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Publications Title Matt Busse Publications Gary Fiddler Publications Nancy Gillette Publications Todd Hamilton Publications Eric Knapp Publications Phillip McDonald Publications Bill Oliver Publications Bob Powers Publications Martin Ritchie Publications Carol Shestak Publications Carl Skinner Publications Fabian Uzoh Publications Jianwei Zhang Publications Team 1 Soil Publications Team 2 Vegetation Publications Team 3 Disturbance Publications 1930-50 Publications 1950-70 Publications 1970-90 Publications Online Publications Publications Not Online
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Management Impacts on Forest Vegetation
Publications Available Online

Zhang, J.W., W.W. Oliver & M.W. Ritchie. 2007. Effect of stand densities on stand dynamics in white fir (Abies concolor) forests in northeast California, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 244:50-59.

Robison, T.L., R.J. Rousseau & J.W. Zhang. 2006. Biomass productivity improvement for eastern cottonwood. Biomass & Bioenergy 30:735-739.

Uzoh F.C.C. and W.W. Oliver 2006. Individual tree height increment model for managed even‑aged stands of ponderosa pine throughout the western United States using linear mixed effects models. Forest Ecology and Management 221(1-3):147-154.

Zhang, J.W. & W.W. Oliver. 2006. Stand structure and growth of Abies magnifica responded to five thinning levels in northeastern California, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 223: 275-283.

Zhang, J.W., W.W. Oliver & M.D. Busse. 2006. Growth and development of ponderosa pine on sites of contrasting productivities: relative importance of stand density and shrub competition effects. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36:2426-2438

Ritchie, M.W. 2005. Ecological research at the Goosenest Adaptive Management Area in Northeastern California. General Technical Report PSW-GTR-192. Albany CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. 119 p.

Ritchie, M.W. 2005. Effects of thinning and prescribed fire on understory vegetation in interior pine forests of California. In: Peterson, C.E.; Maguire, D.A., editors. Balancing ecosystem values: innovative experiments for sustainable forestry. Conference Proceedings. General Technical Report PNW-GTR-635. Portland OR: Pacific Northwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; 297-307.

Schaub, M., J.M. Skelly, J.W. Zhang, J.A. Ferdinand, J.E. Savage, R.E. Stevenson, D.D. Davis & K.C. Steiner. 2005. Physiological and foliar symptom response of Prunus serotina, Fraxinus americana and Acer rubrum canopy trees to ozone under differing site conditions. Environmental Pollution 133:553-567.

Skinner, C.N., M.W.Ritchie, T. Hamilton, and J. Symons. 2005. Effects of prescribed fire and thinning on wildfire severity: the Cone Fire, Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest. In: S. Cooper, editor. 25th Annual Forest Vegetation Management Conference, January 2004. University of California Cooperative Extension, Redding, CA.

Vaughn, N., and M.W. Ritchie. 2005. Estimation of crown cover in interior ponderosa pine stands: Effects of thinning and prescribed fire. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 20(4):240-246.

Zhang, J.W. & B.M. Cregg. 2005. Growth and physiological responses to varied environments among populations of Pinus ponderosa. Forest Ecology and Management 219:1-12.

Zhang, J.W., W.W. Oliver & R.F. Powers. 2005. Long-term effects of thinning and fertilization on growth of red fir in northeastern California. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 35:1285-1293.

Uzoh, F.C.C. 2001.  A height increment equation for young ponderosa pine plantations using precipitation and soil factors. Forest Ecology and Management 142(1-3):191-201.

Ritchie, M.W. 1999. A compendium of growth and yield simulators for the Pacific States. General Technical Report PSW-GTR-174. Albany CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service. 59p.

Uzoh, F.C.C, K.L. Dolph, and J.R. Anstead 1998. Periodic annual diameter increment following overstory removal in mixed conifer stands. Res. Paper PSW-RP-238. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Depa. of Agriculture; 22 p.

Oliver, W.W., and F.C.C. Uzoh 1997. Maximum stand density for ponderosa pine and red and white fir in northern California. P. 57-65 In: 18th annual forest vegetation management conference, Sacramento, California. For. Veg. Man. Conf., Redding, CA.

