USDA Forest Service
 

Pacific Southwest Research Station

 

Pacific Southwest Research Station
800 Buchanan Street
West Annex Building
Albany, CA 94710-0011

(510) 559-6300

United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service. USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.

Programs and Projects

(RWU-4155)

Ecology and Management of Western Forests Influenced by Mediterranean Climate

Carl N. Skinner
Geographer
Employee E-mail Address Image
Phone: (530) 226-2554

USDA, Forest Service
Pacific Southwest Research Station

3644 Avtech Parkway
Redding, CA 96002
Ph: (530) 226-2530
Fx: (530) 226-5091
Research Interests/Duties
  • Long-term forest dynamics, particularly at stand to landscape scales. Emphasis area is fire history and fire ecology especially the influence of fire on long-term dynamics of forest development.
  • Several landscape-scale fire-history/forest-dynamics studies are currently in various stages of completion for areas in the Klamath Mountains (in cooperation with Alan H. Taylor, Penn. St. Univ.) and at the Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest and the Goosenest Adaptive Management Area (in cooperation with C. Phillip Weatherspoon, PSW Redding) on the eastside of the Southern Cascades.
  • The influences of long-term climate variation and disturbance history on vegetation dynamics in the Klamath Mountains are being investigated in cooperation with Cathy Whitlock (Univ. of Oregon). This study is using data derived from tree-ring and lake-sediment core analysis to interpret fire and climatic influences on vegetation dynamics over 1000s of years in several lake basins. The lake basins were chosen to contrast long-term environmental variation in basins with strong north, south, east, and west orientation.
  • The forests of the Sierra San Pedro Martir (SSPM) of northern Baja California, Mexico are unusual among forests of western North American because they have not been harvested and have not been influenced by systematic fire suppression. The species found there are common in forests of much of California. Some have suggested these forests may serve as reference conditions for forests of the Sierra Nevada. A dendrochonological fire history of the SSPM is ongoing in cooperation with Scott L. Shephens (Univ. of California, Berkeley).
  • The pre fire suppression fire histories of the Transverse Ranges and Peninsular Ranges of southern California are poorly known. A fire history study of these mountains, funded by the Joint Fire Sciences Program, is being undertaken in cooperation with Scott Stephens.
  • ·A better understanding of fire and climate interactions in the Mediterranean Climate area of the Pacific Coast of North America may help to predict problematic fire years up to 1 to 2 years in advance (in cooperation with Alan Taylor and Andrew Carleton of Penn. State Univ. and Scott Stephens of Univ. Calif., Berkeley) – Funded by Joint Fire Science Program.
  • Site coordinator for the southern Cascades site of the National Fire & Fire Surrogates study (FFS). Also a member of both the Executive and Steering Committees for FFS. The national FFS study is the largest project funded by the Joint Fire Science Program.
    Current Emphases, Studies, Projects
  • Blacks Mountain Interdisciplinary Research
  • Goosenest AMA Research Project
  • National Fire & Fire Surrogates Study
  • Sensitivity of Klamath Forests To Long-term Changes in Climate and Disturbance Regime
  • Fire/climate interactions and predicting fire season severity in the Mediterranean climate areas of Calif.,S.Oregon,and W.Nevada
  • Fire history and fire regimes of the Transverse and Peninsular Ranges of California, USA and Baja California, Mexico
    Selected Publications

    Available Online

    Youngblood A., H. Bigler-Cole, C.J. Fettig, C. Fiedler, E.E. Knapp, J.F. Lehmkuhl, K.W. Outcalt, C.N. Skinner, S.L. Stephens, and T.A. Waldrop. 2007. Making fire and fire surrogate science available: A summary of regional workshops with clients. United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station General Technical Report PNW-GTR-727 July 2007.

    Agee, J.K., and Skinner, C.N. 2005. Basic principles of forest fuels management. Forest Ecology and Management 211: 83-96.

    Skinner, C.N.; Stephens, S.L. 2005. Fire in the Sierra Nevada. In: Proceedings of the Sierra Nevada Science Symposium: 2002 October 7-10; Kings Beach, CA. Murphy, D.D., Stine, P.A. editors. General Technical Report PSW-GTR-193. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Albany, CA; 65-68.

