Map of Southeast Coastal Province States including:

Eastern North Carolina

Eastern South Carolina

Southern Georgia

Florida

Alabama

Mississippi

Louisiana

Eastern Texas

Arkansas

Eastern Oklahoma

 

OVERVIEW: CHARACTER OF THE SOUTHEAST COASTAL PROVINCE BUILT AND NATURAL ENVIRONMENTS

Southeast Coastal Province

The Southeast Coastal Province is layered with

cultural and building traditions that respond

directly to its warm, humid climate; tidal rivers;

wetlands; and landscape features. It was originally

populated by Native Americans (who were largely

relocated in the 1830’s), wealthy planters,

African-American slaves and freedmen, Spanish

settlers of Florida, and the French and

frontiersmen of the tropical Gulf Coast.

 

In this province, keeping cool was the traditional

concern of builders. Dating from the early Native

Americans up until the advent of air conditioning,

many building types were designed to catch

breezes, create shade, and provide cool, outdoor

spaces such as courtyards and sleeping porches.

The porches of shotgun houses and the generous

verandas of traditional houses in Charleston

achieved these objectives within distinctive

building forms. Light-colored structures also

mitigate this climate by reflecting solar radiation.

 

Culture and climate are nearly inseparable in

this province. Traditional structures provided

balconies, porches, large hallways and

breezeways, wide eaves, and louvered

windows that provided relief from blazing,

humid summers.

 

In Louisiana, many

houses were built on tall foundations to

protect against flooding.  In Georgia, South Carolina,

and Alabama, simple woodframe structures

elevated on wooden stilts may have

been influenced by the Florida Seminole huts

called “chickees.” Dairies and springhouses were

burrowed into the earth to preserve perishable

goods. The dogtrot house included a single roof

covering two pens, creating a breezeway and

shelter connecting two buildings. In agrarian

compounds, kitchens were frequently placed in

separate buildings to keep heat (and the threat

of fire) out of the main house. Plantations and

farms put different functions into separate

buildings such as smokehouses, blacksmith shops,

or winnowing houses for separating rice or grain

from its hard outer shell.

 

Figure of a Geographic Profile of the Mountains to the Atlantic Ocean:

The Southeast Coastal Profile includes the following:

Atlantic Ocean

Coastal Plain

Lower Piedmont

 

Southeast Mountain Geographic Profile includes the following:

Upper Piedmont

Mountain

Mountain Plateau

 

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