Uzoh, F.C.C, K.L. Dolph, and J.R. Anstead 1997. Understory response following varying levels of overstory removal in mixed conifer stands. P. 392-403. I.U.F.R.O. In:  Emmingham, W.H. (Ed.), Proceedings — Interdisciplinary Uneven-aged Management Symposium, September 1997. Corvallis, Oregon, USA.

Uzoh, F.C.C., Ritchie, Martin W.  1996.  Crown area equations for 13 species of trees and shrubs in northern California and southwestern Oregon. Res. Paper PSW-RP-227. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; 13p.

McDonald, Philip M; Skinner, Carl N; Fiddler, Gary O (1992): Ponderosa pine needle length: an early indicator of release treatment effectiveness. Canandian Journal of Forest Research 22: 761-764.

McDonald, Philip M; Skinner, Carl N (1989): Local volume tables for young-growth conifers on a high quality site in the Northern Sierra Nevada. (Research Note PSW-404) USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Berkeley, CA.

McDonald, Philip M., 1983. Local Volume Tables for Pacific Madrone, Tanoak, and California Black Oak in North-Central California. (Research Note PSW-362) USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Berkeley, CA. June 1983.

Oliver, William W., 1982. Responses of eastside pine to precommercial thinning. Proceedings from Management of the Eastside Pine Type in North Eastern California Symposium. Northern California Society of American Foresters. June 15-17, 1982. Susanville, CA.

Powers, R. F., and W. W. Oliver. 1978. Site classification of ponderosa pine stands under stocking control in California. USDA For. Serv. Res. Pap. PSW-128. 9 p.

Keen, F.P., Ponderosa Pine Tree Classes Redefined. Journal of Forestry. Vol. 41. April. Pgs. 249-253.

Hasel, A. A., 1942. Estimation of Volume in Timber Stands by Strip Sampling. The Annals of Mathematical Statistics. Vol.13 No.2. Pgs. 179-206.

Hasel, A. A., 1942. Sampling Error of Cruises in the California Pine Region. Journal of Forestry. Vol.40. March. Pgs. 211-217.

Hasel, A. A., 1938. Sampling Error in Timber Surveys. Reprinted from Journal of Agricultural Research. Vol.57 No.10. Washington D.C. November 15, 1938 Pgs. 713-736.

Dunning, Duncan; Reineke, L.H. 1933. Preliminary yield tables for second growth stands in the California pine region. USDA Technical Bulletin No. 354. June, 1933.

Dunning, Duncan. 1928. A tree clasification for the selection forests of the Sierra Nevada. Reprinted from Journal of Agricultural Research. Vol.36 No.9. Washington D.C. May 1, 1928.


Publications Not Available Online

Ritchie, M.W., D.A. Maguire and A. Youngblood, Technical Coordinators. In Press. Proceedings of the Symposium on ponderosa pine: Issues, trends and management. 2004 October 18-21; Klamath Falls, OR. General Technical Report PSW-GTR-198. Albany CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. 281 p.

Ritchie, M.W. and K.A. Harcksen In Press. Accelerating development of late-successional features in second-growth pine stands of the Goosenest Adaptive Management Area. In: Ritchie, M.W.; Maguire, D.A.; Youngblood, A., Technical Coordinators. Proceedings of the Symposium on ponderosa pine: Issues, trends and management. 2004 October 18-21; Klamath Falls, OR. General Technical Report PSW-GTR-198. Albany CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; 81-93.

Robison, T.L., R.J. Rousseau & J.W. Zhang. In press. Biomass productivity improvement for eastern cottonwood. Biomass & Bioenergy 00:000-000.

Zhang, J.W., W.W. Oliver & M.D. Busse. Submitted. Growth and development of ponderosa pine stands on contrasting site qualities: How does stand density interact with understory removal? Cannadian Journal of Forest Research.

