SUMMARY OF INFLUENCES AND RESPONSES THAT SHAPE THE CHARACTER OF THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT

ECOLOGICAL INFLUENCES

• Flat landforms with gently rolling hills.

• High rainfall.

• Hot, humid summers.

• Rapidly changing weather with

thunderstorms, hurricanes, and

tornadoes.

• Humidity, intense summer sun, and

presence of insects, such as termites,

that quickly decay building materials.

 

• Dense vegetation with a high canopy of trees.

• Forests of pine with hardwoods in drainages.

• Plants that grow quickly.

• Sandy coastal soils.

• Rivers that take the form of slow-running

estuaries with dark waters.

• Many marshes, swamps, and other wetlands.

• Abundant wildlife, from insects to alligators.

 

Figure of Coastal - Low Wetlands with

Pine Oak and Hemlock

 

Figures of Coastal pine forests and Lower Piedmont with

Hardwood Live oak and Pines.

 

CULTURAL INFLUENCES

• Settled by Europeans for 400 years;

has deep historical roots.

• Developed and altered landscape bisected

by roads; no forest lands are more than a

few miles from a road, and all are within a

short drive of urban areas.

• Made up of an unconsolidated patchwork of

private and public lands and forest lands.

• Contains a rich architectural history that

includes huts, slave cabins, and smokehouses

as well as grand lodges and the estates and

plantations of the aristocracy.

• Provides timber building material.

• Draws tourists to historic, as well as

natural, sites.

• Provides water for boating, fishing, and

swimming.

 

Figures of Culturally influenced buildings such as

French Creole cottage

Plantation

Early CCC

English and

Spanish.

 

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