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Highlight IDTitleStrategic Program Area(s)YearStation
Photo of Burn probability map for the conterminous United States generated for risk assessment and other applications. Forest Service
ID: 396
A practical approach to using fire simulations for operational planning and ecological research

Station scientists have developed a simulation system designed to estimate the probabilistic components of wildfire risk for Fire Planning Units ...

Principal Investigator : Mark A. Finney

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS
Photo of The Comparative Risk Assessment Framework and Tools (CRAFT) is a user-friendly, Web-based support system that helps natural resource managers address uncertainties inherent in land management decisions. Forest Service
ID: 416
advancing the Comparative Risk Assessment Framework and Tools (CRAFT)

The Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center and the University of North Carolina Asheville's National Environmental Modeling and A ...

Principal Investigator : Steve Norman

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Invasive Species
Wildlife and Fish
Resource Management and Use
2011SRS
Photo of Fire spread and smoke transport through forest vegetation, as shown in this photograph of a prescribed burn in the New Jersey Pine Barrens, can be influenced by atmospheric turbulence (wind gusts). Forest Service
ID: 213
Advancing Understanding of Atmospheric Interactions with Wildfires

Through partnerships with San Jose State University, Michigan State University, and the Silas Little Experimental Forest, modeling and experimen ...

Principal Investigator : Warren E. Heilman

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010NRS
Photo of Economic costs of fighting the largest fires are increasing. Georgia Forestry Commission
ID: 732
Analyzing How to Increase Fireline Production Efficiency

Operational data on fireline production rates are generally lower than the rates identified by expert panel estimates. This study found the lowe ...

Principal Investigator : Thomas P. Holmes

Wildland Fire and Fuels2014SRS
Photo of In Fiscal Year 2011, an initial series of 10 briefing papers were produced for the four Fire Science Knowledge Exchange Consortia in the Rocky Mountain Research Station territory. Forest Service
ID: 397
Applying and delivering National Fire Plan research

Finding innovative ways to help natural resource managers learn and apply new technology.

Principal Investigator : Hobart T. Mowrer

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS
Photo of Key components of risk assessment are exposure analysis and effects analysis.  This framework, employed by researchers, systematically portrays how fire likelihood and intensity influence risk to social, economic and ecological resources. Forest Service
ID: 383
Assessing wildfire risk to communities and natural and cultural resources

Station scientists affiliated with the National Fire Decision Support Center are working closely with the Agency's Western and Eastern Threat Ce ...

Principal Investigator : Dave E. Calkin

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS
Photo of Across much of the U.S., wildfires are likely to become larger, more intense, and increasingly difficult to contain with climate change. Andrew J. Boone, South Carolina Forestry Commission
ID: 721
Assessment of the Interaction of Climate Change, Fire, and Forests in the U.S. Published

Fire has been one of the most frequent and severe disturbances to ecosystems globally and, as such, one of the major regulators of forest compos ...

Principal Investigator : Chelcy F. Miniat

Wildland Fire and Fuels2014SRS
Photo of Scenic views from San Jacinto Wilderness, San Bernardino National Forest. José J. Sánchez, USDA Forest Service
ID: 687
Benefits and Losses of Wildfires on the San Jacinto Wilderness

Forest Service scientists discovered that recently burned landscapes are attractive to forest recreationalists. This information can help fire m ...

Principal Investigator : Jose J. Sanchez

Outdoor Recreation
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2014PSW
Photo of Local leaders help ensure that the CWPP makes a difference on the ground.  Pamela Jakes, Forest Service
ID: 48
Best Management Practices for Community Wildfire Protection Plans

Bringing local solutions to wildland fire management

Principal Investigator : Pamela J. Jakes

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012NRS
Photo of A new book provides land managers and policy makers with key information about the potential impacts of climate change on southern forest ecosystems. Sarah Farmer, USDA Forest Service
ID: 734
Book Published to Help Managers of Southern Forests Cope with the Effects of Climate Change

Resource managers and policy makers require new insights into the implications of a rapidly changing climate on forest ecosystems and their valu ...

Principal Investigator : James Vose

Invasive Species
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Outdoor Recreation
Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
Water, Air, and Soil
2014SRS
Photo of Dry forest restoration in Hawai'i. Forest Service
ID: 103
Breaking the Grass-Fire Cycle in Dryland Ecosystems in Hawai'i

Scientists develop practical tools to manage and restore tropical dry forest landscapes on military lands in the Pacific

Principal Investigator : Susan Cordell

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
Invasive Species
2012PSW
Photo of
ID: 258
Broadening information available to managers of wildland fires

Researchers in Boise, Idaho, worked with colleagues on both sides of the country to develop a tool that gives wildland fire managers detailed ai ...

Principal Investigator : Jan M. Engert

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010RMRS
Photo of Crews spread foam on a fire to defend a home in Secesh Meadows, Idaho. Forest Service
ID: 384
Can fuel treatments mitigate wildfire effects

Did a real-time test of fuel treatments help mitigate the effects of a large wildfire

Principal Investigator : Andrew T. Hudak

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS
Photo of A prescribed fire conducted in the Pine Barrens of New Jersey.  NRS-06 researchers are measuring the recovery of carbon and water cycling following fire and insect defoliation in forests in the Pine Barrens. Forest Service
ID: 212
Carbon and Water Cycle Recovery Patterns After Disturbance in Forest Ecosystems

The recovery of carbon and hydrologic cycling following two major disturbances in pine and oak-dominated stands in the New Jersey Pine Barrens-- ...

