USDA Forest Service

Pacific Northwest Research Station

Pacific Northwest Research Station
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US Forest Service

Advancing the Fundamental Sciences: Proceedings of the Forest Service National Earth Sciences Conference, San Diego, CA, 18-22 October 2004.

Furniss, M.; Clifton, C.; Ronnenberg, K. eds. 2007. Advancing the Fundamental Sciences: Proceedings of the Forest Service National Earth Sciences Conference, San Diego, CA, 18-22 October 2004. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-689. Portland, OR: U.S. Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 577 p.


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Volume I (PDF - 9.95 MB)

Volume II (PDF - 12.55 MB)


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Section 1. Applied Science and Technology

Part 1. Fire and Smoke


Erosion Risk Management Tool (ERMiT) – a probability-based erosion prediction model
Peter R. Robichaud

Evaluating the effects of prescribed fire and fuels on water quality and aquatic habitat

Robin M. Harris, Caty F. Clifton and Steven M. Wondzell

Long term ecological changes with post-fire emergency seeding

Jeff Bruggink

McNally post-fire discharge and the relationship of Sierra Nevada-wide flood frequency curves and local Kern River discharge curves

Terry A. Kaplan-Henry

The effects of selected post-fire emergency rehabilitation techniques on small watershed sediment yields in southern California

Peter M. Wohlgemuth and Peter R. Robichaud

Detecting smoke plumes and analyzing smoke impacts using remote sensing and GIS for the Mcnalley Fire Incident

Ricardo Cisneros, Andrzej Bytnerowicz, Brad Quayle and Trent Procter

Sierra Nevada Framework Smoke Monitoring: Testing implementation through a pilot program

Trent Procter, Ricardo Cisneros, Brent Skaggs, Suraj Ahuja and Mike McCorison

Air quality and prescribed fire management – Moving toward a solution space

Tom Robison

Advances in fire convection dynamics

Brian E. Potter, Joseph J. Charney, Warren E. Heilman and Xindi Bian


Part 2. Watershed Management


Using stream channel reference data to guide land management decisions
Pete Bengeyfield

Sediment from a small ephemeral gully in South Carolina

William F. Hansen and Dennis L. Law

Quantifying the effects of livestock grazing on suspended sediment and stream morphology

Pete Bengeyfield

Using multiple fine-sediment size classes to evaluate the condition of trout spawning habitat

Pamela J. Edwards, Thomas C. Cain and Charles J. Gagen

Water quality effects of blue-green algal blooms in Diamond Lake, Oregon

Mikeal Jones, Joseph Eilers and Jacob Kann

Watershed delineation on Prince of Wales Island, southeast Alaska

Katherine M. Prussian and J.F. Baichtal

An examination of the reference condition concept: Results of a pulse study in Redwood National and State Parks, California

Tom Lisle, Ken Cummins and Mary Ann Madej


Part 3. Surface and Groundwater


Chronic misapplication of the relationship between magnitude and frequency as illustrated in Fluvial Processes in Geomorphology by Leopold, Wolman and Miller
Tim Sullivan and Walt Lucas

The evolution of channel maintenance science in the Forest Service

John Potyondy

Forest Service channel maintenance flows in the Klamath Basin

Michael L. McNamara and Tim Sullivan

Keeping our streams flowing – Tonto National Forest groundwater policy

Richard Martin and Grant Loomis

USDA Forest Service policy on managing groundwater resources

Stephen P. Glasser

Section 2. Experimental and Research Watersheds

The Forest Service Barometer Watershed Management Program, a historic viewpoint

Larry J. Schmidt and Byron Beattie

Development of watershed hydrologic research at Santee Experimental Forest, coastal South Carolina

Devendra Amatya and Carl Trettin

Understanding the hydrologic consequences of timber-harvest and roading: Four decades of streamflow and sediment results from the Caspar Creek Experimental Watersheds

Elizabeth Keppeler and Jack Lewis

Forest road erosion research at the Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory

Mark S. Riedel, Lloyd W. Swift, Jr., James M. Vose and Barton D. Clinton

The Entiat Experimental Forest: A unique opportunity to examine hydrologic response to wildfire

Richard D. Woodsmith, Kellie B. Vache, Jeffrey J. McDonnell, Jan Seibert and J. David Helvey

Discharge and sediment loads at the Kings River Experimental Watershed in the southern Sierra Nevada of California.

