USDA Forest Service
 

Pacific Southwest Research Station

 

Pacific Southwest Research Station
800 Buchanan Street
West Annex Building
Albany, CA 94710-0011

(510) 559-6300

United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service. USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.

Programs and Projects

Ecology and Management of Western Forests Influenced by Mediterranean Climate

(RWU-4155)
Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest

Publications of the Current Ecological Research Project>1
  1. Dolph, K. Leroy; Mori, Sylvia R.; Oliver, William W. 1995. Height-diameter relationships for conifer species on the Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest. Res. Note PSW-RN-418. United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Berkeley, CA. 5p.
  2. Dolph, K. Leroy; Mori, Sylvia R.; Oliver, William W. 1995. Long-term response of old-growth stands to varying levels of partial cutting in the eastside pine type. West. J. Appl. For. 10(3): 101-108.
  3. Larsen, Michael J.; Harvey, Alan E.; Powers, Robert; Jurgensen, Martin F. 1996. A new species of Botryobasidium (Corticiaceae, Aphyllophorales) inhabiting the interiors of brown rotted logs of ponderosa pine. Mycotaxon LX: 429-432.
  4. Oliver, William W.; Powers, Robert F. 1998. Blacks Mountain, California: Interdisciplinary field research in ponderosa pine. J. For. 96(8):4-8.
  5. Hartsough, Bruce R. 1999. Harvesting to enhance old-growth characteristics and reduce fuel loading. In: Forestry engineering for tomorrow symposium. June 28-30, 1999. Edinburgh University, Edinburgh, Scotland.
  6. Oliver, William W. 2000. Can we sustain uneven-aged ponderosa pine stands? An interdisciplinary study in northeastern California. P. 610-618. In: W. H. Emmingham (compiler). Proceedings of the IUFRO interdisciplinary unevenaged management symposium. September 15-19, 1997. Oregon State University, Corvallis.
  7. Oliver, William W. 2000. Ecological research at the Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest in Northeastern California. General Technical Report PSW-GTR-179. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; 66p.
  8. Shea, Patrick; Laudenslayer, William F., Jr.; Ferrell, George; Borys, Robert. 2002. Girdled versus bark beetle-created ponderosa pine snags: utilization by cavity-dependent species and differences in decay rate and insect diversity. In: Laudenslayer, William F., Jr.; Shea, Patrick J.; Valentine, Bradley E., Weatherspoon, C. Phillip; Lisle, Thomas, tech. cord. Proceedings of the Symposium On The Ecology And Management Of Dead Wood In Western Forests, 1999 November 2-4, Reno, NV. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-181, p. 145-153.
  9. Zack, Steve; George, T. Luke; Laudenslayer, William F., Jr. 2002. Are there snags in the system? Comparing cavity use among nesting birds in “snag-rich” and “snag-poor” eastside pine forests. In: Laudenslayer, William F., Jr.; Shea, Patrick J.; Valentine, Bradley E., Weatherspoon, C. Phillip; Lisle, Thomas, tech. cord. Proceedings of the Symposium On The Ecology And Management Of Dead Wood In Western Forests, 1999 November 2-4, Reno, NV. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-181, p. 179-191.
  10. Farris, Kerry L.; Garton, Edward O.; Heglund, Patricia J.; Zack, Steve; Shea, Patrick J. 2002. Woodpecker foraging and the successional decay of ponderosa pine. In: Laudenslayer, William F., Jr.; Shea, Patrick J.; Valentine, Bradley E., Weatherspoon, C. Phillip; Lisle, Thomas, tech. cord. Proceedings of the Symposium On The Ecology And Management Of Dead Wood In Western Forests, 1999 November 2-4, Reno, NV. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-181, p. 237-246.
