch is a drought symptom in linden trees.  Joseph O'Brien, Forest Service
ID: 59
Model Assesses the Influence of Drought Stress on Forest Relative to Other Factors

Drought stress data added to a forest landscape disturbance and succession model show that length of drought is more important than severity

Principal Investigator : Eric J. Gustafson

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2012NRS
Photo of Homes with raised floors in New Orleans, Louisiana. Samuel V. Glass, Forest Service
ID: 286
Moisture Control in Crawl Spaces in Louisiana

Builders and homeowners in the Gulf Region often ask how to insulate a crawl space to avoid moisture problems. The Forest Products Laboratory (F ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel V. Glass

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of
ID: 114
Monitoring Network Saves Wealth of Data on American Bird Populations

Network archives data sets to address future large-scale conservation issues

Principal Investigator : C. J. Ralph

Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
Inventory and Monitoring
2012PSW
Photo of
ID: 377
Monitoring Tool for the Insect Vector of Thousand Cankers Disease of Walnut

A newly discovered pheromone can be used to detect the insect vector of thousand cankers disease of walnut. Intermediate and low population den ...

Principal Investigator : Steven J. Seybold

Invasive Species2011PSW
Photo of  The WFDS model was used to simulate the interaction between flame and stem and is being used to provide input data for a stem heating model (FireStem2D). Tony Bova, USDA Forest Service
ID: 477
More Realistic Model of Tree Trunk Heating and Injury in Wildland Fires Now Available

Forest Service scientists developed new models of tree-stem heating that are the most physically realistic to date to predict tree mortality mor ...

Principal Investigator : Matthew B. Dickinson

Wildland Fire and Fuels2013NRS
Photo of Woody debris after logging was removed at the site above; 3 years later Scotch broom, a nonnative invasive shrub, covered 26 percent of the area, whereas it covered 6 percent of the area when logging debris was left on site. Tim Harrington, Forest Service
ID: 341
More Scotch broom found where logging debris was removed

Scotch broom, a nonnative, invasive species, is a severe competitor of young Douglas-fir.

Principal Investigator : Timothy B. Harrington, Ph.D.

Resource Management and Use2011PNW
Photo of The telltale red needles of a mountain pine beetle attacked tree contain 10 times less water than those of a similar healthy green tree, and these low moisture contents cause the red foliage to ignite quickly and easily.  This red-needle lodgepole pine tree was ignited from a single point source on its lowest branches; the entire tree was quickly consumed in flames. Forest Service
ID: 395
Mountain pine beetle effects on fire behavior

Studies are shining light on how pine beetles affect wildfire.

Principal Investigator : William M. Jolly

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS
Photo of A stand of ponderosa pine in central Oregon after thinning and prescribed burning. Tom Iraci, Forest Service
ID: 337
Multiple fuel treatments likely needed to restore resiliency in fire-adapted ecosystems

Fuel reduction and restoration treatments can be used to begin restoring late-successional stand structure, but single treatments are insufficie ...

Principal Investigator : Andy Youngblood

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PNW
Photo of
ID: 419
Natural Lands and Future Rural Migration

People of the U.S. move frequently, and they move for many reasons. One reason of growing importance is to live in places with natural landscape ...

Principal Investigator : H. Ken Cordell

Outdoor Recreation2011SRS
Photo of The San Francisco Peaks in northern Arizona are sacred to many Native American groups. Forest Service
ID: 398
New collaborative project focuses on tribal climate change issues in the Southwest

This southwestern project is helping Native American tribes identify how climate change is affecting them and how to address these issues.

Principal Investigator : Carol B. Raish

Resource Management and Use2011RMRS
Photo of Under the canopy of contemporary climate change, some native plant species, such as western larch, will be unable to adapt or migrate fast enough to track the projected changes. Mary Williams, USDA Forest Service
ID: 557
New Database Established for Tracking Climate Change and Assisted Migration

A new literary database about native plant transfer guidelines, climate change and assisted migration provides information on assisted vegetatio ...

Principal Investigator : Kasten Dumroese

Resource Management and Use2013RMRS
Photo of The Cedarburg Covered Bridge, WI was one of the bridges included in this study. Stan Lebow, Forest Service
ID: 10
New Guide Advises Treatments and Technologies To Protect Historic Wooden Bridges

Forest Service and university researchers collaborate to evaluate methods of protecting wooden bridges from fire and biodegradation.