Murthy, R., G. Barron-Gafford, P.M. Dougherty, V.C. Engel, K. Grieve, L. Handley, C. Klimas, M.J. Potosnak, S.J. Zarnoch & J.W. Zhang. 2005. Increased leaf area dominates carbon flux response to elevated CO 2 in stands of Populus deltoides (Bartr.). Global Change Biology 11:716-731.

Schaub, M., J.M. Skelly, K.C. Steiner, D.D. Davis, S.P Pennypacker, J.W. Zhang, J.A. Ferdinand, J.E. Savage & R.E. Stevenson. 2003. Physiological and foliar injury responses of Prunus serotina, Fraxinus americana, and Acer rubrum seedlings to varying soil moisture and ozone. Environmental Pollution 124:307-320.

Lee, J.C., K.C.Steiner, J.W. Zhang & J.M. Skelly. 2002. Heritability of ozone sensitivity in open-pollinated families of black cherry (Prunus serotina Ehrh.). Forest Science 48(1):111-117.

Oliver, W.W., and F.C.C. Uzoh 2002. Little response of true fir saplings to understory shrub removal. West. J. Appl. Forestry 17(1):5-8.

Zhang, J.W., J.A. Ferdinand, D.J. VanderHeyden, J.M. Skelly & J.L. Innes. 2001. Variation of gas exchange within native plant species of Switzerland and relationships with ozone injury: an open-top experiment. Environmental Pollution 113:177-185.

Cregg, B.M. & J.W. Zhang. 2001. Physiology and morphology of Pinus sylvestris seedlings from diverse sources under cyclic drought stress. Forest Ecology and Management 154:131-139.

VanderHeyden, D.J., J.M. Skelly, J.L. Innes, C. Hug, J.W. Zhang, W. Landolt & P. Leuler. 2000. Ozone exposure thresholds and foliar injury on forest plants in Switzerland. Environmental Pollution 109:473-478.

Lee, J.C., J.M. Skelly, K.C. Steiner, J.W. Zhang & J.E. Savage. 1999. Foliar response of black cherry (Prunus serotina) clones to ambient ozone exposure in central Pennsylvania. Environmental Pollution 105:325-331.

Ritchie, M.W. and K.A. Harcksen. 1999. Long-term interdisciplinary research on the Goosenest Adaptive Management Area, Klamath National Forest, California. Forestry Chronicle 75(3):453-455.

Uzoh, F.C.C. 1999. Response of planted ponderosa pine seedlings to weed control by herbicide  in western Montana. West. J. Appl. Forestry 14(1):48-52.

Skelly, J.M., J.L. Innes, J.E. Savage, K.R. Snyder, D. VanderHeyden, J.W. Zhang & M.J. Sanz. 1999. Observation and confirmation of foliar ozone symptoms of native plant species of Switzerland and southern Spain. Journal of Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 116:227-234.

Oliver, William W. and Robert F. Powers. 1998. Blacks Mountain California: Interdisciplinary Field Research in Ponderosa Pine. Journal of Forestry 96(8):4-9.

Ritchie, M.W. 1998. Methods for development of a simulator for young Douglas-fir stands in southern Oregon. P. 19-26 In: Alicia Ortega, Salvador Gezan: Editors. Proceedings of IUFRO Conference: Modelling growth of fast-grown tree species. September 3-5, 1997; Valdivia, Chile.

Dix, M.E., E. Akkuza, N.B. Klopfenstein, J.W. Zhang, M.-S. Kim & J.E. Foster. 1997. Riparian zones as refugia in agroforestry systems. Journal of Forestry 95(8):38-41.

Oliver, William W. 1997. Twenty-five-year growth and mortality of planted ponderosa pine repeatedly thinned to different stand densities in northern California. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 12(4):122-130.

Ritchie, M.W. 1997. Minimizing the rounding error from point sample estimates of tree frequencies. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 12(4):108-114.

Ritchie, M.W. and D.W. Hann. 1997. Implications of disaggregation in forest growth and yield modeling. Forest Science 43(2): 223-233.

Ritchie, M.W. and D.W. Hann. 1997. Evaluation of individual-tree and disaggregative prediction methods for Douglas-fir stands in western Oregon. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 27:207-216.

