Green Mountain National Forest
231 North Main Street
Rutland, VT 05701
Region 9 Regional Office
626 East Wisconsin Ave.
Milwaukee, WI 53202
European settlement of the Green Mountains technically started before the Revolution but, for the most part, the upper elevation areas were neither settled nor exploited extensively until after the War. Therefore, the great majority of the sites, features and landscapes visible today are a product of the 19th and early 20th centuries
The Forest has more than 2000 such sites, including the archaeological remains of farmsteads, mills, schools, meeting houses, charcoal and lime kilns, roads, stone walls, and more. For the most part, these sites exist today in a forested environment, far different from the landscape(s) at the time they were bustling, productive homes and workplaces.
Many of these sites have been located and mapped, but far fewer have been well-investigated or evaluated.We also own and manage several significant historic structures, including:
The historic mid-19th century post-and-beam Perkins Barns have been incorporated into our Rochester Ranger District office facility. Two of the original four barns were stabilized, moved back from their original road-side locations and reconfigured to be a parking facility for Forest Service vehicles.
The Barns are both characteristic and unique examples of post-and-beam farm architecture. The taller barn is a classic Yankee or New England style barn, built before 1850, with neat, symmetrical interior craftsmanship and bays on both sides of an impressive entrance and drive-through. The extended milking parlor is unique in that the builder used "natural" beams and knee braces along the front of the building, rather than squaring them off; this technique is virtually unique among other surviving 19th century structures in Vermont
In Vermont's evolving economy, hundreds of these once-common agricultural buildings are lost to neglect, development, and changing priorities each year. By putting these old structures to good use, the Forest Service is helping to preserve a rapidly disappearing piece of Vermont's agricultural and architectural heritage, and maintain the visual character that makes Vermont Route 100 and it's landscape popular among tourists, visitors and residents alike.