USDA Forest Service

Pacific Northwest Research Station

Pacific Northwest Research Station
333 SW First Ave.
Portland, OR 97204

(503) 808-2100

US Forest Service

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Bormann, B.T.; Spaltenstein, H. McClellan, M.H.; Ugolini, F.C.; Cromack, K., Jr.; Nay, S.M. 1995. Rapid soil development after windthrow disturbance in pristine forests. Journal of Ecology. 83: 747-757. (416 Kb)


Carey, A.B. 1995. Sciurids in Pacific Northwest managed and old-growth forests. Ecological Applications. 5(3): 648-661. (290 Kb)


Carey, A.B. 1995. Spotted owl ecology: theory and methodology--a reply to Rosenberg et al. Ecology. 76(2): 648-652. (170 Kb)


Carey, A.B. 1996. Interactions of Northwest forest canopies and arboreal mammals. Northwest Science. 70: 72-78. (158 Kb)


Carey, A.B.; Curtis, R.O. 1996. Conservation of biodiversity: a useful paradigm for forest ecosystem management. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 24(4): 610-620. (709 Kb)


Carey, A.B.; Horton, S.P.; Biswell, B.L. 1992. Northern spotted owls: influence of prey base and landscape character. Ecological Monographs. 62(2): 223-250. (137 Kb)


Carey, A.B.; Johnson, M.L. 1995. Small mammals in managed, naturally young, and old-growth forests. Ecological Applications. 5(2): 336-352. (355 Kb)


Carey, A.B.; Kershner, J.E. 1996. Spilogale gracilis in upland forests of western Washington and Oregon. Northwestern Naturalist. 77: 29-34. (137 Kb)


Carey, A.B.; Peeler, K.C. 1995. Spotted owls: resource and space use in mosaic landscapes. Journal of Raptor Research. 29(4): 223-239. (401 Kb)


Carey, A.B.; Reid, J.A.; Horton, S.P. 1991. Spotted owl home range and habitat use in the southern Oregon Coast Range. Journal of Wildlife Management. 54(1): 11-17. (170 Kb)


Carey, A.B.; Thysell, D.R.; Villa, L.J.; Wilson, T.M.; Wilson, S.M.; Trappe, J.M.; Colgan, W., III; Ingham, E.R.; Holmes, M. 1996. Foundations of biodiversity in managed Douglas-fir forests. In: Peterson, D.L.; Klimas, C.V. The role of restoration in the ecosystem. Proceedings of the 2nd Symposium for ecological restoration. Madison, WI: Society for Ecological Restoration: 68-82. (480 Kb)


Carey, A.B.; Witt, J.W. 1991. Track counts as indices to abundances of arboreal rodents. Journal of Mammology. 72(1): 192-194. (82 Kb)


Copes, D.L. 1969. Graft union formation in Douglas-fir. American Journal of Botany. 56(3): 285-289. (855 Kb)


Copes, D.L. 1973. Inheritance of graft compatibility in Douglas-fir. Botanical Gazette. 134(1): 49-52. (248 Kb)


Copes, D.L. 1992. Effects of long-term pruning, meristem origin, and branch order on the rooting of Douglas-fir stem cuttings. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 22: 1888-1894. (654 Kb)


Curtis, R.O. 1982. A simple index of stand density for Douglas-fir. Forest Science. 28(1): 92-94. (207 Kb)


Curtis, R.O.; Carey, A.B. 1996. Timber supply in the Pacific Northwest: managing for economic and ecological values in Douglas-fir forest. Journal of Forestry. 94(9): 4-7, 35-37. (1.02 MB)


DeBell, Dean S.; Harms, William R.; Whitesell, Craig D. 1989. Stockability: A major factor in productivity differences between Pinus taeda plantations in Hawaii and the Southeastern United States. Forest Science. 35(3): 708-719. (554 KB)


