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US Forest Service Research & Development
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  • US Forest Service Research & Development
  • 1400 Independence Ave., SW
  • Washington, D.C. 20250-0003
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Research Highlights

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Highlight IDTitleResearch Topic(s)YearStation

ID: 154
A percolation model for water and electrical conduction in wood with implications for durability

Recently, researchers at the Forest Products Laboratory and University of Wisconsin have developed a new model of electrical conduction in wood ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel L. Zelinka

Resource Management and Use2010FPL

ID: 284
America's Historic Covered Timber Bridges

Covered wooden bridges proliferated in the United States in the mid-nineteenth century. Today an estimated 800 covered bridge structures remain ...

Principal Investigator : James P. Wacker

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 25
America's Iconic Covered Bridges Documented With As Built Records

Laser scanning technology provides details of historic covered timber bridges

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Ross

Resource Management and Use2012FPL

ID: 162
An Innovative Method for Determining Moisture Gradient of Wood Products

Changes in moisture content of wood-based composite materials can lead to linear expansion and, more specifically, hygroexpansion. This can caus ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2010FPL

ID: 301
Cellulose Nanocrystals

Cellulose nanocrystals are ultra-small rod-like reinforcement material that can be extracted from trees, plants and some sea animals. This new t ...

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Moon

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 191
Cellulose Nanocrystals: Novel Templates for the Synthesis of Nanostructures

Harvesting the properties of widely available natural biopolymers for the design of novel systems in nanobiotechnology has been largely ignored ...

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Moon

Resource Management and Use2010FPL

ID: 8
Cellulose Nanofiber Composites Can Serve as Substrate for Flexible Electronics

Transparent films made from cellulose nanofibers have low thermal expansion and the potential to serve as a foundation for flexible electronics. ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald C. Sabo

Resource Management and Use2012FPL

ID: 170
Centennial Edition, Wood Handbook—Wood as an Engineering Material

The Wood Handbook—Wood as an Engineering Material serves as a primary reference document for a wide variety of users-from the general publ ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Bergman, PhD

Resource Management and Use2010FPL

ID: 302
Colony collapse of Eastern subterranean termites

Termite colonies in laboratory and field tests were rapidly eliminated using a trap, treat and release method with commercial termite toxicants ...

Principal Investigator : Frederick Green

Invasive Species2011FPL

ID: 13
Cone Calorimetry Takes Center Stage in Evaluating Fire Retardancy of Wood Products

Evaluations of cone calorimeter tests are now documented in handbook

Principal Investigator : Mark A. Dietenberger

Resource Management and Use2012FPL

ID: 278
Corrosion of metals in wood

Corrosion data are necessary for the safe design and construction of wood decks and patios. Previous research was unable to calculate corrosion ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel L. Zelinka

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 279
Develop thermal verification guidelines for firewood heat treatment

To stop further spread of the Emerald Ash Borer (EAB), the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has enforced a heat treatment ...

Principal Investigator : Xiping Wang

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 289
Developing a fire model for homeowner-sized plats - Protecting lives and properties through proper selection of building and landscape materials

This research is directed to development of fire growth model for the homeowner sized plat that would guide the user on better and aesthetic sel ...

Principal Investigator : Mark A. Dietenberger

Wildland Fire and Fuels2011FPL

ID: 290
Developing tools to assess mechanical properties of wood cell walls

Nanoindentation is a tool capable of probing mechanical properties at the sub-micrometer level, such as in wood cell walls, individual component ...

Principal Investigator : Joseph Jakes

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 1
Do Not Blame Adhesives When Veneers Are Guilty

Perfectly good adhesives may be wrongly discarded after failing a performance test when in actuality the veneer caused the failure.

Principal Investigator : Charles R. Frihart

Resource Management and Use2012FPL

ID: 291
Durable wood product evaluations

In an effort to reduce the amount of time required to obtain meaningful durability data for wood products, it has become widely accepted to use ...

Principal Investigator : Stan Lebow

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 26
Economic Model Predicts U.S. Forest Product Markets and Timber Demand Trends

Model provides insights on how U.S. competition and trade in forest products could be affected by expanded global use of wood for energy in futu ...

