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Research Highlights

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Highlight IDTitleResearch Topic(s)YearStation

ID: 196
A Canopy Trimming Experiment in Puerto Rico: the response of litter invertebrate communities to canopy loss and debris deposition in a tropical forest subject to hurricanes

Insects and other invertebrates in leaf litter are important components in decomposition, nutrient cycling, and food webs. As part of larger stu ...

Principal Investigator : Grizelle Gonzalez

Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2010IITF

ID: 402
A close comparison of the condition of watersheds on our National Forests

Given the continuing concern over nonpoint-source pollution, researchers sought to understand how the risk of water quality impairment from nonp ...

Principal Investigator : Thomas C. Brown

Water, Air, and Soil2011RMRS

ID: 324
A socioecological network for a tropical city

Traditional urban research involves tree inventories, census activities, water quality sampling, or socioeconomic studies, all conducted by sepa ...

Principal Investigator : Ariel Lugo

Water, Air, and Soil
Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
Inventory and Monitoring
2011IITF

ID: 96
Air-Pollution Thresholds Protect Ecosystems

Research benefits air-quality specialists, land managers, scientists, and policymakers

Principal Investigator : Mark E. Fenn

Water, Air, and Soil2012PSW

ID: 46
Assessing Climate Change Risk to Eastern Forests Using Climate Change Tree Atlas Data

New tool makes for better informed forest management decisions

Principal Investigator : Stephen Matthews

Water, Air, and Soil2012NRS

ID: 16
Assessing Litterfall Trap Bias

Are traps preferentially representing certain kinds of leaf litter

Principal Investigator : Grizelle Gonzalez

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2012IITF

ID: 50
Biomass Potential of Poplar Energy Crops in Minnesota and Wisconsin Assessed

Scientists develop methods to map sites for poplar tree energy crops to enhance productivity and ecosystem services

Principal Investigator : Ronald S. Zalesny, Jr.

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2012NRS

ID: 295
Buffer Guidelines

Buffer Guidelines: This field guidebook was promotes multifunctional landscape management through a concise yet comprehensive and easy-to-unders ...

Principal Investigator : Gary Bentrup

Water, Air, and Soil2010SRS

ID: 362
Characterizing high altitude surface ozone in the White Mountains of California

We present surface ozone data for high-elevation sites in the White Mountains. At 4342 and 3783 m, our measurements are higher in elevation than ...

Principal Investigator : Andrzej Bytnerowicz

Water, Air, and Soil2011PSW

ID: 314
Chloride Concentrations in Recovered Hydraulic Fracturing Fluid Increase With Depth of Tank

The hydraulic fracturing fluid used in natural gas extraction in the northeastern Appalachians raises concerns about safe disposal. Forest Servi ...

Principal Investigator : Pamela Edwards

Water, Air, and Soil2011NRS

ID: 236
Climate Change Effects on Stream Temperature

A new temperature model developed via collaboration between researchers at the Rocky Mountain Research Station's Aquatic Sciences Laboratory in ...

Principal Investigator : Frank H. McCormick

Water, Air, and Soil2010RMRS

ID: 207
Climate Change Effects on Streamflow

In the northeastern United States, it is unclear how climate change may affect the surface water supply, which is critically important in this d ...

Principal Investigator : John Campbell

Water, Air, and Soil2010NRS

ID: 296
Climate Change Impacts on Ecosystem Services: water, carbon, and biodiversity

SRS is enhancing one of its models that examines the potential impacts of climate change, land use, and population changes on water supplies. Th ...

Principal Investigator : Ge Sun

Water, Air, and Soil2010SRS

ID: 205
Climate Change Resource Center Website Now Includes Science Information from Northern and Southern Research Stations

The Climate Change Resource Center (CCRC) website, which has provided practical, science-based information on managing ecosystems under climate ...

Principal Investigator : Chris Swanston

Water, Air, and Soil2010NRS

ID: 206
Climate Change Response Framework Project in Northern Wisconsin Models Strategies for Preparing for Global Climate Change Effects

The Northern Research Station' Northern Institute of Applied Carbon Science and its cooperators---the Eastern Region, the Chequamegon-Nicolet Na ...

Principal Investigator : Chris Swanston

Water, Air, and Soil2010NRS

ID: 91
Dam Removal Produces Largest Release of Sediment in History

Four years of research on the Sandy River after the removal of the Marmot Dam provides guidance for future dam removals

Principal Investigator : Gordon Grant

Water, Air, and Soil2012PNW

ID: 181
Dams slow decomposition of leaf detritus by eliminating shrimp.