Zhang, J.W., Z. Feng, B.M. Cregg & C.M. Schumann. 1997. Carbon isotopic composition, gas exchange, and growth of three populations of ponderosa pine differing in drought tolerance. Tree Physiology 17:461-466.

Zhang, J.W., N.B. Klopfenstein & G.W. Peterson. 1997. Genetic variation in disease resistance in Juniperus virginiana and J. scopulorum grown in eastern Nebraska. Silvae Genetica 46(1):11-17.

McDonald, P.M., M.W. Ritchie, and C.S. Simpson. 1996. Ten-year diameter and basal-area growth of trees surrounding small group selection openings. Northwest Science 70:341-347.

Oliver, William W. , George T. Ferrell, and John C. Tappeiner. 1996. Density management of Sierra Nevada forests. P. 491-500. In: Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project: Final report to Congress, vol. III, Assessments, Commissioned Reports, and Background Information. Univ. Calif., Cent. for Water and Wildland Resour.

Oliver, W. W. 1996. Silvics of sugar pine: Clues to its distribution and management. P. 28-33. In: Kinloch, Bohun B., Jr., Melissa Marosy, and May E. Huddleston (eds.). Sugar pine: status, values, and roles in ecosystems: Proceedings of a Symposium presented by the California Sugar Pine Management Committee. Univ. Calif., Div. Agric. and Nat. Resour, Davis, CA. Publ. 3362.

Oliver, William W., James L. Lindquist, and Rudolph O. Strothmann. 1996. Response to thinning young-growth coast redwood stands. P. 63-65. In: Proc. Conf. on coast redwood forest ecology and managment; 1996 June 18-20; Humboldt State Univ., Arcata, CA. Univ. Calif. Coop. Ext. For.

Zhang, J.W. & B.M. Cregg. 1996. Variation in stable carbon isotope discrimination among and within exotic conifer species grown in eastern Nebraska, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 83:181-187.

Zhang, J.W., J.D. Marshall & L. Fins. 1996. Correlated population differences in dry matter accumulation, allocation, and water-use efficiency in three sympatric conifers species. Forest Science 42(2):242-249.

Dolph, K. Leroy, Sylvia R. Mori, and William W. Oliver. 1995. Height-diameter relationships for conifer species on the Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest. USDA For. Serv. Res. Note PSW-RN-418. 5p.

Dolph, K. Leroy, Sylvia R. Mori, and William W. Oliver. 1995. Long-term response of old-growth stands to varying levels of partial cutting in the eastside pine type. West. J. Appl. For. 10(3):101-108.

Oliver, William W. 1995. Is self-thinning of ponderosa pine ruled by Dendroctonus bark beetles? P. 213-218. In: Eskew, Lane G. (comp.) Forest health through silviculture. Proc. 1995 Natl. Silviculture Workshop; 1995 May 8-11; Mescalero, NM. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-267.

Zhang, J.W. & J.D. Marshall. 1995. Variation in carbon isotope discrimination and photosynthetic gas exchange among populations of Pseudotsuga menziesii and Pinus ponderosa in different environments. Functional Ecology 9:402-412.

Marshall, J.D. & J.W. Zhang. 1994. Carbon isotope discrimination and water-use efficiency in native plants of the northern-central Rockies. Ecology 75:1887-1895.

McDonald, P.M. and M.W. Ritchie. 1994. Epicormic branching in California black oak: Effect of stand and tree characteristics. Northwest Science 68:6-10.

Powers, R.F., D.J. Mead, J.A. Burger, and M.W. Ritchie. 1994. Designing long-term site productivity experiments. p. 247-285 In: Impacts of Forest Harvesting on Long-Term Site Productivity. W.J.Dyck, D.W. Cole and N.B. Comerford, Editors. Chapman and Hall, London, UK.

Zhang, J.W. & J.D. Marshall. 1994. Population differences in water-use efficiency of well-watered and water-stressed western larch seedlings. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 24:92-99.

