USDA Forest Service
 

Pacific Southwest Research Station

 

Pacific Southwest Research Station
800 Buchanan Street
West Annex Building
Albany, CA 94710-0011

(510) 559-6300

United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service. USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.

Urban Ecosystems and Social Dynamics

Urban Ecosystems and Processes

Sustainable Garden

Summary

The sustainable garden demonstrates design strategies that work with the natural cycles of water, energy, and waste. Various features of the garden, including rainwater harvesting of roof runoff in cisterns for landscape irrigation, and the use of drought tolerant plants and a water efficient irrigation system- powered by a photovoltaic pump- are being monitored to evaluate their cost-effectiveness.


Years of Research:  1997-2000

Funded by:  Teichert Foundation, UC Davis Department of Environmental Horticulture, USDA Forest Service

Cooperators:  Teichert Foundation, UC Davis Department of Environmental Horticulture, USDA Forest Service

Products / Publications:

  1. Xiao, Q., E.G. McPherson, S.L. Ustin and M.E. Grismer. 2000. A new approach to modeling tree rainfall interception. Journal of Geophysical Research 105(D23) :29,173-29,188 - View Document [2.92 MB]

  2. Xiao, Q., E.G. McPherson, S.L. Ustin, M.E. Grismer and J.R. Simpson. . A new rainfall interception measuring system. Presented at American Geophysical Union (AGU) meeting, Fall 1997 - View Document [81.22 KB]

  3. Simpson, J. and E.G. McPherson. 1998. A tool for evaluating atmospheric carbon reduction by urban forestry programs. In: Kollin, C. (ed). Cities by nature's design: Proceedings of the 8th national urban forest conference; 1999; Atlanta. Washington, D.C.: American Forests :58-61 - View Document [394.5 KB]

  4. McPherson, E.G., J.R. Simpson and K.I. Scott. 2001. Actualizing microclimate and air quality benefits with parking lot tree shade ordinances. Wetter und Leben. 4(98) :353-369 - View Document [133.13 KB]

  5. McPherson, E.G., J.R. Simpson and K.I. Scott. 2001. Actualizing microclimate and air quality benefits with parking lot tree shade ordinances. Wetter und Leben. 4(98) :353-369 - View Document [133.13 KB]

  6. Dwyer, J.F., E.G. McPherson, H.W. Schroeder and R.A. Rowntree. 1992. Assessing the benefits and costs of the urban forest. Journal of Arboriculture. 18(5) :227-234 - View Document [770.88 KB]

  7. Geiger, J.R. 2001. California Energy Study: Frequently Asked Questions. Davis, CA: Center for Urban Forest Research, Pacific Southwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service; 1p - View Document [201.47 KB]

  8. McPherson, E.G. and J.R. Simpson. 2000. Carbon dioxide reductions through urban forestry: guidelines for professional and volunteer tree planters. PSW GTR-171. Albany, CA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station - View Document [2.55 MB]

  9. City of Sacramento Planning Department. 2002. City of Sacramento parking lot tree shading design and maintenance guidelines. Sacramento, CA: City of Sacramento Planning Department - View Website

  10. McPherson, E.G. 1994. Cooling urban heat islands with sustainable landscapes. In: Rutherford, H.P., R.A. Rowntree and P.C. Muick (eds.). The ecological city: preserving and restoring urban biodiversity. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press :151-171 - View Document [1.33 MB]

  11. McPherson, E.G. and J.R. Simpson. 2001. Effects of California's urban forests on energy use and potential savings from large-scale tree planting. Davis, CA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Center for Urban Forest Research - View Document [2.71 MB]

  12. Scott, K.I., J.R. Simpson, E.G. McPherson. 1999. Effects of tree cover on parking lot microclimate and vehicle emissions. Journal of Arboriculture. 25(3) :129-142 - View Document [1.1 MB]

  13. Simpson, J.R. and E.G. McPherson. 2000. Effects of urban trees on regional energy use and avoided carbon. In: Preprints, 3rd urban environment symposium; 2000 August 14-18; Davis, CA. Washington, DC: American Meteorological Society :143-144 - View Document [265.54 KB]

  14. Simpson, J.R. and E.G. McPherson. 2000. Energy and air quality improvements through urban tree planting. In: Kollin, C., (ed). Building cities of green: proceedings of the 1999 national urban forest conference; Seattle. Washington, D.C.: American Forests :110-112 - View Document [362.09 KB]

  15. McPherson, E.G., R.A. Rowntree and J.A. Wagar. 1995. Energy-efficient landscapes. In: Bradley, G.A., (ed). Urban forest landscapes: integrating multidisciplinary perspectives. Seattle: University of Washington Press :150-160 - View Document [2.06 MB]

  16. Scott, K.I., J.R. Simpson and E.G. McPherson. 1998. Green parking lots: can trees improve air quality?. California Urban Forests Council Newsletter: CUF Link. Spring :1-2 - View Document [304.43 KB]

  17. Geiger, J.R. 2002. Green plants or power plants?. Davis, CA: Center for Urban Forest Research, Pacific Southwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service; 4p. Research summary - View Document [1.12 MB]

  18. Simpson, J. and E.G. McPherson. 1999. Guidelines for evaluating atmospheric carbon dioxide reductions by urban forestry programs. In: Kinsman, J., C. Mathai, M. Baer, E. Holt and M. Trexler, (eds). Global climate change: science, policy, and mitigation/adaptation strategies. VIP-89. Vol II. Sewickley, PA: Air and Waste Management Association :789-790 - View Document [204.89 KB]

  19. McPherson, E.G. and J.R. Simpson. 1998. Guidelines for tree planting to reduce atmospheric carbon dioxide in Chula Vista, CA. Davis, CA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Center for Urban Forest Research - View Document [1002.18 KB]