Principal Investigator : Peter J. Ince

Resource Management and Use2012FPL

ID: 163
Effects of Press Sizes on Internal Steam Pressure during Particleboard Hot-Pressing Process

Internal steam pressure produced during the hot-pressing cycle in particleboard production is critical to the newly developed bond strength that ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2010FPL

ID: 280
Elucidating Covalent Bond Formation and Cleavage in Wood

A new technique has been developed to monitor structural changes in the polymers present in wood cell walls. This allows researchers, for exampl ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel Yelle

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 173
Elucidating Covalent Bond Formation and Cleavage in Wood

Working with a group at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Biochemistry, FPL researchers have discovered mechanistic details beh ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel Yelle

Resource Management and Use2010FPL

ID: 303
Engineering and Economic Modeling of Biofuels Production

FPL researchers developed a flexible and customizable computer model that allows users to do a preliminary evaluation of the feasibility of inco ...

Principal Investigator : Peter J. Ince

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 281
Evaluating the environmental impact of building material recovery and reuse

Within the green building and sustainable construction fields, there is a growing movement to recover and reuse building materials in lieu of de ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Bergman, PhD

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 161
Evaluation of Various Fire Retardants for Use in Wood Flour/Polyethylene Composites

Wood-plastic composites (WPCs) represent a class of materials increasingly used in residential construction and furniture-making. The fire perfo ...

Principal Investigator : Nicole M. Stark

Resource Management and Use2010FPL

ID: 165
Fabrication Utilization of Recycled Fiber/Agricultural Fiber Panels and Exhibit

The Forest Products Laboratory's research using anaerobically digested agricultural waste fibers combined with recycled paper fibers to make str ...

Principal Investigator :

Resource Management and Use2010FPL

ID: 178
Fast Forward' Genetics for Renewable Fuels

Researchers at the Forest Products Laboratory used mutagenesis, strain selection and genetic manipulation over a period of seven years to develo ...

Principal Investigator : Daniel Cullen

Resource Management and Use2010FPL

ID: 22
Forest Service Continues To Make a Better Postage Stamp

Latest research reduces the environmental effect of stamp materials

Principal Investigator : Carl J. Houtman

Resource Management and Use2012FPL

ID: 185
Heat Sterilization of Firewood for Thermal Eradication of Emerald Ash Borer

FPL researchers have led a joint research effort with USDA APHIS and state regulatory staff to evaluate various heat treatment options and heati ...

Principal Investigator : Xiping Wang

Resource Management and Use2010FPL

ID: 282
Heat treating wooden ammunition pallets for invasive species

Wood pallets serve as support for munitions loads and other military supplies transported within the continental U.S. and internationally. Despi ...

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Ross

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 9
Hidden Lives of Wood Decay Fungi Uncovered by Genome Sequencing

The decoded genomes of 12 species reveal a complex repertoire of proteins involved in the deconstruction of key polymers within wood cell walls

Principal Investigator : Daniel Cullen

Resource Management and Use2012FPL

ID: 283
High Performance nano-Cellulose Composites

Cellulose nano-crystals (CNC) and cellulose nano-fibrils (CNF) provide strength properties equivalent to Kevlar and can be used in optically cle ...

Principal Investigator : Alan W. Rudie

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 186
Identification of economically significant death-watch and spider beetles in Wisconsin

Two widely distributed beetle families, the death-watch (Anobiidae) and spider beetles (Ptinidae), include a number of economically significant ...

Principal Investigator : Rachel Arango

Invasive Species2010FPL

ID: 160
Improved Composites from Wood Flour and Mixed Plastics

In a cooperative project with Louisiana State University, Forest Products Laboratory researchers have used crosslinking technologies, commonly u ...

Principal Investigator : Craig M. Clemons

Resource Management and Use2010FPL

ID: 156
Improving Accelerated Testing of Durable Wood Products

Durable wood products such as posts, poles and timbers are expected to resist decay and termite attack for several decades. Testing the durabili ...

Principal Investigator : Stan Lebow

Resource Management and Use2010FPL

ID: 174
Increasing the Value of Slash by Use in Oriented Strand Board

The project takes a closer look at chunkwood processing first developed in 1977 at the Northern Research Station lab in Houghton, MI. Branches a ...

Principal Investigator : Craig M. Clemons

Wildland Fire and Fuels
Resource Management and Use
2010FPL

ID: 304
Integrating the Production of Nanofibrillated Cellulose and Biofuels

FPL researchers have demonstrated a method of integrating the production of cellulose nanofibers and biofuels. Such a strategy is expected to im ...

