USDA Forest Service
 

Pacific Southwest Research Station

 

Pacific Southwest Research Station
800 Buchanan Street
Albany, CA 94710-0011

(510) 559-6300

United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service. USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.

Research TopicsWildlife & Fish: Bird Monitoring

A Tabular Format: Pyle's Ageing and Sexing Methods for Landbirds:
List of Species

FAMILY (OR SUB)

SPECIES

CODE

AOU #

Sibley

PYLE

TAB

ACCIPITRIDAE

HAWKS

Comparison of Sharp-shinned and Cooper's

1

SHARP-SHINNED HAWK

SSHA

3320

112

0

2

COOPER'S HAWK

COHA

3330

112

0

3

FALCONIDAE

FALCONS AND CARACARAS

MERLIN

MERL

3570

130

0

4

AMERICAN KESTREL

AMKE

3600

131

0

5

COLUMBIDAE

PIGEONS AND DOVES

41

MOURNING DOVE

MODO

3160

255

47

7

STRIGIDAE

TYPICAL OWLS

69

FLAMMULATED OWL

FLOW

3740

279

69

9

WESTERN SCREECH-OWL

WESO

3732

280

72

11

NORTHERN PYGMY-OWL

NOPO

3790

282

82

14

NORTHERN SAW-WHET OWL

NSWO

3720

277

98

16

CAPRIMULIGIDAE

NIGHTJARS

100

Comparison of Nighthawks

19

COMMON NIGHTHAWK

CONI

4200

288

103

20

TROCHILIDAE

HUMMINGBIRDS

121

Selasphorus PROCESSING AND IDENTIFICATION

25

Archilochus

BLACK-CHINNED HUMMINGBIRD

BCHU

4290

299

138

27

Calypte

140

ANNA'S HUMMINGBIRD

ANHU

4310

298

140

31

COSTA'S HUMMINGBIRD

COHU

4300

298

142

34

Stellula

CALLIOPE HUMMINGBIRD

CAHU

4360

300

144

38

Selasphorus -- Comparisons

146

25

RUFOUS HUMMINGBIRD

RUHU

4330

301

148

42

ALLEN'S HUMMINGBIRD

ALHU

4340

301

150

45

ALCEDINIDAE

KINGFISHERS

157

BELTED KINGFISHER

BEKI

3900

304

159

48

PICIDAE

WOODPECKERS

163

Melanerpes

166

ACORN WOODPECKER

ACWO

4070

307

169

53

Sphyrapicus

177

YELLOW-BELLIED SAPSUCKER

YBSA

4020

311

177

55

RED-NAPED SAPSUCKER

RNSA

4021

311

179

58

RED-BREASTED SAPSUCKER

RBSA

4030

310

180

61

WILLIAMSON'S SAPSUCKER

WISA

4040

310

182

65

Picoides - Comparisons

183

68

LADDER-BACKED WOODPECKER

LBWO

3960

316

183

69

NUTTALL'S WOODPECKER

NUWO

3970

316

185

73

DOWNY WOODPECKER

DOWO

3940

312

187

76

HAIRY WOODPECKER

HAWO

3930

313

189

82

WHITE-HEADED WOODPECKER

WHWO

3990

317

195

86

THREE-TOED WOODPECKER

TTWO

4010

314

197

90

BLACK-BACKED WOODPECKER

BBWO

4000

315

199

94

Colaptes

200

NORTHERN FLICKER

318

200

100

YELLOW-SHAFTED FLICKER

YSFL

4120

318

200

100

FLICKER INTERGRADE

FLIN

4123

318

200

100

RED-SHAFTED FLICKER

RSFL

4130

318

200

100

Dryocopus

204

PILEATED WOODPECKER

PIWO

4050

319

204

106

TYRANNIDAE

TYRANT FLYCATCHERS

212

Contopus - Comparisons

213

110

OLIVE-SIDED FLYCATCHER

OSFL

4590

322

213

112

WESTERN WOOD-PEWEE

WEWP

4620

323

215

114

EASTERN WOOD-PEWEE

EAWP

4610

323

217

116

Empidonax -- Comparisons

218

118

YELLOW-BELLIED FLYCATCHER

YBFL

4630

325

220

0

ACADIAN FLYCATCHER

ACFL

4650

325

222

0

WILLOW FLYCATCHER

WIFL

4660

326

224

123

ALDER FLYCATCHER

ALFL

4661

327

224

123

TRAILL'S FLYCATCHER

TRFL

4669

326

224

0

LEAST FLYCATCHER

LEFL

4670

327

228

126

HAMMOND'S FLYCATCHER

HAFL

4680

328

230

128

DUSKY FLYCATCHER

DUFL

4690

328

232

130