Zhang, J.W., L. Fins & J.D. Marshall. 1994. Carbon isotope discrimination, photosynthetic gas exchange and growth differences among western larch families. Tree Physiology 14:531-539.

Waters, J. R., K. S. McKelvey, C. J. Zabel, and W. W. Oliver. 1994. The effects of thinning and broadcast burning on sporocarp production of hypogeous fungi. Can. J. For. Res. 24:1516-1522. Oliver, W. W., J. L. Lindquist and R. O. Strothmann. 1994. Young-growth redwood stands respond will to various thinning intensities. West. J. Appl. For. 9(4):106-112.

Ritchie, M.W. and R.F. Powers. 1993. A user's guide for SYSTUM-1 (Version 2.0): Simulating trends in young stands under management in California and Oregon. General Technical Report PSW-GTR-147. Albany CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service. 45 p.

Zhang, J.W., J.D. Marshall & B.C. Jaquish. 1993. Genetic differentiation in carbon isotope discrimination and gas exchange in Pseudotsuga menziesii: A common-garden experiment. Oecologia 93:80-87.

Zhang, J.W. & L. Fins. 1993. Variation in shoot growth components among western larch families. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23:1520-1527.

Whitesell, C. D., and W. W. Oliver. 1992. Forest plantations as chaotic attractors in the tropical Pacific Islands. (abstr.) IAWA Bull. 13(3):250.

Oliver, W. W. 1992. Plantation forestry in the South Pacific: a compilation and assessment of practices. UNDP/FAO South Pacific Forestry Development Programme RAS/86/036, Field Document 8, Port Vila, Vanuatu. 121 p.

Oliver, W. W., J.L. Lindquist and R. O. Strothman(n). 1992. Stand response to thinning young-growth redwoods: Implications for management. In: Proc. 13th Annual Forest Vegetation Management Conference; 1992 January 14-16; Eureka, CA. For. Veg. Manage. Conf., Redding, CA.

Oliver, W. W. 1991. After fifty years...snag densities still influenced by partial cutting in the eastside pine type of northeastern California. (abstr.) In: Proc. 1991 annual meeting of the Western Mensurationists; 1991 June 26-28; Orcas Isl., WA: West. Mensurationists, Kent, WA.

Oliver, W. W. 1990. Brush competition retards early stand development of planted ponderosa pine: Update on a 24-year study. p. 107-113. In: Proc. 11th Annual Forest Vegetation Management Conference; 1989 November 7-9; Sacramento, CA. For. Veg. Manage. Conf., Redding, CA.

Powers, R. F., and W. W. Oliver. 1990. Libocedrus decurrens Torr. Incense-cedar. p. 173-180. In: Burns, R. M. and B. H. Honkala (tech. coord.) Silvics of North America Volume 1, Conifers. Agric. Handb. 654.

Oliver, W. W., and R. A. Ryker. 1990. Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex Laws. Ponderosa pine. p. 413-424. In: Burns, R. M. and B. H. Honkala (tech. coord.) Silvics of North America Volume 1, Conifers. USDA For. Serv. Agric. Handb. 654.

Aune, P. S., W. W. Oliver, R. F. Powers, J. R. Boyle, J. C. Tappeiner, D. S. DeBell, and C. D. Oliver. 1990. The redesigned forest. A scientific review. J. of For. 88(12):33-36.

Oliver, W. W. 1990. Stanislaus-Tuolumne Experimental Forest. p. 44-48. In: Berg, N. H. (tech. coord.) Experimental Forests and Ranges of the Pacific Southwest Research Station. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-119.

Oliver, W. W. 1990. Challenge Experimental Forest. p. 10-14. In: Berg, N. H. (tech. coord.) Experimental Forests and Ranges of the Pacific Southwest Research Station. USDA For.Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-119.

Oliver, W. W. 1990. Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest. p. 4-8. In: Berg, N. H. (tech. coord.) Experimental Forests and Ranges of the Pacific Southwest Research Station. USDAUSDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-119.

Oliver, W. W. 1990. Spacing and shrub competition influence 20-year development of planted ponderosa pine. West. J. of Appl. For. 5(3):79-82.