Principal Investigator : Stan Lebow

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Diminishing snowpack will cause reductions in summer streamflows in the Pacific Northwest. Sasha Sulia, USDA Forest Service
ID: 519
New Maps Detail Areas Sensitive to Reduced Summer Streamflows as a Result of Climate Warming

New maps assist resource planners in the Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, and Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board in assessing risk to ...

Principal Investigator : Gordon Grant

Water, Air, and Soil2013PNW
Photo of Map of mean fire interval years in the United States. Forest Service
ID: 67
New Model Estimates Historic Fire Frequency

Model will help restore fire-dependent ecosystems and assess effects of changing climates

Principal Investigator : Daniel C. Dey

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2012NRS
Photo of Training sessions such as this one in Region 5 ensures that the Forest Soil Disturbance Monitoring Protocol is used consistently across National Forests in the U.S. Forest Service
ID: 391
New protocols help understand changing soils

Forest Service scientists have met the challenge of developing meaningful soil quality standards that can evaluate the full range of variability ...

Principal Investigator : Deborah S. Page-Dumroese

Water, Air, and Soil2011RMRS
Photo of
ID: 117
New Report Assesses Impact of Climate Change on Forest Diseases

Climate change is projected to have far-reaching environmental effects domestically and abroad

Principal Investigator : Susan J. Frankel

Invasive Species2012PSW
Photo of
ID: 70
New Way To Model Forest Stand Dynamics

Scientists test assumptions on natural selection to maximize fitness

Principal Investigator : Harry Valentine

Water, Air, and Soil2012NRS
Photo of Oak wilt pocket next to house. Joe O'Brien, Forest Service
ID: 330
Non-native Forest Pathogens Cost Homeowners Millions of Dollars Annually

Two big killers of residential trees--the oak wilt pathogen in the East and the sudden oak death (SOD) pathogen in the West cost homeowners mill ...

Principal Investigator : Robert G. Haight

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2011NRS
Photo of FPL's Centennial Research Facility, opened in June 2010, is a combined steel and wood structure with precast concrete panel exterior skin, composite wood fins, and an EPDM roof system. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 287
Nonresidential Building Construction in the United States,

The construction of low-rise nonresidential buildings is an important market for lumber, structural and nonstructural wood panels, and engineere ...

Principal Investigator : David B. Mckeever

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Planting American chestnut on a reclaimed mine site on the Wayne National Forest. Hiremath, Forest Service
ID: 317
Novel Ectomycorrhizal Fungus Beneficial for Restoration of the American Chestnut in Reclaimed Mined Sites

A major problem in reforestation efforts on nutrient-poor abandoned mined lands are the survival and establishment of planted seedlings in the h ...

Principal Investigator : Shivanand Hiremath

Invasive Species2011NRS
Photo of
ID: 378
Novel fungal genotypes drive the success of an invasive bark beetle/fungus complex

In the mid-1980s, the red turpentine beetle was inadvertently sent from the U.S. Pacific Northwest to China, where it acquired novel fungal symb ...

Principal Investigator : Nancy E. Gillette

Invasive Species2011PSW
Photo of African tulip trees, on kartz topography, showing more abundant bryophyte cover at the bases of their tree trunks. Frank  Su?rez, Biology Department, Mayagez Campus, University of Puerto Rico
ID: 311
Novel secondary forests provide valuable habitat for non-vascular plants

The value of secondary forests dominated by introduced species has been the subject of much debate. Forest Service sponsored research in Puerto ...

Principal Investigator : International Institute of Tropical Forestry

Invasive Species2011IITF
Photo of Science-based guidelines for planting and caring for Oregon white oaks have been quickly adopted by people planning regeneration programs to halt the decline of this native tree. Above, a technician examines growth on an oak seedling 8 years after planting. Warren Devine, Forest Service
ID: 338
Oregon white oak regeneration enhanced through proper seed and seedling management

Planting Native Oak in the Pacific Northwest is the first comprehensive study of Oregon white oak planting technique. Without post-planting man ...

Principal Investigator : Connie Harrington

Resource Management and Use2011PNW
Photo of Watershed locations in the southern Appalachian states of Tennessee, North Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia. MB Adams, USDA Forest Service
ID: 487
Ozone and Climate Change Interact to Affect Streamflow

Climate change is affecting the Nation's forests, but not in isolation. Tropospheric ozone has long been known to affect the health of individua ...

