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"Long-term studies of elk, deer, and cattle - examining the effects of ungulates on ecosystems"


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Starkey Publications: Penninger, M.
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PublicationRowland, M. M., M. J. Wisdom, B. K. Johnson, and M. A. Penninger 2005. Effects of roads on elk: Implications for management in forested ecosystems. March 20, 2004. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 69.

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"Long-term studies of elk, deer, and cattle in managed forests."
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