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General Technical Report
Title: Proceedings of our national landscape: a conference on applied techniques for analysis and management of the visual resource [Incline Village, Nev., April 23-25, 1979]
Author: Elsner, Gary H., and Richard C. Smardon, technical coordinators
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-35. Berkeley, CA: Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Exp. Stn., Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture: 752 p.
Station ID: GTR-PSW-035
Description: These 104 papers were presented at “Our National Landscape: A Conference on Applied Techniques for Analysis and Management of the Visual Resource,” Incline Village, Nevada, April 23-25, 1979. Included in this proceedings are state-of-the-art papers on landscape planning. Emphasis is upon planning the visual aspects of the large and wildland areas of the United States. Methodologies presented are useful in many areas of the world. The major thrusts of these papers are to a) describe the current and future challenges to the visual resource; b) describe available technology for solving landscape planning problems; and c) illustrate appropriate combinations of technology and problems. Specifically, papers address these themes: landscape challenges (presented as a series of “simulated visual field trips”); descriptive, quantitative, and psychometric methodologies available to solve land-scape problems; available legal and policy tools; combinations of technology for solving problems; landscape management systems; new dimensions of landscape planning; and priorities for research.
Key Words: landscape management, outdoor recreation, visual resources, research planning, simulation, conferences
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Front Matter and Table of Contents
Major Challenges in Landscape Planning: Simulated Field Trips
Surface Mining 179 KB60 KB
Leopold, Robert; Rowland, Bruce; Stalder, Reed
Visual Impacts in the Urban-Wildland Interface 672 KB
Magill, Arthur W.; Rowntree, Rowan A.; Brush, Robert O.
Simulated Field Trip on Ski Area Development 47 KB
Lindsay, John J.; Mittmann, Hubertus J.
Timber Management Simulated Field Trip 2.4 MB
Walters, Ronald M.; Bacon, Warren R.; Twombly, Asa D.
Highway Development 606 KB
Harvard, Peter M.; Chaplin, Bernard L.
The Countryside Visual Resource 120 KB
Linear Utility Corridors—A Simulated Visual Field Trip 40 KB
Ross Jr., Robert W.
Range Management Visual Impacts 43 KB
Brown, Bruce R.; Kissel, David
A Simulated Field Trip: "The Visual Aspects of Power Plant Sitings 902 KB
Bottomly, Bill; Young, Alex
Dams and Water Developments 40 KB
Schueneman, Robert H.
The Off-Road Recreation Vehicle—Visual Impacts 41 KB
McCool, Stephen F.
Technology Available to Solve Landscape Problems
Descriptive Approaches to Landscape Analysis 87 KB
Litton Jr., R. Burton
Computers and the Landscape 64 KB
Elsner, Gary H.
Setting Technical Standards for Visual Assessment Procedures 59 KB
Craik, Kenneth H.; Feimer, Nickolaus R.
Technology Available to Solve Landscape Problems—Session A: Descriptive Approaches
Conducting a Wildland Visual Resources Inventory 1.8 MB
Palmer, James F.
Visual Unit Analysis: A Descriptive Approach to Landscape Assessment 807 KB
Tetlow, R. J.; Sheppard, S. R. J.
Enviroplan—A Summary Methodology for Comprehensive Environmental Planning and Design 141 KB
Allen Jr., Robert; Nez, George; Nicholson, Fred; Sutphin, Larry
The Mt. Mitchell Scenery Assessment 196 KB
Scheele, Robert F.; Johnson, Gary W.
Landscape Maps as an Aid to Management of Scenic Mountain Areas 78 KB
Technology Available to Solve Landscape Problems—Session B: Computerized and Quantitative Approaches
Policy Capturing as a Method of Quantifying the Determinants of Landscape Preference 96 KB
Propst, Dennis B.
A Computerized System for Portrayal of Landscape Alterations 1.2 MB
Stevenson, A. E.; Conley, J. A.; Carey, J. B.
Analysis of Landscape Character for Visual Resource Management 483 KB
Anderson, Paul F.
Visual Absorption Capability 131 KB
Anderson, Lee; Mosier, Jerry; Chandler, Geoffrey
A Proposed Biophysical Approach to Visual Absorption Capability (VAC) 134 KB
Yeomans, W. C.
The Visual Information System 2.0 MB
Paulson, Merlyn J.
Visual Management Support System 87 KB
Anderson, Lee; Mosier, Jerry; Chandler, Geoffrey
A Systematic Approach for Locating Optimum Sites 94 KB
Ramos, Angel; Otero, Isabel
The Use of VIEWIT and Perspective Plot to Assist in Determining the Landscape's Visual Absorption Capability 2.6 MB
Technology Available to Solve Landscape Problems—Session C: Psychometric and Social Science Approaches
Visual Resources and the Public: An Empirical Approach 73 KB
Measuring Familiarity for Natural Environments Through Visual Images 1.3 MB
Hammitt, William E.