Principal Investigator : Ken Clark

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010NRS
Photo of Forest Service researcher prepares a video camera prior to ignition of one of the large grass-shrub burn plots at Eglin Air Force Base. USDA Forest Service
ID: 556
Central Data Set Informs Next Generation of Fire and Smoke Models

RxCADRE, the Prescribed Fire and Combustion and Atmospheric Dynamics Research Experiment, is a collection of resources and fire and fuels data o ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel M. Jimenez

Wildland Fire and Fuels2013RMRS
Photo of Mean Keetch-Byram Drought Indices for May (left) and June (right), where (a) and (b) reflect recent historical values and (c) and (d) show future values. (e) and (f) display the difference maps for both months, where recent historical values are subtracted from future values. USDA Forest Service
ID: 709
Climate Change and Associated Fire Potential for the Southeastern United States in the 21st century

This study examines how fire potential may change in the Southeast during the 21st century. While previous studies have focused on changes in ju ...

Principal Investigator : Scott Goodrick

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Water, Air, and Soil
2014SRS
Photo of View of vegetative recovery five years after fire on a Colorado Plateau site includes scattered mountain big sagebrush plants that grew from seeds that survived the fire. These young plants are just large enough to begin producing seeds. Plant density on this site is sufficient to support a prediction of full sagebrush recovery in 25-35 years after the fire. Stanley G Kitchen, USDA Forest Service
ID: 704
Climate Regulates Mountain big Sagebrush Recovery After Fire

Wildland fire plays a key role in shaping natural communities on semi-arid landscapes around the world. The composition and structure of plant c ...

Principal Investigator : Stanley G. Kitchen

Wildland Fire and Fuels2014RMRS
Photo of
ID: 408
Consortium of Appalachian Fire Managers and Scientists (CAFMS)

The Center for Forest Disturbance Science, SRS-4156 and The Nature Conservancy are among 8 groups from across the country to receive funding fro ...

Principal Investigator : Tom Waldrop

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011SRS
Photo of A prescribed fire burning in the New Jersey Pinelands.  Recovery following prescribed fires is rapid, and over a ten-year period burned stands sequestered twice the amount of carbon compared to stands defoliated by invasive insects. Michael Gallagher, USDA Forest Service
ID: 647
Contrasting Effects of Invasive Insects and Fire on Forest Carbon Dynamics

Forest Service scientists quantified rates of carbon sequestration and water use by forests before and after invasive insect defoliation and pre ...

Principal Investigator : Ken Clark

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2014NRS
Photo of Face of DVD titled The Wildlife and Wilderness Exploration Show. Forest Service
ID: 329
Culturally Appropriate Conservation Education for the Hmong American Community

Forest Service researchers produced a conservation education DVD in partnership with the Hmong community titled The Wildlife and Wilderness Expl ...

Principal Investigator : David N. Bengston

Outdoor Recreation
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2011NRS
Photo of Wildland firefighting helicopter.  Cibola National Forest
ID: 214
Decision Modeling Framework Improves Process for Awarding Firefighting Helicopter Contracts

Aviation managers desired ways to add more rigor, reliability and transparency to the process. NRS researcher Stephanie Snyder was part of a tea ...

Principal Investigator : Stephanie Snyder

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010NRS
Photo of Smoke from the King Fire on the El Dorado National Forest. NASA
ID: 677
Delivery of Smoke Science to Incident Operations

Forest Service scientists, working with the Washington Office Fire and Aviation Management to support the Wildland Fire Air Quality Response Pro ...

Principal Investigator : Sim Larkin

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Water, Air, and Soil
2014PNW
Photo of
ID: 255
Designing fuel treatments for the wildland-urban interface

Findings from research in an area of vacation homes near Idaho's Warm Lake are helping resource managers design fuel treatments for the wildland ...

Principal Investigator : Tom Crow

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010RMRS
Photo of Forested ecosystem in the White Mountains of New Hampshire. Ken Dudzik, Forest Service
ID: 326
Determining What Levels of Air Pollution Harm U.S. Ecosystems

An international team led by a Forest Service scientist has determined the level of nitrogen (N) deposited from air pollution that harms ecosyst ...

Principal Investigator : Linda Pardo

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2011NRS
Photo of A fire growth model for homeowner-sized plats is being developed with state-of-the-art testing of realistic objects. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
ID: 289
Developing a fire model for homeowner-sized plats - Protecting lives and properties through proper selection of building and landscape materials

This research is directed to development of fire growth model for the homeowner sized plat that would guide the user on better and aesthetic sel ...

Principal Investigator : Mark A. Dietenberger

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011FPL
Photo of
ID: 373
Development of Interactive Web Based Maps for Predicting Expected Numbers of Large Fires on US federal Lands

A new tool for fire managers, allows anticipation of significant fire events and suppression costs

Principal Investigator : Haiganoush K. Preisler

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PSW
Photo of
ID: 257
Evolution of accident investigations

Change blindness,' in which people do not notice changes in a situation, is among the human phenomena uncovered after an on-the-job accident kil ...

Principal Investigator : Jan M. Engert

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010RMRS
Photo of Wildland fire can have destructive ecological and social effects.  Georgia Forestry Commission
ID: 730
Examining Trade-offs in Wildland Fire Management Decisions

Reducing or mitigating the negative effects of wildland fire is a major priority in communities all across the United States and must be address ...

Principal Investigator : Danny C. Lee

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2014SRS
Photo of Researchers prepare to launch a balloon into a smoke plume to measure emissions during an operational scale fires at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida. Roger Ottmar, USDA Forest Service
ID: 515
Fire Combustion Experiment Produces Big Data Set to Validate a New Generation of Fire Models

Three operational scale fires (about 494-988 acres) and six fine scale (about 328-656 foot blocks) replicate units at Eglin Air Force Base, Flor ...