Principal Investigator : Mary Beth Adams

Water, Air, and Soil2013NRS
Photo of Invasive grass fire in Hawai'i. Susan Cordell, Forest Service
ID: 118
Pacific Fire Exchange Is the Hottest Partnership in the Pacific

A new collaboration promotes and uses the best available science to reduce wildfire management costs and improve land managers' ability to prote ...

Principal Investigator : Susan Cordell

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
Invasive Species
2012PSW
Photo of
ID: 420
Partnering to Support Better Recreation Policy and Management Analysis

For over 30 years the Forest Service and the Recreation Research Unit in Athens, Georgia have been recognized leaders in partnering to address n ...

Principal Investigator : H. Ken Cordell

Outdoor Recreation2011SRS
Photo of Models indicate strategically placed habitat restoration is effective at reversing declines of Prairie Warblers whereas randomly placed management is not. Wolfgang Wander, Wikimedia Commons.
ID: 476
Prairie Warbler and Wood Thrush Populations Respond Well to Strategic Conservation Efforts

A Forest Service scientist and his research partners demonstrated the power of landscape-based population viability models by evaluating respons ...

Principal Investigator : Frank R. Thompson

Wildlife and Fish2013NRS
Photo of Current (2000) and future (2080) distribution of Forest Inventory and Analysis plots predicted to be at high risk of spruce beetle infestation based on the Canadian Global Climate Change model predictions of future temperatures. Numbers in lower right corner indicate percentage of plots with increased spruce beetle risk.  Forest Service
ID: 138
Predicting Future Spruce Beetle Infestations

Scientists model the effects of increasing temperatures and forest stand conditions on the likelihood of spruce beetle infestation over time

Principal Investigator : R. Justin DeRose

Inventory and Monitoring2012RMRS
Photo of
ID: 342
Presence of tanoak reduces Douglas-fir mortality from black-stain root disease

Black-stain root disease is a native pathogen of conifers in the Pacific Northwest. The disease reduces growth and ultimately kills the infected ...

Principal Investigator : Timothy B. Harrington, Ph.D.

Resource Management and Use2011PNW
Photo of Project SMART provides opportunities for students to conduct hands-on research in environmental sciences. Stephanie Meyer, Forest Service
ID: 332
Project SMART: Educating and Motivating Talented High School Students in Math and Science

Forest Service funding from the Northern Research Station's Civil Rights Diversity Committee's Special Project Funds and Conservation Education' ...

Principal Investigator : Rakesh Minocha

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2011NRS
Photo of Eastern Threat Center collaborative research has detected regional shifts in the diversity of forest seedlings, indicating forest biodiversity change that enables robust and rapid monitoring of climate change effects.  Kevin Potter, North Carolina State University
ID: 409
Rapid monitoring of climate change effects improves forest management

Climate change and other threats are likely to alter the composition of forests as species die out in some areas and move into others, which cou ...

Principal Investigator : Southern Research Station

Inventory and Monitoring2011SRS
Photo of Repeat prescribed fire intended to reduce fire hazard and restore historical forest conditions in a Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest. Brandon Collins, Forest Service
ID: 364
Re-sampling historical inventory plots indicates degree of forest changes over the last 100 years

A 100 years of forest change is documented. Contemporary forests are compared to their historical counterparts. The findings presented here ca ...

Principal Investigator : Brandon M. Collins

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2011PSW
Photo of
ID: 422
Recovery of Carbon and Nutrient Pools in a Northern Forested Wetland

There has been long-standing concern about the effects of silvicultural practices on the functions of forested wetlands. This work shows that th ...

Principal Investigator : Carl C. Trettin

Resource Management and Use2011SRS
Photo of The brownish areas are oak decline sites/trees. Dale Starkey, Forest Service
ID: 145
Red Oak Species Is Especially Vulnerable to Drought Events

Oak decline and mortality under periodic regional drought in the Ozark Highlands of Arkansas and Missouri

Principal Investigator : Marty Spetich

Inventory and Monitoring2012SRS
Photo of Tom and Tina Tossing a Log in the River. Therese Poland, Forest Service
ID: 316
Reducing Negative Cultural Impacts of Emerald Ash Borer: Saving Black Ash Wood for Native American Basketmakers

Black ash has great cultural and economic importance in the northeastern United States, especially for Native Americans. The widespread destruc ...

