BMNRI Home > Publications
> Audio and Video
LIVING WITH WILDFIRE
"Living With Wildfire" is a conversation between Jim
McIver (Science Coordinator at BMNRI) and four experts in land
- John Szymoniak, Assistant Fire Staff, Air and Fuels,
Wallowa-Whitman National Forest
- Berta Youtie, NE Oregon Regional Ecologist, The Nature
- Tom Goodall, Assistant Timberlands Manager, Boise Cascade
- John Buckman, Pendleton Unit Forester, Oregon Department
Each speaker discusses how fire affects their lands and their management.
The BMNRI Video Lending
Library is now closed. Please visit:
PNW Research Station Video Library
THE BREEDING BULL ELK STUDY: PRELIMINARY RESULTS AND IMPLICATIONS
FROM STARKEY EXPERIMENTAL FOREST AND RANGE
Time: 14:15 minutes
For 5 years, researchers for the Starkey Project looked at how
age of bull elk affected cow elk reproduction. They wanted to know
if yearling bulls perform the same as older bulls. The first phase
of the study is now complete, and the initial results yield some
surprising insights into the future of elk management in northeastern
BUILDING THE FUTURE: THE BLUE MOUNTAINS NATURAL RESOURCES INSTITUTE
Time: 10 minutes
This video presentation looks at the component parts of the Blue
Mountains Natural Resources Institute to see what it is, how it
works, and how it may help the ecosystems of the Blue Mountains.
The institute was formed by a grass-roots effort of local people
concerned about the forests in the Blue Mountains of northeastern
Oregon and southwestern Washington. Those people and others, representing
a wide array of interests and knowledge, have agreed to work together
toward the common goal of finding ecological and sustainable ways
of using the area's resources for a variety of benefits. The institute
is at the center of the new direction of land management, where
partnerships, scientific research, and an ecosystem orientation
all work together to build a more stable future for the Blue Mountains.
CHOICE AND CONSEQUENCES: PRESCRIBED NATURAL FIRE IN WILDERNESS
Time 15 minutes
Is it a beneficial natural force? Or is it a damaging disaster?
Whatever your view, lightning will start fires in wilderness this
year, just as it always has. Land management agencies are developing
plans that will guide firefighting decisions when fire does start
in wilderness. This video will explore the benefits and the problems
of fire in wilderness and examine how a "prescribed natural
fire" program might work in our nation's wilderness.
CIRCLE IN THE FOREST: LAND MANAGEMENT BY CONSENSUS
Time: 17 minutes
It started with a timber sale. Local residents lined up on opposing
sides. The stage was set for another round of antagonism, confrontation,
and gridlock. But the residents of Halfway, Oregon, decided to try
another path. One that brought them together... to find common ground.
Their circle in the forest changed the way they saw their neighbors
and changed the way the national forest land surrounding their town
was managed. They went beyond compromise, and achieved consensus.
This video documents the success of their consensus approachfrom
initial mistrust to the leaps of faith that created an innovative
CONTINUALLY CORRECTING COURSE: A TALE OF ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT
Time: 8:25 minutes
This is an animated video that explains adaptive management. There's
a time in the future... when land managers, scientists, and the
public work together in a continuous partnership. Join us on this
animated journey... Where the collaborative effort continually corrects
its course toward a quality environment, sustainable resources,
and better land management knowledge.
COTTONWOOD & ASPEN: MANAGING FOR BALANCE, ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT
Presentations: One tape 8 hours, Fall 1995
- Quaking Aspen and Black Cottonwood: Historical and Present-Day
Distribution in the Blue Mountains
Elizabeth Crowe, Wetlands Ecologist, Wallowa-Whitman National
- Ecology and Watershed Functions of Western Cottonwoods
Paul E. Heilman, Washington State University, Puyallup,
- Cottonwood and Aspen as Wildlife Habitat: A Focus on Birds
Joshua J. Tewksbury, University of Montana.
- Silviculture and Management of Aspen in the West
Wayne D. Shepperd, Research Silviculturist, Rocky Mountain
Research Station, Ft. Collins, CO.
- Cottonwood and Aspen: Economics and Management
Paul Oester, OSU Extension Service.
