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"Long-term studies of elk, deer, and cattle - examining the effects of ungulates on ecosystems"
 

 

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Starkey Publications for Elk
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AuthorCategoryCitation
Ager, AlanPresentationAger, A. and A. Reger. 1993. Software applications for elk habitat management. Invited presentation at the workshop Elk Habitat Management. Oregon Chapter of the Wildlife Society, Newport, Oregon. March 1-2.
Ager, AlanPublicationAger, Alan A., Johnson, Bruce K., Kern, John W., Kie, John G. 2003. Daily and seasonal movements and habitat use by female Rocky Mountain Elk and Mule Deer. Journal of Mammalogy 84(3):1076-1088.
Ager, AlanPublicationAger, A. A., B. K. Johnson, J. G. Kie, and H. K. Preisler 2005. Movement and habitat use of Rocky Mountain elk and mule deer. March 20, 2004. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 69.
Ager, AlanPublicationAger, A. A., B. K. Johnson, P. K. Coe, and M. J. Wisdom 2005. Landscape simulation of foraging by elk, mule deer, and cattle on summer range. March 20, 2004. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 69.
Ager, AlanPublicationAger, A., and M. Hitchcock. 1994. Microcomputer software for calculating elk habitat effectiveness index. Wildlife Society Bulletin 22:126-128.
Ager, AlanPublicationAger, A., and M. Hitchcock. 1992. Microcomputer software for calculating elk habitat effectiveness index in Western Oregon. USDA Forest Service, PNW Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland, Oregon. General Technical Report PNW-GTR-303.
Ager, AlanPublicationAger, A. A., Hitchcock, M., R. Mrowka, Krantz, B. and W. Peterson. 1991. Some new tools for analysis of elk habitat in Eastern Oregon. In: Proceedings of the symposium on Elk Vulnerability Relationships, April 10-12, 1991, Bozeman, MT. p 60-62.
Bolon, NataliePublicationBolon, Natalie A. 1994. Estimates of the values of elk in the Blue Mountains of Oregon and Washington: evidence from the existing literature. USDA Forest Service, PNW Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland, Oregon. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-316.
Brillinger, DavidPresentationBrillinger, D., Preisler, H., Ager, A. and J. Kie. 2002. An Exploratory Data Analyisis (EDA) of the Paths of Moving Animals. Workshop in Honour of David F. Andrews. May 23-24, 2002. The Fields Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Toronto, CA. (Real Audio - requires Real Audio player).
Brillinger, DavidPresentationBrillinger, D., Preisler, H., Ager, A. and J. Kie. 2002. An Exploratory Data Analyisis (EDA) of the Paths of Moving Animals. Workshop in Honour of David F. Andrews. May 23-24, 2002. The Fields Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Toronto, CA. (Slides)
Bryant, LarryPublicationBryant, L. D., J. W. Thomas, B. K. Johnson, and J. H. Noyes. 1991. Hunter and Rocky Mountain elk interactions in the Starkey Experimental Forest and Range. Pages 168-173 in A. G. Christensen, J. L. Lyon, and T. N. Lonner, compilers. Proceedings of a symposium on elk vulnerability. Montana State University, Bozeman, Mont
Case, R.PublicationCase, R. L., and J. B. Kauffman. 1997. Wild ungulate influences on the recovery of willows, black cottonwood, and thin-leaf alder following cessation of cattle grazing in northeastern Oregon. Northwest Science 71:115-126.
Clark, PatDissertationClark, P. E. 1996. Use of livestock to improve the quality of elk winter range forage in northeastern Oregon. Dissertation, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA. 1996.
Clark, PatPublicationClark, P. E., W. C. Krueger, L. D. Bryant, and D. R. Thomas. 1996. Use of livestock to improve the nutritional quality of elk winter range forage in northeastern Oregon. Pages 77-80 in K. Evan, compiler. Sharing common ground on western rangelands: proceedings of a livestock/big game symposium. U.S. Forest Service Gen
Clark, PatPublicationClark, Patrick E., William C. Krueger, Larry D. Byrant, and David Thomas. 2000. Livestock grazing effects on forage quality of elk winter range. Journal of Range Management 53:97-105
Coe, PriscillaPublicationCoe, Priscilla K., Bruce K. Johnson, John W. Kern, Scott L. Findholt, John G. Kie, and Michael J. Wisdom 2001. Responses of elk and mule deer to cattle in summer. Journal of Range Management 54:205:A51-A76.