Foster, C.C.; Forsman, E.D.; Meslow, E.C.; Miller, G.S.; Reid, J.A.; Wagner, F.F.; Carey, A.B.; Lint, J.B. 1992. Survival and reproduction of radio-marked adult spotted owls. Journal of Wildlife Management. 56(1): 91-95. (1.4 MB)


Gillesberg, A.M.; Carey, A.B. 1991. Arboreal nests of Phenacomys longgicaudus in Oregon. Journal of Mammalogy. 72(4): 784-787. (101 Kb)


Harrington, C.A.; DeBell, Dean S. 1996. Above- and below-ground characteristics associated with wind toppling in a young Populus plantation. Trees. 11: 109-118. (729 KB)


Harrington, C.A.; Reukema, Donald L. 1983. Initial shock and long-term stand development following thinning in a Douglas-fir plantation. Forest Science. 29(1): 33-46. (586 KB)


Johnson, G.R.; Brudon, R.D. 1990. Family-site interaction in Pinus radiata: implications for progeny testing strategy and regionalised breeding in New Zealand. Silvae Genetica. 39(2): 55-62. (555 Kb)


Johnson, G.R.; Firth, A.; Brown, P.C. 1992. Value gains from using genetically improved radiata pine stock. New Zealand Forestry. 36(4): 14-18. (296 Kb)


King, J.N.; Johnson, G.R. 1993. Monte Carlo simulation of breeding population advancement. Silvae Genetica. 42(2-3): 68-78. (1.01 MB)


Krueger, Kenneth W.; Trappe, James M. 1967. Food reserves and seasonal growth of Douglas-fir seedlings. Forest Science. 13(2): 192-202. (604 KB)


McLean, R.G.; Carey, A.B.; Kirk, L.J.; Francy, D.B. 1993. Ecology of porcupines (Erethizon dorsatum) and Colorado Tick fever virus in Rocky Moutain National Park, 1975-1977. Journal of Medical Entomology. 30(1): 236-238. (101 Kb)


Miller, Richard E.; Tarrant, Robert F. 1983. Long-term growth response of Douglas-fir to ammonium nitrate fertilizer. Forest Science. 29(1): 127-137. (1.11 MB)


Miller, R.E.; Bigley, R.E.; Webster, S. 1993. Early development of matched planted and naturally regenerated Douglas-fir stands after slash burning in the Cascade Range. Western Journal of Applied Forestry. 8(1): 5-10. (636 Kb)


Miller, R.E.; Reukema, D.L.; Max, T.A. 1993. Size of Douglas-fir trees in relation to distance from a mixed red alder -Douglas-fir stand. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 23: 2413-2418. (505 KB)


Nay, S. Mark; Mattson, Kim G.; Bormann, Bernard T. 1994. Biases of chamber methods for measuring soil CO2 efflux demonstrated with a laboratory apparatus. Ecology. 75(8): 2460-2463. (183 KB)


O'Hara, K.L.; Latham, P.A.; Hessburg, P.; Smith, B.G. 1996. A structural classification for inland Northwest forest vegetation. Western Journal of Applied Forestry. 11: 97-102. (1.45MB)


Ohmann, J.L.; McComb, W.C.; Zumrawi, A.A. 1994. Snag abundance for primary cavity-nesting birds on nonfederal forest lands in Oregon and Washington. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 22:607-620. (512 Kb)


Owston, Peyton W.; Kozlowski, T.T. 1981. Growth and cold hardiness of container-grown Douglas-fir, noble fir, and Sitka spruce seedlings in simulated greenhouse regimes. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 11: 465-474.


Peterson, C.E.; Hazard, J.W. 1990. Regional variation in growth response of Coastal Douglas-fir to nitrogen fertilizer in the Pacific Northwest. Forest Science. 36(3): 625-640.