Principal Investigator : Roger D. Ottmar

Wildland Fire and Fuels2013PNW
Photo of Fire damaged logs from the Fernow Experimental Forest in West Virginia were transported to the mill for processing and analysis of potential losses in volume and quality. Jan Wiedenbeck, USDA Forest Service.
ID: 619
Fire in my hardwood forest... is my investment in my family's future lost

Does the idea "What doesn't kill you makes you stronger" apply when a low- to medium-intensity wildfire or prescribed fire has run through a har ...

Principal Investigator : Jan Wiedenbeck

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2014NRS
Photo of
ID: 261
Fire in the South 2

The publication, Fire in the South 2, explains the objectives of the Southern Wildfire Risk Assessment, presents the key findings, and demonstra ...

Principal Investigator : Southern Research Station

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010SRS
Photo of A screen shot of FireBuster 1-km run results showing surface wind speed (in color) and wind vector forecast for the area around Berardo Fire on Aug. 13, 2014 (lower-left of the map), about 5 miles south of Escondido, CA. The map shows 38th hour forecasted weather validated at 7 p.m. Pacific Standard Time, August 14, 2014. Signature Santa Ana wind was from the east and modified by the terrain. The forecasted weather and wind were validated well against those corresponding Remote Automatic Weather Stations of San Pasqual (near center of the map) and Goose Valley (right), respectively, at this particular hour, as well as during the entire 72-hour forecast. John Benoit, USDA Forest Service
ID: 681
FireBusting Weather Forecasts

FireBuster is a new web tool to produce timely, detailed 72-hour high-resolution forecasts of fire weather in mountainous areas over Southern Ca ...

Principal Investigator : Shyh-Chin Chen

Wildland Fire and Fuels2014PSW
Photo of Instrumented towers set up within and in the vicinity of prescribed fires in the New Jersey Pine Barrens provide critical meteorological and air quality data for validating smoke prediction tools.  Nicholas Skowronski, Forest Service
ID: 320
Fireflux Experiments Improve Safety of Prescribed Burns in the New Jersey Pine Barrens

Predicting the effects of smoke from low-intensity prescribed fires on local air-quality is being made easier by new tools developed by Forest S ...

Principal Investigator : Ken Clark

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Water, Air, and Soil
2011NRS
Photo of Windcliff Colorado residents work together as a Firewise community. Jim Absher, Forest Service
ID: 371
Firewise Actions Depend on Trust

Trust is an important component in working with communities and individuals on fire risk mitigation, but it is an abstract concept that needs to ...

Principal Investigator : Jim Absher

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PSW
Photo of
ID: 237
Focusing only on small trees is not an economical or effective way to reduce fire hazard

PNW scientists created an analysis framework called FIA BioSum that uses the nationwide Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) database and allows ...

Principal Investigator : Jeremy S. Fried

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010PNW
Photo of Landscape photograph of the Missouri Ozark forests. Dan Dey, USDA Forest Service
ID: 609
Forest Management Guidelines Help Improve and Sustain Missouri's Forest Resources

Missouri landowners and resource managers need state-of-the-art, science-based knowledge of forest management planning, silviculture, and best m ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel C. Dey

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Outdoor Recreation
Invasive Species
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2014NRS
Photo of
ID: 223
Forest managers receive requested side-by-side comparison of fuel treatments

Forest managers throughout the United Stated have asked for side-by-side comparisons of treatments to better understand the ecological and econo ...

Principal Investigator : Andy Youngblood

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010PNW
Photo of This map highlights where threats such as wildfire, insects, and disease exist, overlap, and intersect with urban and exurban development. USDA Forest Service
ID: 535
Forest Mapping Study Helps Identify Regions with Multiple Threat Potential, Including Wildfires

Policymakers and land managers can use the maps to identify locations where particular threats may be more concentrated relative to others and t ...

Principal Investigator : Jeff Kline

Wildland Fire and Fuels2013PNW
Photo of Firefighters exit area where safety zone sensors were deployed on fire in Nevada in 2014. Dan Jimenez, USDA Forest Service.
ID: 700
Forest Service Researchers Focus on Firefighter Safety

Wildland firefighters continue to be injured or killed in fire entrapments. Past entrapment data indicates that policy changes, work practices, ...

Principal Investigator : Bret W. Butler

Wildland Fire and Fuels2014RMRS
Photo of ForWarn forest change image: blue indicates normal forest conditions compared to the previous year and green to red indicates moderate to extreme vegetative change. Forest Service
ID: 132
ForWarn Monitors Forests Coast-to-Coast

Web-based tool provides a weekly snapshot of U.S. forest conditions to aid forest managers

Principal Investigator : William Hargrove

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2012SRS
Photo of New technologies enable researchers to identify genetic differences within a species, for example, identifying populations from different regions. This diagram of the fisher mitochondrial genome shows the location of genes (blue, red, purple), and variable nucleotide positions (tick marks, inner circle). Richard Cronn, Forest Service
ID: 335
Genetic studies reveal population structure of fisher predate management

This research is being used to aid management decisions about whether these populations warrant protection under the Endangered Species Act. Sci ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Cronn

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PNW
Photo of
ID: 259
Global Wildfire Potential

SRS scientists are measuring fire potential using the Keetch-Byram Drought Index. The Index is calculated for present climate conditions through ...

Principal Investigator : Yongqiang Liu

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010SRS
Photo of A number of factors interact to affect sound decision making in wildland fire management which influence broad program goals and ultimate outcomes. Forest Service
ID: 388
Good decisions for good fire management

The Station's Wildland Fire Management Research, Development and Application program is developing the Wildland Fire Decision Support System (WF ...

Principal Investigator : Tom Zimmerman

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS
Photo of
ID: 359
Hawaii Vegetation Fire Risk Web Tool

Fires in Hawai'i are fueled mainly by invasive, perennial grasses, since they maintain aboveground live and senescent biomass throughout the yea ...

