• Minimize site disturbance by following the

contours of the land and locating structures

near existing utilities.

• Minimize the construction of new roads and parking.

• Use local and indigenous building materials.

• Integrate passive solar into building design with

proper orientation, massing, window location,

shading, ventilation, and shade structures.

• Use natural, nontoxic building materials that

require little maintenance. Use photovoltaics

for supplementary power.

• Use thick, massive walls for thermal mass,

such as masonry, earth walls, and so forth.

• Emphasize water conservation in fixtures,

water harvesting, xeriscaping, and gray-water


• See the “Common Principles” section in the

introduction of this chapter for more

recommendations on sustainability.




Chapter 4.6 Table of Contents

Reader’s Guide