    Skinner, C.N., M.W.Ritchie, T. Hamilton, and J. Symons. 2005. Effects of prescribed fire and thinning on wildfire severity: the Cone Fire, Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest. In: S. Cooper, editor. 25th Annual Forest Vegetation Management Conference, January 2004. University of California Cooperative Extension, Redding, CA.

    Whitlock, C., Skinner, C.N., Minckley, T., and Mohr, J.A. 2004. Comparison of charcoal and tree-ring records of recent fires in the eastern Klamath Mountains. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 34: 2110-2121.

    Skinner, C.N. 2003. Fire regimes of upper montane and subalpine glacial basins in the Klamath Mountains of northern California. Tall Timbers Research Station, Miscellaneous Publication 13: 145-151.

    Skinner, C.N. 2003. A tree-ring based fire history of riparian reserves in the Klamath Mountains. In: California riparian systems: processes and floodplains management, ecology, and restoration. 2001 Riparian Habitat and Floodplains Conference Proceedings, March 12-15, 2001, Sacramento, CA. Farber, P.M. (ed.). Riparian Habitat Joint Venture, Sacramento, CA: 116-119.

    Stephens, S.L., and Skinner, C.N., and Gill, S.J. 2003. A dendrochonology based fire history of Jeffrey pine-mixed conifer forests in the Sierra San Pedro Martir, Mexico. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33: 1090-1101.

    Taylor, A.H., and Skinner, C.N. 2003. Spatial patterns and controls on historical fire regimes and forest structure in the Klamath Mountains. Ecological Applications 13: 704-719.

    Skinner, C.N. 2002. Fire history in riparian reserves of the Klamath Mountains. Association for Fire Ecology, Miscellaneous Publication No. 1: 445-454.

    Weatherspoon, C.P., and Skinner, C.N. 2002. An ecological comparison of fire and fire surrogates for reducing wildfire hazard and improving forest health. Association for Fire Ecology, Miscellaneous Publication No. 1: 239-245.

    Skinner, C.N. 2002. Influence of fire on dead woody material in forests of California and southwestern Oregon. In Proceedings of the symposium on the ecology and management of dead wood in western forests. 1999, November 2-4; Reno, NV. pp. 445-454. Edited by W.F. Laudenslayer Jr., P.J. Shea, B.E. Valentine, C.P. Weatherspoon, and T.E. Lisle, USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Albany, CA, General Technical Report PSW-GTR-181.

    Skinner, Carl N. (2002): Fire regimes and fire history: implications for obsidian hydration dating. In: Proceedings: Symposium2 - The effects of fire/heat on obsidian. Society for California Archaeology 33rd Annual Meeting. April 23-25, 1999, Sacramento, CA. Cultural Resource Publications, USDI Bureau of Land Management, [Place of publication unknown]. p. 141-146.

    Mohr, Jerry A.; Whitlock, Cathy; Skinner, Carl N. (2000): Postglacial vegetation and fire history, eastern Klamath Mountains, California. The Holocene 10: 587-601.

    Agee,James K; Bahro,Berni; Finney,Mark A; Omi,Philip N; Sapsis,David B; Skinner,Carl N; van Wagtendonk,Jan W; Weatherspoon,C Phillip (2000): The use of shaded fuelbreaks in landscape fire management. Forest Ecology and Management 127: 55-66.

    Zack,Steve; Laudenslayer Jr.,William F; George,T Luke; Skinner,Carl; Oliver,William (1999): A prospectus on restoring late-successional forest structure to eastside pine ecosystems through large-scale interdisciplinary research. In: First Biennial North American Forest Ecology Workshop. J.E. Cook and B.P. Oswald (complilers). Forest Ecology Working Group, Society of American Foresters, 343-355.

    Millar, C., Lind, A., Skinner, C., Verner, J., Zielinski, W., and Ziemer, R. 1998. Sierra Nevada science review. (Report of the Science Review Team charged to synthesize new information of rangewide urgency to the national forests of the Sierra Nevada) USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Albany, CA.

    Taylor, Alan H; Skinner, Carl N (1998): Fire history and landscape dynamics in a late-successional reserve, Klamath Mountains, California, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 111: 285-301.

