USDA Forest Service
 

Pacific Southwest Research Station

 

Pacific Southwest Research Station
800 Buchanan Street
West Annex Building
Albany, CA 94710-0011

(510) 559-6300

United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service. USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.

Programs and Projects

(RWU-4202)

Sierra Nevada Research Center

Photo of Carolyn Hunsaker

Carolyn Hunsaker
Research Ecologist
Phone: (559) 323-3211

USDA, Forest Service
Pacific Southwest Research Station

2081 E. Sierra Avenue
Fresno, CA 93710-4639
Ph: (559) 323-3200
Fx: (559) 297-3355
Education
B.S., Biology, 1974, Pacific Union College
M.A., Biology, 1976, Loma Linda University
Doctor of Environmental Science and Engineering (D.Env.), 1980, University of California, Los Angeles
Research Interests/Duties
My general research interests are in (1) stream ecosystems and watersheds and (2) landscape ecology.
Current Emphases, Studies, Projects
  • The Kings River Sustainable Forest Ecosystem Project was established in 1994 to investigate the use of management tools, prescribed fire and uneven-aged, small group tree thinning, for creating a landscape mosaic that mimics the historical distribution of vegetation resulting from frequent, low-intensity fires prevalent before European settlement of the West. It is a joint effort between Pacific Southwest Research Station and the Sierra National Forest. Several long-term research studies exist within the Project: California spotted owl demographic study (11 years), forest bird study (7 years), and Kings River Experimental watershed (KREW) study (2 years).
  • The Kings River Experimental Watershed (KREW) is being developed to: (1) quantify the variability in characteristics of stream ecosystems and their associated watersheds in the southern Sierra Nevada; and (2) evaluate the effects of forest management (prescribed fire and uneven-aged, small group tree thinning) on the physical, chemical, and biological components of stream ecosystems.
  • Forest Structure from Remotely Sensed Imagery. Radar and laser altimetry (Lidar) are being investigated for their ability to characterize forest structure at multiple spatial scales. Such data could be used for monitoring changes in forests and for describing habitat for organisms such as owls, goshawks, and fisher.
    Selected Publications

    Hunsaker, C.T., and R.M. Hughes. In press. Effects of landscape change on the physical and chemical components of aquatic ecosystems. IN K.J. Gutzwiller (ed.), Applying Landscape Ecology in Biological Conservation. Springer-Verlag, New York.

    Hughes, R.M., and C.T. Hunsaker. In press. Effects of landscape change on aquatic biodiversity and biointegrity. IN K.J. Gutzwiller (ed.), Applying Landscape Ecology in Biological Conservation. Springer-Verlag, New York.

    Hunsaker, C.T., B.B. Boroski, and G.N. Steger. 2002. Relations between canopy cover and the occurrence and productivity of California spotted owls. IN J.M. Scott, P.J. Heglund, and M.L. Morrison (eds.), Predicting Species Occurrences: Issues of Accuracy and Scale. Island Press, Covelo, California.

    Hunsaker, C.T., M.F. Goodchild, M.A. Friedl, and T.J. Case. 2001. Spatial Uncertainty in Ecology: Implications for Remote Sensing and GIS Applications. Springer-Verlag, New York.

    Schiller, A., C.T. Hunsaker, M.A. Kane, A.K. Wolfe, V.H. Dale, G.W. Suter, C.S. Russell, G. Pion, N.H. Jensen, and V.C. Konar. 2001. Communicating ecological indicators to decision makers and the public. Conservation Ecology 5(1):19 (http://www.consecol.org/vol5/iss1/art19).

    Fortin, M.-J., R.J. Olson, S. Ferson, L Iverson, C. Hunsaker, G. Edwards, D. Levine, K. Butera, and V. Klemas. 2000. Issues related to the detection of boundaries. Landscape Ecology 15:453-466. Biomonitoring in the water Environment. 1997. water Environment Federation, Alexandria, Virginia.

