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Pacific Southwest Research Station
800 Buchanan Street
Albany, CA 94710-0011
Publications and Products
Title: Site preparation affects survival, growth of koa on degraded montane forest land
Author: Scowcroft, Paul G.; Adee, Kenneth T.
Source: Res. Paper PSW-205. Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station. 7 p
Station ID: RP-PSW-205
Description: Banana poka vines (Possifloro mollisrimo)and kikuyu pass (Pennirerurn clondestinum)can limit koa(Acacia koa)reforestation in Hawaii. Performance of planted koa seedlings was studied in relation to type of site preparation: broadcast spraying of Roundup herbicide at three rates (2.02, 4.05, and 6.07 kg active ingredient per hectare) and hand scalping vegetation from each planting spot. One year after planting, survival and growth of koa seedlings were significantly greater in plots sprayed with a heavy dose of Roundup than in control plots. Ten year survival and height were significantly greater for the heavy dose treatment than for the scalp treatment, but none of the trees in the control treatment were alive. Site preparation must control competing vegetation over the entire planting area, to give koa a competitive edge during establishment.
Key Words: Acacia koa, Passiflora mollissima, Pennisetum clandestinum, competition, Hawaii, reforestation
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Scowcroft, Paul G.; Adee, Kenneth T. 1991. Site preparation affects survival, growth of koa on degraded montane forest land Res. Paper PSW-205. Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station. 7 p.
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