Principal Investigator : Therese M. Poland

Invasive Species2011NRS
Photo of
ID: 115
Report Offers New Management Strategies for Sierra Nevada Forests

Concrete examples of science-based strategies are a hit with managers and stakeholders

Principal Investigator : Malcolm P. North

Resource Management and Use2012PSW
Photo of Salmon habitat in the Olympic Experimental State Forest, Washington. Pete Bisson, USDA Forest Service
ID: 527
Research Documents the Influence of Water Temperature on Life Histories of Rainbow Trout and Steelheads

These studies reveal a suite of processes influencing life-history expression in salmonids. The influence of temperature on O. mykiss life histo ...

Principal Investigator : Gordon Reeves

Wildlife and Fish
Water, Air, and Soil
2013PNW
Photo of Healthy sagebrush common garden at Great Basin Experimental Range. Forest Service
ID: 110
Research Helps Conserve and Restore Shrub Dominated Ecosystems

Helping to make prudent, research-based decisions to improve shrublands in the Interior West

Principal Investigator : Bryce A. Richardson

Resource Management and Use2012RMRS
Photo of
ID: 81
Responding to Climate Change on National Forests

A new guidebook provides a scientific foundation and framework for preparing for climate change

Principal Investigator : David L. Peterson

Resource Management and Use2012PNW
Photo of
ID: 425
Riparian zone width, pine plantation age, and status of conservation priority birds

Selecting 16 different bird species of conservation importance in the Ouachita Mountains of Arkansas, we used models to look at the likelihood o ...

Principal Investigator : Roger W. Perry

Wildlife and Fish2011SRS
Photo of Climate change risk matrix for forest ecosystem carbon pools in the US. Likelihood of change in carbon stocks is based on the coefficient of variation of median forest carbon stock densities among K�ppen-Geiger climate regions (i.e., x-axis) based on the national forest inventory plot network. Size of carbon stocks are based on the US National Greenhouse Gas Inventory (i.e., y-axis). Societal response (e.g., immediate adaptive response or periodic monitoring) to climate change events depends on the size and relative likelihood of change in stocks. Year 2100 projections are based on linear extrapolations of current carbon stocks and imputing current median carbon pool densities by climate region to projected future climate regions for calculation of coefficients of variation. The soil organic carbon pool exhibits the highest variability among climate regions and therefore may be most affected by climate change or climate change induced disturbance events. In contrast, the dead wood pool has a relatively small stock with low variability among climate regions. Explicit climate change effects are not incorporated into this matrix as they represent a number of complex feedbacks both between stocks (e.g., live aboveground biomass transitioning to the dead wood pool) and the atmosphere (e.g., forest floor decay). USDA Forest Service.
ID: 508
Risk Matrix Highlights Knowledge Gaps in Forest Carbon Stocks

Forest Service scientists propose a basic approach to assess global change risks to forest carbon stocks in the U.S., which builds on the curren ...

Principal Investigator : Christopher W. Woodall

Inventory and Monitoring2013NRS
Photo of
ID: 426
RxCADRE: Prescribed Fire Combustion-Atmospheric Dynamics Research Experiments

21st Century wildfires are increasing in frequency, intensity and complexity. These trends seem likely to continue in the face of climate change ...

Principal Investigator : Joseph O'Brien

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011SRS
Photo of A 2013 Rim Fire, as viewed from the west in mid-wave infrared light by the satellite-based Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS).  Brightness temperatures have been color coded according to the inset at lower left. W. Schroeder, University of Maryland
ID: 540
Satellite-based Earth Observations Aid Fire Fighting and Fire Forecasting

The Forest Service's Pacific Southwest Research Station, in association with multiple partners, has developed methods based on new sources of sa ...

