USDA Forest Service
 

Pacific Nortwest Research Station - Ecosystems Processes - Wildlife Ecology Team

 
 


Pacific Northwest Research Station logo.

United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service.

Ecology, Management, and Conservation of Sensitive Wildlife Species -

Publications

 

The following publications were produced by the Wildlife Ecology Team and our cooperators.

 

To request copies of these documents, please contact Sandra Maverick at 360-753-7658 or fax: 360-753-7737 or use our on-line publication request form. Please provide the following information when requesting a document.

Publications are listed below:
Pub.
No.
Author/Year/Title/Outlet
Anthony, R. G., Forsman, E. D., Green, G. A., Witmer, G., and Nelson, S. K. 1987. Small mammal populations in riparian zones of different-aged coniferous forests. Murrelet 68:94-102.
Anthony, R. G., Forsman, E. D., Green, G. A., Witmer, G., and Nelson, S. K. 1988. Small-mammal populations in riparian zones of coniferous forests in western Oregon. Abstract. Pages 163 in K. J. Raedeke, ed. Streamside management: riparian wildlife and forestry interactions. Contrib. 59. Institute Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle. 277 pp.
Anthony, R. G., Meslow, E. C., and deCalesta, D. S. 1987. The role of riparian zones for wildlife in westside Oregon forests -- what we know and what we don`t know. NCASI Technical Bulletin 514:5-12
Aubry, K. B. 1990. Symposium review: "Characteristics and preservation of old-growth forest ecosystems." Ecological Society Bulletin 71(1):45-48.
Aubry, K. B. 1996. Development of a landscape-scale GIS database to assess wildlife use of managed forests. Abstract. Intermountain Journal of Science 2(2):30.
Aubry, K.B., Amaranthus, M.P., Halpern, C.B., White, J.D., Woodard, B.L., Peterson, C.E., Lagoudakis, C.A., and Horton, A.J. 1999. Evaluating the effects of varying levels and patterns of green-tree retention: experimental design of the DEMO study. Northwest Science 73 (Spec. Issue): 12-26.
Aubry, K. B., Crites, M. J., and West, S. D. 1991. Regional patterns of small mammal abundance and community composition in Oregon and Washington. Pages 285-294 in L. F. Ruggiero, K. B. Aubry, A. B. Carey, and M. H. Huff, tech. coords. Wildlife and vegetation of unmanaged Douglas-fir forests. General Technical Report, PNW-GTR-285. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 533 pp.
Aubry, K. B., and Hall, P. A. 1991. Terrestrial amphibian communities in the Southern Washington Cascade Range. Pages 327-340 in L. F. Ruggiero, K. B. Aubry, A. B. Carey, and M. H. Huff, tech. coords. Wildlife and vegetation of unmanaged Douglas-fir forests. General Technical Report, PNW-GTR-285. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 533 pp. (Electronic version starts in previous section)
Aubry, K. B., Hallett, J. G., West, S. D., O'Connell, M. A., and Manuwal, D. A. 1997. Wildlife use of managed forests - a landscape perspective: executive summaries and introduction & technical approach. Final Report TFW-WL4-98, vol. 1. Washington Department of Natural Resources, Olympia, WA.
Aubry, K. B., and Houston, D. B. 1992. Distribution and status of the fisher (Martes pennanti ) in Washington. Northwestern Naturalist 73:69-79.
Aubry, K. B., Jones, L. L. C., and Hall, P. A. 1989. Use of woody debris by plethodontid salamanders in Douglas-fir forests in Washington. Pages 32-37 in R. C. Szaro, K. E. Severson, and D. R. Patton, tech. coords. Management of amphibians, reptiles, and small mammals in North America. General Technical Report, RM-166. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fort Collins, CO.