Peterson, C.E.; Heath, L.S. 1991. The influence of weather variation on regional growth of Douglas-fir stands in the U.S. Pacific Northwest. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 54: 295-305. (153 KB)


Peterson, E. Charles, Jr.; Mickler, A. Robert 1993. Design issues for evaluating seedling exposure studies. In: Rennolls, K.; Gertner, G., eds. Proceedings of the 1991 IUFRO S4.11 conference: The Optimal Design of Forest Experiments and Forest Surveys. London, UK: University of Greenwich, School of Mathematics, Statistics and Computing. 8 p. (197 KB)


Peterson, E. Charles, Jr.; Mickler, A. Robert 1994. Considerations for evaluating controlled exposure studies of tree seedlings. Journal of Environmental Quality. 23(2): 257-267. (2.61 MB)


Peterson, C.E.; Ryan, P.J.; Gessel, S.P. 1984. Response of Northwest Douglas-fir stands to urea: correlations with forest soil properties. Soil Science of America Journal. 48(1): 162-169. (3.05 MB)


Peterson, C.E.; Turner, D. 1994. Uncertainty in countrywide forest biomass estimates. In: Markku Kanninen, ed. Proceedings of the International Panel for Climate Change AFOS workshop; Joensuu, Finland, May 11-15, 1992. Painatuskeskus Oy, Helsinki: Carbon balance of world's forested ecosystems: towards a global assessment: 98-104. (739 KB)


Radwan, M.A.; Shumway, J.S.; Debell, D.S.; Kraft, J.M. 1991. Variance in response of pole-size trees and seedlings of Douglas-fir and western hemlock to nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 21: 1431-1438. (663 KB)


Reeves, G.H.; Benda, L.E.; Burnett, K.M.; Bisson, P.A.; Sedell, J.R. 1995. A disturbance-based ecosystem approach to maintaining and restoring freshwater habitats of evolutionarily significant units of anadromous salmonids in the Pacific Northwest. American Fisheries Society Symposium. 17: 334-349. (1.51 MB)


Reukema, D.L. 1982. Seedfall in a young-growth Douglas-fir stand: 1950-1978. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 12(2): 249-254. (756 Kb)


Ryan, L.A.; Carey, A.B. 1995. Distribution and habitat of the western Gray Squirrel (Sciurus griseus) on Fort Lewis, Washington. Northwest Science. 69(3): 204-216. (347 Kb)


Sandberg, D.V.; Peterson, Janice. 1984. A source strength model for prescribed fires in coniferous logging slash. In: 1984 annual meeting, Air Pollution Control Association, Northwest Section. [Place of publication unknown]: [Publisher unknown]: [Page number unknown]. (975 Kb)


Schmitt, C.L.; Goheen, D.J.; Gregg, T.F.; Hessburg, P.F. 1991. Effects of Managements activities and stand type on pest-caused losses in mixed-conifer stands on the Wallowa-Whitman National Forest. [Baker City, OR]: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Wallowa-Whitman National Forest. 78 p. (6.62 MB)


Smith, J. Harry G.; Reukema, Donald L. 1986. Effects of plantation and juvenile spacing on tree and stand development. In: Oliver, Chadwick Dearing; Hanley, Donald P.; Johnson, Jay A., eds. Douglas-fir: stand management for the future: Proceedings of a symposium; 1985 June 18-20; Seattle, WA. Contribution no. 55. Seattle: College of Forest Resources, University of Washington. 239-245. (540 KB)


Sorensen, F.C. 1969. Embryonic genetic load in coastal Douglas-fir. American Naturalist. 103: 389-398. (681 Kb)


Sorensen, F.C.; Campbell, R.K. 1992. Seed weight-seedling size correlation in coastal Douglas-fir: genetic and environmental components. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 23(2): 275-285. (1.2 MB)


Sorensen, F.C.; White, T.L. 1988. Effect of natural inbreeding on variance structure in tests of wind pollination Douglas-fir progenies. Forest Science. 34(1): 102-118. (1.86 MB)


Spies, T.A.; Ripple, W.J.; Bradshaw, G.A. 1994. Dynamics and pattern of a managed coniferous forest landscape in Oregon. Ecological Applications. 4(3): 555-568. (1.1 MB)