Principal Investigator : Philip J. Riggan

Wildland Fire and Fuels2013PSW
Photo of Fire weather zones for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. William Gould, USDA Forest Service
ID: 456
Scientist Develops Fire Danger Rating System and Fire Weather Zones for Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands

New Fire Weather Zones and a Fire Danger Rating System Developed for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

Principal Investigator : William A. Gould

Wildland Fire and Fuels2013IITF
Photo of Altantic salmon smolt, ready to migrate to the ocean. Forest Service
ID: 32
Scientist Refines Models Relating River Flows to Fish Habitat and Population Dynamics

To generate robust preductions, models need to acknowledge the complex life histories of riverine and diadromous fishes

Principal Investigator : Keith Nislow

Wildlife and Fish
Water, Air, and Soil
2012NRS
Photo of
ID: 36
Scientists and Managers Work To Develop Climate-Smart Conservation Strategies

Project that addresses the needs of land managers in a changing climate has expanded to nine States and more than 133 million acres

Principal Investigator : Chris Swanston

Resource Management and Use2012NRS
Photo of Forest floor litter and duff measurements for eight forest types along elevation gradient in northeastern Puerto Rico. Asterisks indicate significant difference between litter and duff biomass within forest type. Grizelle Gonz�lez, USDA Forest Service
ID: 457
Scientists Characterize Woody Debris to Assess Fuel Loads in Northeastern Puerto Rico

Forest Service scientists characterized the amounts of woody debris (coarse woody debris, fine woody debris, duff, and litter) for eight differe ...

Principal Investigator : Grizelle Gonzalez

Inventory and Monitoring
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2013IITF
Photo of Occurrence records for Centropomus parallelus in streams and estuaries of Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands. Benjamin Crain, USDA Forest Service
ID: 455
Scientists Complete New Database for Modeling and Mapping Species Distributions

Forest Service scientists completed two large project reports: The U.S. Virgin Islands Terrestrial Gap Analysis Project delivered to the USGS Na ...

Principal Investigator : William A. Gould

Wildlife and Fish2013IITF
Photo of A Forest Service technician measures a snag in Alaska as part of the National Forest Inventory and Analysis Program. Jon Williams, USDA Forest Service
ID: 531
Scientists Develop the First Estimates of Aboveground Carbon Flux and Storage in Trees Within the National Forests of Alaska

While the Tongass National Forest had no detectable change in above-ground tree carbon, the Chugach National Forest had an average annual increa ...

Principal Investigator : Tara M. Barrett

Inventory and Monitoring2013PNW
Photo of Monthly climatology of Northeastern United States wildfires for the Appalacian Mountains (region 1, black) and the coastal plain (region 2, grey). Forest Service
ID: 31
Scientists Develop Wildfire Weather Climatology for the Northeastern United States

Knowing where and why large wildfires have occurred in the past can help weather forecasters and fire managers predict future events with greate ...

Principal Investigator : Joseph J. (Jay) Charney

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012NRS
Photo of A blue-spotted salamander, woodland pond species, in Wisconsin. Dale Higgins, USDA Forest Service
ID: 505
Scientists Discover Earlier Shift in Peak Salamander Numbers at Woodland Ponds

Forest Service scientists analyzed salamander monitoring data taken at breeding woodland ponds in the early 1990s to mid-2000s and found that th ...

Principal Investigator : Deahn Donner

Wildlife and Fish2013NRS
Photo of Yellow-cedar's shallow roots make it vulnerable to freezing injury in spring when snow is not present to provide insulation. Paul Hennon, Forest Service
ID: 75
Scientists Find Cause of Yellow-cedar Death in Alaska's Coastal Forests

Absence of snow to protect shallow roots results in roots freezing and extensive tree death

Principal Investigator : Paul Hennon

Resource Management and Use2012PNW
Photo of The brown rot fungus Fibroporia radiculosa is very tolerant to copper. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 24
Scientists Find the Achilles' Heel of Wood Fungi Tolerance to Preservatives

Inhibiting the enzymatic pathway in copper tolerant brown rot fungi can block its tolerance of commercial wood preservatives

Principal Investigator : Katie Jenkins, M

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of A map showing reported amphibian chytrid fungus in 52 of 82 countries sampled to date, and in 516 of 1,240 species. USDA Forest Service
ID: 538
Scientists Link Amphibian Fungus to Increasing Temperature Range

Scientists find the odds of fungus occurrence decreased with increasing temperature range at a site, linking disease emergence to climatic consi ...