Aubry, K.B., Koehler, G.M., and Squires, J.C. 1999. Ecology of Canada lynx in southern boreal forests. Chap. 13 in L.F. Ruggiero, K.B. Aubry, S.W. Buskirk, G.M. Koehler, C.J. Krebs, K.S. McKelvey, and J.C. Squires, tech. eds. Ecology and conservation of lynx in the contiguous United States. General Technical Report, RMRS-GTR-30. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fort Collins, CO.
Aubry, K. B., and Raley, C. M. 1990. Landscape-level responses of pileated woodpeckers to forest management and fragmentation (Research Note). Northwest Environmental Journal 6(2):432-433.
  Aubry, K.B. and Raley, C.M. 2002. Selection of nest and roost trees by pileated woodpeckers in coastal forests of Washington. Journal of Wildlife Management. 66(2): 392-406.
Aubry, K. B., Senger, C. M., and Crawford, R. L. 1987. Discovery of Larch Mountain salamanders (Plethodon larselli ) in the central Cascade Range of Washington. Biological Conservation 42:147-152.
Aubry, K. B., Wahl, F. E., von Kienast, J., Catton, T. J., and Armentrout, S. G. 1997. Use of remote video cameras for detecting forest carnivores and in radio-telemetry studies of fishers. Pages 350-361 in G. Proulx, H. N. Bryant, and P. M. Woodard, eds. Martes: taxonomy, ecology, techniques, and management. The Provincial Museum of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta.
Aubry, K. B., West, S. D., Manuwal, D. A., Stringer, A. B., Erickson, J. L., and Pearson, S. 1997. Wildlife use of managed forests - a landscape perspective: west-side studies, research results. Final Report TFW-WL4-98, vol. 2. Washington Department of Natural Resources, Olympia, WA.
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Bart, J., and Forsman, E. D. 1992. Dependence of northern spotted owls Strix occidentalis caurina on old-growth forests in the western USA. Biological Conservation 62:95-100.
Bevers, M., Hof, J. G., Kent, B., and Raphael, M. G. 1995. Sustainable forest management for optimizing multispecies wildlife habitat: a coastal Douglas-fir example. Natural Resource Modeling 9(1):1-23.
Bingham, B. B., and Sawyer, J. O., Jr. 1991. Distinctive features and definitions of young, mature and old-growth Douglas-fir/hardwood forests. Pages 363-378 in L. F. Ruggiero, K. B. Aubry, A. B. Carey, and M. H. Huff, tech. coords. Wildlife and vegetation of unmanaged Douglas-fir forests. General Technical Report, PNW-GTR-285. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 533 pp.
Blessing, B.J., Phenix, E.P., Jones, L.L.C., and Raphael, M.G. 1999. Nests of Van Dyke's salamander (Plethodon vandykei) from the Olympic Peninsula, Washington. Northwestern Naturalist 80 (2): 77-81.
  Boyle, S., and Samson, F. B. 1985. Effects of non-consumptive recreation on wildlife: a review. Wildlife Society Bulletin 13:110-116.
  Brubaker, L. B. 1991. Climate change and the origin of old-growth Douglas-fir forests in the Puget Sound lowland. Pages 17-24 in L. F. Ruggiero, K. B. Aubry, A. B. Carey, and M. H. Huff, tech. coords. Wildlife and vegetation of unmanaged Douglas-fir forests. General Technical Report, PNW-GTR-285. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 533 pp.
  Bryan, T., and Forsman, E. D. 1987. Distribution, abundance, and habitat of great gray owls in southcentral Oregon. Murrelet 68:45-49.
  Buchanan, J. B., Lundquist, R. W., and Aubry, K. B. 1990. Winter populations of Douglas' squirrels in different-aged Douglas-fir forests. Journal of Wildlife Management 54:577-581.