Coe, PriscillaPublicationCoe, P. K., B. K. Johnson, K. M. Stewart, and J. G. Kie 2005. Spatial and temporal interactions of elk, mule deer, and cattle. March 20, 2004. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 69.
Coe, PriscillaPublished AbstractCoe, P.K.; Johnson, B.K.; Kern, J.W.; Kie, J.G.; Wisdom, M.J. 2000. Distributions and resource selection of elk and mule deer in response to cattle in summer. Society for Range Management annual meeting, Boise, ID, February 14-21, 2000.
Cook, JohnPresentationCook, J. G. 1999. Elk herd declines in the Northwest: Extent and potential causes. November, Annual meeting of the Idaho Elk Breederís Association. Moscow, Idaho.
Cook, JohnPresentationCook, J. G. 1999. Elk nutrition-forest management relations in the Northwest. April 6-8, Annual meeting of Northwest Forestry Association, Portland, OR.
Cook, JohnPresentationCook, J. G. 2000. Forest management and elk nutrition: Research plans and priorities. April 17-18. Annual meeting of the Northwest Forestry Association, Skamania Lodge, Oregon.
Cook, JohnPresentationCook, J. G., L. L. Irwin, L. D. Bryant, R. A. Riggs, D. A. Hengel, and J. W. Thomas. 1994. Studies of elk biology in northeast Oregon. National Council of the Paper Industry for Air and Stream Improvement, Corvallis, Oregon, USA.
Cook, JohnPresentationCook, J. G.; Murray, D. A.; Cook, J. G. 1999. Nutritional effects on reproductive endocrinology in Rocky Mountain elk. August, 84th Annual meeting of The Ecological Society of America, Spokane, Washington.
Cook, JohnPublicationCook, J. G.; Irwin, L. L.; Bryant, L. D.; Riggs, R. A.; Thomas, J. W. 1998. Relations of forest cover and condition of elk: a test of the thermal cover hypothesis in summer and winter. Wildlife Monographs No. 141:1- 61p.
Cook, JohnPublicationCook, J. G. 2002. Nutrition and food habits. Chapter in D. Toweill and J. W. Thomas, editors. North American Elk: ecology and management. Second edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, 2002.
Cook, JohnPublicationCook, J. G., B. K. Johnson, R. C. Cook, R. A. Riggs, T. DelCurto, L. D. Bryant, and L. L. Irwin 2005. Nutrition and parturition date effects elk: Potential implications for research and management. March 20, 2004. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 69.
Cook, JohnPublicationCook, J. G., L. L. Irwin, L. D. Bryant, R. A. Riggs, and J. W. Thomas 2005. Thermal cover needs of large ungulates: A review of hypothesis tests. March 20, 2004. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 69.
Cook, JohnPublicationCook, J. G., B. K. Johnson, R. C. Cook, R. A. Riggs, T. DelCurto, L. D. Bryant, L. L. Irwin 2004. Effects of summer-autumn nutrition and parturition date on reproduction and survival of elk. Wildlife Monographs 155:1-61
Cook, JohnPublicationCook, J. G., L. J. Quinlan-Murphy, L. L. Irwin, L. D. Bryant, R. A. Riggs, and J. W. Thomas. 1996. Nutrition-growth relations of elk calves during late summer and fall. Journal of Wildlife Management 60:528-541.
Cook, JohnPublicationCook, J. G., L. L. Irwin, L. D. Bryant, and J. W. Thomas. 1994. Fecal nitrogen and dietary quality relationships in juvenile elk. Journal of Wildlife Management 58:46-53.
