• Minimize site disturbance and surface grading

by following the contours of the land and by

locating facilities near existing roads and


• Minimize clearing of native vegetation.

• Minimize construction of new roads and parking.

• Avoid building in sensitive wildlife or riparian


• Consider climate, solar orientation, and

prevailing winds when siting buildings.

• Consider wildfire potential when setting clearing

limits around buildings and when selecting

vegetation for planting.

• Landscape with native plants to reduce

maintenance while enhancing wildlife habitat.

• Minimize the use of irrigation systems.

Where needed, use drip or other point-of-use

irrigation systems and consider temporary

systems to establish plants only.

• Where landscape plants must be watered,

grade surface terrain to harvest runoff.


Figures of Energy Cost reduction using Building Features and Vegetation:

Length and placement of a fixed roof

overhang determines amount of

natural light entering a window at different

seasons or times of day.

Locating deciduous trees on the

south side of a building will help

reduce summer solar gain while

allowing solar heating in the winter.




Chapter 4 Table of Contents

Reader’s Guide