ARCHITECTURAL GUIDELINES FOR THE

SOUTHEAST MOUNTAIN PROVINCE

SITING

• Build within created clearings to preserve

existing vegetation.

• On mountaintops, place structures below the

top of the ridge to avoid structure silhouette.

• On plateaus, place structures at the highest

elevation for vistas and breezes.

• Place observation structures (such as viewing

platforms and towers) within the tree canopy

and back from edge of ridges.

• Place buildings just above the floodplain in

valleys.

 

Figure of Development limited at the top of the ridges and structure moved off of the high point of the ridge

 

Figure of a Building site limited to the toe of slope

With the Riparian zone separated by a Landscape buffer

 

 

Figure of Observation platform using local and natural materials

 

Other guidelines for SITING:

• Site buildings to shelter wind on three sides

while providing sun exposure on the south side

in coves.

• Place larger buildings in the broader valleys.

• Break up expanses of parking by terracing lots.

• Connect related buildings with decks and

boardwalks.

• Clear vegetation around buildings (but “limb up”

trees rather than removing them) for

ventilation and protection from insects and

snakes.

• Place structure parallel to contours of the

landforms.

 

Figure of Landscape buffer maintained in riparian zones adjacent both a Lake and a River

 

Figure of Historic development in sheltered coves below ridges.

 

Figure of Branches trimmed up and undergrowth cleared for ventilation and protection from snakes and insects.

SOUTHEAST

MASSING AND SCALE

• Create compounds of several related buildings

rather than one large building to minimize

building footprints.

• Break down the scale of large buildings with

multiple forms.

• Reduce building mass by stepping down

sloped sites.

 

Figure of a Traditional building cluster

Figure encouraging clustering of structures

 

Other guidelines for MASSING AND SCALE

• Create buildings that appear to have grown

and evolved through time by combining

different forms, such as shed and gable-style

dormers.

• Design rectangular buildings to be sited on

an east-west axis; these respond to solar

conditions and breezes better than square

buildings.

 

Figure of the relation of building mass to setting:

Small valley relates to smaller mass

Hill-top relates to minimal mass

Large valley relates to larger mass

 

Figure of Large building broken down in scale to smaller forms and those forms stepping down the slope.

 

ROOF

• Design roofs to be the dominant element

of the building.

• Use broad overhangs to create a

sheltering feeling.

• Complement the angles of landforms by

sloping the roof.

• Design the roof pitches to range from

6:12 to 9:12; porch roofs can have a

flatter pitch than the main roof.

• Avoid A-frames, mansard roofs,

or flat roofs.

 

Figure of Predominant roof forms:

Gable roof and shed porch

 

Roof characteristics include:

• Addition intersecting with main roof

• Broad overhangs

• Flatter porch

• Chimney on end

 

Figure of Addition with a shed or gable roof that has broad overhangs.

 

BASE

• Design the base so that it appears

strongly connected to the ground.

• Build stone bases that seem to grow out

of natural stone outcroppings.

• Use solid bases rather than piers or stilts.

• Ventilate the base and crawl space with

openings.

 

Figure of Inappropriate Base up to window sills

 

Figure of base “growing” out of a stone outcropping when appropriate.

 

Figure of building with walls subservient to a strong roof and strong base:

 

 

Figure of base taking up grade and providing ventilation

 

Figure of stone walls of local stone laid in local geological pattern

 

WALLS AND OPENINGS

• Design walls that do not dominate the faηade

but instead create a relatively short plane

between the more dominant base and roof.

• Use vertical windows that are either doublehung

or casement.

• Install operable, screened windows when possible.

• Maximize ventilation with operable windows,

transom windows, and vented roofs and gables.

• Use corners that look massive and substantial;

avoid placing windows in building corners.

• Integrate skylights within the roof form; avoid

bubble skylights.

• Include winter covers for gable openings.

• Design porches with high ceilings to allow views

and to let daylight into the building.

• Emphasize entries to make them clear and

inviting for visitors.

• Avoid sliding doors or jalousies.

 

Figure of Wall materials include:

Log

Lap siding

Board and batten

 

Figure of Windows with a vertical proportion.

 

Figure of a Well-defined main entry

 

Figure of Window types such as:

Double-hung

Casement

Transom

 

Figure of building with good ventilation of all spaces:

• Vented roof

• Gable end vent

• High windows/transitions

 

Figure of other characteristics for WALLS AND OPENINGS:

• Porch is an outdoor room

• Keep porch ceiling high for views and light

• Wood porch with stone pier

• Shed porch ceiling:

Mountains: open

Piedmont: closed

• Dormer for daylight and venting

• Add glass to gable end of building

for daylighting

 

Figure of Windows infilling between structure

 

STRUCTURE

• Express structure by exposing posts, beams,

and trusses, especially within shelters when

possible.

• Use oversized structural elements to convey

strength and permanence.

 

Figure of Structure that is openly expressed

 

MATERIALS

• Use materials that look substantial and heavy.

• Use indigenous, natural, and locally produced

materials.

Suitable wall materials include:

• Stone laid to reflect local geological patterns,

and stone in scale with size of local rocks.

• Horizontal log.

• Board and batten.

• Wood-lap siding.

Alternate wall materials include:

• Split-face block, if skillfully constructed,

as a substitute for stone.

• Concrete, if tinted and highly textured to

blend with textures of natural surroundings.

• Cement-fiber siding to match wood.

Avoid:

• Patterned plywood.

 

Suitable roof materials include:

• Treated, southern pine shake shingle.

• Standing seam metal in medium tones.

• Concrete tile, if it resembles a traditional

material.

• Heavy-textured asphalt shingles.

 

Figure of Treated, southern pine shake shingles.

Figure of heavy textured Composition shingles.

Figure of Standing seam metal.

 

Suitable base materials include:

• Stone.

• Textured concrete.

• Split-face block.

 

Avoid:

• Wood, including railroad ties.

 

Figure of a Bulletin Board with desirable characteristics:

• Expressed structure

• Natural materials

• Strong connections

• Wood shake roof

• Heavy timber frame

 

 

Figure of a Toilet Building with Predominant materials such as:

• Stone base

• Standing seam metal roof

• Board and batten walls

 

COLOR

• Draw color schemes from the

immediate natural landscape,

especially rocks and trees.

• Use mid-tone earth colors

such as brown, gray, and

green.

• Stains, when used, should

be solid, penetrating stain

with UV protection.

• Use off-white paint color

in the foothills of the

Mountain Province.

• Bright colors may be used

as accents if drawn from

nature, such as wildflowers

and lichens.

• Use gable ends that are

stained in the mountains

and painted in the foothills.

 

Figure of Colors taken from the natural landscape:

• Grays and browns of trees and rocks

• Greens of leaves and needles

 

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