Develop knowledge and tools that support conservation and restoration of biological diversity across all lands, including the identification of current and future conservation challenges and climate adaptation approaches.
Our goal for research in this program is to generate needed information and develop tools that support conservation and restoration of biological diversity at genetic, species and community levels that play key roles in conserving and restoring ecosystem function and structure. Our expected outcomes include:
- Increased capacity to create landscape conditions that support the full host of resilient native species and communities through improved knowledge of the primary ecological processes that support biodiversity from genes to landscapes.
- Enhanced understanding of past, present, and predicted future responses of plant and animal species to environmental changes and disturbances to inform management of sites and landscapes to conserve and restore biodiversity.
- Increased number and effectiveness of biocontrol agents and ecological restoration approaches to conserve and restore native ecosystems.
- Increased breadth and effectiveness of tools that put scientific information in a format directly applicable to the needs of managers, policy makers, and practitioners seeking to conserve and restore biodiversity.
- Enhanced capacity of managers, policy makers, and practitioners to apply scientific information to management decisions and actions that conserve and restore biodiversity.
Research in the Conservation of Biodiversity program is generating new capacity in multiple arenas:
- Knowledge of life histories, behaviors, genetics, and requirements of species of concern will inform species-specific and landscape-based management and conservation strategies for species;
- Knowledge of community dynamics and trophic interdependencies will assist in developing management strategies (e.g., vegetation, fire, recreation) for effective biodiversity conservation and restoration;
- Improved knowledge of effective actions and mechanisms to conserve and restore biological diversity across multiple spatial scales and to improve management outcomes;
- Development of cutting edge tools in the field of genomics (e.g., the use of next generation sequencing technologies) will improve our understanding of genetic diversity;
- Ability to mitigate effects of introduced exotic organisms on native populations and communities will maintain resilient ecosystems;
- New approaches for restoring species, degraded environments, and ecological processes and function will improve the efficiency of restoration efforts;
- Improved knowledge-based tools that provide information on the effects of disturbance and management on various facets of biodiversity will enable management and policy decisions to be based on more accurate projections;
- Availability of database management systems that make data on past, present, and potential future measures of biological diversity available for research, development, and application;
- Improved monitoring techniques and designs for species and communities across landscapes; and
- Diversified forms of information dissemination (e.g., publications, reports, webinars, training, workshops, symposia, videos) will meet the needs of managers and practitioners in a timely manner allowing research to inform decisions in a timely manner.