Principal Investigator : Susan Cordell

Invasive Species
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2011PSW
Photo of Light detection and ranging (LIDAR) data showing the cover of understory vegetation a 1 to 2 meter height before and after prescribed fire in the Pine Barrens of New Jersey. <b>Green</b> indicates < 10 % cover, and <b>red</b> indicates > 40% cover.  The area covered by the figures is 9 km<sup>2</sup>.   Forest Service
ID: 211
Hazardous Fuel Assessments Using LIDAR and Field Measurements

Lasers, in what is termed Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) systems, are being used by NRS researchers Nicholas Skowronski and Kenneth Clark t ...

Principal Investigator : Nicholas Skowronski

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010NRS
Photo of
ID: 360
High Resolution Weather for Fire Risk Assessment

High speed computing has opened the door to quantifying fire risk through numerous fire simulations under different weather/vegetation/ignition ...

Principal Investigator : Francis M. Fujioka

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PSW
Photo of The six sites selected for this study include: 1) Lubrecht Forest, Montana; 2) Tenderfoot Forest, Montana; 3) Ninemile, Montana; 4) Bighole Valley, Montana; 5) Silver Mountain, Utah; and 6) Colville Forest, Washington., RMRS19b.jpg: The sample grid installed in the center of each study area with the four areas that received additional sampling to intensify the grid.  A set of nested plots were installed at each of the sample points shown. Forest Service
ID: 399
How to measure, describe and map wildland fuels

Results from a new study have profound implications for fire management and may render many conventional fuel products and analyses inappropriat ...

Principal Investigator : Robert E. Keane II

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS
Photo of
ID: 376
How well will mastication reduce fire hazard

Mechanical mastication of standing shrubs and small trees is widely used as a method to reduce fire hazard. The resulting fuelbeds are poorly r ...

Principal Investigator : Eric E. Knapp

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PSW
Photo of A prescribed fire burning in the New Jersey Pinelands. Michael Gallagher, Forest Service
ID: 66
Impact of Invasive Insects and Fire on Forest Water Resources

Minor disturbances in forests that do not significantly alter biomass can reduce water use and increase ground water recharge to aquifers

Principal Investigator : Ken Clark

Invasive Species
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2012NRS
Photo of Biomass receiving gate for a Burlington Electric power station. Dennis Becker, University of Minnesota
ID: 327
Impediments to Woody Biomass Utilization on Federal Lands

Efforts to increase woody biomass utilization have met with limited succes

Principal Investigator : Sarah M. McCaffrey

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011NRS
Photo of Plume of the Big Salmon Lake Fire on August 17, 2011: one of 25 fires studied in the Smoke Emission and Dispersion field project. Forest Service
ID: 111
Improved Air-Quality Models Help Land Managers and Regulators

New research helps reduce the effects of wildfire emissions on human health, economic activity, and scenic integrity

Principal Investigator : Shawn P. Urbanski

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012RMRS
Photo of Shultz Fire Information Provision. Sarah McCaffrey, USDA Forest Service
ID: 502
Improving Knowledge of Public Information Needs During a Wildfire

Although fire managers actively work to provide information to the public during wildfires, little research has been conducted to understand whe ...

Principal Investigator : Sarah M. McCaffrey

Wildland Fire and Fuels2013NRS
Photo of A new tool helps resource managers weigh investments and mitigation measures to reduce wildfire risk. Forest Service
ID: 256
Improving the assessment of wildfire risk

A new risk analysis framework has been designed to help resource managers and policy-makers weigh investments and mitigation measures to reduce ...

Principal Investigator : Cindy S. S. Swanson

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010RMRS
Photo of Wildfire control in Georgia forest. Georgia Forestry Commission Archive, Georgia Forestry Commission, Bugwood.org
ID: 497
Improving the Deployment of Wildland Fire Suppression Resources

While managers typically aim to minimize the number of escaped fires, they have limited funds to acquire suppression resources or construct oper ...

Principal Investigator : Robert G. Haight

Wildland Fire and Fuels2013NRS
Photo of
ID: 174
Increasing the Value of Slash by Use in Oriented Strand Board

The project takes a closer look at chunkwood processing first developed in 1977 at the Northern Research Station lab in Houghton, MI. Branches a ...

Principal Investigator : Craig M. Clemons

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2010FPL
Photo of
ID: 375
Long Range Prediction for Fire Danger and Fire Severity

Predicting the influence of weather on fire ignition and spread is an operational requirement for national fire planning by the National Interag ...

Principal Investigator : Shyh-Chin Chen

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PSW
Photo of The upper left is the modeled historic probability of occurrence of shortleaf pine based on General Land Office Survey data, the upper right is the current probability of occurrence of shortleaf pine based on FIA data.  The lower left is the modeled historic probability of occurrence of white oak based on General Land Office Survey data, the lower right is the current probability of occurrence of white oak based on FIA data. Daniel Dey, USDA Forest Service
ID: 504
Loss of diversity in the Missouri Ozark Highlands Places Ecosystem at Risk

Past land use over the last 200 years has made Missouri's Ozark Highlands less diverse and more homogeneous in the condition of its vegetation. ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel C. Dey

Inventory and Monitoring
Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2013NRS
Photo of
ID: 336
Majority of surveyed family forest owners in eastern Oregon treat land to reduce wildfire risk

This study identified the different types of landowners who might benefit from policies and programs for wildfire risk reduction. It also reveal ...

Principal Investigator : Paige Fischer

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PNW
Photo of  Forest Service scientists evaluated the relationship between climate and fire regime characteristics. The left panel depicts ecoregions of the western U.S. The middle panel shows each ecoregion's climate in terms of climatic proxies for productivity and long-term fuel moisture. The right panel shows broad-scale trends in fire activity and fire severity; for example, more productive and wetter ecoregions generally experience higher severity fires. This study was conducted using fire data in areas dominated by designated wilderness and national park land. Sean Parks, USDA Forest Service
ID: 691
Mapping Fire Regimes in the Western United States

Forest managers and policymakers are increasingly concerned about potential for increased fire activity and severity in future years. Although m ...

