Capturing the potential of forest biomass resources entails addressing major challenges, such as developing a reliable and sustainable feedstock supply; understanding and quantifying land-use change and competition; and reducing costs for growing, recovering, and transporting feedstocks. Critical areas of research include developing:
- sustainable management and utilization options, systems, and practices to effectively integrate biomass production into ongoing forest management activities;
- best management practices for sustainable expanded biomass removal;
- new woody crops varieties that are fast-growing, efficient in using water and nutrients, and resistant to pests and environmental stresses,
- science and technology for short rotation woody cropping systems –wood that is purpose-grown for use in energy applications
- improved harvest, collection, handling, and transportation systems for woody biomass; and
- strategies to integrate forested systems into agricultural landscapes to provide services and income.