Cook, JohnPublicationCook, J. G., R. A. Riggs, A. R. Tiedemann, L. L. Irwin, and L. D. Bryant. 1994. Large herbivore-vegetative feedback relations in the Blue Mountains ecoregion. Pages 155-159 in W. D. Edge and S. L. Olson-Edge, editors. Proceedings of a symposium on sustaining rangeland ecosystems. Oregon State University Extension Service Special Re
Cook, JohnPublished AbstractCook, John G.; Riggs, Robert A.; Kie, John G. 1998. Role of large herbivores in management in restoration of disturbance-adapted forest ecosystems. In: Reig, Santiago, ed. Abstracts: Euro-American mammal congress; 1998 July 19-24; Santiago de Compostela, Spain. Santiago de Compostela, Spain: Universid
Cook, RachelPresentationCook, R. C. 2000. Validation of nutritional condition indices for Rocky Mountain elk. March 6-10, Annual meeting of the Northwest Section of The Wildlife Society, Post Falls, Idaho.
Cook, RachelPublicationCook, R. C., J. G. Cook, D. L. Murray, P. Zager, B. K. Johnson, and M. W. Gratson 2005. Nutritional condition indices for elk: The good (and less good), the bad, and the ugly. March 20, 2004. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 69.
Cook, RachelPublicationCook, R. C., J. G. Cook, D. L. Murray, P. Zager, and S. L. Monfort. 2001. Nutritional influences on breeding dynamics in elk. Canadian Journal of Zoology 79:845-853.
Cook, RachelPublicationCook, R. C., J. G. Cook, D. L. Murray, P. Zager, B. K. Johnson, and M. W. Gratson. 2001. Development of predictive models of nutritional condition for Rocky Mountain elk. Journal of Wildlife Management 65:973-987.
Cook, RachelPublicationCook, R. C., J. G. Cook, D. L. Murray, P. Zager, B. K. Johnson, and M. W. Gratson. 2001. Nutritional condition models for elk: which are the most sensitive, accurate, and precise. Journal of Wildlife Management 65:988-997.
Cook, RachelThesisCook, R. C. 2000. Studies of body condition and reproductive physiology in Rocky Mountain elk. Moscow, ID: University of Idaho. MS Thesis.
Damiran, DaalkhaijavDissertationDaalkhaijav Damiran 2006. Influence of previous cattle and elk grazing on the subsequent quality and nutrient intake rate of cattle, deer and elk grazing late-summer mixed conifer rangelands. Ph.D. Dissertation, Oregon State University, Corvallis.
Findholt, ScottPublicationFindholt, S. L., D. Damiran, B. K. Johnson, T. DelCurto, and J. G. Kie 2005. Diet composition, dry matter intake, and dient overlap of mule deer, elk, and cattle. March 20, 2004. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 69.
Findholt, ScottPublicationFindholt, S.L.; Johnson, B.K.; Kern, J.W.; Ager, A.A.; McDonald, L.L.; Stussy, R.J. 2002. Adjusting for radiotelemetry error to improve estimates of habitat use. USDA Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station PNW-GTR-555.
Fried, B.PublicationFried, B. M., R. M. Adams, R. P. Berrens, and O. Bergland. 1995. Willingness to pay for a change in elk hunting quality. Wildlife Society Bulletin 23:680-686.
Fried, B.ThesisFried, B. M. 1992. Using valuation functions to estimate changes in the quallity of a recreational experience: elk hunting in Oregon. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University. 93 pp. M.S. Thesis.
Garrott, RobertPublicationGarrott, R. A.; Monfort, S. L.; White, P.J.; Mashburn, K. L.; Cook, J. G. 1998. One-sample pregnancy diagnosis in elk using fecal steroid metabolities. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 34:126-131.
Garrott, RobertPublicationGarrott, Robert A.; Cook, John G.; Bernoco, Marietta, M. [and others]. 1998. Antibody response of elk immunized with porcine zona pellucida. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 34(3):539-546.
Garrott, RobertPublicationGarrott, R. A., J. G. Cook, J. G. Berardinelli, P. J. White, S. Cherry, and D. B. Vagnoni. 1997. Evaluation of the urinary allantoin:creatinine ratio as a nutritional index for elk. Canadian Journal of Zoology 75:1519-1525.
Hitchcock, M.PublicationHitchcock, M, and A. Ager. 1992. Microcomputer software for calculating an elk habitat effectiveness index on Blue Mountain winter ranges. USDA Forest Service, PNW Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland, Oregon. General Technical Report PNW-GTR-301.