  Bull, E. L. 1991. Summer roosts and roosting behavior of Vaux's swifts in old-growth forests. Northwestern Naturalist 72:78-82.
  Bull, E. L., and Cooper, H. D. 1991. Vaux's swift nests in hollow trees. Western Birds 22:85-91.
  Bury, R. B. 1988. Habitat relationships and ecological importance of amphibians and reptiles. Pages 61-76 in K. J. Raedeke, ed. Streamside management: riparian wildlife and forestry interactions. Contrib. 59. Institute of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle. 277 pp.
  Bury, R. B., and Corn, P. S. 1987. Evaluation of pitfall trapping in northwestern forests: trap arrays with drift fences. Journal of Wildlife Management 51(1):112-119.
  Bury, R. B., and Corn, P. S. 1988. Responses of aquatic and streamside amphibians to timber harvest: a review. Pages 165-181 in K. J. Raedeke, ed. Streamside management: riparian wildlife and forestry interactions. Contrib. 59. Institute of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle. 277 pp.
  Bury, R. B., and Corn, P. S. 1989. Douglas-fir forests in the Oregon and Washington Cascades: relation of the herpetofauna to stand age and moisture. Pages 11-22 in R. C. Szaro, K. E. Severson, and D. R. Patton, tech. coords. Management of amphibians, reptiles, and small mammals in North America. General Technical Report, RM-166. 458 pp.
  Bury, R. B., and Corn, P. S. 1991. Sampling methods for amphibians in streams in the Pacific Northwest. PNW-GTR-275 in A. B. Carey and L. F. Ruggiero, eds. Wildlife-habitat relationships: sampling procedures for Pacific Northwest vertebrates. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 29 pp.
  Bury, R. B., Corn, P. S., and Aubry, K. B. 1991. Regional patterns of terrestrial amphibian communities in Oregon and Washington. Pages 341-352 in L. F. Ruggiero, K. B. Aubry, A. B. Carey, and M. H. Huff, tech. coords. Wildlife and vegetation of unmanaged Douglas-fir forests. General Technical Report, PNW-GTR-285. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 533 pp. (Electronic version starts in previous section)
  Bury, R. B., Corn, P. S., Aubry, K. B., Gilbert, F. F., and Jones, L. L. C. 1991. Aquatic amphibian communities in Oregon and Washington. Pages 353-362 in L. F. Ruggiero, K. B. Aubry, A. B. Carey, and M. H. Huff, tech. coords. Wildlife and vegetation of unmanaged Douglas-fir forests. General Technical Report, PNW-GTR-285. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 533 pp. (Electronic version starts in previous section)
  Bury, R. B., and Raphael, M. G. 1983. Inventory methods for amphibians and reptiles. Pages 416-419 in J. Bell and T. Atterbury, eds. Renewable resource inventories for monitoring changes and trends. SAF 83-14. Oregon State University, Corvallis. 737 pp.
  Buskirk, S. W., Harestad, A. S., Raphael, M. G., and Powell, R. A., eds. 1994. Biology and conservation of martens, sables, and fishers. Cornell University Press.
  Buskirk, S. W., ruggiero, L. F., Aubry, K. B., Pearson, D. E., Squires, J. R., and McKelvey, K. S. 1999. Comparative ecology of lynx in North America. Chap. 14 in L.F. Ruggiero, K.B. Aubry, S.W. Buskirk, G.M. Koehler, C.J. Krebs, K.S. McKelvey, and J.C. Squires, tech. eds. Ecology and conservation of lynx in the contiguous United States. General Technical Report, RMRS-GTR-30. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fort Collins, CO.
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  Campbell, R. W., Forsman, E. D., and Van Der Raay, B. M. 1984. An annotated bibliography of literature on the spotted owl. Land Management Report, No. 24. Ministry of Forests, Victoria, BC.
