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"Long-term studies of elk, deer, and cattle - examining the effects of ungulates on ecosystems"


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Starkey Publications for Vegetation
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Case, R.PublicationCase, R. L., and J. B. Kauffman. 1997. Wild ungulate influences on the recovery of willows, black cottonwood, and thin-leaf alder following cessation of cattle grazing in northeastern Oregon. Northwest Science 71:115-126.
Case, R.ThesisCase, R.L. 1995. The ecology of riparian ecosystems of northeast Oregon: Shrub recovery at Meadow Creek and the structure and biomass of headwater upper Grande Ronde ecosystems. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University. M.S. Thesis.
Clark, PatPublicationClark, Patrick E.; Krueger, William C.; Bryant, Larry D.; Thomas, David R. 1998. Spring defoliation effects on bluebunch wheatgrass. I: Winter forage quality. Journal of Range Management. 51(5):519-525.
Clark, PatPublicationClark, Patrick E.; Krueger, William C.; Bryant, Larry D.; Thomas, Davis R. 1998. Spring defoliation effects on bluebunch wheatgrass. II: Basal area. Journal of Range Management. 51(5):526-530.
Cook, JohnPublicationCook, J. G.; Irwin, L. L.; Bryant, L. D.; Riggs, R. A.; Thomas, J. W. 1998. Relations of forest cover and condition of elk: a test of the thermal cover hypothesis in summer and winter. Wildlife Monographs No. 141:1- 61p.
Cook, JohnPublicationCook, J. G., R. A. Riggs, A. R. Tiedemann, L. L. Irwin, and L. D. Bryant. 1994. Large herbivore-vegetative feedback relations in the Blue Mountains ecoregion. Pages 155-159 in W. D. Edge and S. L. Olson-Edge, editors. Proceedings of a symposium on sustaining rangeland ecosystems. Oregon State University Extension Service Special Re
Cook, JohnPublicationCook, J. G., T. W. Stutzman, C. W. Bowers, K. A. Brenner, and L. L. Irwin. 1995. Spherical densiometers produce biased estimates of forest canopy cover. Wildlife Society Bulletin 23:711-717.
Irwin, LarryPublicationIrwin, L. L., J. G. Cook, R. A. Riggs, and J. M. Skovlin. 1994. Effects of long-term grazing by big game and livestock in the Blue Mountains forest ecosystems. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-GTR-325.
Kie, JohnPublicationKie, John G., and John F. Lemhuhl. 2001. Herbivory by wild and domestic ungulates in the Intermountain West. Northwest Science 75 (special Isue): 55-61.
Long, RyanPublicationLong, Ryan A., Rachlow, Janet L., Kie, John G. and Vavra, Martin. 2008. Fuels Reduction in a Western Coniferous Forest: Effects on Quantity and Quality of Forage for Elk. Rangeland Ecology and Management 61(3):302-313.
Noyes, CeciliaUnpublished ReportNoyes, C., P. Coe, B. Wales, A. Blumton, and B. Johnson.. 1994. Estimates of canopy cover and defoliation from a Landsat scene for La Grande Ranger District. Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, La Grande, Oregon, USA.
Riggs, RobertPublicationRiggs, R. A.; Tiedemann, A. R.; Cook, J. G.; Ballard, T. M.; Edgeton, P. J.; Vavra, M.; Krueger, W. C.; Hall, F. C.; Bryant, L. D.; Irwin, L. L.; DelCurto, T. 2000. Modification of mixed-conifer forests by ruminant herbivores in the Blue Mountains Ecological Province. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station Research Paper PNW-RP-527.
Riggs, RobertPublicationRiggs, R. A., J. G. Cook, A. Tiedemann, and L. Bryant. 1995. Twenty-seven years of succession in grand fir forests of the Blue Mountains: influences of wild herbivores. Proceedings of the Western States and Provinces 1995 Joint Deer and Elk Workshop, Sun Valley, Idaho. Idaho Department of Fish and Game.
Vales, DavidPublicationVales, D. J., R. A. Riggs, and L. Bryant. 1995. A model to estimate elk vulnerability as influenced by hunter density, roads, cover, and topography. Proceedings of the Western States and Provinces 1995 Joint Deer and Elk Workshop, Sun Valley, Idaho.
Vavra, MartinPublicationVavra, M., M. J. Wisdom, J. G. Kie, J. G. Cook, and R. A. Riggs 2005. The role of ungulate herbivory and management on ecosystem patterns and processes: future direction for the Starkey Project. March 20, 2004. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 69.
Vavra, MartinPublicationVavra, M., M.A. Hemstrom, and M. Wisdom. 2007. Modeling the effects of herbivores on the abundance of forest overstory states using a state-transition approach in the upper Grande Ronde River Basin, Oregon, USA. Landscape and Urban Planning. 80:212-222.
Wallburger, K.PublicationWallburger, K., T. DelCurto, M. Vavra, L. Bryant, and J. G. Kie. 2000. Influence of a grazing system and aspect, north vs. south, on the nutritional quality of forages, and performance and distribution of cattle grazing. Forested Rangelands, Proceedings, Western Section, American Society of Animal Science 51:181-184.
Westenskow, KathyThesisWestenskow, K. J. 1991. Conditioning bunchgrass on elk winter range. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University. M.S. Thesis.

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