Principal Investigator : Ronald C. Sabo

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 285
Labeling Wood Products Based on Environmental Impacts - Helping consumers make sustainable choices

Environmental product declaration (EPD) is a summary of the environmental impacts associated with producing and using a product or service. An E ...

Principal Investigator : Richard Bergman, PhD

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 305
Lumen filling and sol-gel reinforcement of the wood cell wall

FPL researchers used a two-prong strategy to enhance weathering properties of wood. This dual treatment showed promise in protecting wood agains ...

Principal Investigator : Rebecca E. Ibach

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 23
Making the Most of Beetle-Killed Trees

New manual gives land managers a variety of options for beetle-killed trees

Principal Investigator : Robert J. Ross

Invasive Species2012FPL

ID: 4
Metal Core Nanoparticles Created From Wood Char, a Bioenergy Byproduct

Shell-encapsulated metal core carbon nanoparticles have potential applications in magnetic data storage, xerography, drug delivery, and as a cat ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2012FPL

ID: 153
Modeling indoor humidity in homes

Indoor humidity levels in a home influence not only occupant comfort and indoor air quality but also the durability of the building, especially ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel V. Glass

Resource Management and Use2010FPL

ID: 286
Moisture Control in Crawl Spaces in Louisiana

Builders and homeowners in the Gulf Region often ask how to insulate a crawl space to avoid moisture problems. The Forest Products Laboratory (F ...

Principal Investigator : Samuel V. Glass

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 152
Natural fumigants protect wood against termites

Forest Products Laboratory researchers discovered that essential oils from some common plants such as dill, rosemary and lemongrass can be used ...

Principal Investigator : Carol A. Clausen

Resource Management and Use2010FPL

ID: 7
Natural Wood Durability Studied to Estimate Wood's Performance

Naturally occurring chemicals in some wood species make them more durable against deterioration

Principal Investigator : Grant Kirker

Invasive Species
Resource Management and Use
2012FPL

ID: 14
New Cellulose Nanomaterials Pilot Plant Keeps Up With Market Demand

Materials are being supplied to three government agencies and six partner universities to accelerate the development of advanced cellulose-reinf ...

Principal Investigator : Alan W. Rudie

Resource Management and Use2012FPL

ID: 5
New Drying Process Gives Black Locust Wood Exotic Appearance

Heat treatment that prevents discoloration increases uses of this fast growing wood

Principal Investigator : Nicole M. Stark

Resource Management and Use2012FPL

ID: 10
New Guide Advises Treatments and Technologies To Protect Historic Wooden Bridges

Forest Service and university researchers collaborate to evaluate methods of protecting wooden bridges from fire and biodegradation.

Principal Investigator : Stan Lebow

Resource Management and Use2012FPL

ID: 3
New SPORL Process Efficiently Converts Biomass to Sugars and Ferment

Preliminary laboratory evaluation confirms the high performance of the SPORL process for pretreatment of Douglas fir

Principal Investigator : J.Y. Zhu

Resource Management and Use2012FPL

ID: 287
Nonresidential Building Construction in the United States,

The construction of low-rise nonresidential buildings is an important market for lumber, structural and nonstructural wood panels, and engineere ...

Principal Investigator : David B. Mckeever

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 11
Novel Yeast Makes Bioconversion Faster and Less Expensive

Faster, cheaper biofuel production is possible for commercial use

Principal Investigator : Thomas W. Jeffries

Resource Management and Use2012FPL

ID: 164
Particleboard Panels Manufactured from Rice Straws of Different Geometries

Faced with worldwide shortages of forest resources, environmental pollution and waste of biological resources resulting from field burning of ri ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2010FPL

ID: 28
Partnership Produces 3D (3-Dimensional) Engineered Fiberboard Panels

Naturally bonded boards can use fibers produced from a variety of renewable sources including wood from forest thinnings and recycled paper fibe ...

Principal Investigator : John F. Hunt

Resource Management and Use2012FPL

ID: 306
Pretreating Wood Chips for Manufacturing Medium Density Fiberboard

FPL researchers studied how pretreating wood chips before manufacturing medium density fiberboard affected both the end product and the amount o ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 307
Producing Value-Added Composite Panels from Aspen Slash Wood

The disposal of forest thinning residue is a concern when looking at sustainable forest management. Researchers found this material could be a ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 157
Public Access to Actual Data Files for Cone Calorimeter Tests of Wood Products

The cone calorimeter test is a fire test used internationally for research and development of new fire retardants and to provide input data to m ...