Holthausen, RichardPublicationHolthausen, R. S., M. J. Wisdom, J. Pierce, D. K. Edwards, and M. M. Rowland. 1994. Using expert opinion to evaluate a habitat effectiveness model for elk. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station Research Paper PNW-RP-479, Portland, OR.
Huang, FanPublicationHuang, F.; Cockrell, D.C.; Stephenson, T.R.; Noyes, J.H.; Sasser, R.G. 1999. Isolation, purification and characterization of pregnancy-specific protein B from elk and moose placenta. Biology of Reproduction. 61(4):1056-1061.
Huang, FanPublicationHuang, F.; Cockrell, D.C.; Stephenson, T.R.; Noyes, J.H.; Sasser, R.G. 2000. A specific radioimmunoassay for moose and elk pregnancy-specific protein B in serum. Journal of Wildlife Management 64:492-499.
Irwin, LarryPublicationIrwin, L. L. 2002. Migration. Chapter 10 in D. Toweill and J. W. Thomas, editors. North American Elk: ecology and management. Second edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, 2002.
Irwin, LarryPublicationIrwin, L. L., J. G. Cook, R. A. Riggs, and J. M. Skovlin. 1994. Effects of long-term grazing by big game and livestock in the Blue Mountains forest ecosystems. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-GTR-325.
Johnson, BrucePresentationJohnson, Bruce K., Michael J. Wisdom, John G. Cook, and John G. Kie. 1998. Elk and managed forests: what science tells us. Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation 14th Annual Meeting and Professional Biologists Workshop, Portland, Oregon, 18 February 1998.
Johnson, BrucePublicationJohnson, B. K., M. J. Wisdom, and J. G. Cook 2005. Issues of elk productivity for research and management. March 20, 2004. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 69.
Johnson, BrucePublicationJohnson, B. K., A. A. Ager, J. H. Noyes, and N. J. Cimon 2005. Elk and mule deer response to variation in hunting pressure. March 20, 2004. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 69.
Johnson, BrucePublicationJohnson, B. K., A. A. Ager, S. A. Crim, M. J. Wisdom, S. L. Findholt, and D. Sheehy. 1996. Allocating forage among wild and domestic ungulates--a new approach. Pages 166-169 in W. D. Edge and S. L. Olson-Edge, editors. Proceedings of a symposium on sustaining rangeland ecosystems. Oregon State University Extension Service Special Report 953,
Johnson, BrucePublicationJohnson, B. K., J. H. Noyes, J. W. Thomas, and L. D. Bryant. 1991. Overview of the Starkey Project: current measures of elk vulnerability. Pages 225-228 in A. G. Christensen, L. J. Lyon, and T. N. Lonner, compilers. Proceedings of elk vulnerability - a symposium. Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, USA.
Johnson, BrucePublicationJohnson, B. K.; Kern, J. W.; Wisdom, M. J.; Findholt, S. L.; Kie, J. G. 2000. Resource selection and spatial separation of mule deer and elk in spring. Journal of Wildlife Management 64:685-697.
Johnson, BruceUnpublished ReportJohnson, B. K. 1999. Development and validation of seven empirical models of elk and mule deer resource selection in spring at Starkey Experimental Forest and Range. Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, La Grande, Oregon.
Kie, JohnPublicationKie, John G. 1999. Optimal foraging and risk of predation: effects on behavior and social structure in ungulates. Journal of Mammalogy 80:1114-1129.
Kie, JohnPublicationKie, John G., and John F. Lemhuhl. 2001. Herbivory by wild and domestic ungulates in the Intermountain West. Northwest Science 75 (special Isue): 55-61.
Leban, FrederickThesisLeban, F.A. 1999. Performance of five resource selection methods under different sampling designs: A case study with elk radio-telemetry data. Moscow, ID: University of Idaho. M.S. Thesis.
