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US Forest Service Research & Development
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  • US Forest Service Research & Development
  • 1400 Independence Ave., SW
  • Washington, D.C. 20250-0003
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Research Highlights

Individual Highlight

Scientists Study the Effects of Harvesting Fire-Killed Trees

A researcher collects soil samples from an area burned by wildfire on the Deschutes National Forest. Jane Smith, Forest ServiceSnapshot : Findings help land managers fine tune their post-fire treatments to speed forest recovery process

Principal Investigators(s) :
Jane Smith 
Research Station : Pacific Northwest Research Station (PNW)
Year : 2012
Highlight ID : 83

Summary

Large areas of fire-killed trees are ready fuel when another fire occurs, so removing some large dead wood may reduce potential fuel load. The harvesting equipment used in post-fire logging disturbs forest soils, however, frequently results in soil compaction, soil pore size reduction, and decreases oxygen availability and water and nutrient movement to tree roots.

The effects of this mechanical disturbance on soil productivity and forest recovery differ in terms of severity, the amount of time since the disturbance, and site factors. To alleviate compaction, the practice of subsoiling or deep tillage is used to fracture the lower soil strata—but a tradeoff exists—tillage may degrade soil structure and adversely affect microbial biomass and diversity.

This short-term study was developed to fine tune post-fire treatments that shorten the forest recovery process. Scientists found that soil bacteria and fungi that are essential to mediating decomposition and nutrient cycling appear resilient to timber harvesting applications, but the process reduces the nutrients that are critical to soil productivity. This information will contribute to the success of recovery projects on fire sites in dry, mixed-conifer forests with volcanic soils.

Forest Service Partners

External Partners

  • USDA Forest Service Deschutes National Forest
  • Joint Fire Sciences Program
  • Oregon State University
  • Pacific Northwest Fire Consortium

Research Topics

Priority Areas

  • Resource Management and Use
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