• Consider constructed wetlands, sand filters,

and other alternatives to mechanical systems

for sewage treatment.

• Install water-conserving fixtures.

• Conserve water through such strategies as

water harvesting with cisterns, xeriscaping, and

graywater recycling.

• Install porous paving to minimize erosion and to

“recharge” the groundwater.



• Rather than building anew, recycle or adaptively

reuse a building for a new purpose.

• Design flexible interiors that can be converted

to other uses.

• Encourage visitor and employee recycling

through well-placed and marked containers and

awareness programs.

• Seek building materials with high recycled

content and low “embodied energy.”




Chapter 4 Table of Contents

Reader’s Guide