    Taylor, Alan H; Skinner, Carl N (1997): Fire regimes and management of old growth Douglas-fir forests in the Klamath Mountains of northwestern California. In: Proceedings - Fire Effects on Threatened and Endangered Species and Habitats Conference. Nov. 13-16, 1995. Coeur d'Alene, Idaho. (Eds: Greenlee, Jason et al.) International Association of Wildland Fire, Fairfield, WA, 203-208.

    Skinner, Carl N (1997): Toward understanding of fire history information. In: What is Watershed Stability? Proceedings of the Sixth Biennial Conference of the Watershed Management Council. S. Sommarstrom (editor). Water Resources Center Report No. 92. Centers for Water and Wildland Resources, University of California, Davis, 15-22.

    Skinner, Carl N; Chang, Chi-ru (1996): Fire regimes, past and present. In: Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project: Final report to Congress. Vol. II: Assessments and scientific basis for management options. Wildland Resources Center Publication No. 37. Centers for Water and Wildland Resources, University of California, Davis, 1041-1070.

    Weatherspoon, C Phillip; Skinner, Carl N (1996): Landscape-level strategies for forest fuel management. In: Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project: Final report to Congress. Vol. II: Assessments and scientific basis for management options. Wildland Resources Center Publication No. 37. Centers for Water and Wildland Resources, University of California, Davis, 1471-1492.

    Skinner, Carl N.; Weatherspoon, C. Phillip. (1996): Plantation characteristics affecting damage from wildfire. In: Proceedings, 17th Annual Forest Vegetation Management Conference; 1996 January 16-18; Redding, CA. Redding, CA: Forest Vegetation Management Conference: 137-142.

    McKelvey, Kevin S; Skinner, Carl N; Chang, Chi-ru; Erman, Don C.; Husari, Susan J.; Parsons, David J; van Wagtendonk, Jan; Weatherspoon, C Phillip. (1996): Fire in the Sierra Nevada: An overview. In: Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project: Final report to Congress. Vol. II: Assessments and scientific basis for management options. Wildland Resources Center Publication No. 37. Centers for Water and Wildland Resources, University of California, Davis, 1033-1040.

    Skinner, Carl N (1995): Change in spatial characteristics of forest openings in the Klamath Mountains of northwestern California, USA. Landscape Ecology 10: 219-228.

    Weatherspoon, C Phillip; Skinner, Carl N (1995): An assessment of factors associated with damage to tree crowns from the 1987 wildfires in northern California. Forest Science 41: 430-451.

    Laudenslayer, William F, Jr.; Skinner, Carl N (1995): Past climates, forests, and disturbances of the Sierra Nevada, California: understanding the past to manage for the future. Transactions of the Western Section of the Wildlife Society 31, 19-26.

    McDonald, Philip M; Skinner, Carl N; Fiddler, Gary O (1992): Ponderosa pine needle length: an early indicator of release treatment effectiveness. Canandian Journal of Forest Research 22: 761-764.

    Weatherspoon, C Phillip; Skinner, Carl N; Simpson, Celeste S (1991): Reducing bearclover by repeated growing-season prescribed burns: preliminary test results. In: 12th Annual Forest Vegetation Management Conference. Shasta County Opportunity Center, Redding, CA, 1-9.

    Weatherspoon, C Phillip; Almond, George A; Skinner, Carl N (1989): Tree-centered spot firing - a technique for prescribed burning beneath standing trees. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 4: 29-31.

    McDonald, Philip M; Skinner, Carl N (1989): Local volume tables for young-growth conifers on a high quality site in the Northern Sierra Nevada. (Research Note PSW-404) USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Berkeley, CA.


    Not Available Online

    Skinner, C.N., Taylor, A.H., and Agee, J.K. In press. Fire in the Klamath Mountains Bioregion. In: Fire in California Ecosystems. Sugihara, N.G., van Wagtendonk, J.W., Fites-Kaufman, J., Shaffer, K.E., and Thode, A.E. (eds). University of California Press, Berkeley.

    Skinner, C.N., Taylor, A.H. In press. Fire in the Southern Cascades Bioregion. In: Fire in California Ecosystems. Sugihara, N.G., van Wagtendonk, J.W., Fites-Kaufman, J., Shaffer, K.E., and Thode, A.E. (eds). University of California Press, Berkeley.

