RPA Assessment of the Forest and Rangeland
Situation in the United States -- 1993 Update
The Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 (as
amended) directed the Secretary of Agriculture to prepare a Renewable Resources Assessment
by December 31,1975, with an update in 1979 and each 10th year thereafter. This assessment
is to include "an analysis of present and anticipated uses, demand for, and supply of
the renewable resources, with consideration of the international resource situation, and
an emphasis of pertinent supply, demand, and price relationships trends." The 1989
RPA Assessment was the third prepared in response to the legislation. This Update of the
1989 RPA Assessment was done to provide a foundation for the 1995 RPA Program. The Update
summarizes the findings and implications of 19 supporting technical documents.
Highlights include the following:
- The political and social environment for management of renewable
resources is changingfor example, increased commitment to protect watersheds, wildlife
habitat, and ecological diversity on Federal lands resulted in a reduction in the
projected timber volume offered for sale from National Forest lands: 900 million cubic
feet in 2000 compared to 2.4 billion assumed in the 1989 RPA Assessment.
- The character of the forest and rangeland estate is changingfor example, forest land
area stabilized between 1987 and 1992, reversing a downward trend dating from 1963.
- The demandsupply outlook for renewable resources is changingfor example, the
proportion of the population that is white and nonHispanic will decline from 75 percent
in 1992 to 56 percent by 2040 and this may affect demands for different types of
- A number of resource situations appear to be acceptableincluding big game habitats
and populations, recycling of wastepaper, and range forage availability.
- A number of resource situations appear to be deterioratingincluding forest and
rangeland health, fish habitat and populations, and the status of wetland and riparian
- A number of resource situations appear to have potentially serious
consequencesincluding global climate change, the growing list of endangered and
threatened species, and the reclamation needs for abandoned mines.
USDA, Forest Service. 1994. RPA Assessment of the Forest and Rangeland Situation in the United States -- 1993 Update.
Forest Resources Report No. 27. Washington, D.C. 75 p.