Lehmkuhl, JohnPublicationLehmkuhl, John F., John G. Kie, Harvey Nyberg, Louis Bender, and Greg Servheen. 2001. Evaluating the effects of ecosystem management alternatives on elk, mule deer, and white-tailed deer in the Interior Columbia River Basin, U.S.A. Forest Ecology and Management 153:89-104
Leslie, DavidPublicationLeslie, David M., Jr., R. Terry Bowyer, and John G. Kie 1999. Life-history strategies in ungulates. Journal of Mammalogy 80:1067-1069.
Long, RyanPublicationLong, Ryan A., Rachlow, Janet L., Kie, John G. and Vavra, Martin. 2008. Fuels Reduction in a Western Coniferous Forest: Effects on Quantity and Quality of Forage for Elk. Rangeland Ecology and Management 61(3):302-313.
Long, RyanThesisLong, Ryan. 2007. Fuels reduction in a western coniferous forest: effects on two sympatric ungulates and their habitat. M.S. Thesis, Department of Fish and Wildlife, 140pp. University of Idaho, Moscow, ID.
Naylor, LesliePublicationNaylor, Leslie M.and Kie, John G. 2004. Monitoring activity of Rocky Mountain elk using recording accelerometers. Wildlife Society Bulletin 32(4):1108-1113.
Naylor, LeslieThesisNaylor, Leslie M. 2006. Behavioral responses of Rocky Mountain Elk (Cervus elaphus) to recreational disturbance. M.S. Thesis, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon.
Noyes, JamesPublicationNoyes, J. H., B. K. Johnson, B. L. Dick, and J. G. Kie 2005. Influence of age of males and nutritional condition on short and long term reproductive success of elk. March 20, 2004. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 69.
Noyes, JamesPublicationNoyes, J. H., B. K. Johnson, B. L. Dick, and J. G. Kie. 2002. Effects of male age and female nutritional condition on elk reproduction. Journal of Wildlife Management 66(4): 1301-1307.
Noyes, JamesPublicationNoyes, J. H., B. K. Johnson, L. D. Bryant, S. L. Findholt, and J. W. Thomas. 1996. Effects of bull age on conception dates and pregnancy rates of cow elk. Journal of Wildlife Management 60:508-517.
Noyes, JamesPublicationNoyes, J. H., B. K. Johnson, R. A. Riggs, M. W. Schlegel, and V. L. Coggins. 2000. Assessing aerial survey methods to estimate elk populations: a case study. Wildlife Society Bulletin 28:636-642.
Noyes, JamesPublicationNoyes, J. H., R. G. Sasser, B. K. Johnson, L. D. Bryant, and B. Alexander. 1997. Accuracy of pregnancy detection by serum protein (PSPB) in elk. Wildlife Society Bulletin 25:695-698.
Noyes, JamesPublicationNoyes, J.H.; Johnson, B.K.; Dick, B.L.; Kie, J.G. 2002. Effects of male age and female nutritional condition on elk reproduction. Journal of Wildlife Management. 66(4): 1301-1307.
Preisler, HaiganoushPublicationPreisler, Haiganoush K., David R. Brillinger, Alan A. Ager, and John G. Kie. 1999. Analysis of animal movement using telemetry and GIS data. Proceedings of the American Statistical Association, Section on Statistics and the Environment:100-105.
Quinlan-Murphy, LonnieThesisQuinlan-Murphy, Lonnie, J. 1998. Influences of age, condition, nutrition, and season on Rocky Mountain elk serum and urine chemistry. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University. 165 pp. M.S. Thesis.
Riggs, RobertPublicationRiggs, R. A., J. G. Cook, and L. L. Irwin 2005. Management implications of ungulate herbivory in Northwest forest ecosystems. March 20, 2004. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 69.
Riggs, RobertPublicationRiggs, R. A.; Tiedemann, A. R.; Cook, J. G.; Ballard, T. M.; Edgeton, P. J.; Vavra, M.; Krueger, W. C.; Hall, F. C.; Bryant, L. D.; Irwin, L. L.; DelCurto, T. 2000. Modification of mixed-conifer forests by ruminant herbivores in the Blue Mountains Ecological Province. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station Research Paper PNW-RP-527.