- Cottonwoods on Eastern Oregon Farms and Ranches
Rick Wagner, Forest Practices Forester, Oregon Department
CREATING CAVITIES IN THE FOREST: ONE FACET OF ECOSYSTEM MANAGEMENT
Time: 11 minutes
This video is a research-in-progress series. The basis for adapting
the technique to old-growth wildlife, including the spotted owl,
came from research conducted by the Pacific Northwest Research Station
during 1985-1992 in Oregon and Washington with support from the
Bureau of Land Management in Oregon and the U.S. Army in Washington.
ECOSYSTEM MANAGEMENT: HOW IT'S HAPPENING IN THE TRENCHES
Time: 28 minutes
This presentation is part of a speaker series on ecosystem approaches
to management. Dr. Fred Swanson, Co-leader of the Cascade Center
for Ecosystem Management, discusses some of the problems, opportunities,
and examples of ecosystem management as it is currently being practiced.
He compares the current method of determining commodity output from
the national forests with how it must change if ecosystem management
is to become the norm. He also defines terms, discusses implications
for researchers and managers, and outlines the role of the Cascade
Center for Ecosystem Management.
FIRE ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT IN THE BLUE MOUNTAINS (A Seminar
Presentations: Two tapes 10 hours, Fall 1993
- Historical and Present Conditions of the Blue Mountains
Fred Hall, USDA Forest Service.
- Reintroducing Fire Into Ecosystems
Thomas Atzel, Area Ecologist, Rogue, Siskiyou, Umpqua National
- The Effects of Fire on Amphibians and Reptiles
Henry R. Mushinsky, Center for Urban Ecology, University
of South Florida.
- Soil and Cambium Temperatures Associated With Prescribed Burning
Stephen S. Sackett, and Sally M. Haase, Forest Fire Laboratory,
- Prescribed Burning and Productivity: A Nutrient Management Perspective
Arthur R. Tiedemann, PNW Research Station, Forestry and
Range Sciences Lab, La Grande, OR, and James O. Klemmendson,
University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.
- Can You See the Forest for the Smoke? A Plan for Addressing
Prescribed Burning and Wildfire in the Blue Mountains of NE Oregon
Brian Finneran, Attainment Area Coordinator, Oregon Department
of Environmental Quality.
- Can Silviculture Replace the Role of Fire?
Russell T. Graham, Intermountain Research Station, Moscow,
- Effects of Fire on Wildlife
John Erickson, Forest Wildlife Biologist, Boise National
- Panel Discussion: To Burn or Not to Burn? What is the Proper
Use of Fire in Managing Forests?
Charlie Johnson, Blue Mt. Area Ecologist, Region 6, USFS.
FIXING THE SYSTEM...ECOSYSTEM HEALTH IN THE BLUES
Time: 10 minutes
Why do so many of the trees in the Blue Mountains look dead? Why
do we see problems with heavy forest fuels, noxious weeds, and wildlife
habitat? This video, "Fixing the SystemEcosystem Health
in the Blues," examines these questions, searching for the
causes and the solutions. We understand the complexity of an ecosystem,
and are reminded that we don't know all the answers. But there are
some tools that we can use to nudge the forests back into balance
and healthy resilience. The video suggests that the road to recovery
might be a long onethe problems took decades to develop, and
may take as long to resolve. But by working together, we stand a
good chance to restore healthy ecosystems in the Blue Mountains.
KEEPERS OF THE FOREST: THE REWARDS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF FOREST
Time: 15:30 minutes
Throughout the United States, millions of people own and manage
forest land. They manage it in a variety of ways and for a wide
variety of reasons. But not every landowner is a land steward. Join
us as we visit with four forest-land stewards in northeast Oregon
to discover the concept, principles, and benefits of forest-land
stewardship. Each manager shares his combination of knowledge and
personal philosophy that transforms the management of trees into
stewardship of the forest.
THE LIMBER JIM PROJECT: PUTTING SCIENCE TO WORK
This video explains the rationale for the Limber Jim fuel reduction
project, including management and research objectives, harvest practices,
and environmental concerns. The video casts the project within the
context of the fuel reduction issue, and explains the implications
of the basic results: extent of fuel reduction, economics, and soil
impacts. It demonstrates a successful application of adaptive management.
