SUMMARY OF INFLUENCES AND RESPONSES THAT SHAPE THE CHARACTER OF THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT-

ECOLOGICAL INFLUENCES

• Hot, dry climate.

• Arid landscape.

• Dominance of landform over vegetation.

• Sparse vegetation.

• Long vistas.

• Many rock outcrops.

• Water and shade crucial to survival.

• Southerly winds in summer; northerly

and westerly winds in winter.

• Dramatic temperature ranges both

daily and throughout seasons.

• Extremes of flood and

drought.

• Ecosystems dependent on fire for renewal.

• Strong color contrasts.

• Aspect of the sun a strong influence.

• Disturbances to soil and vegetation slow

to heal.

• California landscape marine-influenced

in some areas with a wetter climate

and more dense vegetation.

• “Big sky” with intense sunshine.

 

CULTURAL INFLUENCES

• Area has a highly urban population, with few

people living outside cities.

• Forest Service areas receive year-round use.

• Three main cultural groups are Anglo, Native

American, and Hispanic.

• People are attracted to the higher, cooler

places and to water for recreation.

• Native American cultures are highly visible,

with more than 30 sovereign nations and

reservations within national forests.

• Spanish culture goes back nearly 500 years

to explorers of the early 1500’s.

• Strong influence of contemporary Mexican

culture requires places for large groups to

meet; larger facilities may be needed.

• Society is multicultural.

• Ranching and mining remain prevalent.

• The area has many archeological sites.

• The area is experiencing rapid population

growth.

 

Figures of buildings representing a variety of cultures:

·       Territorial influence

·       Pueblo influence

·       Spanish Colonial influence

·       CCC-era pueblo revival

 

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