Riggs, RobertPublicationRiggs, R. A., J. G. Cook, A. Tiedemann, and L. Bryant. 1995. Twenty-seven years of succession in grand fir forests of the Blue Mountains: influences of wild herbivores. Proceedings of the Western States and Provinces 1995 Joint Deer and Elk Workshop, Sun Valley, Idaho. Idaho Department of Fish and Game.
Riggs, RobertPublicationRiggs, R. A., J. G. Cook, L. L. Irwin, and J. L. Spicer. 1993. Relating timber management to cover for big game on interior northwest winter range: some thoughts on reducing conflict. Pages 18-36 in R. L. Callas, E. B. Koch, and E. R. Loft, editors. Proceedings of the Western States and Provinces Elk Workshop. Cali
Rinehart, JenniferThesisRinehart, J. M. 2001. Effects of intensive salvage loggin on Rocky Mountain elk (Cervus elaphus nelsonii) at the Starkey Experimental Forest and Range. Missoula, MT: University of Montana. M.S. Thesis.
Rowland, MaryPresentationRowland, M.M. 2000. Elk and road relationships at Starkey Experimental Forest and Range. Invited talk, Oregon Huntersí Association : Elk-o-rama, La Grande, January 2000.
Rowland, MaryPresentationRowland, M.M.; Wisdom, M.J.; Johnson, B.K.; Kie, J.G. 2000. Spatial distributions of elk in response to open road densities. Presentation, Starkey Project Seminar Series, La Grande, OR, January 2000.
Rowland, MaryPublicationRowland, M. M., M. J. Wisdom, B. K. Johnson, and M. A. Penninger 2005. Effects of roads on elk: Implications for management in forested ecosystems. March 20, 2004. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 69.
Rowland, MaryPublicationRowland, M. M.; Wisdom, M. J.; Johnson, B. K.; Kie, J. G. 2000. Elk distribution and modeling in relation to roads. Journal of Wildlife Management 64:672-684.
Stewart, KelleyPublicationStewart, Kelley M., R. Terry Bowyer, John G. Kie, Norman J. Cimon and Bruce K. Johnson. 2002. Temporo-spatial distributions of elk, mule deer, and cattle: resource partitioning and competitive displacement. Journal of Mammalogy 83:229-244, 2002.
Stewart, KelleyPublicationStewart, Kelley M., Terry R. Bowyer, Brian L. Dick, Bruce K. Johnson, John G. Kie 2004. Density-dependent effects on physical condition and reproduction in North American elk: an experimental test. Oecologia 153:85-93.
Stewart, KelleyPublicationStewart, K.M., Bowyer, R.T., Ruess, R.W., Dick, B.L., Kie, J.G. 2006. Herbivore optimization by North American Elk: consequences for theory and management. Wildlife Monographs 167: 1-24, 2006.
Stewart, KelleyPublicationStewart, Kelley M., Bowyer, R.Terry, Ruess, Roger W., Dick, Brian L., Kie, John G. 2009. Population density of North American elk: effects on plant diversity. Oecologia 161:2 303-312, 2009.
Stussy, RosemaryPublicationStussy, R. J.; Findholt, S. L.; Johnson, B. K.; Noyes, J. H.; Dick, B. 2000. Selenium levels and productivity in 3 Oregon elk herds. Northwest Science 74(2): 97-101
Thomas, JackPublicationThomas, J. W. 1989. The Starkey research project: interactions of elk, deer, cattle, and timber management in fully managed National Forests of the future. Pages 141-143 in Proceedings of the 1989 Society of American Foresters national convention. Society of American Fores
Vagnoni, D.PublicationVagnoni, D. B., R. A. Garrott, J. G. Cook, P. J. White, and M. K. Clayton. 1996. Urinary allantoin:creatinine ratios as a dietary index for elk. Journal of Wildlife Management 60:728-734.
Vales, DavidPublicationVales, D. J. 1996. User's Manual for ELKVULN an elk vulnerability, hunter, and population projection program. University of Idaho. 25pp.
Vales, DavidPublicationVales, D. J., R. A. Riggs, and L. Bryant. 1995. A model to estimate elk vulnerability as influenced by hunter density, roads, cover, and topography. Proceedings of the Western States and Provinces 1995 Joint Deer and Elk Workshop, Sun Valley, Idaho.