    Preface: C. T. Hunsaker
    Chapter 1: B. Isom and C. T. Hunsaker
    Chapter 5: C. T. Hunsaker, K. Dickson, W. Waller, and E. Morgan

    O'Neill, R. V., C. T. Hunsaker, K. B. Jones, K H. Riitters, J. D. Wickham, P. M. Schwartz, I. A. Goodman, B. L. Jackson, and W. S. Baillargeon. 1997. Monitoring environmental quality at the landscape scale. BioScience 47(8):513-519.

    Hunsaker, C. T., P. M. Schwartz, and B. L. Jackson. 1996. Landscape characterization for watershed management. pp. 206-208 IN watershed '96. water Environment Federation, Alexandria, Virginia.

    O'Neill, R. V., C. T. Hunsaker, S. P. Timmins, B. L. Jackson, K. B. Jones, K. H. Riitters, and J. D. Wickham. 1996. Scale problems in reporting landscape pattern at the regional scale. Landscape Ecology 11(3):169-180. (Article in PDF Format)

    Timmins, S. P., and C. T. Hunsaker. 1996. Tools for visualizing landscape pattern for large geographic areas. pp. 473-477 IN M. F. Goodchild, et al. (eds.), GIS and Environmental Modeling: Progress and Research Issues. GIS World Books, Fort Collins, Colorado.

    Hunsaker, C. T., and D. A. Levine. 1995. Hierarchical approaches to the study of water quality in rivers. BioScience 45(3):193-203.

    Hunsaker, C. T. 1995. Managing cumulative impacts: A key to sustainability? pp. 67-83. IN Ocean Studies Board, National Research Council, Improving Interaction Between Sciences and Policy in the Gulf of Maine Region. National Academy Press,Washington, D.C.

    O'Neill, R. V., C. T. Hunsaker, D. Jones, J. M. Klopatek, V. H. Dale, M. G. Turner, R. H. Gardner, and R. Graham. 1995. Sustainability at landscape and regional scales. pp. 137-143. IN M. Munasinghe and W. Shearer (eds.), Defining and Measuring Sustainability, The Biogeophysical Foundations. The United Nations University and The World Bank, Washington, D.C.

    Suter, G. W., and C. T. Hunsaker. 1995. Regional ecological risk assessment for comparative risk and priority setting. pp. 169-177. IN S. D. Lee and T. Schneider (eds.), Comparative Risk Analysis and Priority for Air Pollution Issues. Air & Waste Management Association, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

    Riitters, K. H., R. V. O'Neill, C. T. Hunsaker, J. D. Wickham, D. H. Yankee, S. P. Timmins, K. B. Jones, and B. L. Jackson. 1995. A factor analysis of landscape pattern and structure metrics. Landscape Ecology 10(1):23-39.(Article in PDF Format)

    Schwartz, P. M., S. P. Timmins, D. A. Levine, and C. T. Hunsaker. 1995. TERRAIN: A computer program to process digital elevation models for modeling surface flow. ORNL/TM-13071. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

    Hunsaker, C. T., R. V. O'Neill, S. P. Timmins, B. L. Jackson, D. A. Levine, and D. J. Norton. 1994. Sampling to characterize landscape pattern. Landscape Ecology 9(3):207-226.

    Hunsaker, C. T., P. J. Mulholland, and C. T. Garten. 1994. Modeling nitrogen cycling in forested watersheds of Chesapeake Bay. pp. 481-495 IN Proceedings of the water Environment Federation 67th Annual Conference & Exposition, Vol. IV, October 15-19, 1994, Chicago, Illinois. water Environment Federation, Alexandria, Virginia.

    Griffith, J. A., and C. T. Hunsaker. 1994. Ecosystem monitoring and ecological indicators: An annotated bibliography and summary of literature. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Athens, Georgia.

    Hunsaker, C. T. 1993. New concepts in environmental monitoring: The question of indicators. The Science of the Total Environment Supplement, part 1:77-96.

    Hunsaker, C. T., R. A. Nisbet, D. C. L. Lam, J. A. Browder, W. L. Baker, M. G. Turner, and D. B. Botkin. 1993. Spatial models of ecological systems and processes: The role of GIS. pp. 248-264. IN M. Goodchild, B. Parks, and L. Steyaert (eds.), Geographic Information Systems and Environmental Modeling. Oxford Press, New York.