Forest Service sponsored research with the University of Georgia found that the absence of shrimp causes drastic changes to stream ecosystems.

Principal Investigator :

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2010IITF

ID: 242
Deep groundwater mediates streamflow response to climate warming and will provide a major source of summer streamflow for the western U.S. in the future

Prior efforts to model streamflow trends, and hence the availability of water, under future climate scenarios in the Western United States focus ...

Principal Investigator : Gordon Grant

Water, Air, and Soil2010PNW

ID: 326
Determining What Levels of Air Pollution Harm U.S. Ecosystems

An international team led by a Forest Service scientist has determined the level of nitrogen (N) deposited from air pollution that harms ecosyst ...

Principal Investigator : Linda Pardo

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2011NRS

ID: 234
Development of Critical Loads and Critical Load Exceedance Maps for Protecting California Ecosystems from Atmospheric Nitrogen Deposition

More than 50,000 km2 of the land area in California receive atmospheric deposition inputs of at least 10 kg N/ha/yr. Many ecosystems are negativ ...

Principal Investigator : Mark E. Fenn

Water, Air, and Soil2010PSW

ID: 355
Do forests reduce flood risk

Two lines of research converged at the North Fork Caspar Creek Experimental Watershed in northwest California to address two long-standing quest ...

Principal Investigator : Leslie M. Reid

Water, Air, and Soil2011PSW

ID: 41
Effects of Disturbance, Climate, and Management on U.S. Forest Carbon

Forest response to fire, insects, harvesting, etc., is responsible for nearly one-half of the U.S. forest carbon sink, offsetting about 12 perce ...

Principal Investigator : Yude Pan

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2012NRS

ID: 112
Effects of Rising Temperature on Carbon Cycling and Storage in Ecosystems

Scientists find that as ecosystems warm, they store more carbon, not less

Principal Investigator : Christian P. Giardina

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2012PSW

ID: 52
Effects of Timber Harvesting and Biomass Removal on Forest Health Studied

A 10-year study shows that forest sites are able to experience high levels of soil compaction and biomass removal with little negative effects o ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel C. Dey

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2012NRS

ID: 349
Environmental and Economic Benefits of Short-Rotation Poplar Energy Crops

Woody production systems and conversion technologies help maintain healthy forests and ecosystems, create high-paying manufacturing jobs, and me ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald S. Zalesny, Jr.

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2011NRS

ID: 381
Evaluating the Effects of Climate Change on Streamflow

Scientists have developed a database of flow metrics for streams in the western U.S. under historical conditions and climate change scenarios.

Principal Investigator : Charles H. Luce

Water, Air, and Soil2011RMRS

ID: 320
Fireflux Experiments Improve Safety of Prescribed Burns in the New Jersey Pine Barrens

Predicting the effects of smoke from low-intensity prescribed fires on local air-quality is being made easier by new tools developed by Forest S ...

Principal Investigator : Ken Clark

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Water, Air, and Soil
2011NRS

ID: 131
Forest Community Dynamics After Widespread Die-Off From an Invasive Insect

Understanding how microclimate and forest community respond to eastern hemlock die-off

Principal Investigator : Chelcy F. Miniat

Water, Air, and Soil
Invasive Species
2012SRS

ID: 405
Giving forest-fringe communities a stake in restoring and conserving rainforests in Africa

Restoring, conserving and protecting forests depends on the action of local communities. Community members can be given incentives to conserve f ...

Principal Investigator : John A. Stanturf

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2011SRS

ID: 321
Global Forests Sequester One-third of Annual Fossil Fuel Emissions, Much More Than Previously Thought

Forested land plays a much larger role in removing carbon from the atmosphere than was previously thought, according to Forest Service scientist ...

Principal Investigator : Yude Pan

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2011NRS

ID: 55
Guidelines for Forest Biomass Utilization

Online resource offers environmentally and economically sound biomass utilization in the Appalachian Mountains

Principal Investigator : Mary Beth Adams

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2012NRS

ID: 347
Hubbard Brook Environmental Literacy Program

One of the Northern Research Station's primary partnerships supporting environmental literacy is with the Hubbard Brook Research Foundation, whi ...

Principal Investigator : Barbara McGuinness

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2011NRS

ID: 351
Hurricanes Disturb Non-tree Subtropical Wet Forest Species Composition

Hurricane disturbance caused pronounced and persistent changes in the non-tree species composition of a subtropical wet forest. A unique long-te ...