GRAY FLYCATCHER

GRFL

4691

329

233

132

WESTERN FLYCATCHER

WEFL

4640

324

235

134

PACIFIC SLOPE FLYCATCHER

PSFL

4641

324

235

134

Sayonoris

239

BLACK PHOEBE

BLPH

4580

330

239

137

SAY'S PHOEBE

SAPH

4570

331

241

139

Myiarchus -- Comparisons

243

141

ASH-THROATED FLYCATCHER

ATFL

4540

332

245

143

Tyrannus

252

TROPICAL KINGBIRD

TRKI

4460

336

252

145

WESTERN KINGBIRD

WEKI

4470

337

261

149

EASTERN KINGBIRD

EAKI

4440

335

263

151

LANIIDAE

SHRIKES

271

Lanius -- Comparisons

271

154

NORTHERN SHRIKE

NSHR

6210

341

271

155

LOGGERHEAD SHRIKE

LOSH

6220

341

273

158

VIREONIDAE

VIREOS

275

Vireo

275

SOLITARY VIREO

SOVI

349

281

161

BLUE-HEADED VIREO

BHVI

6290

349

281

161

CASSIN'S VIREO

CAVI

6291

349

281

161

PLUMBEUS VIREO

PLVI

6292

349

281

161

HUTTON'S VIREO

HUVI

6320

346

283

163

WARBLING VIREO

WAVI

6270

344

285

165

RED-EYED VIREO

REVI

6240

342

288

167

CORVIDAE

JAYS, MAGPIES, & CROWS

293

Perisoreus

293

GRAY JAY

GRAJ

4840

356

293

170

Cyanocitta

295

STELLER'S JAY

STJA

4780

351

295

172

Aphelocoma

300

WESTERN SCRUB JAY

WESJ

4810

352

302

174

Corvus

310

AMERICAN CROW

NOCR

4890

360

312

176

COMMON RAVEN

CORA

4860

359

314

178

HIRUNDINIDAE

SWALLOWS

320

Tachycineta

322

TREE SWALLOW

TRES

6140

367

322

180

VIOLET-GREEN SWALLOW

VGSW

6150

367

324

183

Stelgidopteryx

325

NORTHERN ROUGH-WINGED SWALLOW

NRWS

6170

366

325

185

Riparia

327

BANK SWALLOW

BANS

6160

366

327

187

Hirundo

328

BARN SWALLOW

BARS

6130

370

328

189

Petrochelidon

330

CLIFF SWALLOW

CLSW

6120

368

330

191

PARIDAE

CHICKADEES AND TITMICE

333

Poecile (Parus) -- Comparisons

333

193

BLACK-CAPPED CHICKADEE

BCCH

7350

374

334

194

MOUNTAIN CHICKADEE

MOCH

7380

375

337

196

CHESTNUT-BACKED CHICKADEE

CBCH

7410

377

339

198

Baeolophus

342

OAK TITMOUSE

OATI

7330

372

343

199

JUNIPER TITMOUSE

JUTI

7331

372

343

199

AEGITHALIDAE

BUSHTITS

349

Psaltriparus

349

COMMON BUSHTIT

BUSH

7430

379

349

201

SITTIDAE

NUTHATCHES

351

Sitta

351

RED-BREASTED NUTHATCH

RBNU

7280

380

351

202

WHITE-BREASTED NUTHATCH

WBNU

7270

381

352

204

PYGMY NUTHATCH

PYNU

7300

382

353

206

CERTHIDAE

CREEPERS

356

BROWN CREEPER

BRCR

7260

383

356

208

TROGLODYTIDAE

WRENS

358

Campylorhynchus

358

CACTUS WREN

CACW

7130

390

358

209

Salpinctes

359

ROCK WREN

ROWR

7150

391

359

210

Catherpes

CANYON WREN

CANW

7170

391

360

212

Thryomanes

362

BEWICK'S WREN

BEWR

7190

385

363

214

Troglodytes

365

HOUSE WREN

HOWR

7210

386

365

216

WINTER WREN

WIWR

7220

387

366

218

Cistothorus

368

MARSH WREN

MAWR

7250

389

369

220

CINCLIDAE

DIPPERS

372

Cinclus

372

AMERICAN DIPPER

AMDI

7010

393

372

222

REGULIDAE

KINGLETS

374

Regulus

374

GOLDEN-CROWNED KINGLET

GCKI

7480

394

374

226

RUBY-CROWNED KINGLET

RCKI

7490

394

375

228

SLYVIINAE

OLD WORLD WARBLERS & GNATCATCHERS

377

Polioptila -- Comparisons

378

230

BLUE-GRAY GNATCATCHER

BGGN

7510

397

378

232

CALIFORNIA GNATCATCHER

CAGN

7530

396

380

236

BLACK-TAILED GNATCATCHER

BTGN

