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Marshall Islands

In 2008, the Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program installed 44 permanent field plots in a variety of forest types in the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI), including Ailinglaplap, Arno, Jaluit, Kwajalein, Likiep, Majuro, Maloelap, Mili, Rongelap, and Wotje.

Map of the Marshall Islands

  • Forest, including agroforest and coconut plantations, covers about 70 percent of the RMI.
  • About 12 percent of the landscape is urbanized.
  • Aboveground dry biomass for tree stems 5 inches and greater was estimated to be about 854,000 tons.
  • About 37 percent of the trees sampled in the inventory had some form of damage, especially by insects and other vegetation.
  • The RMI’s forests are characterized by a unique bimodal distribution of tree diameters owing to the dominance of coconut plantation combined with regeneration of other species.
  • Species diversity is somewhat low compared to other Pacific Island groups.
    • A total of 17 tree species and 45 understory species were measured on the FIA plots.