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Title: Analysis of USDA Forest Service fire-related expenditures 1970-1995
Author: Schuster, Ervin G.; Cleaves, David A.; Bell, Enoch F.
Source: Res. Paper PSW-RP-230. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; 29 p
Station ID: RP-PSW-230
Description: Forest Service expenditures for fire presuppression and suppression activities increased from $61 million in FY 1970 to $951 million in FY 1994. Yet, real (net of inflation) expenditures have not increased significantly since FY 1970, if FY 1994 expenditures are excluded. During any given year, 56 percent of suppression expenditures are spent on supplies and services, including aircraft and food, and 32 percent on salaries and wages. Weather, access, and firefighter availability and skills were key contributors to suppression expenditures. Real expenditures for fuel treatments have declined over the past 25 years, but are currently rising with renewed interest in prescribed burning. The future challenge for fire managers is reducing fire-related expenditures in light of how fire is dealt with in ecosystem management.
Key Words: fire, fire economics, fire expenditures, fire costs
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Schuster, Ervin G.; Cleaves, David A.; Bell, Enoch F. 1997. Analysis of USDA Forest Service fire-related expenditures 1970-1995 Res. Paper PSW-RP-230. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; 29 p.
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