Ritchie, M.W. and D.W. Hann. 1990. Equations for predicting the 5-year heightgrowth of six conifer species in southwest Oregon. Forest Research Laboratory, Oregon State University. Research Paper 54. 14 p.

Powers, R.F., M.W. Ritchie, and L.O. Ticknor. 1989. SYSTUM-1: Simulating the growth of young conifers under management. p. 101-115 In: A Decade of Forest Vegetation Management. Proc. 10th Ann. Forest Vegetation Management Conference, Nov. 1-3, 1988, Eureka CA. Forest Vegetation Managment Conference, Redding CA. 226 p.

Cochran, P.H. and W. W. Oliver. 1988. Growth rates for managed stands of white fir. p. 197-200. In: Schmidt, Wyman C. (comp.) Proc. Future forests of the Mountain West: a stand culture symposium; 1986 Sept. 29 - Oct. 3; Missoula, MT. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-243.

Oliver, W. W., and C. B. Edminster. 1988. Growth of ponderosa pine thinned to different stocking levels in the western United States. p. 153-159. In: Schmidt, Wyman C. (comp.) Proc. Future forests of the Mountain West: a stand culture symposium; 1986 Sept. 29 - Oct. 3; Missoula, MT. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-243.

Oliver, W. W. 1988. Ten-year growth response of a California red and white fir sawtimber stand to several thinning intensities. West. J. of Appl. For. 3(2):41-43.

Ritchie, M.W. and R.F. Powers. 1988. Modeling height growth of young ponderosa pine plantations: influence of weed competition and crown ratio. P 79-91 In: Proceedings 9th Annual Forest Vegetation Management Conference, Nov. 3-5, 1987, Redding CA. Forest Vegetation Management Conference, Redding, CA. 226 p.

Ritchie, M.W. and D.W. Hann. 1988. Equations for predicting height to crown base for fourteen tree species in southwest Oregon. Forest Research Laboratory, Oregon State University. Research Paper 50. 14 p.

Hann, D.W. and M.W. Ritchie. 1987. Height growth rate of Douglas-fir: A comparison of model forms. Forest Science 34:165-175.

Oliver, W. W. 1986. Growth of California red fir advance regeneration after overstory removal and thinning. USDA For. Serv. Res. Pap. PSW-180. 6 p.

Ritchie, M.W. and D.W. Hann. 1986. Development of a tree height growth model for Douglas-fir. Journal of Forest Ecology and Management 15:135-145.

Ritchie, M.W. and D.W. Hann. 1985. Equations for predicting basal area increment in Douglas-fir and grand fir. Forest Research Laboratory, Oregon State University. Research Bulletin 51. 9 p.

Powers, R. F.,and W. W. Oliver. 1984. Ponderosa pine plantation growth in northern California . . . brush competition and response to release. p.122-125. In: Summaries of the proceedings of the 1984 Western Forestry Conference; 1984 December 3-5; Sacramento, CA. West. For. and Conserv. Assoc. Portland, OR.

McDonald, P. M., and W. W. Oliver. 1984. Woody shrubs retard growth of ponderosa pine seedlings and saplings. p. 65-89. In: Proc. 5th Annual Forest Vegetation Management Conference; 1983 November 2-3; Sacramento, CA. For. Veg. Manage. Conf. Redding, CA.

Oliver, W. W. 1984. Brush reduces growth of thinned ponderosa pine in northern California. USDA For. Serv. Res. Pap. PSW-172. 7 p.

Ritchie, M.W. and D.W. Hann. 1984. Nonlinear equations for predicting diameter and squared diameter inside bark at breast height for Douglas-fir. Forest Research Laboratory, Oregon State University. Research Paper 47. 12 p.

Oliver, W. W., R. F. Powers, and J. N. Fiske. 1983. Pacific ponderosa pine. p. 48-52. In: Silvicultural systems for the major forest types of the United States. USDA For. Serv. Agric. Handb. 445 (revised).