  11. Zack, Steve; Laudenslayer, William F.; George, T. Luke; Skinner, Carl; Oliver, William. 1999. A prospectus on restoring late successional forest structure to eastside pine ecosystems through large-scale, interdisciplinary research. P. 343-355. In: J.E. Cook and B.P. Oswald (compilers). First Biennial North American Forest Ecology Workshop. Forest Ecology Working Group, Society of American Foresters. June 24-26, 1997. North Carolina State University, Raleigh.
  12. George, T. Luke; Zack, Steve. 2001. Spatial and temporal considerations in restoring habitat for wildlife. Restoration Ecology 9(3):272-279.
  13. Oliver, William W. 2001. Can we create and sustain late successional attributes in interior ponderosa pine stands? Large-scale ecological research studies in northeastern California. In: Vance, Regina K.; Edminster, Carleton B.; Covington, W. Wallace; Blake, Julie A. comps. Ponderosa pine ecosystems restoration and conservation: steps toward stewardship; 2000 April 25-27; Flagstaff, AZ. Proceedings RMRS-P-22. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.
  14. Samman, Safiya; Wilson, Barbara L.; Hipkins, Valerie. D. 2001. Genetic variation in Pinus ponderosa, Pursia tridentate, and Festuca idahoensis, community-dominant plants of California’s yellow pine forest. Madrono 47(3):164-173.
  15. Hartsough, Bruce1. 2003. Economics of harvesting to maintain high structural diversity and resulting damage to residual trees. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 18(2):133-142.
  16. Oliver, William W. 2002. Snag frequencies 50 years after partially cutting interior ponderosa pine stands. In: Parker, Sharon and Hummel, Susan Stevens, comps. Beyond 2001: A silviculture odyssey to sustaining terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Proceedings of 2001 National Silviculture Workshop, 2001 May 6-
    10, Hood River, OR. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-546. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, p.47-51.
  17. George, T. Luke, S. Zack , and W.F. Laudenslayer. 2005. A comparison of bird species composition and abundance between late- and mid- seral Ponderosa Pine Forests. In: Ritchie, M.W., Maguire, D.A., Youngblood, A. eds. Proceedings of the Symposium on Ponderosa Pine: Issues, Trends and Management. Albany, CA: Gen Tech Rep. PSW-198. (also referenced as paper
    number 13 in the Goosenest Series).
  18. Farris, K.L., M. Huss, and S. Zack. 2004. The influence of foraging woodpeckers in decomposition of ponderosa pine. The Condor (106):50-59.
  19. Skinner, C.N. 2005. Reintroducing fire into the Blacks Mountain Research Natural Area: effects on fire hazard. In: Ritchie, M.W., Maguire, D.A.,
    Youngblood, A. eds. Proceedings of the Symposium on Ponderosa Pine: Issues, Trends and Management. Albany, CA: Gen. Tech. Report. PSW-GTR-198. p 245-257.
  20. Skinner, C.N., Ritchie, M.W., Hamilton, T., and J. Symons. 2004. Effects of prescribed fire and thinning on wildfire severity. In: S. Cooper, ed. Proceedings of the 25th annual forest vegetation management conference. Redding CA. University of California Cooperative Extension. p. 80-91.
  21. Ritchie, M.W. Skinner, C.N., and T. Hamilton. 2007. Probability of wildfire induced tree mortality in an interior pine forest: effects of thinning and prescribed fire. Forest Ecology and Management 247:200-208.
  22. Jianwei Zhang, Martin W. Ritchie, and William W. Oliver. 2008. Vegetation responses to stand structure and prescribed fire in an interior ponderosa pine ecosystem. CJFR 38:909-918
  23. Martin W. Ritchie, Brian Wing, Todd Hamilton . 2008. Maintaining Stability of the Large Tree Component in a Late-Seral Interior Ponderosa Pine Forest. CJFR 38:919-923.
  24. Maguire, C.C., Maguire, D.M., Manning, T.E., Garber, Sean M. and M.W. Ritchie. 2008. Response of small mammals to alternative stand structures in the mixed- conifer forest of northeastern California. CJFR 38:943-955.
  25. Gillette, N.E., Vetter, R.S., Mori, S.R., Rudolph, C.R. and D.R. Welty. 2008. Response of spider assemblages to stand structure manipulations and prescribed fire at Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest, Southern Cascade Range, California. CJFR 38:969-980.
