• Place recreation structures near lakes for

views and access to water.

• Thin, but do not clear, trees to provide views.

• Respect the shoreline by observing setbacks

and preserving, enhancing, and restoring

natural shorelines.

• Maintain a natural landscape buffer between

lakeside structures and the shoreline.

• Consider what the shoreline might look like

when viewed from the lake.

• Maintain a natural-looking shoreline rather

than a resort-like, “poolside” setting that

is paved and overdeveloped.

• Build on rises of land overlooking the lakes

when possible.

• Locate building to take advantage of



• Site buildings for protection against

northwest winter winds and to catch

southwest summer breezes.

• Plan for snow storage in parking areas

and roads.



• Design buildings that feature compact

footprints to retain and conserve heat; with

compact footprints, buildings can be up to two

stories tall.

• In frequently visited areas such as recreation

facilities, make the base of the structure

strong to express solidity and mass and to

protect the building from weather and animal


• Make the base prominent and visible by raising

it and creating color and texture that matches

the surrounding landscape.

• Step bases to adjust to slope.

• Avoid basements—they are expensive to build

and maintain because of high water tables and

they create universal access problems.

• Make the bases of portal signs substantial so

that they appear to be anchored to the earth.



• Use horizontal materials and patterns

to emphasize low, horizontal structures.

• Use vertical materials and patterns as

accents in gables.

• Use timber structures, which usually have

rounded, smooth logs as opposed to raw

or split logs.

• Use wide, large-scale lap siding.

• Avoid synthetic products such as T-111

or fiberboard.



• Use porches for visitor and administrative

buildings; these work best when placed on the

gable end of a building or extended as a shed


• Use windows that are more vertical than


• Use double-hung windows.

• Adapt openings to seasons with summer

screens and winter boards or shutters.

• Avoid window openings in gables.

• Avoid large areas of horizontal banded windows.

• Add a vestibule to a building rather than

placing a vestibule within the footprint.

• Screen vestibules for summer ventilation.



• Design steep roof pitches of 7:12 or more.

• Use hip roofs, which are common and can

diminish mass and scale of large buildings.

• Incorporate broad overhangs on eaves to

protect walls from driving rain and snow.

• Make rafter tails shorter than eaves to

protect exposed wood.

• Avoid gutters and plan for drip lines.

• Do not mix roofing materials.

• Do not use flat roofs.



• Expose and celebrate structural elements

such as brackets, trusses, and vaulted

ceilings in public areas of buildings.

• Make vertical structure oversized to convey

a sense of permanence and to appear

massive enough to support the snow loads.

• Do not expose mechanical or heating and

air-conditioning systems. This would create

a “high-tech” image unsuitable for the

Forest Service.




“Where so many of our basic building materials are

wholly new, we must search again for a natural way

to build.” —Frank Lloyd Wright

• Use rock, stone, and other natural materials

that harmonize with the surrounding landscape.

• Use manufactured stone and siding products if

selected and installed with care.

• Meet the province’s expectations for craftsmanship,

good-quality materials, and a high level of


• Create a hierarchy of materials for a balanced

composition rather than mixing and matching


• Smooth out the interior log, wood interior trim,

and other surfaces so that they do not gather


• Avoid obviously synthetic materials, such as

vinyl siding.

• Avoid refined, dimensional pavers for pathways.


Figure expressing craftsmanship with refined interior trim such as:

• Crown molding

• Smooth wall surfaces

• Chair rail

• Base



• Choose colors that reflect local geology, vegetation,

and culture, taking cues from earth tones,

including rock, leaves, birch bark, and so forth.

Darker colors predominate in the color scheme.

• Make color contrasts subtle.

• Use muted colors rather than primary colors for


• Use materials that weather naturally to

attractive colors and tones.


Examples of appropriate color characteristics include:

• Medium-brown pine bark

• Light gray bark

• Low deciduous shrubs

• Gray granite rocks




Chapter 4.2 Table of Contents

Reader’s Guide