  Carey, A. B. 1983. Cavities in trees in hardwood forests. Pages 67-184 in J. W. Davis, G. A. Goodwin, and R. A. Ockenfels, tech. coords. Snag habitat management: proceedings of the symposium. General Technical Report, RM-99. 226 pp.
Carey, A. B. 1983. Monitoring diurnal, cavity-using bird populations. Pages 188-199 in J. W. Davis, G. A. Goodwin, and R. A. Ockenfels, tech. coords. Snag habitat management: proceedings of the symposium. General Technical Report, RM-99. 226 pp.
Carey, A. B. 1984. A critical look at the issue of species-habitat dependency. Pages 346-351 in Proceedings of the 1983 convention of the Society of American Foresters: new forests for a changing world. Society of American Foresters, Bethesda, MD.
  Carey, A. B. 1985. A summary of the scientific basis for spotted owl management. Pages 100-114 in R. J. Gutiérrez and A. B. Carey, tech. eds. Ecology and management of the spotted owl in the Pacific Northwest. General Technical Report, PNW-185. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 119 pp.
  Carey, A. B. 1988. The influence of small streams on the composition of upland bird communities. Pages 153-162 in K. J. Raedeke, ed. Streamside management: riparian wildlife and forestry interactions. Contrib. 59. Institute of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle. 277 pp.
  Carey, A. B. 1991. The biology of arboreal rodents in Douglas-fir forests. General Technical Report, PNW-GTR-276. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 46 pp.
  Carey, A. B. 1993. Creating cavities in trees: one facet of ecosystem management. Accompanied by an 8-page pamphlet. Don Gedney Video Productions and Pacific Northwest Research Station.
  Carey, A. B. 1993. Prey ecology and the northern spotted owl diet. Journal of Raptor Research 27(1):53-54.
  Carey, A. B. 1995. Sciurids in Pacific Northwest managed and old-growth forests. Ecological Applications 5:648-661.
  Carey, A. B. 1995. Spotted owl ecology: theory and methodology. Ecology 76:648-652.
  Carey, A. B.  1999. Red tree vole/Arborimus longicaudus.  Pages 620-622 in D. E. Wilson and S. Ruff, eds.  The Smithsonian book of North American Mammals.  Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.  750 pp.
  Carey, A. B., Biswell, B. L., and Witt, J. W. 1991. Methods for measuring populations of arboreal rodents. PNW-GTR-273 in A. B. Carey and L. F. Ruggiero, eds. Wildlife-habitat relationships: sampling procedures for Pacific Northwest vertebrates. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 24 pp
  Carey, A.B., Calhoun, J.M., Dick, B., O'Halloran, K., Young, L.S., Bigley, R.E., Chan, S., Harrington, C.A., Hayes, J.P., and Marzluff, J. 1999. Reverse technology transfer: obtaining feedback from managers. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 14(3): 153-163.
  Carey, A. B., Castellano, V. E., Chappell, C., Kuntz, R., Lundquist, R. W., Marcot, B. G., Nelson, S. K., and Sullivan, P. 1990. Training guide for bird identification in Pacific Northwest Douglas-fir forests. PNW-GTR-260 in A. B. Carey and L. F. Ruggiero, eds. Wildlife-habitat relationships: sampling procedures for Pacific Northwest vertebrates. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 28 pp.
  Carey, A. B., Elliott, C., Lippke, B. R., Sessions, J., Chambers, C. J., Oliver, C. D., Franklin, J. F., and Raphael, M. G. 1996. Washington forest landscape management project -- a pragmatic, ecological approach to small-landscape management. Washington State Department of Natural Resources. 99 pp.