Principal Investigator : Alejandro A. Royo

Water, Air, and Soil2011NRS

ID: 66
Impact of Invasive Insects and Fire on Forest Water Resources

Minor disturbances in forests that do not significantly alter biomass can reduce water use and increase ground water recharge to aquifers

Principal Investigator : Ken Clark

Invasive Species
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2012NRS

ID: 87
Industrial Air Pollution May Have Ecological Consequences

Elevated concentrations of ammonia can negatively impact lichen communities and elevated levels of nitrogen and sulfur deposition can potentiall ...

Principal Investigator : Andrzej Bytnerowicz

Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2012PSW

ID: 325
Integrating Research, Education, and Traditional Knowledge in Ecology

Integrating research and education is a fundamental goal of research institutions and agencies but specific approaches not widely published in e ...

Principal Investigator : William A. Gould

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2011IITF

ID: 235
Large-Scale High-Resolution Forest Carbon Mapping Approach is Cost-Effective

Large-scale biomass mapping is essential to support the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) program to Reduce Emissio ...

Principal Investigator : Flint Hughes

Water, Air, and Soil2010PSW

ID: 339
Learning more about the role of salmon-derived nutrients in Southeast Alaska watersheds

This research tested a common assumption and found that, contrary to conventional wisdom, younger soil closest to the stream had lower concentra ...

Principal Investigator : David V. D'Amore

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2011PNW

ID: 244
Management of Western Water Resources in a Changing Climate

Hydrologists and water and resource managers from National Forests and eight governmental and non-governmental organizations planned and partici ...

Principal Investigator : Cindy S. S. Swanson

Water, Air, and Soil2010RMRS

ID: 310
Managing Tropical Montane Cloud Forests

Over the course of a decade, USFS researchers have collaborated with international researchers to complete research needed to better manage and ...

Principal Investigator :

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2011IITF

ID: 243
New methods quantify fluxes of carbon from terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in southeast Alaska

Scientists in southeast Alaska have established methods for quantifying fluxes of carbon from terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems across a gradie ...

Principal Investigator : Richard T. Edwards

Water, Air, and Soil2010PNW

ID: 391
New protocols help understand changing soils

Forest Service scientists have met the challenge of developing meaningful soil quality standards that can evaluate the full range of variability ...

Principal Investigator : Deborah S. Page-Dumroese

Water, Air, and Soil2011RMRS

ID: 39
New Research Suggests Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 Have Reduced the Exposure of Tree Roots and Surface Water to Harmful Aluminum

Wood decay fungi add humus to the forest floor with a high proportion of essential calcium and low amounts of potentially toxic aluminum, which ...

Principal Investigator : Kevin T. Smith

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2012NRS

ID: 245
New Toolkit Automates the Interpretation of Digital Channel Maps

Rocky Mountain Research Station scientists are developing a computer application called the River Bathymetry Toolkit (RBT) that automatically ex ...

Principal Investigator : Frank H. McCormick

Water, Air, and Soil2010RMRS

ID: 70
New Way To Model Forest Stand Dynamics

Scientists test assumptions on natural selection to maximize fitness

Principal Investigator : Harry Valentine

Water, Air, and Soil2012NRS

ID: 136
North American Forest Soils are Remarkably Resistant

Ten years of data on 45 locations in the United States and Canada illustrate exactly how much disturbance forest soils can undergo and still rem ...

Principal Investigator : D. Andrew Scott

Water, Air, and Soil2012SRS

ID: 125
Ozone Air Pollution Threatens Remote National Forest Mountain Areas



Principal Investigator : Robert (Bob) C. Musselman

Water, Air, and Soil2012RMRS

ID: 124
Ozone Air Pollution Threatens Remote National Forest Mountain Areas

Scientists are using a portable battery-powered monitor to evaluate O3 at several high-elevation, remote locations in the Rocky Mountain West

Principal Investigator : Robert (Bob) C. Musselman

Water, Air, and Soil2012RMRS

ID: 57
Prairie Strips Lead to Better Environmental Health and Greater Socioeconomic Vitality

Forest Service scientists help Midwestern farming communities understand how to transform strategic portions of the agricultural landscape into ...

Principal Investigator : Randy Kolka

Water, Air, and Soil2012NRS

ID: 332
Project SMART: Educating and Motivating Talented High School Students in Math and Science

Forest Service funding from the Northern Research Station's Civil Rights Diversity Committee's Special Project Funds and Conservation Education' ...