St. Clair, J.B. 1993. Evaluating realized genetic gains from tree improvement. In: Proceedings: IUFRO S4.01 conference. Publication FWS-1-93. Blacksburg, VI: College of Forestry, Virginia Polytechnic Institute: 145-157. (1.04 MB)


St. Clair, J.B. 1993. Family differences in equations for predicting biomass and leaf area in Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii). Forest Science. 39(4): 743-755. (870 Kb)


St. Clair, J.B. 1994. Genetic variation in tree structure and its relation to size in Douglas-fir: I. Biomass partitioning, foliage efficiency, stem form, and wood density. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 24: 1226-1235. (1.36 MB)


St. Clair, J.B. 1994. Genetic variation in tree structure and its relation to size in Douglas-fir: II. Crown form, branch characters, and foliage characters. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 24: 1236-1247. (1.38 MB)


St. Clair, J.B.; Adams, W.T. 1991. Effect of seed weight and rate of emergence on early growth of open-pollinated Douglas-fir families. Forest Science. 37(4): 987-997. (757 Kb)


St. Clair, J.B.; Adams, W.T. 1991. Relative family performance and variance structure of open-pollinated Douglas-fir seedlings grown in three competitive environments. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 81: 541-550. (1.01 MB)


St. Clair, J.B.; Adams, W.T. 1993. Family composition of Douglas-fir nursery stock as influenced by seed characters, mortality, and culling practices. New Forests. 7: 319-329. (607 Kb)


St. Clair, J.B.; Critchfield, W.B. 1988. Hybridization of a Rocky Mountain fir (Abies concolor) and a Mexican fir (Abies religiosa). Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 18: 640-643. (490 Kb)


St. Clair, J.B.; Kleinschmit, J. 1986. Genotype-environment interaction and stability in ten-year height growth of Norway spruce clones (Picea abies Karst.). Silvae Genetica. 35(6): 177-186. (786 Kb)


St. Clair, J.B.; Kleinschmit, J.; Svolba, J. 1985. Juvenility and serial vegetative propagation of Norway spruce clones (Picea abies Karst.). Silvae Genetica. 34(1): 42-48. (745 Kb)


Stein, William I. 1955. Some lessons in artificial regeneration from southwestern Oregon. Northwest Science. 29(1): 10-22. (1.46 MB)


Stein, William I. 1978. Naturally developed seedling roots of five western conifers. In: Eerden, Evert Van; Kinghorn, James M., eds. Proceedings of the root form of planted trees; Victoria, BC, Canada; May 16-19, 1978. Corvallis, OR: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forestry Sciences Laboratory: 28-35. (850 KB)


Stein, William I. 1988. Nursery practices, seedling sizes, and field performance. In: Landis, Thomas D. tech. coord. Proceedings, combined meeting of the Western Forest Nursery Associations; 1988 August 8-11; Vernon, British Columbia, Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-167. Ft. Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Eperiment Station: 15-18. (372 KB)


Thomas, T.B.; Carey, A.B. 1996. Endangered, threatened, and sensitive plants of Fort Lewis, Washington: distribution, mapping, and management recommendations for species conservation. Northwest Science. 70(2): 148-163. (433 Kb)


Wilson, T.M.; Carey, A.B. 1996. Observations of weasels in second-growth Douglas-fir forests in the Puget Trough, Washington. Northwestern Naturalist. 77: 35-39. (111 Kb)


Woodsmith, R.D.; Buffington, J.M. 1996. Multivariate geomorphic analysis of forest streams: implications for assessment of land use impacts on channel condition. Geomorphic Analysis of Forest stream Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. 21: 277-393. (431 Kb)


Wunder, L.; Carey, A.B. 1996. Use of the forest canopy by bats. Northwest Science. 70: 79-85. (84 Kb)


Wurtz, T.L. 1995. Domestic geese: biological weed control in an agricultural setting. Ecological Applications. 5(3): 570-578. (1.43 MB)



US Forest Service - Pacific Northwest Research Station
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