  Carey, A. B., and Gill, J. D. 1983. Direct habitat improvements -- some recent advances. Pages 80-87 in J. W. Davis, G. A. Goodwin, and R. A. Ockenfels, tech. coords. Snag habitat management: proceedings of the symposium. General Technical Report, RM-99. 226 pp.
  Carey, A. B., Hardt, M. M., Horton, S. P., and Biswell, B. L. 1991. Spring bird communities in the Oregon Coast Range. Pages 123-144 in L. F. Ruggiero, K. B. Aubry, A. B. Carey, and M. H. Huff, tech. coords. Wildlife and vegetation of unmanaged Douglas-fir forests. General Technical Report, PNW-GTR-285. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 533 pp.
  Carey, A. B., Horton, S. P., and Biswell, B. L. 1992. Northern spotted owls: influence of prey base and landscape character. Ecological Monographs 62(2):223-250.
  Carey, A. B., Horton, S. P., and Reid, J. A. 1989. Optimal sampling for radiotelemetry studies of spotted owl habitat and home range. Research Paper, PNW-RP-416. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 17 pp.
  Carey, A. B., and Johnson, M. H. 1995. Small mammals in managed, naturally young, and old-growth forests. Ecological Applications 5:336-350.
  Carey, .B., Lippke, B.R., and Sessions, J. 1999. Intentional systems management: managing forests for biodiversity. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 9(3/4): 83-125.
  Carey, A. B., and Peeler, K. C. 1995. Spotted owls: resource and space use in mosaic landscapes. Journal of Raptor Research 29:223-239.
  Carey, A. B., Reid, J. A., and Horton, S. P. 1990. Spotted owl home range and habitat use in southern Oregon Coast Ranges. Journal of Wildlife Management 54:11-17.
  Carey, A. B., and Ruggiero, L. F. 1985. Spotted owl management: meeting NFMA requirements through monitoring. Pages 34-38 in R. J. Gutiérrez and A. B. Carey, and tech. coords. Ecology and management of the spotted owl in the Pacific Northwest. General Technical Report, PNW-185. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 119 pp.
  Carey, A. B., and Spies, T. A. 1991. Sampling design of the Old-Growth Forest Wildlife Habitat Program. Pages 9-16 in L. F. Ruggiero, K. B. Aubry, A. B. Carey, and M. H. Huff, tech. coords. Wildlife and vegetation of unmanaged Douglas-fir forests. General Technical Report, PNW-GTR-285. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 533 pp.
  Carey, A.B., Thysell, D.R., and Brodie, A.W. 1999. The forest ecosystem study: background, rationale, implementation, baseline conditions, and silvicultural assessment. General Technical Report, PNW-GTR-457. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 129 pp.
  Carey, A. B., Thysell, D. R., Villa, L. J., Wilson, T. M., Wilson, S. M., Trappe, J. M., Ingham, E. R. M., Holmes, and Colgan, W. 1996. Foundations of biodiversity in managed Douglas-fir forests. 2nd Symposium for Society for Ecological Restoration. Seattle, WA.
  Carey, A. B., and Witt, J. W. 1991. Track counts as indices to abundances of arboreal rodents. Journal of Mammalogy. 72:192-194.
  Carey, A. B., and Wunder, L. W. 1993. Experimental manipulation of managed stands to provide habitat for spotted owls and to enhance plant and animal diversity. Journal of Raptor Research 27(1):87.
  Carey, M. G., and Aubry, K. B. 1988. Chrysemys picta belli (western painted turtle). Geographic Distribution. Herpetological Review 19(3):61.