    Hunsaker, C. T., R. L. Graham, P. L. Ringold, G. R. Holdren, R. S. Turner, and T. C. Strickland. 1993. A national critical loads framework for atmospheric deposition effects assessment: II. Defining assessment endpoints, indicators, and functional subregions. Environmental Management 17(3):335-341.

    Holdren, G. R., B. J. Cosby, D. Marmorek, R. Santore, C. T. Hunsaker, D. Bernard, J. Aber, C. T. Driscoll, L. Pardo, R. S. Turner, and T. C. Strickland. 1993. A national critical loads framework for atmospheric deposition effects assessment: IV. Model selection, applications, and critical loads mapping. Environmental Management 17(3):355-363.

    Hunsaker, C. T. 1993. Ecosystem assessment methods for cumulative effects at regional and global scales. pp. 480-493. IN S. G. Hildebrand and J. B. Cannon (eds.). Environmental Analysis: The NEPA Experience. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton.

    Levine, D. A., C. T. Hunsaker, S. P. Timmins, and J. J. Beauchamp. 1993. A geographic information system approach to modeling nutrient and sediment transport. ORNL-5286. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

    Hunsaker, C. T., D. A. Levine, S. P. Timmins, B. L. Jackson, and R. V. O'Neill. 1992. Landscape characterization for assessing regional water quality. pp. 997-1006. IN D. McKenzie, E. Hyatt, and J. McDonald (eds.). Ecological Indicators. Proceedings of International Symposium on Ecological Indicators, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida. Elsevier, New York.

    O'Neill, R. V., C. T. Hunsaker, and D. A. Levine. 1992. Monitoring challenges and innovative ideas. pp. 1443-1460. IN D. McKenzie, E. Hyatt, and J. McDonald (eds.). Ecological Indicators. Proceedings of International Symposium on Ecological Indicators, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida. Elsevier, New York.

    Chang, L. H., C. T. Hunsaker, and J. D. Draves. 1992. Recent research on effects of climate change on water resources. water Resources Bulletin 28(2):1-14.

    Chang, L. H., J. D. Draves, and C. T. Hunsaker. 1992. Climate change and water supply, management and use: A literature review. ORNL/CDIAC-52. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

    Hunsaker, C. T., and R. L. Graham. 1991. Regional ecological assessment for air pollution. pp. 312?334. IN Majumdar, S. K., E. W. Miller, and J. Cahir (eds.). Air Pollution: Environmental Issues and Health Effects. Pennsylvania Academy of Science, Easton, Pennsylvania.

    Hunsaker, C., and S. Williamson. 1991. Techniques for assessing cumulative impacts. pp. 49-51. IN F. Irwin and B. Rodes. Making Decisions on Cumulative Environmental Impacts, A Conceptual Framework. World wildlife Fund, Washington, D.C.

    Graham, R. L., C. T. Hunsaker, R. V. O'Neill, and B. L. Jackson. 1991. Regional ecological risk assessment. Ecological Applications 1(2):196-206.

    Hunsaker, C. T., R. L. Graham, L. W. Barnthouse, R. H. Gardner, R. V. O'Neill, and G. W. Suter. 1990. Assessing ecological risk on a regional scale. Environmental Management 14(3):325-332.

    Scott, M. J., N. J. Rosenberg, J. A. Edmonds, R. M. Cushman, R. F. Darwin, G. W. Yohe, A. M. Liebetrau, C. T. Hunsaker, D. A. Bruns, D. L. DeAngelis, and J. M. Hales. 1990. Consequences of climate change for the human environment. Climate Research (1):63-79.

    Hunsaker, C. T., and D. E. Carpenter (eds.). 1990. Ecological indicators for the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program. EPA 528/3-90-060. U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina.

    Cada, G. F., and C. T. Hunsaker. 1990. Cumulative impacts of hydropower development: Reaching a watershed in impact assessment. The Environmental Professional 12(1):2-8.

    Hunsaker, C. T., D. E. Carpenter, and J. Messer. 1990. Ecological indicators for regional monitoring. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 71(3):165-172.