  20. Larsen, E.W., J. Fleckenstein and E.G. McPherson. 2001. Investigation into hydrologic modeling and the effect of urban forests on runoff quantity and quality. Davis, CA: University of California, Davis-Department of Geology

  21. Geiger, J.R.and S.L. Gardner. 2006. Oakland Watershed Restoration and Protection Study. Center for Urban Forest Research, Pacific Southwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service - View Document [100.58 KB]

  22. Wong, T.W. 1996. Parking lot shade study: a critical examination of Davis parking lot tree shade. Senior thesis project. Davis, CA. University of California and USDA Forest Service, Western Center for Urban Forest Research :75 - View Document [8.36 MB]

  23. McPherson, E.G. 1999. Parking lot shade tree inspection and monitoring guide. Davis, CA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Center for Urban Forest Research

  24. Simpson, J.R. and E.G. McPherson. 1996. Potential of tree shade for reducing residential energy use in California. Journal of Arboriculture. 22(1) :10-18 - View Document [991.73 KB]

  25. Xiao Q., and E.G. McPherson. 2003. Rainfall interception by Santa Monica's municipal urban forest. Urban Ecosystems - View Document [131.6 KB]

  26. Xiao, Q. 1998. Rainfall interception by urban forests. Davis, CA: University of California. Ph.D. Dissertation - View Document [242.24 KB]

  27. McPherson, E.G. and J.R. Simpson. 2000. Reducing air pollution through urban forestry. In: Adams, D., (ed). Proceedings of the 48th annual meeting of the California Forest Pest Council; 1999 November 18-19; Sacramento. Sacramento: California Forest Pest Council :18-21 - View Document [23.12 KB]

  28. Cozad, Shauna; E.G. McPherson; James A. Harding. 2005. STRATUM Case Study Evaluation in Minneapolis, Minnesota . USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Center for Urban Forest Research - View Document [25.05 MB]

  29. McPherson, E.G. 2001. Sacramento's parking lot shading ordinance: environmental and economic costs of compliance. Landscape and Urban Planning. 57 :105-123 - View Document [1.65 MB]

  30. Geiger, J.R. 2004. San Francisco trees poised to provide big benefits. Western Arborist - View Document [334.6 KB]

  31. Geiger, J.R. 2001. Save dollars with shade. Davis, CA: Center for Urban Forest Research, Pacific Southwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service; 4p. Research summary - View Document [574.79 KB]

  32. McPherson, E.G. 1999. Sustainable Garden Brochure1. Sustainable Garden Demonstration - View Document [178.84 KB]

  33. McPherson, E.G. 1999. Sustainable Garden Materials and Costs. Sustainable Garden Materials - View Document [13.28 KB]

  34. Qingfu Xiao; E. Greg McPherson. 2009. Testing a bioswale to treat and reduce parking lot runoff. Center for Urban Forest Research, Davis, California - View Document [623.13 KB]

  35. Simpson, J.R. and E.G. McPherson. 1997. The effects of roof albedo modification on cooling loads of scale model residences in Tucson, Arizona. Energy and Buildings. 25(2) :127-137 - View Document [1.02 MB]

  36. McPherson, E.G. 1998. The impact of shade trees on reducing heat island effect in parking lots. Arid Zone Times. February :1-2 - View Document [275.51 KB]

  37. Geiger, J.R. 2003. Tree Values Quantified. The Desert Arborist, Southwest Trees & Turf. July/August; Page 12 - View Document [66.25 KB]

  38. Simpson, J.R. and E.G. McPherson. 2001. Tree planting to optimize energy and CO2 benefits. In: Kollin, C. (ed). Investing in natural capital: proceedings of the 2001 national urban forest conference; 2001 September 5-8; Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C.: American Forests :81-84 - View Document [293.1 KB]

  39. Geiger, J.R. 2001. Trees are good, but can they solve the energy crisis?. Davis, CA: Center for Urban Forest Research, Pacific Southwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service; 1p. Briefing paper

  40. Kleinman, M., Geiger, J.R. 2010. Trees in Our City - Central Florida. Center for Urban Forest Research - View Document [4.21 MB]

  41. . . Trees in Our City - Interior West. - View Document [< 1 KB]= Download File

  42. Kleinman, M., Geiger, J.R. 2010. Trees in Our City - Northern California Coast. Center for Urban Forest Research - View Document [3.88 MB]

  43. Weinshilboum, D. 1999. UCD's Sustainable Garden Debuts. The Davis Enterprise - View Document [84.1 KB]

  44. Xiao, Q., S.L. Ustin, and E.G. McPherson. 2004. Using AVIRIS data and multiple-masking techniques to map urban forest trees species. International Journal of Remote Sensing 25(24): 5637-5654 - View Document [832.53 KB]

  45. Tretheway, R., M. Simon, E.G. McPherson and S. Mathis (eds). 1999. Volunteer-based urban forest inventory and monitoring programs: results from a two-day workshop, Sacramento, 1999. Sacramento: Sacramento Tree Foundation - View Document [122.22 KB]

  46. Geiger, J.R. 2002. Where are all the cool parking lots?. Davis, CA: Center for Urban Forest Research, Pacific Southwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service; 4p. Research summary - View Document [241.8 KB]

  47. Xiao, Q., E.G. McPherson, S.L. Ustin, M.E. Grismer, and J.R. Simpson. 2000. Winter rainfall interception by two mature open grown trees in Davis, CA. Hydrological Processes. 14(4) :763-784 - View Document [637.65 KB]

  48. Bloniarz, D., Maco, S. E., McPherson, E. G. 2005. iTree: Urban Forest Inventory and Analysis. Davis, CA: Center for Urban Forest Research, Pacific Southwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service - View Document [4.01 MB]

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.