7520

396

383

239

TURDINAE

THRUSHES

385

Sialia

388

WESTERN BLUEBIRD

WEBL

7670

401

388

242

MOUNTAIN BLUEBIRD

MOBL

7680

400

390

244

Myadestes

391

TOWNSEND'S SOLITAIRE

TOSO

7540

400

391

246

Catharus -- Comparisons

392

247

VEERY

VEER

7560

406

392

248

GRAY-CHEEKED THRUSH

GCTH

7570

408

394

250

SWAINSON'S THRUSH

SWTH

7580

407

397

252

HERMIT THRUSH

HETH

7590

409

399

254

Hylocichla

401

WOOD THRUSH

WOTH

7550

406

401

256

Turdus

402

AMERICAN ROBIN

AMRO

7610

403

403

258

Ixoreus

405

VARIED THRUSH

VATH

7630

402

405

260

TIMALIINAE

BABBLERS

407

Chamaea

407

WRENTIT

WREN

7420

393

407

262

MIMIDAE

CATBIRDS, MOCKINGBIRDS, & THRASHERS

408

Dumetella

408

GRAY CATBIRD

GRCA

7040

410

408

263

Mimus

409

NORTHERN MOCKINGBIRD

NOMO

7030

411

409

265

Toxostoma

411

BROWN THRASHER

BRTH

7050

412

411

267

CALIFORNIA THRASHER

CATH

7100

414

418

269

STURNIDAE

STARLINGS

421

Sturnus

421

EUROPEAN STARLING

EUST

4930

416

421

271

MOTACILLADAE

WAGTAILS AND PIPITS

423

Anthus

430

AMERICAN PIPIT

AMPI

6970

421

431

273

BOMBYCILLIDAE

WAXWINGS

435

Bombycilla

435

CEDAR WAXWING

CEDW

6190

423

437

275

PARULIDAE

WOOD WARBLERS

443

Vermivora

443

ORANGE-CROWNED WARBLER

OCWA

6460

427

448

277

NASHVILLE WARBLER

NAWA

6450

430

450

280

VIRGINIA WARBLER

VIWA

6440

430

452

283

Parula

455

NORTHERN PARULA

NOPA

6480

426

455

286

Dendroica

457

YELLOW WARBLER

YWAR

6520

432

459

293

MAGNOLIA WARBLER

MAWA

6570

433

464

297

MYRTLE WARBLER

MYWA

6550

436

469

300

UNK YELLOW-RUMP WARBLER

UYRW

6556

436

469

300

AUDUBON'S WARBLER

AUWA

6560

436

469

300

BLACK-THROATED GRAY WARBLER

BTYW

6650

437

472

289

TOWNSEND'S WARBLER

TOWA

6680

438

474

309

HERMIT WARBLER

HEWA

6690

438

475

312

WESTERN PALM WARBLER

WPWA

6720

441

488

316

Mniotilta

495

BLACK-AND-WHITE WARBLER

BAWW

6360

446

495

319

Setophaga

496

AMERICAN REDSTART

AMRE

6870

446

496

322

Protonotaria

498

PROTHONOTARY WARBLER

PROW

6370

445

498

324

Helmitheros

499

WORM-EATING WARBLER

WEWA

6390

445

499

326

Seiurus -- Comparisons

501

330

OVENBIRD

OVEN

6740

448

501

328

NORTHERN WATERTHRUSH

NOWA

6750

449

502

331

LOUISIANA WATERTHRUSH

LOWA

6760

449

503

333

Oporornis -- Comparisons

504

335

MOURNING WARBLER

MOWA

6790

451

506

336

MAC GILLIVRAY'S WARBLER

MGWA

6800

451

509

340

Geothlypis

510

COMMON YELLOWTHROAT

COYE

6810

452

510

343

Wilsonia

514

HOODED WARBLER

HOWA

6840

455

514

345

WILSON'S WARBLER

WIWA

6850

454

515

348

CANADA WARBLER

CAWA

6860

455

517

351

Icteria

521

YELLOW-BREASTED CHAT

YBCH

6830

457

521

353

THRAUPIDAE

TANAGERS

523

Piranga -- Comparisons

523

356

SUMMER TANAGER

SUTA

6100

462

524

358

SCARLET TANAGER

SCTA

6080

463

527

360

WESTERN TANAGER

WETA

6070

463

528

363

EMBERIZIDAE

TOWHEES, SPARROWS, & LONGSPURS

532

Piplio

534

GREEN-TAILED TOWHEE

GTTO

5900

475

534

366

SPOTTED TOWHEE

SPTO

5880

474

536

368

CALIFORNIA TOWHEE

CATO

5910

476

539

370

Spizella

549

AMERICAN TREE SPARROW

ATSP

5590

483

549