Principal Investigator : Deanna ("Dede") H. Olson

Wildlife and Fish2013PNW
Photo of Forest Service researchers measure a tree in an old-growth stand in The Bowl Research Natural Area in New Hampshire. Coeli Hoover, USDA Forest Service
ID: 465
Scientists Measure Carbon Storage in New England Old-Growth Forests

Managing forests to store carbon is one way to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. Measuring carbon in old-growth forests helps managers understa ...

Principal Investigator : Coeli Hoover

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
2013NRS
Photo of Aerial view of the Aspen FACE experiment showing the control facilities (middle left), and the 12 atmospheric treatment rings of four treatments with three replicates.  In the ring at bottom center, the different model forest communities are visible. David F. Karnosky, Michigan Tech University.
ID: 463
Scientists Predict Survivability Factors for Northern Forests Given Elevated CO2 and Ozone Levels

The researchers scaled up a high-profile 11-year ecosystem experiment called Aspen-FACE to assess how elevated carbon dioxide and ozone levels m ...

Principal Investigator : Eric J. Gustafson

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2013NRS
Photo of
ID: 367
Sequencing the transcriptome of tanoak seedlings infected with Phytophthora ramorum

We have sequenced and assembled the transcriptome of Notholithocarpus densiflorus (tanoak) as well as the pathogen that causes Sudden Oak Death ...

Principal Investigator : Jessica W. Wright

Invasive Species2011PSW
Photo of
ID: 380
SINAMI

SINAMI' is a tool for the economic evaluation of forest fire management programs in Mediterranean ecosystems. It determines the most efficient p ...

Principal Investigator : Armando Gonzalez-Caban

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PSW
Photo of Forest Service rangers and passive samplers in Desolation Wilderness. Forest Service
ID: 97
Sources of Air Quality in the Lake Tahoe Basin Analyzed

Scientists determine elevated concentrations of ambient ozone in the Lake Tahoe Basin are caused mainly by local emissions

Principal Investigator : Andrzej Bytnerowicz

Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2012PSW
Photo of Bonded wood panel products made with soy adhesives. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 309
Soy-based Adhesives for Wood Products

Soy-based adhesives developed at FPL have been commercialized and allow wood manufacturers to replace adhesives based on fossil fuel with biomas ...

Principal Investigator : Charles R. Frihart

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Word cloud of North Kenwood-Oakland residents' responses to the question What three words come to mind when you hear climate change Field Museum
ID: 328
Street-Level Views of Climate Change

Forest Service researchers and partners interviewed residents of two Chicago neighborhoods about their awareness of climate change and their own ...

Principal Investigator : Lynne M. Westphal

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Invasive Species
Outdoor Recreation
2011NRS
Photo of
ID: 427
Study Forecasts Changes in Southern Forests Between 2010 and 2060

In May 2011, the Forest Service and the Southern Group of State Foresters unveiled the SFFP, a multi-year research effort that among other thing ...

Principal Investigator : David N. Wear

Resource Management and Use2011SRS
Photo of Screen shot from the Big Leaf Mahogany Growth and Yield Model found at  <a href=http://www.swietking.org target=_new>www.swietking.org</a>
ID: 312
Sustainable Management of Big-leaf Mahogany in the Brazilian Amazon

Big-leaf mahogany is by far the most valuable timber species in seasonally dry forests across the southern rim of the Amazon Basin, but much of ...

Principal Investigator : International Institute of Tropical Forestry

Resource Management and Use2011IITF
Photo of Fire brands can rapidly advance a fire perimeter and increase the challenge to fire suppression forces.
ID: 358
Synthesis of firebrand knowledge and research

Firebrands are an important fire spread mechanism in wildland and urban fires. While known since at least the Great London Fire of 1666, the fi ...

Principal Investigator : David R. Weise

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PSW
Photo of
ID: 428
TACCIMO Development Team Honored with Regional Forester's Honor Award

The Template for Assessing Climate change Impacts and Management Options (TACCIMO) development team, composed of researchers from the Southern R ...

Principal Investigator : Steve Mcnulty

Resource Management and Use2011SRS
Photo of Panels made of recycled fiber and based on FPL research are being commercialized. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 322
Technology Transfer in Action

FPL-developed panels made from forest residuals, recycled fiber, and agricultural by-products are being commercialized by two start-up companies ...