  Cederholm, C.J., Johnson, D.H., Bilby, R.E., Dominguez, L.G., Garrett, A.M., Graeber, W.H., Greda, E.L., Kunze, M.D., Marcot, B.G., Palmisano, J.F., Plotnikoff, R.W., Pearcy, W.G., Simenstad, C.A., and Trotter, P.C. 2000. Pacific salmon and wildlife - ecological contexts, relationships, and implications for management. Special Edition Technical Report, prepared for D.H. Johnson and T.A. O'Neil (Managing Directors), Wildlife-Habitat Relationships in Oregon and Washington. Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, Washington. 141 pp.
  Cederholm, C.J., Johnson, D.H., Bilby, R.E. , Dominguez, L.G., Garrett, A.M., Graeber, W.H., Greda, E.L., Kunze, M.D., Marcot, B.G., Palmisano, J.F., Plotnikoff, R.W., Pearcy, W.G., Simenstad, C.A., and Trotter, P.C. 2001. Pacific salmon and wildlife: ecological contexts, relationships, and implications for management. Pp. 628-685 in Johnson, D.H., and O'Neil, T.A., eds. Wildlife-habitat relationships in Oregon and Washington. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, OR.
  Christy, R., and West, S. D. 1993. Biology of bats in Douglas-fir forests. General Technical Report, PNW-GTR-308. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 28 pp.
  Cissel, J. H., Swanson, F. J., Swindle, K. A., and others. 1998. A landscape plan based on historical fire regimes for a managed forest ecosystem: the August Creek study. General Technical Report, PNW-GTR-422. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR.
  Claridge, A. W., Trappe, J. M., Cork, S. J., and Claridge, D. L.  1999.  Mycophagy by small mammals in the coniferous forests of North America: nutritional value of sporocarps of Rhizopogon vinicolor, a common hypogeous fungus.  Journal of Comparative Physiology 169: 172-178.
  Cooper, B. A., Blaha, R. J., Evans, D. M., and Raphael, M. G. 1996. Use of radar to obtain indices of marbled murrelet abundance in four drainages in the northeastern Olympic Peninsula, Washington. Final Report to the USDA Forest Service, October 18, 1996.
  Cooper, B. A., Evans, D. M., and Raphael, M. G. 1998. Radar studies of marbled murrelets in the northeastern Olympic Peninsula, Washington. Final Report to the USDA Forest Service, February 2, 1998.
  Cooper, B. A., Henson, P., and Raphael, M. G. 1997. Use of radar for the study of rare birds. Endangered Species Bulletin XXII (6): 8-9.
  Cooper, H. D., Raley, C. M., and Aubry, K. B. 1995. A noose trap for capturing pileated woodpeckers. Wildlife Society Bulletin 23(2):208-211.
  Cooperrider, A.R., Noss, R.F., Welsh, H.H., Jr., Carroll, C., Zielinski, W., Olson, D., Nelson, S.K., and Marcot, B.G. 2000. Terrestrial fauna of redwood forests. Pp. 119-163 in Noss, R.F., ed. The redwood forest. Island Press, Washington, DC.
  Corn, J. G., and Raphael, M. G. 1992. Habitat characteristics at marten subnivean access sites. Journal of Wildlife Management 56(3):442-448.
  Corn, P. S., and Bury, R. B. 1986. Habitat use and terrestrial activity by red tree voles (Arborimus longicaudus ) in Oregon. Journal of Mammalogy. 67(2):404-406.
  Corn, P. S., and Bury, R. B. 1988. Distribution of the voles Arborimus longicaudus and Phenacomys intermedius in the central Oregon Cascades. Journal of Mammalogy. 69(2):427-429.
  Corn, P. S., and Bury, R. B. 1989. Logging in western Oregon: responses of headwater habitats and stream amphibians. Forest Ecology and Management 29:1-19.
  Corn, P. S., and Bury, R. B. 1990. Sampling methods for terrestrial amphibians and reptiles. PNW-GTR-256 in A. B. Carey and L. F. Ruggiero, eds. Wildlife-habitat relationships: sampling procedures for Pacific Northwest vertebrates. General Technical Report. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 34 pp.