Principal Investigator : Sean A. Parks

Wildland Fire and Fuels2014RMRS
Photo of Wildland fire burns with a mosaic of fire severity on the landscape. This image shows a high severity fire. USDA Forest Service
ID: 549
Mappint Project Delivers Fire Severity Maps for all Phases of Fire Management

Forest Service scientists and their cooperators developed the Fire Severity (FIRESEV) Mapping Project, a comprehensive set of tools and precedur ...

Principal Investigator : Robert E. Keane II

Wildland Fire and Fuels2013RMRS
Photo of Fire spread and radiant-energy flux of a prescribed fire in tropical savanna near Brasilia, Brazil, as measured by six overflights by airborne remote sensing. Forest Service
ID: 369
Measuring Prescribed Burns in Tropical Savannas

A remote-sensing based model has been developed that produces heat flux estimates that are highly consistent with in situ fire plume measurement ...

Principal Investigator : Philip J. Riggan

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PSW
Photo of Daily prediction of atmospheric black carbon originating in the United States transported to the Arctic. Forest Service
ID: 74
Mitigating Arctic Black Carbon Deposition

Scientists identify meteorological conditions when black carbon does not travel to the Arctic

Principal Investigator : Sim Larkin

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012PNW
Photo of Smoke from a low-intensity prescribed fire conducted in the New Jersey Pine Barrens on 6 March 2012. Forest Service research looks at the impact on a local highway. Warren Heilman, USDA Forest Service
ID: 479
Modeling Tool Improves Smoke Dispersion Predictions During Low-Intensity Fires

Forest Service scientists developed a new modeling tool to improve predictions of local smoke transport during low-intensity wildland fires in f ...

Principal Investigator : Warren E. Heilman

Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2013NRS
Photo of  The WFDS model was used to simulate the interaction between flame and stem and is being used to provide input data for a stem heating model (FireStem2D). Tony Bova, USDA Forest Service
ID: 477
More Realistic Model of Tree Trunk Heating and Injury in Wildland Fires Now Available

Forest Service scientists developed new models of tree-stem heating that are the most physically realistic to date to predict tree mortality mor ...

Principal Investigator : Matthew B. Dickinson

Wildland Fire and Fuels2013NRS
Photo of The telltale red needles of a mountain pine beetle attacked tree contain 10 times less water than those of a similar healthy green tree, and these low moisture contents cause the red foliage to ignite quickly and easily.  This red-needle lodgepole pine tree was ignited from a single point source on its lowest branches; the entire tree was quickly consumed in flames. Forest Service
ID: 395
Mountain pine beetle effects on fire behavior

Studies are shining light on how pine beetles affect wildfire.

Principal Investigator : Matt Jolly

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS
Photo of A stand of ponderosa pine in central Oregon after thinning and prescribed burning. Tom Iraci, Forest Service
ID: 337
Multiple fuel treatments likely needed to restore resiliency in fire-adapted ecosystems

Fuel reduction and restoration treatments can be used to begin restoring late-successional stand structure, but single treatments are insufficie ...

Principal Investigator : Andy Youngblood

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PNW
Photo of
ID: 300
National Fire and Fire Surrogate Study

An SRS scientist summarized research results from the National Fire and Fire Surrogate Study (FFS). Researchers found, among other things, that ...

Principal Investigator : Tom Waldrop

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010SRS
Photo of Fuel is masticated prior to a prescribed burn on a study plot in the Pringle Falls Experimental Forest. Rhonda Mazza, Forest Service
ID: 79
National Study Evaluates Fuel Treatments in Reducing Risk of Fire

Mechanical treatments do not serve as surrogates for fire treatments

Principal Investigator : Andy Youngblood

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012PNW
Photo of Book cover. USDA Forest Service
ID: 653
New Book Documents Contributions from Forest Service's Long-Term Research Sites

From the role of fire in forests to responses to clearcutting controversies, from the discovery of acid rain to the development of biogeochemica ...

Principal Investigator : Susan Stout

Invasive Species
Inventory and Monitoring
Outdoor Recreation
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Water, Air, and Soil
Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2014NRS
Photo of Thicket of trees in a ponderosa pine forest located on the Long Valley Experimental Forest depicts unhealthy forest conditions. Richard T. Reynolds, USDA Forest Service.
ID: 698
New Framework Guides Land Managers in Restoring Forests to Historic Conditions

Forest Service and university scientists and managers synthesized 100 years of published forestry science to help forest managers better underst ...

Principal Investigator : Richard T. Reynolds

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
Outdoor Recreation
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildlife and Fish
2014RMRS
Photo of Map of mean fire interval years in the United States. Forest Service
ID: 67
New Model Estimates Historic Fire Frequency

Model will help restore fire-dependent ecosystems and assess effects of changing climates

Principal Investigator : Daniel C. Dey

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2012NRS
Photo of Greater Sage-Grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus). Charlotte Ganskopp, USDA Agricultural Research Service
ID: 705
New Research on Resilience of Sagebrush Ecosystems Used for Improving Sage-grouse Habitat

New research from the Forest Service's Rocky Mountain Research Station on sagebrush ecosystems is being put to use to benefit Greater Sage-Grous ...