Vavra, MartinPublicationVavra, M., M. J. Wisdom, J. G. Kie, J. G. Cook, and R. A. Riggs 2005. The role of ungulate herbivory and management on ecosystem patterns and processes: future direction for the Starkey Project. March 20, 2004. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 69.
Vavra, MartinPublicationVavra, Marty, Parks, Catherine G., and Wisdom, Michael J. 2007. Biodiversity, exotic plant species, and herbivory: the good, the bad, and the ungulate. Forest Ecology and Management. 246:66-72.
Westenskow, KathyThesisWestenskow, K. J. 1991. Conditioning bunchgrass on elk winter range. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University. M.S. Thesis.
Wisdom, MichaelDissertationWisdom, M.J. 1998. Assessing life-stage importance and resource selection for conservation of selected vertebrates. PhD Dissertation, University of Idaho, Moscow. 188 pp.
Wisdom, MichaelPresentationWisdom, M. J.; Cimon, N. J.; Johnson, B. K.; Garton, E. O.; Bryant, L. D.; Thomas, J. W.; Kie, J. G. 2000. Distribution and spatial partitioning of mule deer and elk in relation to traffic. Presentation, Starkey Project Seminar Series, La Grande, OR, January.
Wisdom, MichaelPresentationWisdom, M.J. 1999. Elk, mule deer, and traffic. OR Hunterís Association Meeting, La Grande, OR.
Wisdom, MichaelPublicationWisdom, M. J.; Cook, J. G. 1999. North American Elk. Pages 694-735 in S. Demaris and P. Krausman, eds. Ecology and management of large mammals in North America. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.
Wisdom, MichaelPublicationWisdom, M. J., and J. W. Thomas. 1996. Elk. Pages 157-181 in P. R. Krausman, editor. Rangeland wildlife. Society for Range Management, Denver, Colorado, USA.
Wisdom, MichaelPublicationWisdom, M. J., M. M. Rowland, B. K. Johnson, and B. Dick 2005. History and overview of the Starkey Project: Mule deer and elk research for management benefits. March 20, 2004. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 69.
Wisdom, MichaelPublicationWisdom, M. J., N. J. Cimon, B. K. Johnson, E. O. Garton, and J. W. Thomas 2005. Spatial partitioning by mule deer and elk in relation to traffic. March 20, 2004. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 69.
Wisdom, MichaelPublicationWisdom, M. J., A. A. Ager, H. K. Preisler, N. J. Cimon, and B. K. Johnson 2005. Effects of off-road recreation on mule deer and elk. March 20, 2004. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 69.
Wisdom, MichaelPublicationWisdom, M. J., B. K. Johnson, M. Vavra, J. M. Boyd, P. K. Coe, J. G. Kie, A. A. Ager, N. J. Cimon. 2005. Cattle and elk responses to intensive timber harvest. March 20, 2004. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 69.
Wisdom, MichaelPublicationWisdom, M. J., J. G. Cook, M. M. Rowland, and J. H. Noyes. 1993. Protocols for care and handling of deer and elk at the Starkey Experimental Forest and Range. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-GTR-311.
Wisdom, MichaelPublicationWisdom, M. J. 1992. The Starkey Project: new technologies chase old questions about deer and elk management. Western Wildlands 18:32-38.
Wisdom, MichaelPublicationWisdom, M. J. 1995. Managing deer and elk as featured species:integration with nongame and the rest of the world. Proceedings of the Western States and Provinces 1995 Joint Deer and Elk Workshop, Sun Valley, Idaho. Idaho Department of Fish and Game.
Wisdom, MichaelPublicationWisdom, M.J. 1994. The Starkey Project: crystal ball for elk on public lands? The Bugle 11(3):67-76.
Wisdom, MichaelUnpublished ReportWisdom, M.J., Meczarski, Leszek, Lekovic, Djordje, and Cimon, Norm J. 2006. A GPS-based automated telemetry system for ungulate research at the Starkey Experimental Forest and Range, northeast Oregon, USA. Unpublished report, Pacific Northwest Research Station, La Grande, OR.

 
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