Appendix B

Forest Service Manual (FSM)

and Handbook (FSH) Direction





FSM 7310:


Ensure that integration of wood into architectural

design is consistent with the setting and

architectural style in which the building or

facility is to be placed.


Guide to Forest Service Office Design,

Identification, and Location:


The guide discusses the basic design schemes and

illustrations, provides guidelines for appropriate

office locations, and describes the importance

of projecting the Forest Service image and style

to visitors.




FSM 7310:


In general, Regional Foresters, Station Directors,

or Area Directors are responsible for approving

the site development and building design unless

delegated to next level of organization.

FSM 7313:

The Regional Directors of Engineering (NFS)

or the Assistant Station Directors for

Administration (Research) are responsible

for approving design drawings.






FSM 7313:


Qualified professionals and/or qualified technicians

shall accomplish or direct all planning, design,

and construction of Forest Service buildings and

related facilities. Qualified professionals include

professional architects, landscape architects,

or engineers who have the required training,

experience, and knowledge of the following: site

planning; vehicle and pedestrian circulation; and

various applicable building, electrical, mechanical,

safety, and related codes normally associated

with the design, construction, and operation of

structures, buildings, water and wastewater

treatment plants, mechanical systems, and

similar facilities.


FSH 9309:


Facility designers and managers shall use the

criteria, procedures, and practices established

within the professional design disciplines.

Design Standards

Guide to Forest Service Office Design,

Identification, and Location

FSM 7313.3

FSH 7309.11, Chapter 34




FSM 2330.2 Establishes as objectives for the

provision of recreation facilities:

1. To maximize opportunities for visitors to

know and experience nature while engaging in

outdoor recreation.

2. To develop and manage sites consistent with

the available natural resources to provide a

safe, healthful, aesthetic, nonurban


3. To provide a maximum contrast with

urbanization at National Forest sites.

FSM 2330.3 sets policy for the development and

administration of sites and facilities, including:

1. Use recreation opportunity spectrum

guidelines (FSM 2310) when developing sites.

2. Develop sites and facilities that will provide

recreation experiences toward the primitive

end of the spectrum. Do not provide urban

class facilities (ex. 01).

3. Use the land and resource management

planning process (36 CFR 219, FSM 1920,

and FSM 2310) to reach decisions to develop

recreation sites.

4. Develop sites and facilities to enhance natural

resource-based activities normally associated

with a natural environment.

5. Seriously consider the element of cost

efficiency when developing and operating sites

and facilities.

6. Establish priorities for the development and

management of sites in the following order:

a. Ensure public health and safety.

b. Protect the natural environment of the site.

c. Manage and maintain sites and facilities

to enhance users’ interaction with the

natural resource.

d. Provide new developments that conform

to the National Forest recreation role.

7. Allow concession operation of National Forest

campgrounds and related recreation facilities

(FSM 2340).

8. Strive to make it possible for persons with

disabilities to be included in the mainstream

of life when pursuing outdoor recreation


9. Prepare site designs and environmental

assessments for all sites before undertaking

construction or major rehabilitation efforts.



FSM 2330.42a - Regional Forester. (At the

Regional Forester’s discretion, the following

responsibilities may be delegated to the Forest

Supervisor unless specifically reserved to the

Regional Forester.) In the area of site planning

and development, the Regional Forester has the

responsibility to:

1. Review and approve design narratives and

site designs.

2. Seek partnerships with other entities to

share in the development, cost, and/or labor

of providing recreation opportunities and

ensure compliance with requirements on

authorizing instruments (agreements,

memoranda of understanding, and so forth)

in FSM 1580 and FSH 1509.11.

3. Identify and update regional priorities for

the recreation capital investment program.

This responsibility is reserved to the

Regional Forester.

2330.42b - Forest Supervisor. The Forest

Supervisor has the responsibility to:

1. Prepare design narratives, site plans, and

final drawings. Develop sites and facilities

in accordance with established objectives

and policies and land and resource

management plans.

2. Monitor operation and maintenance actions.

2330.42c - District Ranger. The District Ranger

has the responsibility to:

1. Prepare operation and maintenance plans.

This includes fee compliance plans and

vegetative management plans.

2. Operate and maintain recreation sites

and facilities in accordance with plans.

3. Enforce payment of recreation fees.



FSM 2333. The guidelines in this section

apply to all recreation sites on National Forest

System lands.

2333.03 - Policy.

1. Prepare site plans before construction,

rehabilitation, or expansion of a site. Site

plans must show the specific location and

design of facilities and must provide for

control of traffic, sanitation, public safety,

site protection, grading, landscape planting,

and use distribution.

2. Use the recreation opportunity spectrum

class and development scale established in

management plans in site designs (ex. 01,

FSM 2330.3). Accommodate environmental

concerns identified in the environmental

assessment in site designs. Carefully consider

the cost of installing facilities, as well as

future operation and maintenance costs.

3. Design facilities, such as roads, barriers,

paths, and water and sanitation systems,

so that they are as natural, simple, and

unobtrusive as possible. Design and build

rustic-looking facilities so that they become

part of the attraction. For example, use hand

pumps rather than hydrants, plantings of

berry bushes for barriers, and wood posts

rather than steel posts.

4. Design and install facilities that are:

a. Simple and durable in nature, adequate

for the intended function, and devoid of

unnecessary frills and personal preference


b. Cost-efficient both from the standpoint

of initial installation and continued

operation and maintenance.

c. In close harmony with the surrounding


d. Safe to use and in conformance with

all applicable standards.

e. Suitable for both traditional and

nontraditional users.

f. Devoid of barriers to persons with

disabilities to the degree specified in

“Specifications for Making Buildings

and Facilities Accessible to, and Usable

by, the Physically Handicapped.”

(American National Standards Institute,

Inc. ANSI-A117.1-1961. New York.)

g. Suited to the desired experience

opportunity selected for the site.

h. Vandal-resistant.




Appendix B Table of Contents

Reader’s Guide