Table of Contents

FIELD GUIDE TO INSECTS AND DISEASES OF ARIZONA AND NEW MEXICO FORESTS

Contents
Page
Roles of Forest Insects and Pathogens
1
Invasive Pests
2
Guide to Forest Insects and Diseases
4
Forest Insect Defoliators
7
Western Spruce Budworm
Douglas-fir Tussock Moth
11
Pine-feeding Needleminers
14
White Fir Needleminers
16
Pandora Moth
18
Pine Butterfly
20
Pine Sawflies
22
Tiger Moth
24
New Mexico Fir Looper
26
Nepytia janetae
27
Fall Webworm
29
Western Tent Caterpillar
31
Large Aspen Tortrix
35
Alder Flea Beetle
35
Sap-Sucking Insects, Gall Formers, & Mites
37
Aphids
Cooley Spruce Gall Adelgid
40
Spruce Aphids
42
Pinyon Needle Scale
44
Prescott Scale
46
Pine Needle Scale
49
Ponderosa Pine Resin Midge
50
Pinyon Spindle Gall Midge
52
Spittlebugs
53
Spider Mites
54
Bark Beetle
55
Pine Engravers
59
Western Pine Beetle
63
Mountain Pine Beetle
65
Roundheaded Beetle
67
Southern Pine Beetle and Mexican Pine Beetle
70
Red Turpentine Beetle
72
Spruce Beetle
74
Douglas-fir Beetle
77
Western Balsam Bark Beetle
79
Fir Engraver
81
Twig Beetles
83
Cedar Bark Beetles
85
Wood Borers
87
Wood Borers
88
Juniper Borers
90
Ambrosia Beetles
92
Cone & Seed Insects
94
Cone Seeds
95
Ponderosa Pine Seedworm
97
Pine Seede Chalcid
98
Pine Coneworm
99
Bud & Shoot Insects
100
Pine Tip Moths
101
Western Pineshoot Borer
103
Pinyon Pitch Nodule Moth
105
Bark Moths and Pitch Moth
106
Juniper Twig Pruner
107
Insects of Wood Products
108
Carpenter Ants
109
Termites
111
Foliar Diseases
113
Hardwood Leaf Diseases
113
Black Leaf Spot
114
Ink Spot Leaf Blight
115
Melampsora Rust
116
Shepherd's Crook
117
Sycamore Anthracnose
118
Conifer Needle Diseases
120
Lophodermella Needle Cast
121
Elytroderma Needle Cast
123
Red Band Needle Blight
125
Rhabdocline Needle Cast
126
True Fir Needle Cast
128
White Pine Needle Cast
129
Pinyon Needle Rust
130
Stem Decays & Stains
132
Red Ring Rot
134
Red Rot
136
Indian Paint Fungus
139
Red Belt Fungus
141
Pouch Fungus
142
Blue Stain Fungi
143
False Tinder Conk
144
Heart Rots of Oak
145
Canker Rot of Oak
146
Cankers
147
Black Canker
148
Sooty Bark Canker
150
Cytospora Canker
152
Cryptosphaeria Canker
154
Hypoxylon Canker
156
Atropellis Canker
158
Stem & Cone Rusts of Pine
160
White Pine Blister Rust
161
Limb Rust
164
Western Gall Rust
166
Comandra Blister Rust
167
Gymnosporagium Rusts
169
Fir Broom Rust and Spruce Broom Rust
171
Southwestern Cone Rust
175
Mistletoes
176
Dwarf Mistletoes
177
True Mistletoes
184
Root Disease
189
Armillaria or Shoestring Root Rot
191
Annosus Root Rot
193
Tomentosus Root Disease
196
Schweinitzii Root and Butt Rot
198
Black Stain Root Disease
200
Ganoderma Root Rot
202
Non-infectious Disorders
204
Drought
205
Frost
206
Winter Injury
207
Red Belt
208
Windthrow
209
Lightning
210
Salt Damage
211
Burls
212
Animal Damage
213
Ungulates
213
Black Bear
215
Porcupine
216
Sapsucker
217
Glossary
218
Photography & Illustration Credits
229
Instructions for Submitting Insect & Disease Specimens for Identification
231
Selected References
233
Host Index
247
General Index
260