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"Long-term studies of elk, deer, and cattle - examining the effects of ungulates on ecosystems"


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Starkey Publications: Vales, David
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PublicationVales, D. J., R. A. Riggs, and L. Bryant. 1995. A model to estimate elk vulnerability as influenced by hunter density, roads, cover, and topography. Proceedings of the Western States and Provinces 1995 Joint Deer and Elk Workshop, Sun Valley, Idaho.
PublicationVales, D. J. 1996. User's Manual for ELKVULN an elk vulnerability, hunter, and population projection program. University of Idaho. 25pp.

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"Long-term studies of elk, deer, and cattle in managed forests."
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