SUMMARY OF INFLUENCES AND RESPONSES THAT SHAPE THE CHARACTER OF THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT

ECOLOGICAL INFLUENCES

• The area has a cold climate with a short

growing season.

• Summer is lush and green accented by the

whiteness of birch tree trunks.

• The landscape is relatively flat, with many

lakes and bogs.

• The groundwater table is high.

• Coniferous forests prevail over deciduous

forests.

• In winter, frost depth ranges from 4 feet to 8 feet.

• Snowfall can reach 100 inches.

• Snow stays on the ground all winter.

• Prevailing winds are from the northwest.

• The landscape is intimate, with most views

closed off by trees.

• The summer climate is muggy and buggy.

• Lakes and wetlands provide the main

openings for views.

• Riparian zones protect the integrity of

lakeshores and water quality.

 

CULTURAL INFLUENCES

• A strong tradition of well-constructed and

well-crafted structures endures.

• Early white settlers were Scandinavian,

French, and northern European.

• Early structures were log homes.

• Settlements were traditionally close to water

for transportation.

• Culture was shaped by tens of thousands of

lakes.

• Lakefront sites are desirable for structures

but are highly regulated and require setbacks.

• Hunting, cross-country skiing, and fishing

(including ice fishing) are popular activities in

national forests.

• The culture values a manicured landscape,

which can be ecologically sterile.

• Ten million people live within driving distance

of national forest facilities.

 

Examples of cultural influence in structures: 

Lakefront structures

Scandinavian log influence

Dairy/Agricultural

Northern European influence

 

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