USDA Forest Service

Forest Health Protection, Southern Region


USDA Forest Service
Forest Health Protection
Region 8
1720 Peachtree Road, NW
Room 816 N
Atlanta, GA 30309

Phone: (404) 347-7478
Fax: (404) 347-1880

United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service.

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Early Detection and Rapid Response

The Early Detection and Rapid Response Team is implementing a national, interagency, detection, monitoring, and response system for non-native invasive bark beetles.


  • R8-FHP has been participating in EDRR since its pilot inception in 2001
  • In 2001, a Memorandum of Understanding was signed by the Forest Service (FS) and Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) that identifies agency invasive species responsibilities and areas of coordination
  • In 2001, a Rapid Detection and Response Team was established to coordinate pilot tests for the detection of nonnative bark beetles and the nun moth. Team members include the Oregon Department of Agriculture, Maryland Department of Agriculture, Cornell University, Agricultural Research Service, APHIS, USFS Forest Health Protection, and other agencies, universities, and environmental groups as their cooperation is needed
  • The Team fulfilled the following objectives: developed and tested a prototype national survey; identified potential exotic pests and likely pathways of entry and spread; identified detection and management guidelines; detected and monitored new introductions at selected high-risk sites; developed recommendations to address gaps in detection protocols and taxonomic resources; and used the information collected to set agency protocols and priorities
  • Ten nonnative bark beetle species were specifically targeted, although all bark beetles captured were identified. The target species are among the most common and threatening species intercepted during port inspections. Good survey techniques (highly-attractive lures & effective traps) exist for these species


  • Each year since 2001, baited funnel traps have been placed in urban forests and forests around port facilities and wood-handling facilities throughout the Southeast. Trapping has been done in every state in Region 8 except for Oklahoma. Shown below is theR8 FHP’s commitment of funds to the states during the most recent 5 years.
LA, SC, TX FL, GA, KY, LA, SC, TX AL, FL, MS, NC, VA AR, LA (delimit), TN FL, GA, LA, SC, TX
$100,000 $187,000 $167,000 $80,000 $135,000


Project Highlights

  • Three new North American records of bark beetle incidence were made in the Southern Region: Xyleborus similis (TX), Xyleborus glabratus (vector of laurel wilt)(GA), and Xyleborus octiesdentatus (LA)
  • Since 2006, over 180 sites have been trapped (=540 traps) (=5,400 samples)
  • A new taxonomist, Wood Johnson, has been trained in the FHP organization

Conclusions & Future Direction

The trapping methods have been proven to detect species new to North America, however to really make a difference several things need to happen: 1) quicker and more robust response actions in cooperation with APHIS and state regulatory agencies, 2) find new species earlier so we can take real actions (i.e. eradication) before establishment is too widespread to make eradication/containment feasible, 3) maximize our survey efforts rapidly to determine extent of establishment of newly found species; we can’t take informed actions until we know this, and 4) fund researchers (FS and universities) to do quick triage (hosts, aggressiveness, dispersal) of new species to ascertain what level of threat we’re dealing with. In 2010, EDRR is acting on #2 above by focusing our efforts on “high-risk” states and by increasing the number of trapping sites in each of these states.


FHP Contact:

Don Duerr
Forest Service-USDA

1720 Peachtree Road, NW, Room 850 N
Atlanta, GA 30309
Phone: 404-347-3541


Updated: February 2010



USDA Forest Service - Forest Health Protection, Southern Region
Last Modified: Monday, 16 December 2013 at 14:18:28 CST

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