THE MIRACLE AT BRIDGE CREEK
Time: 30 minutes
This presentation tells the story of a demonstration project on
Bridge Creek, near the town of Mitchell, Oregon. The Oregon Watershed
Improvement Coalition (OWIC) sponsored discussions among a variety
of interest groups that have traditionally found themselves on opposite
sides of the environmental fence. The quiet ranching community became
the center of an effort to find common ground and creative, win-win
solutions. Through interviews with the participants and a "slice-of-life"
documentary style, this video presentation showcases how the right
approach to problem-solving can help change attitudes and lead to
MONITORING: BEAUTY AND THE BEAST
This tape provides an up-to-date overview of the forest monitoring
process. The Pacific Northwest Region will soon begin implementing
the Forest Plan Adjustment Strategy; a key factor in success of
this process will be the use of forest monitoring results. This
tape is intended to explain how the various steps in monitoring
can be applied to get the results each forest needs to support the
MORE THAN THE SUM OF THE PARTS: MANAGING THE ECOSYSTEM
Time: 19 minutes
Land management is changing in the Blue Mountains. From managing
one area or one resourceto cooperative management across broad
landscapes. This video presentation explains the transition to ecosystem
management. It describes why it's necessary, how it's being accomplished,
and who's doing the work. We'll look over the shoulders of 10 land
managers from a variety of agencies and organizations as they begin
to employ the principles of ecosystem management. They tell a story
of concerted, cooperative effort, each in their own specialty, towards
the goal: a diverse and sustainable whole. Because it's more than
the sum of the parts.
NATURAL ENEMIES OF FOREST INSECT PESTS
Time: 23 minutes
A look at the research findings that highlight the importance of
managing for conditions that promote natural enemies of forest insect
NOXIOUS WEEDS: STEMMING THE TIDE (A Seminar Series)
Presentations: One tape 8 hours, Spring 1995
- Explosion in Slow Motion
Jerry Asher, Natural Resource Specialist, Bureau of Land
Management, Portland, OR.
- How Plants Invade New Territory
Gary Kiemnec, Associate Professor of Crop Science, Oregon
- Weed Control and Restoration in the Blue Mountains (Panel Presentation)
Gary Dade, Union County Weed Control Officer. Questions
from remote sites follow each speaker.
PROFILING IMPACTS ON FOREST STANDS
Time: 68 minutes
Dr. John Lundquist, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment
Dr. Lundquist presents a technique called "disturbance profiling,"
in which structural patterns of forest stands are described, and
the processes that caused them are identified. Variations of this
technique can be used by foresters who wish to craft their management
schemes to resemble natural disturbance regimes.
RIPARIAN RESTORATION AND MONITORING WORKSHOP (April 30-May 3,
Individual presentations available:
- Vegetation Dynamics and Geomorphology Classification Approach
(Time: 68:00 minutes)
John Buckhouse, Oregon State University
John discusses stream dynamics, role of vegetation and organics,
classification systems, and water quality.
- Back to the Basics: An Understanding of Riparian Function and
Processes (Time: 90:00 minutes)
Wayne Elmore, Bureau of Land Management
Note: beginning at 12:30 minutes on the tape, Wayne's microphone
develops static. This continues until 26:30 minutes. His words
are understandable throughout the 14 minutes of static.
- Photo Monitoring Approaches in Riparian Systems (Time: 55
Fred Hall, USDA Forest Service
Fred discusses the "do's and don'ts" of photopoint
establishment and monitoring.
- Assessment of the Green Line and Riparian Complex (Time:
Al Winward, USDA Forest Service
Al describes various ways of classifying riparian areas.
- Balancing Livestock Production and Health of Riparian Ecosystems
(Time: 52 minutes)
Marty Vavra, Oregon State University
Marty discusses various considerations in developing a grazing
system that can maintain/improve the health of the riparian
system while remaining economically viable.
- Principles of Successful Livestock Grazing in Riparian Ecosystems
(Time: 59 minutes)
Mike McInnis, Oregon State University
Mike describes the principles, processes, and goals of livestock
grazing in riparian ecosystems.