Principal Investigator : Jeanne C. Chambers

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
Wildlife and Fish
2014RMRS
Photo of
ID: 76
New Techniques Improve National Emissions Inventory for Wildland Fire

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is using new techniques to create the next national emissions inventory for wildland fire

Principal Investigator : Sim Larkin

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012PNW
Photo of In the left panel (a), the red points correspond to the locations of satellite fire detections and the thick black line represents a fire perimeter. Because we know the exact day that each of these points were burned by wildfire, we were able to generate a spatially continuous representation of the day of burning, and hence the fire progression, for this and other wildfires (b). Sean Parks, USDA Forest Service
ID: 692
New Use of Remotely Sensed Data Help Map Daily Progression of Wildfires

Variable weather conditions have a dramatic influence on fire behavior and fire effects, but the influence of weather can be particularly diffic ...

Principal Investigator : Sean A. Parks

Wildland Fire and Fuels2014RMRS
Photo of Private landowners in central Oregon. Paige Fischer, USDA Forest Service
ID: 661
Nonindustrial Private Forestland Owners Consider Fuel Conditions and Past Wildfire Occurrence in Their Risk Mitigation Decisions

A new landscape simulation model informs forest planning processes.

Principal Investigator : Jeff Kline

Wildland Fire and Fuels2014PNW
Photo of Invasive grass fire in Hawai'i. Susan Cordell, Forest Service
ID: 118
Pacific Fire Exchange Is the Hottest Partnership in the Pacific

A new collaboration promotes and uses the best available science to reduce wildfire management costs and improve land managers' ability to prote ...

Principal Investigator : Susan Cordell

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
Invasive Species
2012PSW
Photo of Potential changes in the average length (days: black contours) of weather events that are conducive to extreme fire behavior under projected future climate conditions compared to current climate conditions, as quantified by Haines Index values equal to 5 or 6.  Color shading indicates changes in standard deviation. USDA Forest Service
ID: 598
Potential Effects of Regional Climate Change on Fire Weather in the U.S.

Regional climate change has the potential to alter the frequency of extreme and erratic wildfires in the United States. Regional climate model ...

Principal Investigator : Warren E. Heilman

Wildland Fire and Fuels2014NRS
Photo of A prescribed burn such as this one emits a relatively small carbon pulse. Roger Ottmar, USDA Forest Service
ID: 518
Pros and Cons of Fuel Treatments Versus Periodic Wildfire Determined

Hazardous fuel treatments in dry Western forests generally reduce carbon storage over time compared to periodic wildfires, but the treatments en ...

Principal Investigator : David W. Peterson

Wildland Fire and Fuels2013PNW
Photo of Wildfires that burned in 1985 and 2000 are shown in red. In 2003, another wildfire burned (shown as a black line) and interacted with both previous wildfires. The 1985 wildfire does not appear to act as a fuel break and limit the size of the 2003 wildfire. The 2000 wildfire does appear to act as a fuel break and limit the size of the 2003 wildfire. Sean Parks, USDA Forest Service
ID: 690
Quantifying the Ability of Wildfire to Act as a Fuel Break

Forest Service scientists conducted a study using fire history atlases, fire progression maps, and weather station data to quantify the ability ...

Principal Investigator : Sean A. Parks

Wildland Fire and Fuels2014RMRS
Photo of Repeat prescribed fire intended to reduce fire hazard and restore historical forest conditions in a Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest. Brandon Collins, Forest Service
ID: 364
Re-sampling historical inventory plots indicates degree of forest changes over the last 100 years

A 100 years of forest change is documented. Contemporary forests are compared to their historical counterparts. The findings presented here ca ...

Principal Investigator : Brandon M. Collins

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2011PSW
Photo of Forests of the Northern United States uses more than 100 maps, graphs, and tables to summarize current conditions and recent trends for the 172 million acres of forest land in the 20 States that comprise the U.S. North. Forest Service
ID: 53
Report Details Trends and Current Conditions for Northern Forests

Overarching issues include the interaction of forests and people, managing invasive species, sustaining biodiversity, and sustaining capacity fo ...

Principal Investigator : Stephen R. Shifley

Inventory and Monitoring
Outdoor Recreation
Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
Wildlife and Fish
2012NRS
Photo of Incorporating information on wildfire likelihood, wildfire intensity, and resource/asset susceptibility to wildfire is critical for assessing risk. USDA Forest Service
ID: 555
Report Offers Framework for Wildfire Risk Assessment and Decision Support

Scientists crafted a framework for wildfire risk assessment and applied the framework to support fire-management decision making processes on mu ...

Principal Investigator : Matthew P. Thompson

Wildland Fire and Fuels2013RMRS
Photo of Smoke plumes (in misty white) rise over areas of fire growth along the sides of a topographic bowl in this simulation of the 2006 Esperanza Fire. Phil Riggan, USDA Forest Service
ID: 682
Research Explains Deadly and Unexpected Fire Behavior of the 2006 Esperanza Fire in Southern California

Simulations and thermal imaging of a wind-driven chaparral wildfire show the importance of fire-induced winds in the direction and velocity of f ...

Principal Investigator : Philip J. Riggan

Wildland Fire and Fuels2014PSW
Photo of A spatial, quantitative wildfire risk assessment framework based on characterizing exposure of highly valued resources and assets to risk factors, as well as their response to varying levels of exposure. Forest Service
ID: 127
Risk Analysis Prioritizes Investments in Hazardous Fuels Reduction

Scientists mitigate the adverse impacts of wildland fires

Principal Investigator : Matthew P. Thompson

Outdoor Recreation
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2012RMRS
Photo of
ID: 426
RxCADRE: Prescribed Fire Combustion-Atmospheric Dynamics Research Experiments

21st Century wildfires are increasing in frequency, intensity and complexity. These trends seem likely to continue in the face of climate change ...