Principal Investigator : Robert H. White

Resource Management and Use2010FPL

ID: 171
Recalculating the Decay Hazard Index

Climate index values for estimating decay hazard to wood exposed outdoors above ground, commonly known as Scheffer index values, were calculated ...

Principal Investigator : Charlie G. Carll

Resource Management and Use2010FPL

ID: 308
Rice Straw Particleboard

There has recently been a revival of interest in using agriculture residues to produce particleboards and other composite panels due to competit ...

Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 175
Scale-up of cellulose nano material production

There is considerable research internationally on cellulose nano-materials as reinforcement fibers for high strength composites. A persistent pr ...

Principal Investigator : Alan W. Rudie

Resource Management and Use2010FPL

ID: 24
Scientists Find the Achilles' Heel of Wood Fungi Tolerance to Preservatives

Inhibiting the enzymatic pathway in copper tolerant brown rot fungi can block its tolerance of commercial wood preservatives

Principal Investigator : Katie Jenkins

Resource Management and Use2012FPL

ID: 288
Softening of Biomass and Its Effect on Fuel Pellet Production

Biomass such as torrefied wood or wheat straw are of increasing interest as fuel but are difficult to pelletize. Researchers are investigating t ...

Principal Investigator : Craig M. Clemons

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 190
Sol-gel technology to enhance performance properties of wood or wood fiber

With support from industry partners, FPL researchers are developing new sol-gel technologies to enhance performance properties of wood or wood f ...

Principal Investigator : Mandla A. Tshabalala

Resource Management and Use2010FPL

ID: 309
Soy-based Adhesives for Wood Products

Soy-based adhesives developed at FPL have been commercialized and allow wood manufacturers to replace adhesives based on fossil fuel with biomas ...

Principal Investigator : Charles R. Frihart

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 172
Soy-Based Adhesives Provide Wood Composites That Meet California Emission Standards

Ashland- Hercules, working cooperatively with the Forest Products Laboratory, have developed these soy adhesives and have commercialized them fo ...

Principal Investigator : Charles R. Frihart

Resource Management and Use2010FPL

ID: 27
Studying Cellulose Nanofibril Films for Use in Electronics



Principal Investigator : Zhiyong Cai

Resource Management and Use2012FPL

ID: 322
Technology Transfer in Action

FPL-developed panels made from forest residuals, recycled fiber, and agricultural by-products are being commercialized by two start-up companies ...

Principal Investigator : John F. Hunt

Resource Management and Use2011FPL

ID: 155
Termite Eradication: A search for the Holy Grail

Regarding Wisconsin termines, laboratory tests were initiated to evaluate transfer of a number of different dusting compounds to un-dusted colon ...

Principal Investigator : Frederick Green

Invasive Species2010FPL

ID: 15
Water Freezing in Wood: How Low Can It Go

The freezing and melting of water in wood gives clues about how water bonds to wood during processes such as wood decay and fastener corrosion

Principal Investigator : Samuel L. Zelinka

Resource Management and Use2012FPL

ID: 176
Water, Air, and Soil

Forest fungi perform an essential role in recycling woody plant debris and have many potential applications in biotechnology. In 2009, a Forest ...

Principal Investigator : Kenneth E. Hammel

Water, Air, and Soil2010FPL

ID: 2
Wood Can Last for Centuries if Protected From Moisture

Report dispels myths about wood construction through proper information that educates and empowers the public

Principal Investigator : Carol A. Clausen

Resource Management and Use2012FPL

ID: 177
Wood decay enters new era of genomics research

Over the past decade, research collaborations between the Department of Energy's Joint Genome Institute (JGI) and the Forest Products Laboratory ...

Principal Investigator :

Resource Management and Use2010FPL

ID: 6
Wood-Plastic Composites Are More Desirable With Fire Retardant Treatments

Wood-plastic composites treated with fire retardants addresses fire concerns in the wildland-urban interface

Principal Investigator : Robert H. White

Resource Management and Use2012FPL

ID: 12
Wood-Plastic Composites Improved with Glass

Adding microsized glass particles to wood-plastic composites creates a less dense but stiffer material for use in a variety of building applicat ...

Principal Investigator : Craig M. Clemons

Resource Management and Use2012FPL