  26. George, T.L., and S. Zack. 2008. Response of forest birds to manipulation of forest structure and prescribed fire at Black’s Mountain Experimental Forest. CJFR 38:936-942.
  27. Fettig, C.J, Borys, R.R., McKelvey, S.R. and C.P. Dabney. 2008. Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest: Bark Beetle Responses to Differences in Forest Structure and the Application of Prescribed Fire in Interior Ponderosa Pine. CJFR 38:924-935.
  28. Camann, M.A., Gillette, N.E., Lamncha, K.L. and S.R. Mori. 2008. Response of forest soil Acari to prescribed fire following stand structure manipulation in the Southern Cascade Range. CJFR 38:956-968.
  29. Symons, Julie N., Fairbanks, Dean. H. K., and Carl Skinner. 2008. Influences of stand structure and fuel treatments on wildfire severity at Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest, Northeastern California. California Geographer 48:1-23.
  30. Zhang, Jianwei, and M.W. Ritchie. 2008. Restoring east-side ponderosa pine ecosystems at the Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest: A case study. In: Deal, R.L. Tech ed. Integrated restoration of forested ecosystems to achieve
    multiresource benefits: Proceedings of the 2007 national silviculture workshop. General Technical Report PNW-GTR-733. Portland OR: U.S. Dept. Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 107-116
General Bibliography of Studies at Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest
  1. Arvanitis, Loukas G., and William G. O'Regan. 1967. Computer simulation and economic efficiency in forest sampling. Hilgardia 38(2):133-164.
  2. Arvanitis, Loukas G., and William G. O'Regan. 1969. Sampling simulation computer programs. I. Fixed and variable plots. University of Wisconsin,College of Agriculture and Life Science. Res. Div. Rep. 49. 48 p.
  3. Arvanitis, Loukas G., and William G. O'Regan. 1972. Cluster of satellite sampling in forestry: a Monte Carlo computer simulations study. P 191-205 In:Proceedings of the third conference of the IUFRO advisory group of forest statistics. Joy-en-Josas, France. 1970. Institute National de la Recherche Agronomique Publ. 72-73.
  4. Bega, R.V and R.S. Smith. 1966. The distribution of Fomes annosus in natural forests of California. Plant Dis. Rep. 50(11):32-35.
  5. Brundage, M.R. 1938. Valuation of trees and cutting systems on four sample plots, Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest. California Forest and Range Experiment Station, USDA Forest Service. Berkeley CA. 4p.
  6. Cosens, R.D., and D. Tackle. 1950. Costs of rodent control in pine regeneration in California. Research Note 73. California Forest and Range Experiment Station. USDA Forest Service. Berkeley CA. 5 p.
  7. Dunning, D. and A.A. Hasel. 1945. The Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest. California Forest and Range Experiment Station. USDA Forest Service. Berkeley CA. 23 p.
  8. Eaton ,C.B. 1959. Insect-caused mortality in relation to methods of cutting in ponderosa pine on the Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest. Tech. Paper 43. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. USDA Forest Service. Berkeley CA. 33 p.
  9. Fowells, H.A. and G.H. Schubert. 1956. Seed crops of forest trees in the pine region of California. Technical Bulletin 1150. USDA. Washington DC. 48 p.
  10. Furniss, M.M. and W.E. Hallin. 1955. Development of high-risk trees in ponderosa and Jeffrey pine stands following sanitation-salvage cutting. Research Note 94. California Forest and Range Experiment Station. USDA Forest Service. Berkeley CA. 2 p.
  11. Gordon, D.T. 1955. A portable pole ladder. Journal of Forestry 53:453-454.
  12. Gordon, D.T. 1956. Slash disposal and seedbed preparation by tractor. Journal of Forestry 54:771-773.