Principal Investigator : Joseph O'Brien

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011SRS
Photo of A 2013 Rim Fire, as viewed from the west in mid-wave infrared light by the satellite-based Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS).  Brightness temperatures have been color coded according to the inset at lower left. W. Schroeder, University of Maryland
ID: 540
Satellite-based Earth Observations Aid Fire Fighting and Fire Forecasting

The Forest Service's Pacific Southwest Research Station, in association with multiple partners, has developed methods based on new sources of sa ...

Principal Investigator : Philip J. Riggan

Wildland Fire and Fuels2013PSW
Photo of Eastern Threat Center researchers serve on an interagency science and analysis team working with regional strategy committees to evaluate the relative consequences of alternative courses of action in wildland fire management. Forest Service
ID: 412
Science benefits national fire planning effort

As part of ongoing efforts to reduce human and ecological losses from wildfire, federal agencies responsible for wildland fire management are wo ...

Principal Investigator : Danny C. Lee

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2011SRS
Photo of Fire weather zones for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. William Gould, USDA Forest Service
ID: 456
Scientist Develops Fire Danger Rating System and Fire Weather Zones for Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands

New Fire Weather Zones and a Fire Danger Rating System Developed for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

Principal Investigator : William A. Gould

Wildland Fire and Fuels2013IITF
Photo of Forest floor litter and duff measurements for eight forest types along elevation gradient in northeastern Puerto Rico. Asterisks indicate significant difference between litter and duff biomass within forest type. Grizelle Gonz�lez, USDA Forest Service
ID: 457
Scientists Characterize Woody Debris to Assess Fuel Loads in Northeastern Puerto Rico

Forest Service scientists characterized the amounts of woody debris (coarse woody debris, fine woody debris, duff, and litter) for eight differe ...

Principal Investigator : Grizelle Gonzalez

Inventory and Monitoring
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2013IITF
Photo of Monthly climatology of Northeastern United States wildfires for the Appalacian Mountains (region 1, black) and the coastal plain (region 2, grey). Forest Service
ID: 31
Scientists Develop Wildfire Weather Climatology for the Northeastern United States

Knowing where and why large wildfires have occurred in the past can help weather forecasters and fire managers predict future events with greate ...

Principal Investigator : Joseph J. (Jay) Charney

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012NRS
Photo of Contemplating the future of forests, Illinois, USA. International Society of Arboriculture
ID: 603
Scientists Examine the Future of Forests in the Anthropocene

Forest Service researchers analyzed the major issues and factors affecting forests in the decades ahead: deforestation, mega-fires, urban forest ...

Principal Investigator : David N. Bengston

Resource Management and Use
Water, Air, and Soil
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2014NRS
Photo of Forest Service scientists check an instrument that measures smoke concentrations downwind from a research burn. Randy Gon, U.S. Air Force
ID: 516
Scientists Publish National and International Methods of Linking Particulate Matter in the Air to Potential Health Impacts from Wildfire Smoke

Scientists with the Forest Service's Pacific Northwest Research Station pinpoint the limitations of using visual range measurement to estimate ...

Principal Investigator : Susan O'Neill

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Water, Air, and Soil
2013PNW
Photo of A March 2013 prescribed fire burning at the Cedar Bridge carbon flux tower in the New Jersey Pinelands. Recovery following prescribed fires is rapid, and stands can replace released carbon within 2-3 years. Kenneth Clark, USDA Forest Service
ID: 490
Scientists Study Fire Management and Carbon Sequestration in Forests

Forest Service scientists quantified rates of carbon sequestration by forests before and after prescribed burns were conducted by the New Jersey ...

Principal Investigator : Ken Clark

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Water, Air, and Soil
2013NRS
Photo of Looking east toward the Attitash Mountain Range from the Bartlett Experimental Forest, NH. Ken Dudzik, USDA Forest Service
ID: 618
Silvicultural Guide for Northern Hardwoods in the Northeast Updated

This revision of the 1987 silvicultural guide updates and expands the silvicultural information on northern hardwoods. It provides additional i ...

Principal Investigator : William Leak

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2014NRS
Photo of
ID: 380
SINAMI

SINAMI' is a tool for the economic evaluation of forest fire management programs in Mediterranean ecosystems. It determines the most efficient p ...

Principal Investigator : Armando Gonzalez-Caban

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PSW
Photo of
ID: 254
Southwestern Ponderosa Pine Fire Findings Published

In 2010, the Rocky Mountain Research Station published ground-breaking findings on fire behavior in southwestern ponderosa pine forests. Using t ...

Principal Investigator : William M. Block

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010RMRS
Photo of Spruce and fir increase the vertical connectivity of live fuels, enhancing potential for crown-fire activity. Brian Sturtevant , Forest Service
ID: 62
Spruce Budworm Effects on Fire Risk and Vegetation in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness

Insect-killed trees do not necessarily increase fire risk

Principal Investigator : Brian R. Sturtevant

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012NRS
Photo of A technician ignites a controlled burn in pine flatwoods of the Apalachicola National Forest.  Clint Wright, USDA Forest Service
ID: 517
Statistical Models Improve Predictions of Fuel Consumption and Emissions During Prescribed Fires

The scientists developed ecosystem- and season-specific statistical models for predicting fuel consumption from easily measured variables that i ...

Principal Investigator : Clint Wright

Wildland Fire and Fuels2013PNW
Photo of Word cloud of North Kenwood-Oakland residents' responses to the question What three words come to mind when you hear climate change Field Museum
ID: 328
Street-Level Views of Climate Change

Forest Service researchers and partners interviewed residents of two Chicago neighborhoods about their awareness of climate change and their own ...

Principal Investigator : Lynne M. Westphal

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Invasive Species
Outdoor Recreation
2011NRS
Photo of Fire brands can rapidly advance a fire perimeter and increase the challenge to fire suppression forces.
ID: 358
Synthesis of firebrand knowledge and research

Firebrands are an important fire spread mechanism in wildland and urban fires. While known since at least the Great London Fire of 1666, the fi ...