Sean M. Eagan, Carolyn T. Hunsaker, Christopher R. Dolanc, Marie E. Lynch, and Chad R. Johnson


Section 3. Watershed Protection and Restoration

Part 1. Monitoring and Restoration

The role of BMPs in 303(d) listed waters: A new alternative to TMDLs
Bruce Sims and Chris Knopp

Best Management Practices (BMP) implementation monitoring: Keys to success and pitfalls to avoid

Julianne Thompson and Jenny Fryxell

A regional protocol for monitoring BMP implementation and effectiveness on timber harvest operations

Karen Sykes, Dave Welsch, Roger Ryder and Tim Post

Monitoring exposed! WARM: A database tool to share and query watershed resources monitoring information

Sherry Hazelhurst and Ken Heffner

Aquatic restoration through hydropower licensing, Bond Falls Project, Michigan

Mark A. Fedora

TRTR funds – Successes in watershed restoration in the Eastern Region

Bonnie Ilhardt and Kristine Smith

The Alkali Creek story: 40 years of gully control

Mark Weinhold

The once and future streams: Recreating Bailey and Karnowsky Creeks, central Oregon Coast Range, USA

Johan Hogervorst and Barbara Ellis-Sugai


Part 2. Roads

Lessons learned from management response to flood damaged roads in the western Washington Cascades
James Doyle and Gary Ketcheson

Erosion and channel adjustments following forest road decommissioning, Six Rivers National Forest

Carolyn Cook and Adam Dresser

Roads in the river: Encroachment, implications, and solutions

Bill Shelmerdine

Effectiveness monitoring for road decommissioning projects

Carolyn Napper


Section 4. Valuing the Earth Sciences

Part 1. Soil

Ten-year results from the North American Long-Term Soil Productivity Study in the western Gulf Coastal Plain

D. Andrew Scott, John Novosad, and Gala Goldsmith

Soil compaction study of 20 timber-harvest units on the Ouachita National Forest

Kenneth R. Luckow and James M. Guldin

Monitoring to improve the understanding of herbicide fate and transport in the southern Sierra Nevada, California

Jerome V. DeGraff , Brent Roath, and Earle Franks


Part 2. Geology

Jökulhlaup in the Wind River Mountains, Shoshone National Forest, Wyoming
Liz Oswald and Ellen Wohl

Reclamation, remediation and hydrologic monitoring of the Minnie Mine and millsite, Okanogan County, Washington

Rodney T. Lentz

The role of geology in sediment supply and bedload transport patterns in coarse grained streams

Sandra E. Ryan

A River Runs Underneath It: Geological control of spring and channel systems and management implications, Cascade Range, Oregon

Anne Jefferson, Gordon E. Grant, and Sarah L. Lewis

Hubbard Glacier, Russell Fiord and Situk River: A landscape in motion

Robert Gubernick and Steven Paustian


Part 3. Air

Using the critical load concept to protect ecosystems from acidification
Deborah Ulinski Potter and Cindy Mitchell Huber

The potential effects of acid deposition: What’s a National Forest to do?

Stephanie J. Connolly, Thomas C. Cain, Jeremy S. Vestal and Pamela J. Edwards

Methylmercury contamination: Impacts to aquatic systems and terrestrial species, and insights for abatement

Charles E. Sams


Part 4. Water

A short history of watershed management in the Forest Service: 1897 to 2100
Stephen P. Glasser

The marginal economic value of streamflow from National Forests: Evidence from western water markets

Thomas C. Brown

An Army of Watershed Specialists: Good working relationships encourage everyone to value watersheds

Scott Tangenberg

Section 5. Partnership and Collaboration

Forest sustainability criteria and indicators: A common language for the 20 states served by the Northeastern Area
Constance A. Carpenter and Sherri Wormstead

Beyond boundaries: Resource stewardship in the Skagit River basin – Communities and National Forests in partnership

Greta Movassaghi and Mary A. Carr

Ecological Management Decision Support model of the Applegate River basin

Mike Mathews

Klamath Adjudication – lessons learned

Holly R. McLean

The Coastal Initiative – Innovative partnerships to restore watersheds

Karen Bennett

The Pathfinder Project: A collaborative effort to provide for instream flow management on the Grand Mesa, Uncompahgre and Gunnison National Forests

John M. Almy and Gary Shellhorn

Cooperative forest watershed management in Maryland: Watershed restoration across land ownerships

Anne Hairston-Strang


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