Principal Investigator : John F. Hunt

Resource Management and Use2011FPL
Photo of Climate Change in Grasslands, Shrublands, and Deserts of the Interior American West: A Review and Needs Assessment
ID: 107
The Effects of Climate Change in Grasslands, Shrublands, and Deserts

Studies show that by the turn of the century, climate in the Western United States may be incompatible with current vegetation types, resulting ...

Principal Investigator : Deborah M. Finch

Resource Management and Use
Invasive Species
Wildlife and Fish
2012RMRS
Photo of
ID: 424
The Forest Health Initiative

The Forest Health Initiative is a new government-university-industry partnership dedicated to developing workable solutions for improving forest ...

Principal Investigator : C. Dana Nelson

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2011SRS
Photo of Black ash trees girdled to emulate emerald ash borer attack. Brian Palik, USDA Forest Service
ID: 466
The Future of Ash Forests in Minnesota

Ash forests of the Great Lakes region are vulnerable to emerald ash borer (EAB) and climate change. Forest Service scientists are successfully e ...

Principal Investigator : Brian J. Palik

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2013NRS
Photo of Hemlock trees in the eastern U.S. have not yet been severely impacted by the hemlock woolly adelgid but the landscape may be at a tipping point. David Lee, USDA Forest Service
ID: 464
The Future of Hemlock Trees in the Eastern U.S. Remains Dicey

The arrival of the hemlock woolly adelgid, an invasive insect from Asia, threatens the stability and sustainability of hemlock in the eastern U. ...

Principal Investigator : R. Talbot Trotter, III

Invasive Species
Inventory and Monitoring
2013NRS
Photo of Simulations show where fires would have spread and reveal hidden consequences of suppression. Forest Service
ID: 400
The hidden consequences of fire suppression

Researchers are investigating the true costs of suppressing wildfires and finding results that will have broad national applicability. Their me ...

Principal Investigator : Carol L. Miller

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS
Photo of RNGR specialists provide necessary on-site support to nursery managers to improve production of native plants for reforestation and restoration. Forest Service
ID: 401
The Intersection of Science and Technology Transfer

Growers and users of the approximately one billion native plants produced each year in the United States now have the best information available ...

Principal Investigator : Kasten Dumroese

Resource Management and Use2011RMRS
Photo of
ID: 346
The responses of ecosystems to climate change is influenced by geology and soils

Land managers should be aware of the potential for very different ecological responses to climate change dependent upon soil nutrient status. Nu ...

Principal Investigator : Carl N. Skinner

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2011PSW
Photo of Millipedes used in the microcosms were all from the Order Stemmiulida, Family Stemmiulidae. Forest Service
ID: 19
The Role of Millipedes in Tropical Ecosystems

The direct and indirect effects on litter of varying lignin content

Principal Investigator : Grizelle Gonzalez

Water, Air, and Soil2012IITF
Photo of Eastern Threat Center scientists delivered training workshops for professionals from three African countries, highlighting models that quantify potential impact of land use practices on water quality and quantity. Erika Cohen, Forest Service
ID: 406
Tools to help international conservation agencies make sound decisions

Researchers with the Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center (EFETAC) applied models they developed with partners to measure water ...

Principal Investigator : Ge Sun

Water, Air, and Soil2011SRS
Photo of Forest Service researcher conducts an in-grade bending test on Southern pine. David Kretschmann, USDA Forest Service
ID: 440
Traditional Grading System Updated for Structural Lumber

The Forest Products Laboratory has traditionally provided unbiased information on the properties, characteristics, design, and use of structural ...

Principal Investigator : David E. Kretschmann

Resource Management and Use2013FPL
Photo of A Forest Service researcher measures the diameter of a seedling in the Douglas-fir Seed Source Movement Trial at the J. Herbert Stone Nursery in Central Point, Oregon. Connie Harrington, USDA Forest Service
ID: 533
Tree Adaptation to Future Climates Involves Multiple Aspects

Genetic variation in growth phenology is a potentially important resource for mitigating some of the effects of climate change. Variation in dia ...

Principal Investigator : Connie Harrington

Resource Management and Use2013PNW
Photo of The Rocky Mountain Research Station is a partner in helping to protect or restore relationships between residents of the Flathead Indian Reservation and the Mission Mountain landscape. Forest Service
ID: 389
Understanding climate change trends on tribal reservations

Station scientists are working with Native American tribes to understand how tribal members and resource managers perceive forecasted climate ch ...