Principal Investigator : David R. Weise

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PSW
Photo of Field crew measure the amount of remaining fuel on the forest floor after a prescribed burn on Nenana Ridge, Alaska. Roger Ottmar, Forest Service
ID: 84
Testing Fuel Treatments in Boreal Forests

A first-of-its-kind study tests the effects of fuel treatment on fuel consumption and fire behavior in Alaska's boreal forest

Principal Investigator : Roger D. Ottmar

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012PNW
Photo of Burn severity for the Granny fire (2004) in the Gila-Aldo Leopold Wilderness in New Mexico. Qualitatively, it appears as though areas that has previously burned in 2000 had lower burn severity (i.e., dNBR) than areas that had not previously burned. Forest Service
ID: 140
The Effectiveness of Wildfire as a Fuel Treatment

New research results provide crucial information to land managers as they assess trade-offs associated with wildfire suppression and appropriate ...

Principal Investigator : Sean A. Parks

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012RMRS
Photo of A community threatened by wildfire. National Interagency Fire Center
ID: 731
The Forest Service Leads an Interagency Team to Better Understand How Wildfires are Ignited

Forest Service, Department of Interior, and state land management agencies collaborated in a National Cohesive Wildland Fire Management Strategy ...

Principal Investigator : Jeffrey Prestemon

Wildland Fire and Fuels2014SRS
Photo of Simulations show where fires would have spread and reveal hidden consequences of suppression. Forest Service
ID: 400
The hidden consequences of fire suppression

Researchers are investigating the true costs of suppressing wildfires and finding results that will have broad national applicability. Their me ...

Principal Investigator : Carol L. Miller

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS
Photo of
ID: 346
The responses of ecosystems to climate change is influenced by geology and soils

Land managers should be aware of the potential for very different ecological responses to climate change dependent upon soil nutrient status. Nu ...

Principal Investigator : Carl N. Skinner

Resource Management and Use
Wildland Fire and Fuels
2011PSW
Photo of Lab experiment showing flame wall apparatus, sensor placement and close-up of turbulent eddies intersecting the heat flux sensor and thermocouple arrays. Forest Service
ID: 392
Understanding the physical processes of fire spread

The latest research suggests a completely new approach to understanding and modeling the spread of forest fires - creating new opportunities for ...

Principal Investigator : Mark A. Finney

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS
Photo of Research is demonstrating the benefits of reviewing escaped fire reports and learning from them. Forest Service
ID: 404
Using Escaped Fire Reviews to Improve Organizational Learning

Through data collection and workshops, researchers are shedding light on who learns what from reviewing information on escaped fires.

Principal Investigator : Anne Black

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011RMRS
Photo of Defensible Space in Idaho. Sarah McCaffrey, Forest Service
ID: 331
What Motivates Homeowners To Mitigate Fire Risk

In working to foster fire-adapted communities, individuals and organization need to understand the dynamics of public support for fuels manageme ...

Principal Investigator : Sarah M. McCaffrey

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011NRS
Photo of Wildfire in Georgia. Jen Kolb, J Kolb Photography
ID: 733
Why Have smoking-caused wildfires declined in frequency

The number of wildfires caused by smoking has declined by 90 percent on national forests since 1980, yet little is known about why, when most ot ...

Principal Investigator : Jeffrey Prestemon

Wildland Fire and Fuels2014SRS
Photo of
ID: 260
Wildfire and Social Vulnerability

As part of a Joint Fire Science Project, SRS scientists examined the association between biophysical wildland fire risk and social vulnerability ...

Principal Investigator : Cassandra Johnson Gaither

Wildland Fire and Fuels2010SRS
Photo of Hayfork Bally looking out over part of the 2008 Miners Fire near Hayfork.  Carl Skinner, Forest Service
ID: 106
Wildfire Can Benefit Landscapes and Reduce Threats to Local Communities

Scientists determine that managing wildfire across large portions of Sierra Nevada forests may alleviate the current hazardous fuels problem tha ...

Principal Investigator : Carl N. Skinner

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2012PSW
Photo of
ID: 372
Wildfire Decision Making

Fire management training and tools can be improved through understanding potential biases impacting wildfire management decisions.Managing wildf ...

Principal Investigator : Patricia L. Winter

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011PSW
Photo of Climate is the most important enviromental factor affecting long-term variability and change of wildfire. R.C. Wilkinson, Univerisity of Florida
ID: 149
Wildfire in the United States: Future Trends and Potential

Climate models project warming and increased droughts this century in the continental United States, so wildfire is likely to increase according ...

Principal Investigator : Yongqiang Liu

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012SRS
Photo of Tribal Fire Fighting Team.  Forest Service
ID: 166
Wildfire Prevention Pays Big Dividends

Wildfire prevention efforts on tribal lands in the United States have benefits that likely exceed costs by at least tenfold

Principal Investigator : Jeffrey Prestemon

Wildland Fire and Fuels2012SRS
Photo of A specimen from the Pinaleño Mountains with seven fire scars between 1785 and 1863, but no scars from 1864 until the tree was killed by bark beetles in 1995. O'Connor, University of Arizona
ID: 695
Wildfires in Southern Arizona are More Severe but Not Bigger

Scientists found that wildfires prior to 1880 burned about 70 percent of the landscape every 20 years. Since 1880 and the onset of fire exclusio ...

Principal Investigator : Ann M. Lynch

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2014RMRS
Photo of The Monongahela National Forest is classified according to fire influence on species composition. Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy, USDA Forest Service
ID: 488
Witness Trees Reveal Where to Restore Fire

To help land managers make decisions and plan for restoration of oak-dominated forests, witness trees from early surveys were used by a Forest S ...

Principal Investigator : Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2013NRS