Appendix F


“Does design matter?” was the first question

asked by one person in the small Forest Service

group gathered in the Auditor’s Building

conference room in Washington, DC, in September

1996. That group had come together with a

charge from then-Director of Recreation,

Wilderness, and Heritage Resources, Lyle Laverty,

“to improve the identity, consistency, and quality

of USDA Forest Service recreation facilities.”

The intent was “to better serve our customers

and enhance the agency’s image as a quality

natural resource manager and leading outdoor

recreation provider.”


Does design really matter to a large multiple-use

resource management agency? There were many

indications that it did. Very early in the process

of development, the scope of the effort was

expanded by the then-acting Director of

Engineering, Gerald “Skip” Coghlan, to include

the agency’s administrative facilities. Over the

course of the next 3 years, the small group

became known as the Built Environment Image

Team (BEIT). The BEIT worked with hundreds of

employees throughout the Forest Service and

beyond, who in sum answered the question with

a resounding “YES!” Without that involvement,

the Built Environment Image Guide (BEIG)

would not have turned out as it did. The BEIT

and everyone involved shaped the guide with

their questions and ideas, and with their art

and inspiration, but mostly with their dedication

and caring. They are acknowledged here for their

contributions to this guide. Their true reward will

come with steady improvement of Forest Service

facilities on the ground, over time. That is how

the question will truly be answered.

The following were among those who contributed

to the preparation of the Built Environment Image





The BEIT (pronounced Be-it) evolved from the

“small group” described above and served as the

driving force for the project. They developed the

scope and overall approach of the guide, selected

consultants and reviewers, wrote much of the

content, and edited the rest. It was a high

spirited and dedicated team, representing

diversity in expertise, geographical location, and

most of all, opinion. Every point and question

was subject to rigorous examination and debate

(at least once), but always with respect and

best intentions for the end products. It is often

said that the process can be as important as the

product. The BEIT will remember both with pride.

James S. Bedwell, Chief Landscape Architect,

National Headquarters, Recreation, Wilderness,

and Heritage Resources (Team Leader)

Marcus Anderson, Facilities Program Leader,

Pacific Northwest Region

Ted Coffman, Forest Recreation Staff Officer,

Southern Region, George Washington &

Jefferson National Forests

Anna Jones Crabtree, Forest Engineer, Rocky

Mountain Region, Bighorn National Forest

Jurgen Hess, Planning and Design Staff Officer,

Pacific Northwest Region, Columbia River Gorge

National Scenic Area

Maurice Hoelting, Regional Architect,

Southern Region

Josiah Kim, National Facilities Program Leader,

National Headquarters, Engineering

Ron Yates, Forest Landscape Architect,

Northern Region, Lewis & Clark National Forest,

Gene Zimmerman, Forest Supervisor,

Pacific Southwest Region,

San Bernardino National Forest




The SABE (from the Spanish verb, “to know”)

was made up of regional directors of two of the

program areas most directly involved in the

planning and design of facilities-engineering and

recreation. Their purpose was to provide counsel

to the BEIT on how to successfully integrate, or

inculturate, the concepts and approach of the

guide into the Forest Service’s normal modes of

operation and program of work. This included

content, rollout, training, and linkage to other

units, such as the Technology and Development



Al Koschmann, Director of Engineering,

Southwestern Region

Bob Ross, Director of Recreation,

Intermountain Region

John Shilling, Associate Regional Forester,

Public Services, Pacific Southwest Region

Glenda Wilson, Director of Engineering,

Rocky Mountain Region



The National Park Service lent their considerable

experience and expertise in the area of facility

planning and design through the involvement of

two key individuals in the early stages of the

process. Appreciation is extended to Charles

Clapper, Director of the Denver Service Center,

and Linda Morey, Branch Chief, for supporting

this involvement, which included selection of

consultants, critical feedback on the overall

approach, and document review.