RIPARIAN REVIVAL: THE ELK CREEK DEMONSTRATION AREA
Time: 10 minutes
Many waterways in the Blue Mountains of northeast Oregon show signs
of wear: little or no vegetation, channelized banks, and low water
flow. This video shows how one stream, Elk Creek, has been allowed
to recover. By doing a few simple thingsfencing selected reaches
of the stream and planting streamside vegetationElk Creek
is being helped to revive itself. The Elk Creek Demonstration Area
has been established to teach the lessons of streamside rehabilitation.
Through dramatic "before and after" footage and interviews
with experts, the video examines the recovery techniques as well
as the benefits of healthy riparian zones.
SALMONIDS IN PERIL (A Seminar Series)
Presentations: Four Tapes 8 hours, Spring 1997
SHARING THE CANVASTHE LEARNING CENTER OF THE BLUE MOUNTAINS
NATURAL RESOURCES INSTITUTE
Time: 7 minutes
Land management in recent years has grown more complicated, more
controversial, and more critical to the people and resources of
the Blue Mountains of Oregon and Washington. It seems as though
everyone has their own idea of how to manage the landscape. The
video presentation explains how the Learning Center of the Blue
Mountains Natural Resources Institute is helping to bring these
voices togetherto help them paint their vision of the future
on one canvas. The Learning Center is encouraging land managers,
the public, and scientists to work cooperatively to solve land management
questions. This video illustrates how the Learning Center stimulates
informed, cooperative action and assures that all interests are
sharing the canvas.
SMALLWOOD '98: SUMMARY VIDEO OF THE CONFERENCE AND EXPOSITION
This presentation was videotaped entirely during SmallWood '98,
a conference and exposition that took place in Lewiston, Idaho,
October 14-16, 1998. The conference focused attention on the resource
of small-diameter wood, a plentiful, yet underutilized resource.
With the decline of larger diameter timber and the increasing danger
of wildfire from growing supplies of small-diameter wood, the importance
of harvesting, processing, and marketing small-diameter wood becomes
increasingly important for the health of the forest and of timber-dependent
communities. We follow an on-camera host, Bob Ford (Idaho Department
of Commerce) as he helps distill some of the most important messages
of the conference by talking with many of the speakers. You'll see
highlights from the mobile workshops, the Exposition, and the interaction
of the participants that made this such a useful and powerful event.
SOILS: THE FOUNDATION OF THE ECOSYSTEM (A Seminar Series)
Presentations: One tape 8 hours, Fall 1994
- Geologic Evolution of the Blue Mountains Region, The Role of
Geology in Soil Formation
Mark Ferns, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries,
Baker City, OR.
- Processes of Soil Formation
James L. Clayton, Intermountain Research Station, Boise,
- Soil and the Forest Floor: What It Is, How It Works, and How
To Treat It
Alan E. Harvey, Plant Pathologist, Intermountain Research
Station, Moscow, ID.
- Organisms in the Soil: the Functions of Bacteria, Fungi, Protozoa,
Nematodes, and Arthropods
Elaine R. Ingham, Department of Botany and Plant Pathology,
Oregon State University.
- Effects of Management Activities on Forest Soils: Can We Manage
R.T. Meurisse, Regional Soil Scientist, USDA Forest Service,
Region 6, Portland, OR.
TIMBER HARVESTING FOR FOREST HEALTH
Tape One presentations: Time: 109 minutes, Spring 1996
John Henshaw, past Acting Manager, BMNRI, and Jimmy Roberts, Wallowa
Valley District Ranger. Careful timber harvest can be used for improving
forest health, a condition in which productivity and ecological
diversity are resilient to disturbance and are sustainable in the
long term. The primary tool for meeting desired forest conditions
is vegetation manipulation: planting, removing, or redistributing.
The key to successfully using timber harvest as a forest health
tool is planning; attention is given to what is left on site rather
than what is removed. We need to choose options that will balance
ecological issues (soil compaction and disturbance, vegetation damage),
economic issues (current market for material removed, costs of various
removal methods), and social issues (values and needs).
Bruce Hartsough, Professor at University of California, Davis,
CA, discusses many of the variables in choosing a harvest system.