372

SPIZELLA -- Comparisons

374

CHIPPING SPARROW

CHSP

5600

485

550

376

CLAY-COLORED SPARROW

CCSP

5610

485

552

378

BREWER'S SPARROW

BRSP

5620

484

554

381

Pooecetes

558

VESPER SPARROW

VESP

5400

491

558

387

Chondestes

559

LARK SPARROW

LASP

5520

493

559

389

Amphispiza

561

BLACK-THROATED SPARROW

BTSP

5730

482

561

391

Passerculus

565

SAVANNAH SPARROW

SAVS

5420

490

565

393

Ammodramus

568

GRASSHOPPER SPARROW

GRSP

5460

486

569

395

Passerella

577

FOX SPARROW

FOSP

5850

496

577

396

Melospiza -- Comparison

579

398

SONG SPARROW

SOSP

5810

498

579

399

LINCOLN'S SPARROW

LISP

5830

499

584

401

SWAMP SPARROW

SWSP

5840

499

585

403

Zonotrichia

587

WHITE-THROATED SPARROW

WTSP

5580

482

587

405

WHITE-CROWNED SPARROW

WCSP

5540

495

589

383

MOUNTAIN WHITE-CROWNED SPARROW

MWCS

5546

589

383

PUGET SOUND WHITE-CROWNED SPARROW

PSWS

5547

589

383

GAMBEL'S WHITE-CROWNED SPARROW

GWCS

5550

589

383

NUTTALL'S WHITE-CROWNED SPARROW

NWCS

5560

589

383

GOLDEN-CROWNED SPARROW

GCSP

5570

494

591

410

Junco

593

DARK-EYED JUNCO -- with Comparisons

DEJU

500

593

412

SLATE-COLORED JUNCO

SCJU

5670

593

412

OREGON JUNCO

ORJU

5671

593

412

GRAY-HEADED JUNCO

GHJU

5690

593

412

CARDINALIDAE

CARDINALS, GROSBEAKS, & ALLIES

607

Pheucticus -- Comparisons

609

414

ROSE-BREASTED GROSBEAK

RBGR

5950

466

609

415

BLACK-HEADED GROSBEAK

BHGR

5960

466

612

418

Guiraca

614

BLUE GROSBEAK

BLGR

5970

467

614

421

Passerina

616

LAZULI BUNTING

LAZB

5990

468

616

423

INDIGO BUNTING

INBU

5980

468

618

425

ICTERIDAE

BLACKBIRDS & ORIOLES

625

Agelaius

626

RED-WINGED BLACKBIRD

RWBL

4980

513

626

428

TRICOLORED BLACKBIRD

TRBL

5000

512

630

431

Sturnella

632

WESTERN MEADOWLARK

WEME

5011

508

634

433

Xanthocephalus

636

YELLOW-HEADED BLACKBIRD

YHBL

4970

512

636

435

Euphagus

637

BREWER'S BLACKBIRD

BRBL

5100

514

638

436

Quiscalus -- Comparisons

639

438

COMMON GRACKLE

COGR

5110

515

639

0

Molothrus

643

BROWN-HEADED COWBIRD

BHCO

4950

510

646

439

Icterus -- Comparisons

648

441

ORCHARD ORIOLE

OROR

5060

520

648

441a

HOODED ORIOLE

HOOR

5050

520

650

442

SCOTT'S ORIOLE

SCOR

5040

522

660

444

Northern Orioles -- Comparisons

446

BULLOCK'S ORIOLE

BUOR

5080

519

658

447

SCOTT'S ORIOLE

SCOR

5040

522

660

444

BALTIMORE ORIOLE

BAOR

5070

519

656

449a

FRINGILLIDAE

FINCHES

662

Pinocola

666

PINE GROSBEAK

PIGR

5150

525

666

450

Carpodacus -- Comparisons

668

452

PURPLE FINCH

PUFI

5170

528

668

453

CASSIN'S FINCH

CAFI

5180

529

669

455

HOUSE FINCH

HOFI

5190

529

670

457

Loxia

673

RED CROSSBILL

RECR

5210

530

673

459

Carduelis

680

PINE SISKIN

PISI

5330

534

680

461

Carduelis -- Comparisons

463

LESSER GOLDFINCH

LEGO

5300

535

682

465

LAWRENCE'S GOLDFINCH

LAGO

5310

534

685

467

AMERICAN GOLDFINCH

AMGO

5290

535

686

469

Coccothraustes

688

EVENING GROSBEAK

EVGR

5140

524

688

471

PLOCEIDAE

WEAVERS

690

Passer

690

HOUSE SPARROW

HOSP

6882

536

690

473

Research Contact:
Last Modified: Mar 28, 2013 03:37:32 PM