The Q-Sort Method: Use in Landscape Assessment Research and Landscape Planning 103 KB
Pitt, David G.; Zube, Ervin H.
Complexity and Valued Landscapes 109 KB
Perception and Landscape: Conceptions and Misconceptions 65 KB
The Social Value of English Landscapes 112 KB
Dimensions of Landscape Preferences from Pairwise Comparisons 110 KB
Bernaldez, F. González ; Parra, F.
Numerical Modeling of Eastern Connecticut's Visual Resources 110 KB
Civco, Daniel L.
The Derivation of Scenic Utility Functions and Surfaces and Their Role in Landscape Management 101 KB
Hamilton, John W.; Buhyoff, Gregory J.; Wellman,J. Douglas
Visual Perception of Landscape: Sex and Personality Differences 116 KB
Technology Available to Solve Landscape Problems—Session D: Evaluation of Visual Assessment Methods
Appraising the Reliability of Visual Impact Assessment Methods 97 KB
Feimer, Nickolaus R.; Craik, Kenneth H.; Smardon, Richard C.; Sheppard, Stephen R.J.
Evaluation and Recommendations Concerning the Visual Resource Inventory and Evaluation Systems Used Within the Forest Service and the Bureau of Land Management 81 KB
Grden, Blaise George
The Generation of Criteria for Selecting Analytical Tools for Landscape Management 71 KB
Appropriate Combinations of Technology for Solving Landscape Management Problems—Session E: Surface Mining and Reclamation
Texas Lignite and the Visual Resource: An Objective Approach to Visual Resource Evaluation and Management 1.2 MB
Landphair, Harlow C.
Computer-Aided Visual Assessment in Mine Planning and Design 505 KB
Hatfield, Michael; LeRoy Balzer, A. J.; Nelson, Roger E.
Opportunities for Visual Resource Management in the Southern Appalachian Coal Basin 1.2 MB
Simpson, John W.
Visual Analysis as a Design and Decision-Making Tool in the Development of a Quarry 56 KB
Boyd Fitzgerald, Randall
A Case Study: Death Valley National Monument California-Nevada 1.1 MB
Hamson, Daniel; Ristau Toni,
Appropriate Combinations of Technology for Solving Landscape Management Problems—Session F: Urbanization; Highway Development
Assessing the Visual Resource and Visual Development Suitability Values in Metropolitanizing Landscapes 265 KB
Yuill, Charles B.; Joyner Jr., Spencer A.
Measuring the Impact of Urbanization on Scenic Quality: Land Use Change in the Northeast 1.1 MB
Brush, Robert O.; Palmer, James F.
A Comprehensive Approach to Visual Resource Management for Highway Agencies 1.4 MB
Blair, William G. E.; Isaacson, Larry; Jones, Grant R.
Highway Attitudes and Levels of Roadside Maintenance 625 KB
Hampe ,Gary D.; Noe, F.
A Method for Improved Visual Landscape Compatibility of Mobile Home Parks 2.4 MB
Jones, Daniel R.
Appropriate Combinations of Technology for Solving Landscape Management Problems—Session G: Recreational Development
Does the Public Notice Visual Resource Problems on the Federal Estate? 105 KB
Peine, John D.
Landscape Assessment for Tourism 129 KB
Gunn, Clare A.
Assessment of Visual Resources Desirable for Tourism and Recreational Uses Along the Site of Lake Choon-Chon in Korea 76 KB
Projecting the Visual Carrying Capacity of Recreation Areas 71 KB
Nieman, Thomas J.; Futrell, Jane L.
Visual Resource Inventory and Imnaha Valley Study: Hells Canyon National Recreation Area
Blau, David H.; Bowie, Michael C.; Hunsaker, Frank
The Use of Computer Graphics in the Visual Analysis of the Proposed Sunshine Ski Area Expansion 1.4 MB
Appropriate Combinations of Technology for Solving Landscape Management Problems—Session H: Rural and Agricultural Development
Managing for Naturalness in Wildland and Agricultural Landscapes 509 KB
Visual Resources of the New Jersey Pine Barrens: Integrating Visual Resources into the Planning Process 760 KB
Sinton, John W.
Toward a State Landscape Policy: Incremental Planning and Management in Vermont 63 KB
Lapping, Mark B.
Appropriate Combinations of Technology for Solving Landscape Management Problems—Session I: Utility Corridors; Siting of Power Plants
Northwest Montana/North Idaho Transmission Corridor Study: A Computer-Assisted Corridor Location and Impact Evaluation Assessment 142 KB
Murray, Timothy J.; Bisenius, Daniel J.; Marcotte, Jay G.
Aesthetic Impact of a Proposed Power Plant on an Historic Wilderness Landscape 509 KB
Petrich, Carl H.
Simulation of the Visual Effects of Power Plant Plumes 76 KB
Treiman, Evelyn F.; Champion, David B.; Wecksung, Mona J.; Moore, Glenn H.; Ford, Andrew; Williams, Michael D.