    Hunsaker, C. T., R. L. Graham, G. W. Suter, R. V. O'Neill, B. L. Jackson, and L. W. Barnthouse. 1989. Regional ecological risk assessment: Theory and demonstration. ORNL/TM-11128. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

    Hunsaker, C. T., M. V. Huq, and S. M. Adams. 1987. A regional screening method for classifying status of coastal waters. Vol. 3, pp. 2712-2725. IN Proceedings, Fifth Symposium on Coastal and Ocean Management, Seattle. American Society of Civil Engineers, New York.

    Hunsaker, C. T. and J. E. Kelly. 1987. A watery grave. Civil Engineering 57:52-55. Hunsaker, C. T., R. J. Olson, and D. E. Carpenter. 1987. Adirondack lake system acidity: Differences between headwater and nonheadwater lakes. Vol. 1, pp. 291-301. IN Proceedings, International Symposium on Acidification and water Pathways, Bolkesjo, Norway, IHP National Committees of Denmark, Finland, and Sweden.

    McDaniel, T. W., C. T. Hunsaker, and J. J. Beauchamp. 1987. Determining regional water quality patterns and their ecological relationships. Environmental Management 11(4):507-518.

    Hunsaker, C. T., R. J. Olson, S. W. Christensen, R. S. Turner, and J. J. Beauchamp. 1986. Empirical relationships between watershed attributes and lake chemistry in the Adirondack region. ORNL/TM-9838. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

    Rosen, A. E., R. J. Olson, R. C. Durfee, D. L. Wilson, P. R. Coleman, C. C. Brandt, R. S. Turner, and C. T. Hunsaker. 1986. An Adirondacks watershed Data Base: Attribute and mapping information for regional acidic deposition studies. ORNL/TM-10144. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

    Krummel, J. R., C. T. Hunsaker, A. H. Voelker, and F. C. Kornegay. 1986. Region of influence: A methodology test at Vandenberg Air Force Base. ORNL/TM-9938. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

    Hunsaker, C. T., J. L. Malanchuk, R. J. Olson, S. W. Christensen, and R. S. Turner. 1986. Adirondack headwater lake chemistry relationships with watershed characteristics. water, Air, and Soil Pollution 31:79-88.

    McDaniel, T. W., C. T. Hunsaker, and J. J. Beauchamp. 1986. Identifying regional water quality patterns and their relationships with terrestrial ecosystems and fish distributions. ORNL/TM-9916. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

    Roop, R. D. and C. T. Hunsaker. 1985. Biomonitoring for toxics control in NPDES permitting. Journal of the water Pollution Control Federation 57(4):271-277.

    Hunsaker, C. T.. 1985. Radioactivity in the ocean: Laws and biological effects. pp. 629-528. IN Proceedingsof the Fourth Symposium on Coastal and Ocean Management, Baltimore, July 30-August 2, 1985. American Society of Civil Engineers, New York.

    Hunsaker, C. T.. 1984. Ocean dumping of low-level radioactive waste: Review of U. S. laws and international agreements. The Environmental Forum 3(7):24-31.

    Hunsaker, C. T.. 1983. The water bubble policy and its suitability to coastal embayments. pp. 15?31. IN Proceedings of the Third Symposium on Coastal and Ocean Management, San Diego, June 1-4, 1983. American Society of Civil Engineers, New YorK.

    Hunsaker, C. T., D. B. Hunsaker, Jr., H. H. Hashimoto, M. M. Simpson, R. L. Perrine, and R. G. Lindberg. 1983. Environmental impacts associated with hybrid solar/fossil power plants. Environmental Impact Assessment Review 4(2):242-248.

    Hunsaker, C. T. 1980. The San Francisco wastewater management program and its effect on water quality and aquatic biology. D. Env. Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles.

    Thomas, C. M.. 1976. Effects of temperature on calcium uptake in Bossiella orbigniana orbigniana. M. A. thesis, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California.

    PARTICIPATED IN PREPARATION OF THE FOLLOWING PUBLISHED ASSESSMENT REPORTS:

    Urban Sustainability Learning Group. 1996. Staying in the game: Exploring options for urban sustainability. Joyce Foundation, Chicago, Illinois.

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Resources For The Future. 1994. Estimating externalities of hydro fuel cycles. Report No. 6 on the External costs and benefits of fuel cycles: A study by the U. S. Department of Energy and The European Commission. McGraw-Hill, Inc. Similar reports prepared for fuel cycles on biomass, oil, and natural gas.