Principal Investigator : Alan E. Watson

Resource Management and Use2011RMRS
Photo of Lab experiment showing flame wall apparatus, sensor placement and close-up of turbulent eddies intersecting the heat flux sensor and thermocouple arrays. Forest Service
ID: 392
Understanding the physical processes of fire spread

The latest research suggests a completely new approach to understanding and modeling the spread of forest fires - creating new opportunities for ...

Principal Investigator : Mark A. Finney

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS
Photo of
ID: 430
USDA Agroforestry Strategic Framework Provides Roadmap to Sustainable Agriculture

On June 6, 2011, the USDA Agroforestry Strategic Framework, Fiscal Year 2011-2016 was officially released by USDA Deputy Secretary Kathleen Merr ...

Principal Investigator : Andy Mason

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2011WO
Photo of Members of the Southern Idaho Biocontrol Program help with a study to determine if releasing large numbers of flea beetles is an effective way to control leafy spurge, an invasive weed. Robert Progar, Forest Service
ID: 344
Use of insects tested to control invasive riparian weed

Leafy spurge is an invasive weed that has appeared along streams throughout much of the country. Resource managers need way to control leafy spu ...

Principal Investigator : Robert Progar

Invasive Species2011PNW
Photo of Research is demonstrating the benefits of reviewing escaped fire reports and learning from them. Forest Service
ID: 404
Using Escaped Fire Reviews to Improve Organizational Learning

Through data collection and workshops, researchers are shedding light on who learns what from reviewing information on escaped fires.

Principal Investigator : Anne Black

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS
Photo of ForCaMF output showing non-soil carbon storage in all forests burned in Ravalli County, Montana, between 1999 and 2001.  The 100-year projected carbon storage following observed fire patterns and intensities (blue) is contrasted with storage associated with the same stands if no fire had occurred (green).  Error bars represent the standard deviation of 2000 simulations. Forest Service
ID: 382
Visualizing carbon storage of harvested and burned forests

New research at the Rocky Mountain Research Station has developed a process to visualize how harvested and burned stands contribute to overall c ...

Principal Investigator : Sean P. Healey

Resource Management and Use2011RMRS
Photo of Researchers are studying the freezing and melting of water in solid wood to learn about wood decay and faster corrosion processes. Tatiana Morozova, shutterstock.com
ID: 15
Water Freezing in Wood: How Low Can It Go

The freezing and melting of water in wood gives clues about how water bonds to wood during processes such as wood decay and fastener corrosion

Principal Investigator : Samuel L. Zelinka

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Defensible Space in Idaho. Sarah McCaffrey, Forest Service
ID: 331
What Motivates Homeowners To Mitigate Fire Risk

In working to foster fire-adapted communities, individuals and organization need to understand the dynamics of public support for fuels manageme ...

Principal Investigator : Sarah M. McCaffrey

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011NRS
Photo of
ID: 429
Which American Forest Tree Species are Most at Risk

Several threats will increase the risk that forest trees could experience population-level or species-level extinction under climate change scen ...

Principal Investigator : Southern Research Station

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2011SRS
Photo of
ID: 372
Wildfire Decision Making

Fire management training and tools can be improved through understanding potential biases impacting wildfire management decisions.Managing wildf ...

Principal Investigator : Patricia L. Winter

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PSW
Photo of Climate is the most important enviromental factor affecting long-term variability and change of wildfire. R.C. Wilkinson, Univerisity of Florida
ID: 149
Wildfire in the United States: Future Trends and Potential

Climate models project warming and increased droughts this century in the continental United States, so wildfire is likely to increase according ...

Principal Investigator : Yongqiang Liu

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012SRS
Photo of The Fairbanks House demonstrates design and construction details that have allowed this wood structure to stand for  three centuries. Jeffery Howe, Boston College
ID: 2
Wood Can Last for Centuries if Protected From Moisture

Report dispels myths about wood construction through proper information that educates and empowers the public

Principal Investigator : Carol A. Clausen

Resource Management and Use2012FPL
Photo of Woodland salamander. Garth Hodgson, USDA Forest Service
ID: 541
Woodland Salamanders are Indicators of Redwood Forest Recovery

Forest Service researchers have found that two common salamander species provide a way of measuring the recovery of previously harvested redwood ...

Principal Investigator : Hart Welsh

Wildlife and Fish2013PSW