Evolution of a Visual Impact Model to Evaluate Nuclear Plant Siting and Design Option 1.4 MB
Gray, Brian A.; Ady, John; Jones, Grant R.
Visual Sensitivity of River Recreation to Power Plants 229 KB
Blau, David H.; Bowie, Michael C
Classification of the Visual Landscape for Transmission Planning 199 KB
Miller, Curtis; Jetha, Nargis; MacDonald, Rod
Appropriate Combinations of Technology for Solving Landscape Management Problems—Session J: Timber Management
Scenic Beauty Estimation Model: Predicting Perceived Beauty of Forest Landscapes 112 KB
Daniel, Terry C.; Schroeder, Herbert
The Semantic Differential in Landscape Research 516 KB
Echelberger, H. E.
Identification of Scenically Preferred Forest Landscapes 1.0 MB
Patey, Roberta C.; Evans, Richard M.
Visual Management System and Timber Management Application 1.2 MB
Bacon, Warren R.; Twombly, Asa D. (Bud)
The Role of the Landscape Architect in Applied Forest Landscape Management: A Case Study on Process 2.9 MB
A System to Program Projects to Meet Visual Quality Objectives 2.9 MB
Henley, Fred L.; Hunsaker, Frank L.
Project Visual Analysis for the Allegheny National Forest 160 KB
Kell, Gary W.
Appropriate Combinations of Technology for Solving Landscape Management Problems—Session K: Water Resource Development
Landscape Preference Assessment of Louisiana River Landscapes: a Methodological Study 99 KB
Lee, Michael S.
Management of the Lower St. Croix Riverway: the Application of Cognitive Visual Mapping and Social and Resource Assessment Methods 536 KB
Becker, Robert; Gates, William; Niemann Jr., Bernard J.
A Visual Resource Management Study of Alternative Dams, Reservoirs and Highway and Transmission Line Corridors near Copper Creek, Washington 854 KB
Ady, John; Gray, Brian A.; Jones, Grant R.
Predicting the Visual Quality Impacts of Development: A Simulation of Alternative Policies for Implementing the Massachusetts Scenic and Recreational Rivers Act 2.6 MB
Combining Computer and Manual Overlays—Willamette River Greenway Study 1.2 MB Hanamoto, Asa; Biesbroeck, Lucille
VIEWIT Uses on the Wild and Scenic Upper Missouri River 125 KB
Araki, Dwight K.
Appropriate Combinations of Technology for Solving Landscape Management Problems—Session L: Outer Continental Shelf and Coastal Energy Development
Managing the Visual Effects of Outer Continental Shelf and Other Petroleum-Related Coastal Development 722 KB
Marcus, Philip A.; Smith, Ethan T.
Visual Simulation of Offshore Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Terminals in a Decision-Making Context 179 KB
Baird, Brian E.; Sheppard, Stephen R. J.; Smardon, Richard C.
Visual Impact Assessment in British Oil and Gas Developments 70 KB
Gillespie, Dennis F.; Clark, Brian D.
A Technique for the Assessment of the Visual Impact of Nearshore Confined Dredged Materials and Other Built Islands 86 KB
Landscape Management Systems
The Visual Management System of the Forest Service, USDA 491 KB
Bacon, Warren R.
The Bureau of Land Management and Visual Resource Management— An Overview 38 KB
Ross Jr., Robert W.
Soil Conservation Service Landscape Resource Management 29 KB
Schauman, Sally; Adams, Carolyn
Legal and Policy Tools Available to Use in Solving Landscape Management Problems
Litigation and Landscape Esthetics 37 KB
The Interface of Legal and Esthetic Considerations 89 KB
Smardon, Richard C.
Landscape Values in Public Decisions 58 KB
Andrews, Richard N. L.
Visual Quality Testimony in an Adversary Setting 288 KB
Murray, Bruce H.; Niemann Jr., Bernard J.
New Dimensions of Visual Landscape Assessment
Wildlands Management for Wildlife Viewing 69 KB
Tamsie Cooper; William W. Shaw
Potential Future Impacts on Visual Air Quality for Class I Areas 210 KB
Nochumson, Gurule, David Flavio; Wecksung, Mona J.
Visual Resource Management of the Sea 152 KB
Mills Jr., Louis V.
Designing Future Landscapes from Principles of Form and Function 75 KB
Harris, Larry D.; Kangas, Patrick
People, Planners and Policy: Is There an Interface? 93 KB
Future Direction for Research and Management
Human Habitat at the Fringe of the Forest: The Character of the Place 767 KB
Meier, Richard L.; Ewald, William
Research Needs for Our National Landscapes 42 KB
Shafer, Elwood L.
The Energy Crisis and the American Landscape 117 KB
Elsner, Gary H., and Richard C. Smardon, technical coordinators 1979. Proceedings of our national landscape: a conference on applied techniques for analysis and management of the visual resource [Incline Village, Nev., April 23-25, 1979] Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-35. Berkeley, CA: Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Exp. Stn., Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture: 752 p.
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