Carol Whipple, Senior Landscape Architect and

Ethan Carr, Landscape Architecture Historian,

at the Denver Service Center also provided




A critical juncture in the process of developing the

BEIG was the decision to develop representative

examples of regional architectural character types,

richly illustrated. In order to achieve this, it was

decided to hold a series of design workshops, or

“charettes” around the country. A consultant

group led by OZ Architecture of Denver & Boulder,

CO, was selected to lead and facilitate the

charettes. In leading the charettes, developing

research and content in advance, graphically

capturing participants’ ideas, and writing the

content of Chapters 3 & 4, the OZ team brought

continuous excellence, enthusiasm, and

professionalism to the process.


K. David Carson, OZ Architecture

Rick Petersen, OZ Architecture

Landscape Architects:

Dick Marshall, DHM Design Corp.

Roger Burkart, DHM Design Corp.


Michael Leccese, Fountainhead Communications


Stan Doctor


Architectural Historians:

Joan Draper, Ph.D., University of Colorado

Judith Robinson, Robinson & Associates

Terri Myers, Hardy, Heck, Moore & Myers

Leland Roth, University of Oregon

Polly Chase-Harrell, Boston Affiliates, Inc.



Five charettes were held around the country

to define the number and coverage of the

“provinces,” or areas of the country with

common environmental and cultural influences

on architectural style; provide primary input

on the most important influences on design

in the province; and develop the architectural

character type(s) that fit best within the

province and also within the culture of the

Forest Service. Participants were asked to

bring with them examples of “good” and “bad”

design within the area, along with their

experience, expertise, enthusiasm, and open

minds. The province coordinators performed

tedious work in developing much of the

background material, as well as the logistics

for the charettes. Thanks to all of them, the

charettes were productive, fun, and learning

experiences for everyone.