Principal Investigator : Rakesh Minocha

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2011NRS

ID: 123
Quantifying Phosphorus Delivery Pathways in Forest Watersheds

Predictive model clearly shows the importance of lateral flow in delivering phosphorus from steep forested hillslopes to forest streams

Principal Investigator : William J. Elliot

Water, Air, and Soil2012RMRS

ID: 61
Repeated Prescribed Fires Help Sustain Oak Regeneration in Eastern Forests

Research findings can help managers in their quest to sustain this forest type throughout Eastern North America

Principal Investigator : Todd Hutchinson

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2012NRS

ID: 53
Report Details Trends and Current Conditions for Northern Forests

Overarching issues include the interaction of forests and people, managing invasive species, sustaining biodiversity, and sustaining capacity fo ...

Principal Investigator : Stephen R. Shifley

Inventory and Monitoring
Outdoor Recreation
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Wildlife and Fish
2012NRS

ID: 56
Scholars Program Welcomes Youth into the World of Nature

Alleviating nature deficit disorder in the youth of Wisconsin's Northwoods

Principal Investigator : Ronald S. Zalesny, Jr.

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Outdoor Recreation
2012NRS

ID: 146
School Children Explore the World of Forest Science



Principal Investigator : Kier D. Klepzig

Invasive Species
Inventory and Monitoring
Outdoor Recreation
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Wildlife and Fish
2012SRS

ID: 119
Science Synthesis for Forest Plan Revision



Principal Investigator : Carl N. Skinner

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2012PSW

ID: 32
Scientist Refines Models Relating River Flows to Fish Habitat and Population Dynamics

To generate robust preductions, models need to acknowledge the complex life histories of riverine and diadromous fishes

Principal Investigator : Keith Nislow

Wildlife and Fish
Water, Air, and Soil
2012NRS

ID: 30
Seasonality and Forest Succession in Tropical Watersheds Affects Stream Export

Continuous export of organic matter from mountain streams depends on forested headwaters contributing leaf litter of varied quantity and quality ...

Principal Investigator : Tamara Heartsill Scalley

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2012IITF

ID: 224
Soils in Douglas-fir plantations in the Oregon Coast Range have high rates of methane uptake

PNW scientists conducted the first study to report methane uptake rates by forest soil in the Pacific Northwest. Methane uptake was measured fiv ...

Principal Investigator : Heather Erickson

Water, Air, and Soil2010PNW

ID: 97
Sources of Air Quality in the Lake Tahoe Basin Analyzed

Scientists determine elevated concentrations of ambient ozone in the Lake Tahoe Basin are caused mainly by local emissions

Principal Investigator : Andrzej Bytnerowicz

Water, Air, and Soil
Inventory and Monitoring
2012PSW

ID: 343
Strategically linking headwater habitats across ridgelines benefits amphibians and management

Federal biologists, land managers, and watershed stewardship councils are interested in this new design that maintains amphibian habitat and whi ...

Principal Investigator : Deanna ("Dede") H. Olson

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2011PNW

ID: 19
The Role of Millipedes in Tropical Ecosystems

The direct and indirect effects on litter of varying lignin content

Principal Investigator : Grizelle Gonzalez

Water, Air, and Soil2012IITF

ID: 370
The Tree BVOC Index

A simplified method for tracking reduced emissions of Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds (BVOCs) from urban trees for use in air quality compli ...

Principal Investigator : Jim Simpson

Water, Air, and Soil2011PSW

ID: 406
Tools to help international conservation agencies make sound decisions

Researchers with the Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center (EFETAC) applied models they developed with partners to measure water ...

Principal Investigator : Ge Sun

Water, Air, and Soil2011SRS

ID: 430
USDA Agroforestry Strategic Framework Provides Roadmap to Sustainable Agriculture

On June 6, 2011, the USDA Agroforestry Strategic Framework, Fiscal Year 2011-2016 was officially released by USDA Deputy Secretary Kathleen Merr ...

Principal Investigator : Andy Mason

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
2011WO

ID: 176
Water, Air, and Soil

Forest fungi perform an essential role in recycling woody plant debris and have many potential applications in biotechnology. In 2009, a Forest ...

Principal Investigator : Kenneth E. Hammel

Water, Air, and Soil2010FPL

ID: 429
Which American Forest Tree Species are Most at Risk

Several threats will increase the risk that forest trees could experience population-level or species-level extinction under climate change scen ...

Principal Investigator :

Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
2011SRS