  13. Gordon, D.T. 1959. Ten-year observations on pruned ponderosa and Jeffrey pine. Research Note 153. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, USDA. Berkeley CA. 4p.
  14. Gordon, D.T. 1962. A prototype fuel-break in the eastside ponderosa-Jeffrey pine type. Research Note 207. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, USDA. Berkeley CA. 9 p.
  15. Gordon, D.T. 1962. Growth response of east side pine poles to removal of low vegetation. Research Note 209. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, USDA. Berkeley CA. 3 p.
  16. Gordon, D.T. 1967. Alternatives in fire management strategies. P 115-119. In: Proceedings of a conference on young-growth forest management.
  17. Gordon, D.T. 1967. Prescribed burning in the interior ponderosa pine type of northeastern California... a preliminary study. Research Paper PSW-45. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, USDA. Berkeley CA. 20 p.
  18. Hallin, W.E. 1956. Pruning ponderosa and Jeffrey pine. Research Note 115. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, USDA. Berkeley CA. 4 p.
  19. Hallin, W.E. 1959. The application of unit area control in the management of ponderosa-Jeffrey pine at Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest. Technical Bulletin 1191. USDA, Washington DC. 96 p.
  20. Hasel, A.A. 1937. Analysis of sampling methods for volume determination in a ponderosa pine forest. California Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, USDA. Berkeley CA. 43 p.
  21. Hasel, A.A. 1937. Arrangement of cruise plots to permit a valid estimate of sampling error. California Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, USDA. Berkeley CA. 13 p.
  22. Hasel, A.A. 1938. Sampling error in timber surveys. Journal of Agricultural Research 57(10):713-736.
  23. Hasel, A.A. 1938. Methods-of-cutting demonstration plots. California Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, USDA. Berkeley CA. 3 p.
  24. Hasel, A.A. 1942. Estimation of volume in timber stands by strip sampling. Annals of Mathematical Statistics 13(2):179-206.
  25. Hasel, A.A. 1942. Sampling error of cruises in the California pine region. Journal of Forestry 40(3):211-217.
  26. Hasel, A.A. 1945. The Blacks Mountain portable log loader. Research Note 43. California Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, USDA. Berkeley CA. 8 p.
  27. Hasel, A.A. 1946. Logging cost as related to tree size and intensity of cutting in ponderosa pine. Journal of Forestry 44(8):552-560.
  28. Hasel, A.A. 1949. Long-term silvicultural experiment on methods of cutting. P. 477-479. Proceedings of the Berkeley symposium on mathematical statistics and probability. Berkeley: Univ. Berkeley Press.
  29. McKeever, S. 1959. Effects of reproductive activity on weight of adrenal glands in Microtus montanus. Anat. Rec. 135:1-5.
  30. McKeever, S. 1960. Food of the northern flying squirrel in northeastern California. Journal of Mammalogy 41(2):270-271.
  31. McKeever, S. 1961. Relative populations of small mammals in three forest types of northeastern California. Ecology 42(2):399-402.
  32. McKeever, S. 1963. Seasonal changes in body weight, reproductive organs, pituitary, adrenal glands, thyroid gland, and spleen of the belding ground squirrel (Citellus beldingi). Am. J. Anat. 113(1):153-173.
  33. McKeever, S. 1963. The occurrence of Moniliformis clarki (Ward) (Acanthocephala: Moniliformidae) in California mammals. Journal of Parisitology 49(6):1032-1033.
  34. McKeever, S. 1964. Variation in the weight of the adrenal, pituitary and thyroid glands of the white footed mouse, Peromyscus maniculatus. American Journal of Anatomy. 114(1):1-15.
  35. McKeever, S. 1964. Food habits of the pine squirrel in northeastern California. Journal of Wildlife Management 28(2):402-404.
  36. McKeever, S. 1964. Compound 1080 and forest regeneration: Characteristics of the poison in relation to bait shyness, poison shyness, toxicity to rodents, and phytotoxicity to conifer seed. California Resources Agency, Department of Conservation, Division of Forestry.