    Riegel, G., Miller, R., Skinner, C.N., and Smith, S. In press. Fire in the Northeastern Plateau Bioregion. In: Fire in California Ecosystems. Sugihara, N.G., van Wagtendonk, J.W., Fites-Kaufman, J., Shaffer, K.E., and Thode, A.E. (eds) University of California Press, Berkeley.

    Skinner, C.N. In press. Reintroducing fire into the Blacks Mountain Research Natural Area: effects on fire hazard. In: Proceedings of the conference ponderosa pine: management, issues and trends. October 18-21, 2004. Klamath Falls, Oregon. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Albany, CA.

    Skinner, C.N. In press. Silviculture and forest management under a rapidly changing climate. In: Proceedings of the National Silviculture Workshop, 6-10 June 2005, Tahoe City, CA. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Albany, CA.

    Skinner, Carl N. (2000): Recent research sheds light on interaction of fire regimes and riparian areas. Watershed Management Council Networker: 15,24.

    Skinner,Carl N (1997): Fire history in riparian reserves of the Klamath Mountains. In: Proceedings - Fire in California Ecosystems: Integrating Ecology, Prevention, and Management. Nov. 17-20, 1997. San Diego, CA. (Eds: Cooper,Sandra; Sugihara,Neil), California Association for Fire Ecology (CAFE). Available

    Weatherspoon, C. Phillip; Skinner,Carl N (1997): An ecological comparison of fire and fire surrogates for reducing wildfire hazard and improving forest health: a research proposal. In: Proceedings - Fire in California Ecosystems: Integrating Ecology, Prevention, and Management. Nov. 17-20, 1997. San Diego, CA. (Eds: Cooper,Sandra; ugihara,Neil), California Association for Fire Ecology (CAFE). Available online:

    Husari, Sue; Hermit, Ray; Laacke, Jim; Taylor, Alan; Potter, Don; Chapel, Mike; Berg, Neil; Johannson, Wayne; Sharpley-Evans, Susan; Wenz, John; Pronos, John; Kitzmiller, Jay; Balen, Barbara; Skinner, Nate C (1994): Red Fir: Ecological support team report. In: Ecological support team workshop proceedings for the California spotted owl environmental impact statement. (Eds: Toth, Edward; Laboa, Jane; Nelson, Duane; Hermit, Raymond; Andrews, Richard S) USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Region, San Francisco, CA, 1-16.

    Toth, Edward; Dulaney, Cherry; Landram, Michael; Skinner, Carl; Sugihara, Neil; Laudenslayer, William; Bergman, James; Madden, Carolyn; Griffith, Robert; Johnston, James H; Kitzmiller, Jay; Pronos, John; Wenz, John; McDonald, Phil (1994): Mixed conifer: ecological support team report. In: Ecological support team workshop proceedings for the California Spotted Owl Environmental Impact Statement. (Eds: Toth, Edward; Laboa, Jane; Nelson, Duane; Hermit, Raymond; Andrews, Richard S) USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Region, San Francisco, 1-51.

    Laacke, Robert J; Skinner, Carl N; Peuquet, Donna J (1992): Designing a comprehensive decision support system for use in natural resources management. In: Proceedings of the ASPRS/ACSM/RT92 conference: Monitoring and mapping global change. Vol. 5, Resource Technology 92. American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing and American Congress on Surveying and Mapping, Bethesda, MD, 368-373.

    Peuquet, Donna J; Laacke, Robert J; Skinner, Carl N (1992): Representational issues involved in the development of a decision support system for spatial and temporal analysis of forest ecosystems. In: Proceedings of the ASPRS/ACSM/RT92 conference: monitoring and mapping global change. Vol. 5, Resource Technology 92. American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing and American Congress on Surveying and Mapping, Bethesda, MD, 381-387.

    Skinner, Carl N; Laacke, Robert J; Peuquet, Donna J (1992): Developing a user-oriented natural resource decision support system. In: Proceedings of the ASPRS/ACSM/RT92 conference: monitoring and mapping global change. Vol. 5, Resource Technology 92. American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing and American Congress on Surveying and Mapping, Bethesda, MD, 374-380.

     


  • Last Modified: Sep 15, 2009 07:11:58 PM