  Corn, P. S., and Bury, R. B. 1991. Small mammal communities in the Oregon Coast Range. Pages 241-256 in L. F. Ruggiero, K. B. Aubry, A. B. Carey, and M. H. Huff, tech. coords. Wildlife and vegetation of unmanaged Douglas-fir forests. General Technical Report, PNW-GTR-285. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 533 pp.
  Corn, P. S., and Bury, R. B. 1991. Terrestrial amphibian communities in the Oregon Coast Range. Pages 305-318 in L. F. Ruggiero, K. B. Aubry, A. B. Carey, and M. H. Huff, tech. coords. Wildlife and vegetation of unmanaged Douglas-fir forests. General Technical Report, PNW-GTR-285. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 533 pp.
  Corn, P. S., Bury, R. B., and Spies, T. A. 1989. Douglas-fir forests in the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and Washington: is the abundance of small mammals related to stand age and moisture? Pages 340-352 in R. C. Szaro, K. E. Severson, and D. R. Patton, tech. coords. Management of amphibians, reptiles, and small mammals in North America. General Technical Report, RM-166. 458 pp.
  Crozier, Michelle L., Mark E. Seamans, R.J. Gutierrez, Peter J. Loschl, Robert B. Horn, Stan G. Sovern, Eric D. Forsman. 2006. Does the presence of barred owls suppress the calling behavior of Spotted Owls? The Condor,108(4)pp760–769.
  Cudmore, W. W. 1986. Ectoparasites of Neotoma cinerea and N. fuscipes from western Oregon. Northwest Science 60(3):174-178.
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  De Santo, T. L., and Nelson, S. K. 1995. Comparative reproduction ecology of the auks (family Alcidae) with emphasis on the marbled murrelet. Pages 33-48 in Ecology and conservation of the marbled murrelet. General Technical Report, PSW-152. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Berkeley, CA. 420 pp.
  Dubay, S.A., Bradley, J.A., Marzluff, J.M., and Hayward, G.D. 2000. The northern flying squirrel Glaucomys sabrinus as a potential predator of marbled murrelet Brachyramphus marmoratus eggs. Northwest Science 74: 335-339.
  Dunbar, D., Booth, B. P., Forsman, E. D., Hetherington, A. E., and Wilson, D. J. 1991. Status of the spotted owl (Strix occidentalis ) and barred owl (Strix varia ) in southwestern British Columbia. Canadian Field-Naturalist 105:464-468.
  Edmonds, R. L., Thomas, T. B., and Maybury, K. P. 1993. Tree population dynamics, growth, and mortality in old-growth forests in the western Olympic Mountains, Washington. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23:512-519.
  Edmonds, R. L., Thomas, T. B., and Rhodes, J. J. 1991. Canopy and soil modification of precipitation chemistry in a temperate rain forest. Soil Science Society of America Journal 55:1685-1693.
  Evans, D. M., Raphael, M. G., and Courtney, S. P. 1998. Marbled murrelet capture and monitoring with radio telemetry in Puget Sound, Washington. Unpublished Final Report of the 1997 Field Season. (online version is Adobe pdf)
  Evans Mack, D.; Raphael, M.G.; Laake, J.L. 2002. Probability of detecting marbled murrelets at sea: effects of single versus paired observers. Journal of Wildlife Management. 66(3): 865-873.
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  Ferland, C. L., Forsman, E. D., and Hargis, C.D.. 2006. A Field Test of the Northern Goshawk Bioregional Monitoring Design: Is it Cost Effective? Wildlife Society Bulletin. 34(1): 215-217.
  Forsman, E. D. 1976. A preliminary investigation of the spotted owl in Oregon. MS Thesis. Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR.
   