Ted Coffman, George Washington & Jefferson,

National Forests*

Bill Speer, Southern Region*

Quentin Bass, Cherokee National Forest

Tom Chappell, Southern Region

Paul Dore, Mount Rogers National Recreation


Steve Hendricks, Cherokee National Forest

Maurice Hoelting, Southern Region

Carolyn Hoffmann, Chattahoochee-Oconee

National Forest

Jim Holbrook, Southern Region

Bill Hughes, Southern Region

Clara Johnson, National Forests in Mississippi

Joe Meadows, Cherokee National Forest

Victor Mercado, Caribbean National Forest

David Wagner, George Washington & Jefferson

National Forests

Randy Warbington, Southern Region

Heber Williams, National Forests in Florida




Jeff Saari, Southwestern Region*

Jeni Bradley, Pacific Southwest Region

John Grosvenor, Pacific Southwest Region

Jeff Klas, Southwestern Region

Al Koschmann, Southwestern Region

Kurt Kretvix, Southwestern Region

Debby Kriegel, Coronado National Forest

Bill Larsen, Southwestern Region

Deborah MacIvor, Apache-Sitgreaves National


Art Mathias, Coconino National Forest

Mike McIntyre, Angeles National Forest

Joe Meade, Southwestern Region

Chuck Richmond, Pacific Southwest Region

Dan Salcido, Pacific Southwest Region

Tina Terrell, Tonto National Forest

Dennis Trujillo, Santa Fe National Forest

Ramiro Villalvazo, Angeles National Forest

Gene Zimmerman, San Bernardino National


* Province Coordinator



Marcus Anderson, Pacific Northwest Region*

Jurgen Hess, Pacific Northwest Region*

Sara Baldwin, Alaska Region

Gary Bartlett, Rogue River National Forest

Kimberly Bown, Pacific Northwest Region

Nancy Diaz, Mt. Hood National Forest

Steve Hennig, Chugach National Forest

Roberta Hilbruner, Pacific Northwest Region

Stan Hinatsu, Pacific Northwest Region

Robert King, Pacific Southwest Region

Jeff Lalande, Rogue River National Forest

Nora Laughlin, Alaska Region

Tom Lockhart, Pacific Northwest Region

Linda Lux, Pacific Southwest Region

Mike Miller, Mt. Baker/Snoqualmie National Forest

Meg Mitchell, Alaska Region

Dom Monaco, Tongass National Forest

Jerry Mosier, Klamath National Forest

Beth Pendleton, Alaska Region

Dick Sawaya, Willamette National Forest

Terry Skorheim, Mt. Baker/Snoqualmie National


Terry Slider, Pacific Northwest Region

Richard Sowa, Pacific Northwest Region


Jaime Stone, Umpqua National Forest

E. Gail Throop, Pacific Northwest Region

James Wolfe, Alaska Region



Daryl Dean, Chequamegon/Nicolet National Forest*

Lisa Whitcomb, Eastern Region*

Larry Anderson, Eastern Region

David Dercks, Eastern Region

John Jakel, Eastern Region

Dennis Jones, Eastern Region

David Lary, Green Mountain/Finger Lakes NFs

Frank Leoni, Superior National Forest

George Lundy, Eastern Region

Walt Okstad, Superior National Forest

Dennis Parker, Chippewa National Forest

Greg Porter, Allegheny National Forest*

Rick Short, Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie

Roger Tremont, Eastern Region

Martha Twarkins, Green Mountain/Finger Lakes


Francisco Valenzuela, Rocky Mountain Region

Gerry Xavier, Eastern Region

Ron Yates, Lewis & Clark National Forest




Wilden Moffet, Intermountain Region*

Stan Specht, Rocky Mountain Region*

Steven Brink, Intermountain Region

Connie Clementson, Grand Mesa-Uncompagre-

Gunnison NFs

Anna Jones Crabtree, Bighorn National Forest

Chris Hartman, Intermountain Region

David Hatch, Wasatch-Cache National Forest

Ron Klouzek, Pike & San Isabel National Forests

Margaret Lincoln, Kootenai National Forest

Oswaldo Mino, Northern Region

Bob Ross, Intermountain Region

Bill Schleining, Black Hills National Forest

Bob Sieger, San Juan/Rio Grande National Forest

Pat Thomas, Flathead National Forest

Deb Tiller, Caribou National Forest

Neal Weierback, Pike & San Isabel NFs and

Cimarron & Comanche NG

Gordon Williams, Intermountain Region

Glenda Wilson, Rocky Mountain Region

Corey Wong, Arapaho National Forest

Terry Wong, Rocky Mountain Region

* Province Coordinator



Sonja Beavers, National Headquarters,

Office of Communication, for overall publication

guidance and contracting of editing

Tom Iraci, Photographer, Pacific Northwest Region,

for collecting, selecting, and shooting the

remaining photos in the guide

Nora Laughlin, Regional Landscape Architect,

Alaska Region, for final review and guidance

toward final publication

Janet Stubbe, Landscape Architect, Allegheny National Forest, development of Section 508 Accessible Version.  

Babatunde Oyewole, Landscape Architect Trainee, National Forests in Mississippi, development assistant of Section 508 Accessible Version. Leslie Myers, USDA Office of Communications,

Design Division, for development of the

graphic layout, contracting, and art direction

George Avalos, USDA Office of Communications,

Design Division, for development of the graphic

layout, contracting, and art direction.

Jerry Williams, Historian, National Headquarters,

for the historic photos in Chapter 1

And finally, for continuing support and funding

through the completion of the BEIG:

Dennis E. Bschor, Director of Recreation,

Heritage, and Wilderness Resources,

National Headquarters

Vaughn Strokes, Director of Engineering,

National Headquarters

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political beliefs, sexual orientation, or marital or family status. (Not all prohibited

bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means

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should contact USDA’s TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TDD).

To file a complaint of discrimination, write USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights,

Room 326-W, Whitten Building, 14th and Independence Ave., SW, Washington, DC

20250-9410, or call (202) 720-5964 (voice and TDD). USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.



Appendix F Table of Contents

Reader’s Guide