The volume per piece and volume per acre as well as the topography
and available roads all affect the choices of felling, yarding,
bucking, loading, trucking, and milling methods.
Tape Two presentations: Time: 87 minutes
Loren Kellogg, Oregon State University Professor of Forest Engineering,
describes the Deerhorn Timber Sale study results. The intent of
the harvest was to reduce fuels and thin timber in an area on Louisiana-Pacific
land with severe insect damage. Economics and effectiveness of cable
yarding in combination with a single-grip harvester were studied.
Jim McIver, Research Coordinator, BMNRI, discusses the Limber Jim
project, which will build on knowledge from the Deerhorn study and
will compare harvest methods for effectiveness of treatment, economic
feasibility, and ecological effects. There will also be a study
component that will compare public acceptance of fuel reduction
by thinning with prescribed fire.
Tape Three presentations:
Lynn Breese, Co-Owner Dixie Meadow Company, describes the intensive
management of their land that includes clipping of juniper seedlings,
and selective pine harvesting following their plan to "pay
the bills and leave the land better off."
Tom Glassford owns a 50-acre woodlot near Enterprise, and he discusses
how he uses pruning and thinning to reduce fuels, and emphasizes
selection harvest rather than production. He has modified equipment
to do his own loading and hauling.
Harold Freels, High Country Logging, describes low-impact skidding
using teams of horses. Horses cause little soil compaction or disturbance,
and can skid almost any time of the yeareven in a wet spring.
A smoke plume rises above the forest. Firefighters are already
at the scene with their tools and fire trucks. But something is
very different hereno one is trying to put the fire out. In
fact, the "firefighters" are actually helping spread the
flames to more and more acres! Welcome to the word of natural fuels
underburning, where fire managers start small fires to help prevent
larger ones, and where they burn the forests in order to save it.
This program tell the story of Fremont National Forest's long-term
strategy to revive the natural role fire once played in the ecosystem.
By borrowing the natural power of fire, they hope to transform the
forest into a more natural and productive condition.
VOICES FOR THE FOREST: A CHANGING APPROACH TO PUBLIC PARTICIPATION
Time: 17 minutes
In this era of divisive debate over the management of our national
forests, a group of citizens decided to work together. They realized
that even though their ideas of management differed, they held a
common vision of what the forest should look like in the future.
This is the story of the "Guiding the Course" group, a
citizen action group near the Walla Walla Ranger District of the
Umatilla National Forest. Their concern and commitment helped chart
a new course of public participation in forest management. They
made a difference because they cared about the future of their national
forests. They made a difference because they valued commitment,
cooperation, and discussion. And they rose above their differences
so that everyone won. Together, they found common ground.
WATERSHEDS: THE CRITICAL LINK (A Seminar Series)
Presentations: Two Tapes 8 hours, Spring 1994
- Watersheds: Looking for the Right Scale, The Right Parties,
and Right Questions
Kai N. Lee, Professor and Director, Center for Environmental
Studies, Williams College, Williamstown, MA.
- Watersheds as Systems and Management Units
Paul W. Adams, Professor and Forest Watershed Extension
Specialist, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR.
- Water Availability and Water Use within the Grande Ronde River
Kent Searles, Oregon Water Resources Department.
- A Very Special Plant Place: A River Runs Through It, Under It,
and Over It
Karl Urban, Forest Botanist, Umatilla National Forest, Pendleton,
- Landscape-Level Planning For Watershed Restoration
Dan Bottom, Fish Biologist, Oregon Department of Fish and
Wildlife, Corvallis, OR.
- The Broken Barrel: Restoring Western Watersheds
Hugh Barrett, Watershed Restoration Coordinator, Bureau
of Land Management, Portland, OR.
- The Plan for Habitat Restoration in the Grande Ronde Basin
Robert L. Horton, Executive Director, Grande Ronde Model
- Salmon: Turning Emotion into Action
Ralph Swift, Model Watershed Coordinator, Salmon, ID.
- Can We Live With Salmon?
Don Bryson, Fisheries Biologist, Nez Perce Tribe.
- A Never-Ending Process
Dennis Reynolds, Chair, John Day Basin Monitoring Committee.
- Watershed Restoration Activities
Mike Farrow, Director of Natural Resources, Confederated
Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation.