• Use solar heat and energy—an abundant

resource in this area.

• Pursue simple technologies such as passive solar

as well as active solar such as photovoltaics.

• Employ solar chimneys for cooling.

• Use evaporative cooling (“swamp coolers”),

which is preferable to air conditioning.

• Employ “xeriscape” using drought-tolerant plants.

• Use gravel mulch in landscaping.

• Minimize irrigation.

• Minimize site disturbance.

• Harvest water in cisterns.

• Grade to direct water runoff to vegetation.

• Use locally available natural materials rather

than synthetic, manufactured materials that

must be imported.

• Recycle graywater for landscape irrigation.

• See the “Common Principles” section in the

introduction of this chapter for more

recommendations on sustainability.


Figure of building that maximizes solar gain and daylighting.




Chapter 4.8 Table of Contents

Reader’s Guide