  Forsman, E. D. 1980. Habitat utilization by spotted owls in the west-central Cascades of Oregon. Ph. D. Dissertation. Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR.
  Forsman, E. D. 1981. Habitat utilization by spotted owls on the Eugene District of the Bureau of Land Management. Bureau of Land Management, Eugene, OR.
  Forsman, E. D. 1981. Molt of the spotted owl. Auk 98:735-742.
  Forsman, E. D. 1983. Methods and materials for locations and studying spotted owls. General Technical Report, GTR-162. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 8 pp.
  Forsman, E. D. 1988. A survey of spotted owls in young forests in the northern Coast Range of Oregon. Murrelet 69:65-68.
  Forsman, E. D., Bruce, C. R., Walter, M. A., and Meslow, E. C. 1987. A current assessment of the spotted owl population in Oregon. Murrelet 68:51-54.
  Forsman, E. D., and Bull, E. 1988. Status of large owls in the western United States. Pages 118-123 in Proceedings of the National Wildlife Federation symposium on status of raptors in the western United States.
  Forsman, E. D., and Bull, E. L. 1989. Great horned, great gray, spotted and barred owls. Pages 118-123 in B. G. Pendleton, ed. Proceedings of the western raptor management symposium and workshop. National Wildlife Federation, Washington, D.C. 320 pp.
  Forsman, E. D., DeStefano, S., Raphael, M. G., and Gutiérrez, R. J., Eds. 1996. Demographics of the northern spotted owl. Studies in Avian Biology 17. 122 pp.
  Forsman, E. D., Franklin, A. B., Oliver, F. M., and Ward, J. P. 1996. A color band for spotted owls. Journal of Field Ornithology 67:507-510.
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  Garrett, K. L., Raphael, M. G., and Dixon, R. D. 1996. White-headed woodpecker Picoides albolarvatus. The Birds of North America, 252. 24 pp.
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  Hoberg, E. P., Aubry, K. B., and Brittell, J. D. 1990. Helminth parasitism in martens (Martes americana ) and ermines (Mustela erminea ) from Washington State, with comments on the distribution of Trichinella spiralis. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 26:447-452.
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  Huff, M. H., and Raley, C. M. 1991. Regional patterns of diurnal breeding bird communities in Oregon and Washington. Pages 177-206 in L. F. Ruggiero, K. B. Aubry, A. B. Carey, and M. H. Huff, tech. coords. Wildlife and vegetation of unmanaged Douglas-fir forests. General Technical Report, PNW-GTR-285. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 533 pp. (Electronic version starts in previous section)
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  Marcot, B.G. 1997. Research information needs on terrestrial vertebrate species of the interior Columbia basin and northern portions of the Klamath and Great Basins: a research, development, and application database. Research Note PNW-RN-522. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 29 pp.
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  Marcot, B. 2001. Chapter 4: Research results results to data. Wildlife conservation and population viability issues. Pages 24-29 in R.W. Haynes and G.E. Perez, eds. Northwest Forest Plan research synthesis. General Technical Report PNW-GTR-498. USDA Forest Service, Portland, OR.
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  Marcot, B. G., Castellano, M. A., Christy, J. A., Croft, L. K., Lehmkuhl, J. F., Naney, R. H., Rosentreter, R. E., Sandquist, R. E., and Zieroth, E. 1997. Terrestrial ecology assessment. Pages 1497-1713 in T. M. Quigley and S. J. Arbelbide, eds. An assessment of ecosystem components in the interior Columbia Basin and portions of the Klamath and Great Basins. Vol. III. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-405. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR.
  Marcot, B. G., Castellano, M. A., Christy, J. A., Croft, L. K., Lehmkuhl, J. F., Naney, R. H., Rosentreter, R. E., Sandquist, R. E., and Zieroth, E. 1997. Terrestrial ecology assessment. Pages 1497-1713 in T. M. Quigley and S. J. Arbelbide, eds. An assessment of ecosystem components in the interior Columbia Basin and portions of the Klamath and Great Basins. Vol. III. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-405. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR.
  Marcot, B. B., Croft, L. K., Lehmkuhl, J. F., Naney, R. H., Niwa, C. G., Owen, W. R., and Sandquist, R. E.  1998.  Macroecology, paleoecology, and ecological integrity of terrestrial species and communities of the interior Columbia River Basin and portions of the Klamath and Great Basins.  General Technical Report, PNW-GTR-410. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR.  131 pp.
  Marcot, B. G., P. A. Hohenlohe, S. Morey, R. Holmes, R. Molina, M. C. Turley, M. H. Huff, and J. A. Laurence 2006. Characterizing species at risk II: using Bayesian belief networks as decision support tools to determine species conservation categories under the Northwest Forest Plan. Ecology and Society 11(2): 12. [online] URL:http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol11/iss2/art12/
  Marcot, B. G., Holthausen, R. S., Teply, J., and Carrier, W. D. 1991. Old-growth inventories: status, definitions, and visions for the future. Pages 47-60 in L. F. Ruggiero, K. B. Aubry, A. B. Carey, and M. H. Huff, tech. coords. Wildlife and vegetation of unmanaged Douglas-fir forests. General Technical Report, PNW-GTR-285. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 533 pp. (Electronic version starts in previous section)
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Young, J. A., Heise, W. A., Aubry, K. B., and Lehmkuhl, J. F. 1993. Development and analysis of a landscape-level GIS database to assess wildlife use of managed forests. Pages 541-547 in Eyes on the Future. 7th Annual Symposium on Geographic Information Systems in Forestry, Environment, and Natural Resources Management. Ministry of Supply and Service Canada, Vancouver, BC.

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 

 

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