    Ecological Society of America. 1992. Profiles of ecologists: Results of a survey of the membership of the Ecological Society of America. Washington, D.C.

    Hunsaker, D. B., Jr., R. B. McLean, W. M. Willis, G. F. Cada, E. J. Liebsch, R. L. Graham, C. T. Garten, C. T. Hunsaker, and A. W. Campbell. 1990. Assessing the potential environmental impacts of proposed rules affecting future electric power generation in the United States. ORNL/TM-11301. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

    Allison, L. J., C. T. Hunsaker, R. M. Cushman, T. W. White, and J. D. Draves. 1990. Environmental atlas of the Iowa-Kansas-Missouri-Nebraska Climate-Change Study Region. ORNL/CDIAC-33. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

    Department of Energy Multi-Laboratory Climate Change Committee. 1990. Energy and Climate Change. Lewis Publishers, Chelsa, Michigan.

    Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. 1988. Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act benefits at new dams and diversions, final staff report evaluating environmental and economic effects. Docket No. EL87-9. Office of Hydropower Licensing, Washington, D. C.

    U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. 1985. Final environmental statement related to the operation of River Bend Station. NUREG-1073.

    Hunsaker, C. T., W. J. Boegly, Jr., and E. D. Smith. 1984. Environmental, health, and safety assessments for direct coal liquefaction: Vol 8C. Characteristics and environmental transport, fate, and effects of solid wastes. ORNL/FETEP-11. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

    Environmental Sciences Division. 1983. Southeastern regional environmental characterization report (review draft). Prepared for Office of Crystalline Repository Development, Battelle Memorial Institute, Columbus, Ohio. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

    Hunsaker, C. T. 1982. Guidance manual for Department of Energy compliance with the Clean water Act: National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES). Prepared by Oak Ridge National Laboratory for the U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Compliance, Washington, D. C.

    Nungesser, M. K., C. T. Hunsaker, and R. J. Olson. 1982. Environmental resources of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Corridor. Summary. Prepared for the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, Nashville, Tennessee.

    Hunsaker, C. T. and L. D. Wright. 1982. Chapter VII IN Environmental resources of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Corridor, Units I-X. M. K. Nugesser, et al. Prepared for the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, Nashville, Tennessee.

    U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Alcohol Fuels. 1982. Environmental assessment for New England Ethanol -- loan guarantee application. Prepared by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

    Jones and Stokes Associates, Inc. 1980. Ecological characterization of the Central and Northern California Coastal Region, prepared for National Coastal Ecosystem Team, U. S. Department of the Interior.

    San Francisco City Planning Commission. 1979. Southwest water Pollution Control Plant environmental impact report, prepared by Environmental Science Associates, Inc., Foster City, California.

    San Francisco City Planning Commission. 1979. Evaluation of alternatives for the Southwest water Pollution Control Plant, prepared by Environmental Science Associates, Inc., Foster City, California.

    Environmental Science Associates, Inc. 1979. Resource Conversion Center, environmental impact report, prepared for the City of Brisbane, California.

    Environmental Science Associates, Inc. 1979. Beneficial uses and overflow impacts on San Francisco's bayside waterfront, overflow study, Part II, prepared for the Bureau of Sanitary Engineering, City of San Francisco, California.

    Contra Costa County. 1979. Shell Oil Company Martinez Manufacturing Complex modernization environmental impact report, prepared by Environmental Science Associates, Inc., Foster City, California.

    Environmental Science and Engineering Department, University of California, Los Angeles. 1979. Institutional barriers to wastewater reuse in Southern California, prepared for the Office of water Research and Technology, Department of the Interior.

    Environmental Science Associates, Inc. 1978. recreational uses along the San Francisco shoreline, Part I, Bay Bridge to Mussel Rock, prepared for the Bureau of Sanitary Engineering, City of San Francisco,California.

    Environmental Science and Engineering Department, University of California, Los Angeles. 1978. Assessment of coal gasification waste disposal in the marine and desert environments.


  • Last Modified: Mar 28, 2013 02:54:07 PM