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General Technical Report

Title: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Air Pollution and Climate Change Effects on Forest Ecosystems, February 5-9, 1996. Riverside, CA

Author: Bytnerowicz, Andrzej; Arbaugh, Michael J.; Schilling, Susan L., technical coordinators

Date: 1998

Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-166. Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station. 332 p

Station ID: GTR-PSW-166

Description: Industrial air pollution has been identified as one of the primary causes of severe damage to forests of central Europe in the past 30 to 40 years. The mountain forest ecosystems have been affected considerably, resulting in extensive areas of severely deteriorated forest stands (e.g., the Krusne Hory of the Czech Republic or the Izerske and Sudety Mountains along the Polish and Czech border). In addition, the increase of motor vehicles in central Europe has caused a higher amount of nitrogen oxide and hydrocarbon emissions. Under particular weather conditions (high solar radiation, high temperatures, temperature inversions), these compounds may undergo complex chemical transformations resulting in the formation of photochemical smog and a buildup of potentially phytotoxic ozone concentrations. Ozone has already been responsible for injury to ponderosa pine stands in the San Bernardino Mountains in southern California and to forest vegetation in the eastern United States and western Europe. Elevated concentrations of nitrogenous components in photochemical smog and the emissions of ammonia from agricultural activities have caused eutrophication of natural ecosystems, including forests, both in Europe and North America. In addition, changing climatic factors, especially the amount of precipitation, temperature and solar radiation (including ultraviolet-B), modify responses of plants to air pollution, and must be considered when these effects are evaluated

Key Words: effects on forests, monitoring, nitrogen deposition, ozone, sulfur dioxide

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Front Matter


Session I: Air Pollution/Climate Change Effects on Plants: General Topics

The Use of Plants as Bioindicators of Ozone 164 KB
William J. Manning
State of Polish Mountain Forests: Past, Present, and Future 350 KB
Krystyna Grodzinska and Grazyna Szarek-Lukaszewska

Session II: Air Pollution Status of Forest Sites

Ozone Air Pollution in the Ukrainian Carpathian Mountains and Kiev Region 195 KB
Oleg Blum, Andrzej Bytnerowicz, William Manning, and Ludmila Popovicheva
Ozone and Modeled Stomatal Conductance at a High Elevation Subalpine Site in Southeastern Wyoming 172 KB
Robert C. Musselman, Karl F. Zeller, and Nedialko T. Nikolov
Bulgarian Rila Mountain Forest Ecosystems Study Site: Site Description and SO4²-, NO3- Deposition 169 KB
Karl Zeller, Christo Bojinov, Evgeny Donev, and Nedialko Nikolov
Nutrient Fluxes in Forests of the Eastern Sierra Nevada: Comparisons with Humid Forest Systems 289 KB
Dale W. Johnson, Richard B. Susfalk, Randy A. Dalgren, Virginia Boucher, and Andrzej Bytnerowicz
Concentrations and Deposition of Nitrogenous Air Pollutants in a Ponderosa/Jeffrey Pine Canopy 317 KB
Andrzej Bytnerowicz, Mark E. Fenn, and Michael J. Arbaugh
Indicators of Nitrogen Status in California Forests 174 KB
Mark E. Fenn and Mark A. Poth
Nitrogen Deposition Effects on Coastal Sage Vegetation of Southern California 420 KB
Edith B. Allen, Pamela E. Padgett, Andrzej Bytnerowicz, and Richard Minnich

Session III: Air Pollution/Climate Change Effects on Forests: Results of Gradient and Case Studies

Geographic Information System (GIS) Analysis of Ecosystem Response to Industrial Pollution in the Niepolomice Forest in Southern Poland 524 KB
January Weiner, Stefan Fredro-Boniecki, David Reed, Ann Maclean, Marshall Strong, and Michael Hyslop
Ectomycorrhizae of Young and Mature Scots Pine Trees in Industrial Regions in Poland 634 KB
Barbara Kieliszewska-Rokicka, Maria Rudawska, and Tomasz Leski
Impact of Urban Environmental Pollution on Growth, Leaf Damage and Chemical Constituents of Warsaw Urban Trees 417 KB
Waldemar Chmielewski, Wojciech Dmuchowski, and Stanislaw Suplat
Effect of Ozone Exposure on Seasonal Gas Exchange of Five Western Conifers 351 KB
Nancy E. Grulke, Paul R. Miller, and Theodor D. Leininger

Session IV: Forest Health Monitoring: National Perspectives

Assessment of Forest Quality in Southwestern Poland with the Use of Remotely Sensed Data 132 KB
Zbigniew Bochenek, Andrzej Ciolkosz, and Maria Iracka
Air Pollution and Forest Health Studies along a South-North Transect in Poland 214 KB
Stefan Godzik, Jerzy Szdzuj, Tomasz Staszewski, and Wlodzimierz Lukasik
Forest Health Status in Russia 165 KB
Vladislav A. Alexeyev
Air Pollution and Climate Change Effects on Health of the Ukrainian Forests: Monitoring and Evaluation 392 KB
Igor F. Buksha, Valentina L. Meshkova, Oleg M. Radchenko, and Alexander S. Sidorov
Forest Condition in Latvia 342 KB
Madis Sipols
Forest Health Status in Hungary 1.2 MB
András Szepesi

Session V: Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR) Measurements and Their Use in Forest Health Monitoring

Back Cover 17 KB

Citation

Bytnerowicz, Andrzej; Arbaugh, Michael J.; Schilling, Susan L., technical coordinators  1998.  Proceedings of the International Symposium on Air Pollution and Climate Change Effects on Forest Ecosystems, February 5-9, 1996. Riverside, CA  Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-166. Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station. 332 p.

Last Modified: Nov 18, 2013 12:42:55 PM