  37. McKeever, S. 1964. The biology of the golden-mantled ground squirrel. Ecological Monographs 34(4):383-401.
  38. McKeever, S. 1966. Reproduction in Citellus beldingi and Citellus lateralis in northeastern California. Symposia of Zoological Society of London 15:365-385.
  39. Miller, J.M. and F.P. Keen. 1960. Biology and control of the western pine beetle. Miscellaneous Publication 800. USDA. Washington DC. 381 p.
  40. Oliver, W.W. 1968. Sapsucker damage to ponderosa pine. Journal of Forestry 66(11):842-844.
  41. Oliver, W.W. 1970. The feeding pattern of sapsuckers on ponderosa pine in northeastern California. The Condor 72(2):241.
  42. O'Regan, W.G. and L.G. Arvanitis. 1967. Cost-effectiveness in forest sampling. Forest Science 12(4):406-414.
  43. O'Regan, W.G. and L.G. Arvanitis. 1969. Sampling simulation computer programs. II. Cost-effectiveness and sampling efficiency. University of Wisconsin College of Agriculture and Life Science. Res. Division Research Paper 50. 31 p.
  44. O'Regan, W.G. and M.N. Palley. 1965. A computer technique for the study of forest sampling methods. Forest Science 11(1):99-114.
  45. M.N. Palley, and W.G. O'Regan. 1961. A computer technique for the study of forest sampling methods. I. Point Sampling compared with line sampling. Forest Science 7(3):282-294.
  46. Quick, C.R. 1964. Experimental herbicidal control of dwarf mistletoe on some California conifers. Research Note PSW-47. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, USDA. Berkeley CA. 9 p.
  47. Roy, D.F. 1953. Effects of ground cover and class of planting stock on survival of transplants in the eastside pine type of California. Research Note 87. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, USDA. Berkeley CA. 6 p.
  48. Roy, D.F. and G.H. Schubert. 1953. K-screen seed spots. Research Note 88. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, USDA. Berkeley CA. 2 p.
  49. Salman, K.A. and J.W. Bongberg. 1942. Logging high-risk trees to control insects in the pine stands of northeastern California. Journal of Forestry 40(7):533-539.
  50. Smith, R.H., B.E. Wickman, R.C. Hall, C.J. De Mars, and G.T. Ferrell. 1981. The California pine risk-rating system: its development, use and relationship to other systems. P 53-69 in: R.L. Hedden, S.J. Barras, J.E. Coster, Technical Coordinators. Proceedings of the symposium on hazard-rating systems in forest insect pest management, July 31-August 1 1980, Athens GA. General Technical Report WO-27. Forest Service USDA, Washington DC.
  51. Tackle, D. and D.F. Roy. 1953. Site preparation as related to ground cover density in natural regeneration of ponderosa pine. Technical Paper 4. California Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, USDA. Berkeley CA. 13 p.
  52. Teeguarden, D.E. and D.T. Gordon. 1959. A precommercial thinning in ponderosa and Jeffrey pine. Journal of Forestry 57(12):900-904.
  53. Teeguarden, D.E. and D.T. Gordon. 1964. Thinning increases growth of stagnated ponderosa and Jeffrey pine sapling stands. Journal of Forestry 62(2):114.
  54. U.S. Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 1959. Guide to Susanville research center. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, USDA, Berkeley CA. 12 p.
  55. Wickman, B.E. and C.B. Eaton. 1962. The effects of sanitation-salvage cutting on insect-caused pine mortality at Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest 1938-1959. Technical Paper 66. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, USDA. Berkeley CA. 39 p.
  56. Zumwalt, E.V. 1934. The Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest. P. 64-66 In: The Alumni News, New York State Ranger School.

1Citation list includes research supported by PSW Research Station, conducted by cooperators.

Last Modified: Feb 19, 2009 05:50:17 PM