Oliver, W. W., and J. Trask. 1983. Responses of eastside pine to precommercial thinning. p. 107-113. In: Proc. symp. on management of the eastside pine type in northeastern California; 1983 June 15-17; Reno, NV. Coop. Ext., Univ. of Calif.and North. Calif. Soc. of Am. For.

Oliver, W. W. 1980. Early response of ponderosa pine to spacing and brush: Observations on a 12-year-old plantation. USDA For. Serv. Res. Note PSW-341. 7 p.

Oliver, W. W. 1980. Growth of planted ponderosa pine thinned to different stocking levels in northern California. USDA For. Serv. Res. Paper PSW-147. 11 p.

Oliver, W. W. 1979. Fifteen-year growth patterns after thinning a ponderosa-Jeffrey pine plantation in northeastern California. USDA For. Serv. Res. Pap. PSW-141. 10 p.

Oliver, W. W. 1979. Growth and mortality of thinned knobcone x Monterey pine saplings affected by engraver beetles and a hard freeze. USDA For. Serv. Res. Pap. PSW-139. 9 p.

Oliver, W. W. 1979. Levels-of-growing-stock in ponderosa pine plantations. p. 111 (abstr.) In: Executive summaries of the proceedings of The 1978 Western Forestry Conference; 1978 Dec. 5-6; Sacramento, CA. West. For. and Conserv. Assoc., Portland, OR.

Oliver, W. W. 1978. Sugar pine outperforms ponderosa pine on a hot, dry site. Tree Plant. Notes 29(4):14-17. Oliver, W. W. and R. F. Powers. 1978. Growth models for ponderosa pine: I. Yield of unthinned plantations in northern California. USDA For. Serv. Res. Pap. PSW-133. 21 p.

Powers, R. F., and W. W. Oliver. 1978. Site classification of ponderosa pine stands under stocking control in California. USDA For. Serv. Res. Pap. PSW-128. 9 p.

Oliver, W. W. 1974. Moisture stress related to spacing and brush competition in a ponderosa pine plantation. (abstr.) p.378-379 In: Proc. Third North American Forest Biology Workshop; 1974 Sept. 9-12; Coll. of For. and Nat. Resour., Colo. State Univ.; Fort Collins.

Oliver, W. W. 1974. Seed maturity in white fir and red fir. USDA For. Serv. Res. Pap. PSW-99. 12 p.

Oliver, W. W. 1972. Height intercept for estimating site index in young ponderosa pine plantations and natural stands. USDA For. Serv. Res. Note PSW-276. 4 p.

Oliver, W. W. 1972. Growth after thinning ponderosa and Jeffrey pine pole stands in northeastern California. USDA For. Serv. Res. Pap. PSW-85. 8 p.

Oliver, W. W. and R. F. Powers. 1971. Early height growth of ponderosa pine forecasts dominance in plantations. USDA For. Serv. Res. Note PSW-250. 4 p.

Oliver, W. W. 1970. Snow bending of sugar pine and ponderosa pine seedlings . . . injury not permanent. USDA For. Serv. Res. Note PSW-225. 3 p.

Oliver, W. W. 1970. Cacodylic acid for precommercial thinning in mixed-conifer stands . . . shows erratic results. USDA For. Serv. Res. Note PSW-224. 3 p.

Powers, R. F., and W. W. Oliver. 1970. Snow breakage in a pole-sized ponderosa pine plantation . . . more damage at high densities. USDA For. Serv. Res. Note PSW-218. 3 p.

Oliver, W. W. 1970. The feeding pattern of sapsuckers on ponderosa pine in northeastern California. The Condor 72(2):241; 1970.

Oliver, W. W. 1968. Sapsucker damage to ponderosa pine. J. For. 66(11):842-844.

Oliver, W. W. 1967. Ponderosa pine can stagnate on a good site. J. For. 65(11):814-816.

Oliver, W. W. 1964. Regenerating Douglas-fir forests. In: Research Review, 1964. USDA For. Serv. Pac. Southwest For. and Range Exp. Stn.

Zahner, R., and W. W. Oliver. 1962. The influence of thinning and pruning on the date of summerwood initiation in red and jack pines. For. Sci. 8(1):52-63.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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